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Spontaneous regression of oesophageal varices after long-term conservative treatment. Retrospective study in 20 patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis, posthepatitic cirrhosis and haemochromatosis with cirrhosis

Spontaneous regression of oesophageal varices after long-term conservative treatment. Retrospective study in 20 patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis, posthepatitic cirrhosis and haemochromatosis with cirrhosis

Journal of Hepatology 10(2): 158-162

Spontaneous regression of oesophageal varices in liver cirrhotics without sclerotherapy or shunt operation has only been known in alcoholic cirrhosis after alcohol abstinence. Therefore, 20 liver cirrhotics of different aetiologies were controlled over 13 years (six alcohol, nine hepatitis, five haemochromatosis). Under strict alcohol abstinence, all underwent treatment with lactulose and ammonia-reducing amino acids to improve the urea synthesis in the liver. Since gastrointestinal bleeding was not observed, neither sclerotherapy nor shunt operation were performed. Initially, all patients had oesophageal varices (nine stage III, three stage II-III, eight stage II). Following conservative therapy, eight cirrhotics showed total regression and twelve showed stage I-II. Their Child-Pugh index, and urea synthesis rate improved significantly. Possible causes for the spontaneous regression of oesophageal varices are strict abstinence from alcohol, spontaneous seroconversion in six posthepatitic B-cirrhoses and consequent phlebotomy in haemochromatosis.

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Accession: 007814163

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PMID: 2332585

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