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Storage and storage potential of plums prunus domestica l. as related to respiration rate



Storage and storage potential of plums prunus domestica l. as related to respiration rate



Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica 39(1): 15-22



The effect of different storage conditions (temperature and humidity) on fungus infection and respiration rate of plums have been investigated. At low storage temperatures (0 and 4.degree. C) fruit rot development was distinctly slower than at higher temperatures (8-12.degree. C). Slightly unripe plums had better resistance to fungus infection than had tree ripe plums. The cultivars 'Althans', 'Mallard' and 'Victoria' showed significantly better resistance to rot infection than did 'Edda', 'Opal', 'Oullins' and 'Rivers Early Prolific'. Carbon dioxide evolution from plums during storage was strongly temperature dependent. Distinct differences in postharvest respiration rate were obtained between cultivars. Ethylene evolution increased rapidly from the plums stored at the highest temperatures, while only traces of ethylene were found at the lowest temperatures. Plums with skin punctures had higher respiration rate than had undamaged plums. Estimation of storage potential for plum is discussed.

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Accession: 007821927

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DOI: 10.1080/00015128909438495


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