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Studies on blood groups in race horses vi. genetic polymorphism of red cell catalase carbonic anhydrase and acid phosphatase isozyme systems



Studies on blood groups in race horses vi. genetic polymorphism of red cell catalase carbonic anhydrase and acid phosphatase isozyme systems



Korean Journal of Animal Science 32(2): 66-73



Genetic polymorphism of red cell catalase (Cat), carbonic anhydrase (CA) and acid phosphatase (AP) enzymes in 176 Korean race horses were investigated by means of starch gel electrophoresis and the appearance of phenotypes, genotypes and gene frequencies were analyzed. The results are summarized as follows: 1. At the catalase isozyme locus, two different phenotypes Cat-M and Cat-S were observed, whereas, homologous Cat-F type was not recognized. The observed Cat polymorphism was assumed to be controlled by a pair of codominant allele designated CatF and CatS at a single autosomal locus. The phenotype distribution was 89(53.29%) for Cat-S and 78(46.91%) for Cat-M. Gene frequency of CatS allele(0.766) was about 3 times higher than that of CatF allele (0.234). 2. In the case of carbonic anhydrase isozyme locus, all three possible phenotypes FF, FS and SS were observed and assumed to be controlled by a pair of codominant autosomal alleles. The phenotype distribution was estimated to be 4(2.4%), 6(3.59%) and 157(94.01%), respectively, for the CA-FF, CA-FS and CA-SS. At the distribution of the allele controlling the synthesis of CA isozyme, the overwhelmingly predominant allele was CAS with a frequency of 0.958, whereas CAF allele was in low gene frequency of 0.042. 3. For acid phosphatase isozyme locus, only the AP-SS type was observed, and the AP-FF and AP-FS types were not recognized.

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