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Gaucher's disease;thirty-two years experience at Siriraj Hospital
A study of Macrobathra Meyrick from China (Lepidoptera, Cosmopterigidae)
First occurrence in ores of tetragonal chalcocite
Effects of trace element nutrition on sleep patterns in adult women
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A revision of world Acanthosomatidae (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): keys to and descriptions of subfamilies, tribes and genera, with designation of types
Life history of the coronate scyphozoan Linuche unguiculata (Swartz, 1788)
Perceptual restoration of obliterated sounds
Mutagenicity studies on two chromium(III) coordination compounds
The formation of the skeleton. I. Growth of a long bone. 1st appearance of a center of calcification
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The joint commission: four key root causes loom large in sentinel event data
Treatment of vitiligo with topical 15% lactic acid solution in combination with ultra violet-A
Behaviour of dairy cows within three hours after feed supply: I. Influence of housing type and time elapsing after feed supply
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Management and control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: results from the International Diabetes Management Practices Study (IDMPS)
The diet composition and nutritional knowledge of patients with anorexia nervosa
Physoporella croatica Herak, 1958 of the Slovak karst Anisian (Slovakia, the West Carpathians Mts.)
Bright lights, big noise. How effective are vehicle warning systems?
Ein Plesiosaurier-Rest mit Magensteinen aus mittlerem Lias von Quedlinburg
Incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis in patients with sterility
Monster soup: the microscope and Victorian fantasy
Preliminary tests with residual sprays against poultry lice
Duration of the life of plants in phylogeny

T-cellular immune reactions (in macrophage inhibition factor assay) against Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium kansasii, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium in patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease


T-cellular immune reactions (in macrophage inhibition factor assay) against Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, Mycobacterium kansasii, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium in patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease



Gut 31(5): 529-535



ISSN/ISBN: 0017-5749

PMID: 2112502

DOI: 10.1136/gut.31.5.529

A mycobacterial aetiology has been suggested for Crohn's disease. A slow growing mycobacterium, biochemically and genetically identical to M. paratuberculosis, the causative agent of enteritis in ruminants (Johne's disease), has been isolated from gut specimens of patients affected by Crohn's disease. If M. paratuberculosis or other mycobacteria play a role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease, then patients may have been sensitised to these mycobacteria or show an anergy immune reaction. We therefore investigated the T-cell mediated immune response to sonicates of M. paratuberculosis, M. kansasii, M. avium, and M. tuberculosis in 35 patients with Crohn's disease, 28 with ulcerative colitis, and 25 controls using a macrophage inhibition factor assay on peripheral blood lymphocytes. Two types of reaction patterns were identified.sbd.that is, 'responders' (subjects with a macrophage inhibition factor assay in which a dose response relation was present and a percentage of inhibition exceeding 20%), and 'non-responders'. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of responders (59%-80%) and non-responders (20%-41%) to these mycobacteria between the group of Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and control group. We found also that a large proportion of controls showed T-cell immunisation to the mycobacteria which supports the contention that the antigens are practically commensal. Our results do not support the proposed involvement of mycobacteria in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease.

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Accession: 007862617

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