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The adsorption of copper to chitin in seawater

The adsorption of copper to chitin in seawater

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54(3): 761-768

The interaction of metal ions with particulate matter is important in limiting their concentration in seawater. Chitin is one of the constituents of the natural particulate organic matter than can interact with metal ions and therefore may serve as a reasonable model of natural organic solids. The adsorption of Cu2+ on the chitin surface has been studied in seawater as a function of pH, temperature, and salinity. The amphoteric properties of the surface of chitin were characterized in 0.7 M NaCl in terms of a two-protic acid-base system (pHPZC = 5.4) with acidity constant p*Ka1s = 4.4 .+-. 0.2 and p*Ka2s = 6.4 .+-. 0.2. The maximum proton exchange capacity of chitin was found to be 2.3 .+-. 0.3 mol kg-1, broadly similar to other solids. The rates of the adsorption were quite rapid (t1/2 = 8 min) and not strongly affected by the presence of other metals such as Cd2+ and Pb2+. The adsorption equilibrium data have been found to correlate well with surface complex-formation equilibria or the mathematically equivalent Langmuir-type adsorption equilibria. The value for the stability constant of Cu2+ on chitin was found to be log*KHs = 8.95 .+-. 0.01, and the complexing capacity of chitin was found to be 6.9 and 5.9 .mu.mol g-1, respectively, in the absence and in the presence of Cd2+ and Pb2+. An increase in the salinity and a decrease in the temperature result in greater adsorption of Cu2+ to chitin.

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Accession: 007871326

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DOI: 10.1016/0016-7037(90)90371-q

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