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The feeding habits of three mediterranean sea anemone species anemonia viridis forskal actinia equina linnaeus and cereus pedunculatus pennant



The feeding habits of three mediterranean sea anemone species anemonia viridis forskal actinia equina linnaeus and cereus pedunculatus pennant



Helgolaender Meeresuntersuchungen 46(1): 53-68



The feeding habits of the Mediterranean sea anemones Cereus pedunculatus, Actinia equina and Anemonia viridis were examined mainly by analysing their coelenteron contents. The three species are opportunistic omnivorous suspension feeders. Main source of food for A. viridis and C. pedunculatus are crustaceans (mainly amphipods and decapods, respectively), while for the midlittoral species A. equina, it is organic detritus. Using the same method, the temporal and spatial changes in the diet of A. viridis were examined. During the whole year, crustaceans seem to be the main source of food for A. viridis. The diet composition of this species, however, differs remarkably in space, possibly reflecting the different composition of the macrobenthic organismic assemblages in different areas. The data collected are compared with the limited bibliographical information.

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Accession: 007901078

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