Section 8
Chapter 7,906

The human gene encoding acetylcholinesterase is located on the long arm of chromosome 7

Getman, D.K.; Eubanks, J.H.; Camp, S.; Evans, G.A.; Taylor, P.

American Journal of Human Genetics 51(1): 170-177


ISSN/ISBN: 0002-9297
PMID: 1609795
Accession: 007905417

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Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is a secreted enzyme essential for regulating cholinergic neurotransmission at neuronal and neuromuscular synapses. In view of the altered expression of AChE in some central neurological and neuromuscular disorders with a probable genetic basis, we have identified the chromosomal location of the gene encoding AChE. Chromosomal in situ suppression hybridization analysis revealed a single gene to be at 7q22, a result which was confirmed by PCR analysis of genomic DNA from a human/hamster somatic cell hybrid containing a single human chromosome 7. The AChE gene thus maps to the same region in which frequent nonrandom chromosome 7 deletions occur in leukemias of myeloid cell precursors known to express the enzyme during normal differentiation.

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