+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

The integrity of smoking prevention curriculum delivery

Health Education Research 4(1): 59-68

The integrity of smoking prevention curriculum delivery

This paper describes a study of integrity of delivery of one component of a social resistance smoking prevention curriculum-resistance skills training. The subjects were instructors (n = 15) who had delivered the curriculum during a large-scale efficacy trial 2 months earlier. An analogue procedure was used in which subjects led two role plays in a classroom with students who had received the curriculum. The role plays were videotaped and later rated by five individuals. Two components of integrity were measured: the degree to which instructors followed curriculum guidelines for role plays (adherence) and quality of delivery. An Integrity Index was created (1.4 = minimum, 15.3 = maximum), representing the degree of adherence, overall ability to use the Socratic method, and overall skill as a leader of role plays. Instructors' scores on the index ranged from 4.04 to 12.65, with a mean of 9.27. Integrity scores were related to self-reported measures of instructor characteristics and quality of program delivery. Those who were above the median on the Integrity Index were more animated, articulate, and confident during program delivery and were less authoritarian than those with low integrity. The implications of these results for instructor recruitment, training, and monitoring of program implementation are discussed.

Accession: 007911855

DOI: 10.1093/her/4.1.59

Related references

Johnson, C.Anderson.; Unger, J.B.; Ritt-Olson, A.; Palmer, P.H.; Cen, S.Y.; Gallaher, P.; Chou, C-Ping., 2005: Smoking prevention for ethnically diverse adolescents: 2-year outcomes of a multicultural, school-based smoking prevention curriculum in Southern California. Background. Effective school-based curricula are needed to prevent smoking among ethnically diverse adolescents, This study evaluated a multicultural smoking prevention curriculum in ethnically diverse Southern California middle schools,Methods. S...

Prokhorov, A.V.; Kelder, S.H.; Shegog, R.; Murray, N.; Peters, R.; Agurcia-Parker, C.; Cinciripini, P.M.; de Moor, C.; Conroy, J.L.; Hudmon, K.Suchanek.; Ford, K.H.; Marani, S., 2008: Impact of A Smoking Prevention Interactive Experience (ASPIRE), an interactive, multimedia smoking prevention and cessation curriculum for culturally diverse high-school students. Few studies have examined the long-term efficacy of computer-based smoking prevention and cessation programs. We analyzed the long-term impact of A Smoking Prevention Interactive Experience (ASPIRE), a theoretically sound computer-based smoking pr...

Lee, P-Hsia.; Wu, D-Min.; Lai, H-Ru.; Chu, N-Feng., 2007: The impacts of a school-wide no smoking strategy and classroom-based smoking prevention curriculum on the smoking behavior of junior high school students. Background: This study aimed at exploring the impacts of a school-wide no smoking strategy and a classroom-based smoking prevention curriculum on smoking-related knowledge, attitude, behavior, and skill of junior high school students.Methods: Usi...

Shin, Y.; Miller-Day, M.; Pettigrew, J.; Hecht, M.L.; Krieger, J.L., 2016: Typology of delivery quality: latent profile analysis of teacher engagement and delivery techniques in a school-based prevention intervention, keepin' it REAL curriculum. Enhancing the delivery quality of school-based, evidence-based prevention programs is one key to ensuring uniform program effects on student outcomes. Program evaluations often focus on content dosage when implementing prevention curricula, howeve...

Pederson, L.L.; Blumenthal, D.S.; Dever, A.; McGrady, G., 2006: A web-based smoking cessation and prevention curriculum for medical students: why, how, what, and what next. This paper summarises some major developments in medical education relating to the health risks of tobacco and to training in tobacco cessation and prevention strategies, and discusses some of the barriers to training. We also describe a project w...

Arkin, R.M.; Roemhild, H.F.; Johnson, C.A.; Luepker, R.V.; Murray, D.M., 1981: The Minnesota smoking prevention program: a seventh-grade health curriculum supplement. A seventh-grade program based on social psychological theories attempted to prevent non-smokers from starting to smoke. Two competing strategies, a Short-Term Influences Curriculum and a Long-Term Influences Curriculum were compared. Within these...

Unger, J.B.; Chou, C-Ping.; Palmer, P.H.; Ritt-Olson, A.; Gallaher, P.; Cen, S.; Lichtman, K.; Azen, S.; Johnson, C.Anderson., 2004: Project FLAVOR: 1-Year Outcomes of a Multicultural, School-Based Smoking Prevention Curriculum for Adolescents. To evaluate a multicultural smoking prevention curriculum, 16 schools were randomized to receive the multicultural curriculum or a standard curriculum and program effects on 1-year smoking initiation among 1430 never smokers were assessed. Hispani...

Brown, S.; Birch, D.; Thyagaraj, S.; Teufel, J.; Phillips, C., 2007: Effects of a single-lesson tobacco prevention curriculum on knowledge, skill identification and smoking intention. One in five students report experimenting with tobacco before the age of 13 and most prevention efforts take place in the school setting. This study measures the effect of a single-lesson tobacco prevention curriculum, conducted by a health educat...

Valente, T.W.; Unger, J.B.; Ritt-Olson, A.; Cen, S.Y.; Anderson Johnson, C., 2006: The interaction of curriculum type and implementation method on 1-year smoking outcomes in a school-based prevention program. Studies have shown that the effectiveness of programs or curricula may depend in part on who delivers the material. In adolescent health education programs, peer leaders are often recruited to implement programs because they are more persuasive to...

Prokhorov, A.V.; Kelder, S.H.; Shegog, R.; Conroy, J.L.; Murray, N.; Peters, R.; Cinciripini, P.M.; D.M.or, C.; Hudmon, K.S.; Ford, K.H., 2010: Project ASPIRE: an Interactive, Multimedia Smoking Prevention and Cessation curriculum for culturally diverse high school students. A Smoking Prevention Interactive Experience (ASPIRE) is an innovative, computer-based smoking prevention and cessation intervention delivered to a culturally diverse population of high school students. Founded in the Transtheoretical Model of Chan...