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The regulation of photosynthesis in leaves of field grown spring wheat triticum aestivum l. cultivar albis at different levels of ozone in ambient air

The regulation of photosynthesis in leaves of field grown spring wheat triticum aestivum l. cultivar albis at different levels of ozone in ambient air

Plant Physiology 88(4): 1115-1119

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv Albis) was grown in open-top chambers in the field and fumigated daily with charcoal-filtered air (0.015 microliters per liter O3), nonfiltered air (0.03 microliters per liter O3), and air enriched with either 0.07 or 0.10 microliters per liter ozone (seasonal 8 hour/day [9 AM-5 PM] mean ozone concentration from June 1 until July 10, 1987). Photosynthetic 14CO2 uptake was measured in situ. Net photosynthesis, dark respiration, and CO2 compensation concentration at 2 and 21% O2 were measured in the laboratory. Leaf segments were freeze-clamped in situ for the determination of the steady state levels of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate, 3-phosphoglycerate, triose-phosphate, ATP, ADP, AMP, and activity of ribulose, 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Photosynthesis of flag leaves was highest in filtered air and decreased in response to increasing mean ozone concentration. CO2 compensation concentration and the ratio of dark respiration to net photosynthesis increased with ozone concentration. The decrease in photosynthesis was associated with a decrease in chlorophyll, soluble protein, ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase activity, ribulose bisphosphate, and adenylates. No decrease was found for triose-phosphate and 3-phosphoglycerate. The ratio of ATP to ADP and of triose-phosphate to 3-phosphoglycerate were increased suggesting that photosynthesis was limited by pentose phosphate reductive cycle activity. No limitation occurred due to decreased access of CO2 to photosynthetic cells since the decrease in stomatal conductance with increasing ozone concentration did not account for the decrease in photosynthesis. Ozone-stressed leaves showed an increased degree of activation of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase and a decreased ratio of ribulose bisphosphate to initial activity of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase. Nevertheless, it is suggested that photosynthesis in ozone stressed leaves is limited by ribulose bisphosphate carboxylation possibly due to an effect of ozone on the catalysis by ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase.

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