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Toxicity of commercial fungicides in larvae of drosophila melanogaster meigen diptera drosophilidae and the effect on sex ratio



Toxicity of commercial fungicides in larvae of drosophila melanogaster meigen diptera drosophilidae and the effect on sex ratio



Journal of Environmental Science & Health Part B Pesticides Food Contaminants & Agricultural Wastes 24(4): 307-324



Bouillie bordelaise, Benlate, Euparene and Dithane M45 had no effects on Drosophila eggs. However, a post-hatching mortality was observed and, in all cases, a "dose effect" was established. There was a quick effect with Boullie bordelaise, a slow and continued one with Belate and Euparene, and the effect was delayed until the pupal stage with Dithane. Bouillie bordelaise, Benlate and Euparene slowed down the larval development and the emergence period was longer, according to the doses. Bouillie bordelaise was always the most toxic fungicide and Dithane the least one. The sex-ratio was not disturbed with Bouillie bordelaise. With Benlate and Euparene, the females were more sensitive than the males, while Dithane was more toxic towards males. Considering a same fungicide, a difference was exihibited according to the chosen criterion: Benlate caused an effect on larval mortality which was more important than its effect on the developing-time. Moreover, both carbamates, Belate and Dithane, acted differently whatever their toxicity level.

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Accession: 007957702

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Related references

Toxicity of commercial fungicides to larvae of Drosophila melanogaster Meigen (Diptera, Drosophilidae) and effect on the sex ratio. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes 24(4): 307-324, 1989

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