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Toxicity of complex waste mixtures: a comparison of observed and predicted lethality

Toxicity of complex waste mixtures: a comparison of observed and predicted lethality

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 27(3): 275-286

The ability to predict the biological effect of complex waste mixtures from chemical characterization data was examined by comparing observed mortality to that predicted by a mathematical additivity model with literature LD50 values for the chemicals identified in the mixtures. Male F344 rats were exposed by gavage to 1 of 10 samples of complex industrial waste. Seven of the 10 waste samples caused death within 24 h of administration at dosages ranging from 1 to 5 ml/kg body weight. Two of the 7 lethal waste samples produced 100% mortality at a dosage of 2.5 ml/kg; another 2 waste samples produced 100% mortality at 5 ml/kg. The partial chemical analysis, although providing more extensive information on chemical composition than might normally be available for most complex waste mixtures, was not sufficient to distinguish lethal from nonlethal waste samples or to indicate lethal potency. Possible explanations for the apparent inability to predict readily lethality from the chemical characterization data include the possible inappropriateness of an additivity model due to the presence of interactions, such as synergism or antagonism; the kinetics of chemical absorption, distribution, and elimination, which may be affected by administration of the chemical in a complex matrix; and the presence of unidentified chemicals in the mixture that may have contributed to the observed toxicity.

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Accession: 007957703

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2754754

DOI: 10.1080/15287398909531299

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