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Tropic relations evergreen oak leaves quercus ilex l. collembola the influence of leaf material quality on the biology of onychiurus zschokkei handschin and folsomia candida willem



Tropic relations evergreen oak leaves quercus ilex l. collembola the influence of leaf material quality on the biology of onychiurus zschokkei handschin and folsomia candida willem



Vie et Milieu 39(1): 33-40



Feeding behaviour of two species of Collembola, Onychiurus zschokkei Handschin and Folsomia candida Willem, reared on living evergreen oak leaves and leaves at four stages of decomposition, has been studied. Biological parameters such as ecdyses-assessed by counting the number of exuviae and duration of instar cycles-fecundity and rate of mortality, have showed the role of the quality of nutrients on the biology of these Microarthropods. The two first parameters were optimized when leaves were very decayed and when the nitrogen content was very high. However, performance was higher for F. candida feeding on hornbeam leaves than feeding on evergreen oak leaves. It was also higher than that of O. zschokkei feeding under the same conditions. This results might be because the amount of tanins within evergreen oak leaves, amount particularly important in the living leaves and causing death of Collembola even for low concentrations. Leaching of evergreen oak leaves was indispensable to the liberation of inhibiting compounds of soil organisms activity.

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Related references

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