Ultrasound enhanced drug toxicity on Chinese hamster ovary cells in vitro
Saad, A.H.; Hahn, G.M.
Cancer Research 49(21): 5931-5934
ISSN/ISBN: 0008-5472 PMID: 2790808 Accession: 007978099
Chinese hamster ovary cells (HA1) were exposed to therapeutic ultrasound (F = 2.025 MHz) in the presence of various drugs at temperatures of 37-43 degrees C. The space averaged intensities used were 0.5-2 W/cm2. The survival of these cells was subsequently tested using the clonogenic assay. Marked enhancement by ultrasound of the cytotoxicity of Adriamycin and amphotericin B was observed. For Adriamycin, the potentiation was dependent upon the intensity of sonication (exposure duration being 30 min). At 0.5 W/cm2, there was enhancement of cytotoxicity above 41 degrees C. At 1 W/cm2, there was a 3-order increase in cytotoxicity at 37 degrees C. Thus an increase in intensity resulted in a decrease in "threshold" temperature. The effect with Adriamycin could be explained in part by an increase in net uptake of drug into the cells. Further, ultrasound was observed to increase the sensitivity of cells to Adriamycin. For amphotericin B, the enhancement was observed only at exposure durations greater than 30 min and at 43 degrees C. There was no enhancement observed for cisplatin and etoposide. From these results, it appears that ultrasound potentiates the cytotoxicity of drugs the mode of action of which (at least in part) involves the plasma membrane.