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Use of nonradioactive DNA hybridization for identification of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli harboring genes for colonization factor antigen I, coli surface antigen 4, or putative colonization factor O166



Use of nonradioactive DNA hybridization for identification of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli harboring genes for colonization factor antigen I, coli surface antigen 4, or putative colonization factor O166



Journal of Clinical Microbiology 30(7): 1823-1828



We developed an accurate nonradioactive colony hybridization assay (NCHA) using a digoxigenin-labeled polynucleotide probe and an antidigoxigenin alkaline phosphatase conjugate for the identification of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) harboring genes for colonization factor antigen I (CFA/I), coli surface antigen 4 (CS4), or putative colonization factor O166 (PCFO166). In this 2-day assay, visual registration of color intensity could be used to distinguish between CFA/I-positive strains and strains with the genetic potential to express CS4 or PCFO166. A rapid NCHA was developed by which the results could be read visually 7 h and 45 min after inoculation of the bacteria. In the rapid NCHA, densitometry verified the visual discrimination between four groups of E. coli; ETEC with the CFA/I gene, ETEC with the CS4 gene, ETEC with the PCFO166 gene, and E. coli strains that lack such genes. As a confirmatory test, plasmids from ETEC with the CFA/I, CS4, or PCFO166 gene were differentiated by their characteristic restriction fragment patterns in nonradioactive Southern blot hybridization.

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Accession: 007987767

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PMID: 1629340



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