Use of the gene pools of triticum turgidum ssp dicoccoides and aegilops squarrosa for the breeding of common wheat triticum aestivum through chromosome doubled hybrids i. two strategies for the production of the amphiploids

Lange, W.; Jochemsen, G.

Euphytica 59(2-3): 197-212

1992


ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2336
DOI: 10.1007/bf00041273
Accession: 007988753

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Abstract
Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides (wild emmer wheat, AABB, 2n = 28) and Aegilops squarrosa (goat grass, DD, 2n = 14) comprise a rich reservoir of valuable genetic material, which could be useful for the breeding of common wheat (T. aestivum, AABBDD, 2n = 42). Many accessions of both wild species, most of them selected for resistance to stripe rust, were used to make amphiploids. Two strategies were applied: (1) the production of autopolyploid cytotypes of the wild species, followed by hybridisation, and (2) the production of allotriploid interspecific hybrids, followed by doubling of the number of chromosomes. The first route was unsuccessful because of failure of the crosses between the autopolyploid cytotypes, possibly due to incongurity between the two species and to reduced fertility in the autopolyploid cytotypes. The second route yielded the desired synthetic hexaploids. However, the rate of success of the crosses was low and there were great differences between years, and within years between crosses. Embryo rescue was applied to obtain the primary hybrids (2n = 21), which were highly sterile and had on average 0.3 bivalents and 20.4 univalents per pollen mother cell. Various abnormalities were recorded. Doubling of the number of chromosomes sometimes occurred spontaneously or was brought about by colchicine treatment. The large scale of the interspecific hybridisation programme ensured that one-third of the female and one-sixth of the male accessions were presented in the synthetic hexaploids.

Use of the gene pools of triticum turgidum ssp dicoccoides and aegilops squarrosa for the breeding of common wheat triticum aestivum through chromosome doubled hybrids i. two strategies for the production of the amphiploids