Vasodepressor reaction induced by inferior vena caval occlusion and isoproterenol

Waxman, M.B.; Asta, J.A.; Cameron, D.A.; Endrenyi, L.

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 70(6): 872-881


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4212
PMID: 1423031
DOI: 10.1139/y92-117
Accession: 007996708

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Testing for the susceptibility for vasodepressor reaction in humans involves the combination of restriction of venous return by passive upright tilting and the administration of isoproterenol. To explore the basis of the vasodepressor test in humans, the present experiment examined whether a reduced cardiac volume coupled with adrenergic stimulation causes a vasodepressor reaction in rats. Vasodepressor reaction was defined as paradoxical heart rate slowing in conjunction with hypotension during inferior vena caval occlusion. Inferior vena caval occlusion was performed for 60 s and the maximum changes in R-R were measured during seven states as follows. (A) Under control conditions inferior vena caval occlusion alone accelerated the rate in 32 or 32 rats (.DELTA.R-R, -13.9 .+-. 1.7 ms, p < 0.001). (B) When inferior vena caval occlusion was performed during an infusion of isoproterenol (0.5-1.0 .mu.g .cntdot. min-1), a vasodepressor reaction was observed in all rats as the heart rate slowed (.DELTA.R-R, +138.1 .+-. 14.8 ms, p < 0.001). The vasodepressor reaction was further examined during isoproterenol and inferior vena caval occlusion under five additional states. (C) After atropine the vasodepressor reaction was unchanged (.DELTA.R-R, +132.7 .+-. 24.8 ms, p < 0.001). (D) After bilateral vagotomy the paradoxical slowing was elminated. (E) After intrapericardial lidocaine the paradoxic slowing was eliminated. (F) After bilateral stellectomy nonsignificant slowing was still present, but this was markedly reduced when compared with B (p < 0.001). (G) Following chronic chemical sympathetic denervation with 6-hydroxydopamine the paradoxic bradycardia was eliminated. Conclusions: (1) Reduced cardiac volume combined with adrenergic stimulation can stimulate a vasodepressor reaction; (2) the vasodepresser reaction requires signalling by the afferent but not efferent vagal fibers; (3) the bradycardia is mainly due to withdrawal of sympathetic efferent tone.