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Viewing distance affects stereoscopic tilt created with spatial frequency disparity



Viewing distance affects stereoscopic tilt created with spatial frequency disparity



Optometry and Vision Science 66(8): 554-557



A controversy exists as to whether stereoscopic tilt created with interocular differences in spatial frequency is based on perception of spatial frequency disparity or positional disparity. To determine which hypothesis is correct, we investigated the influence of viewing distance on perceived tilt. Tilt was induced by having observers view, at three viewing distances, dichoptic spatial frequency grating patterns differing in frequency by 25%. By appropriate physical scaling of the size of the patterns, their spatial frequency and angular width remained unchanged as distance varied. Under such conditions, the spatial frequency disparity hypothesis predicts no effect of distance, whereas the positional disparity hypothesis predicts a significant effect of distance (due to stereoscopic depth constancy) on the magnitude of tilt. The results showed that perceived tilt does covary with distance, a result consistent with only the positional disparity hypothesis.

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Accession: 007999548

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2771347

DOI: 10.1097/00006324-198908000-00011



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