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Vocal communication of wild bonnet macaques macaca radiata



Vocal communication of wild bonnet macaques macaca radiata



Primates. 30(3): 325-346



Field observations and spectrographic analyses of sound recordings of South Indian bonnet macaques revealed a vocal repertoire of at least 25 basic patterns. The repertoire consists of well separated sound classes and acoustic categories connected by structural intergradation. Besides structural variations within and between different elements of the repertoire, the vocal system of Macaca radiata is characterized by regular combinations of particular basic patterns. These combinations occurred not only between calls of similar structure and function but also between cells usually emitted in entirely different social contexts. According to the qualitative analysis, sex-specific asymmetries of the vocal behaviour were less pronounced than age-dependent characteristics. The comparison of clear call vocalizations of Macaca radiata and M. fuscata revealed significant species-specific differences on the structural and the behavioural level. Evaluations of the structural features of alarm calls of various macaque species imply marked differences between members of the fascicularis group and sinica group on one hand and the silenus group and arctoides group on the other.

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Accession: 008001956

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DOI: 10.1007/bf02381258


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