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Why are several inhibitory transmitters present in the innervation of pituitary melanotrophs? Actions and interactions of dopamine, GABA and neuropeptide Y on secretion from neurointermediate lobes of Xenopus laevis



Why are several inhibitory transmitters present in the innervation of pituitary melanotrophs? Actions and interactions of dopamine, GABA and neuropeptide Y on secretion from neurointermediate lobes of Xenopus laevis



Neuroendocrinology 54(6): 599-606



The aim of the present experiments was to determine whether some rationale for the presence of the several inhibitory neurotransmitters in the innervation to the toad melanotroph might be found in differences in their individual effects or in possible cooperative interactions affecting secretion. Measurements of peptide release from isolated, perifused neurointermediate lobes of the toad Xenopus laevis showed that each of the three identified inhibitory transmitters, dopamine, GABA and NPY, was able to inhibit secretion profoundly and no less effectively than omission of Ca. Moreover, the inhibitory effects were rather similar in onset, duration and recovery. Furthermore, there was no evidence of any cooperative interactions when the transmitters were given in various combinations. And finally, the inhibitory response to each of the transmitters was abolished by pretreatment with pertussis toxin. While not excluding differential postsynaptic effects on other parameters of melanotroph function, the similarities observed have encouraged alternative speculations on the significance of the apparent redundancy of inhibitory transmitters.

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Accession: 008005930

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PMID: 1686069


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