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A cluster of basic residues in the carboxyl-terminal tail of the short metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 variants impairs their coupling to phospholipase C



A cluster of basic residues in the carboxyl-terminal tail of the short metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 variants impairs their coupling to phospholipase C



Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(1): 425-432



Among phospholipase C-coupled metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), some have a surprisingly long carboxyl-terminal intracellular domain (mGluR1a, -5a, and -5b), and others have a short one (mGluR1b, -1c, and -Id). All mGluR1 sequences are identical up to 46 residues following the 7th transmembrane domain, followed by 313, 20, 11, and 26 specific residues in mGluR1a, mGluR1b, mGluR1c, and mGluR1d, respectively. Several functional differences have been described between the long isoforms (mGluR1a, -5a, and -5b) and the short ones (mGluR1b, -1c, and -1d). Compared with the long receptors, the short ones induce slower increases in intracellular Ca2+, are activated by higher concentration of agonists, and do not exhibit constitutive, agonist-independent activity. To identify the residues responsible for these functional properties, a series of truncated, chimeric, and mutated receptors were constructed. We found that the deletion of the last 19 carboxyl-terminal residues in mGluR1c changed its properties into those of mGluR1a. Moreover, the exchange of the long carboxyl-terminal domain of mGluR5a with that of mGluR1c generated a chimeric receptor that possessed functional properties similar to those of mGluR1c. Mutagenesis of specific residues within the 19 carboxyl-terminal residues of mGluR1c revealed the importance of a cluster of 4 basic residues in defining the specific properties of this receptor. Since this cluster is part of the sequence common to all mGluR1 variants, we conclude that the long carboxyl-terminal domain of mGluR1a suppresses the inhibitory action of this sequence element.

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Accession: 008028421

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PMID: 9417099

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.273.1.425


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