A gene for the enterotoxin zonula occludens toxin is present in Vibrio mimicus and Vibrio cholerae O139

Chowdhury, M.A.; Hill, R.T.; Colwell, R.R.

Fems Microbiology Letters 119(3): 377-380

1994


ISSN/ISBN: 0378-1097
PMID: 8050719
DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.1994.tb06916.x
Accession: 008039811

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Abstract
The presence of the zonula occludens toxin (ZOT) gene, which encodes an enterotoxin produced by serotype O1 strains of the pathogenic bacterium, Vibrio cholerae, in addition to cholera toxin, was investigated in selected strains of V. mimicus and the new pandemic V. cholerae non-O1 serotype O139. The zot gene was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification. using sets of primers based on the sequence of the V. cholerae O1 zot sequence. PCR amplification of genomic DNAs of both cholera toxin gene (ctx) positive and ctx- strains of V. mimicus detected the presence of zot gene. An AccI-EcoRV V. cholerae zot gene fragment designed to overlap PCR products was used as a probe. Southern hybridization studies confirmed that the PCR fragments from V. mimicus and V. cholerae O139 were strongly homologous to the V. cholerae O1 zot gene. The zot gene was found with 3 of 5 strains of V. mimicus of which only one strain harbored the ctx gene. The presence of a zot gene in ctx- toxigenic V. mimicus indicates a possible role of ZOT in the toxigenicity of this species. We conclude that, in addition to ctx, V. mimicus and V. cholerae O139 have the potential to produce ZOT.

A gene for the enterotoxin zonula occludens toxin is present in Vibrio mimicus and Vibrio cholerae O139