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A high proportion of mutations in the BRCA1 gene in German breast/ovarian cancer families with clustering of mutations in the 3' third of the gene



A high proportion of mutations in the BRCA1 gene in German breast/ovarian cancer families with clustering of mutations in the 3' third of the gene



Human Genetics 103(2): 154-161



We have analyzed 61 German breast and breast/ovarian cancer families for BRCA1 mutations using single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) followed by sequencing. Forty-seven of the families had at least three cases (at least two under 60 years) and 14 families had only two cases of breast/ovarian cancer (at least one under 50 years). Twenty-eight families were breast/ovarian and 33 were breast cancer-only families. Eighteen mutations in BRCA1 were detected in 11/28 breast/ovarian cancer families and 7/33 breast cancer families and none in the families with only two cases. We identified 17 truncation mutations (8 frameshift, 7 nonsense and 2 splice variants) and one missense mutation. Seven of these are novel and two, the 5382insC and 5622C fwdarw T mutations, occurred in two apparently unrelated families. The genotype of the two families with the 5382insC mutation is compatible with the rare haplotype segregating with the 5382insC mutation in different populations, further supporting its European origin. One unclassified missense alteration, R841W, was found in one family but did not segregate with the disease, suggesting that it is more likely a polymorphism. We also report and discuss the sequence of several new unclassified single-nucleotide changes first identified by SSCR of the 18 mutations, 13 occurred in the 3' third of the gene (end of exon 11-24),and ovarian cancers were found in eight of these families.

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Accession: 008041228

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9760198

DOI: 10.1007/s004390050799


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