A lipoprotein lipase activator, NO-1886, improves endothelium-dependent relaxation of rat aorta associated with aging

Hara, T.; Kusunoki, M.; Tsutsumi, K.; Okada, K.; Sakamoto, S.; Ohnaka, M.; Nakamura, T.; Miyata, T.; Nakayama, K.; Fukatsu, A.; Kato, K.; Kakumu, S.; Nakaya, Y.

European Journal of Pharmacology 350(1): 75-79

1998


ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2999
PMID: 9683017
DOI: 10.1016/s0014-2999(98)00230-1
Accession: 008043325

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Abstract
Endothelial function is closely related to development of atherosclerosis and is impaired with aging. The novel compound NO-1886, 4-diethoxyphosphorylmethyl-N-(4-bromo-2-cyanophenyl)benzamid e, is a lipoprotein lipase activator and its long term administration protects against the development of experimental atherosclerosis in animals. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether NO-1886 ameliorates the impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation of rat aorta associated with aging. NO-1886 (50 mg/kg p.o.) was administered to 7-month old rats for 3 months. Plasma lipid, glucose and insulin levels in old control rats (10 months of age) were significantly higher than those of young rats (2 months of age). NO- 1886 decreased plasma triglyceride levels (old rats, 233+/-10 mg/dl; old rats + NO-1886, 172+/-16 mg/dl, P < 0.01) and increased plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level (old rats, 72+/-6 mg/dl; old rats + NO-1886, 142+/-6 mg/dl, P < 0.001) in old rats, but had no effects on plasma glucose or insulin. The endothelium-dependent relaxation of the thoracic aorta caused by histamine was significantly impaired in old rats (% relaxation at 10(-5.5) M histamine: young rats 25.4+/-3.1%; old rats 14.1+/-1.9%, P < 0.01), an effect completely prevented by NO-1886 (old rats + NO-1886; 22.8+/-2.8%, P < 0.05 vs. old rats). In contrast, NO-1886 showed no effect on the endothelium-independent relaxation by sodium nitroprusside. These results indicate that NO-1886 improves impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation of rat aorta associated with aging, possibly by correcting lipid metabolism.