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A novel glutathione peroxidase in bovine eye. Sequence analysis, mRNA level, and translation

A novel glutathione peroxidase in bovine eye. Sequence analysis, mRNA level, and translation

Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(40): 26171-8

Bovine ciliary body contains a selenium-independent glutathione peroxidase (GPX) with a molecular mass of about 100 kDa that is composed of four identical subunits and exhibits no glutathione S-transferase activity. In this study, we isolated cDNA clones and determined the nucleotide sequence to deduce the primary structure of the enzyme. The cDNA contained 672 base pairs encoding a polypeptide with an estimated molecular mass of 25,064 Da. Translation of bovine ciliary mRNA produced a protein which was immunologically indistinguishable from GPX and showed high enzyme activity. The encoded amino acid sequence of the protein was 95% identical with that of a human keratinocyte gene product expressed in response to keratinocyte growth factor. It also showed sequence identity to bacterial alkyl hydroperoxide reductases and thiol specific antioxidant enzymes. GPX mRNA level was highest in the ciliary body, followed by the retina and iris. In various rat organs, the level of GPX mRNA was highest in the lung, followed by the muscle, liver, eye, heart, testis, thymus, kidney, and spleen. A very low level of mRNA was detected in the brain. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with an antibody raised against the NH2-terminal sequence of GPX detected GPX protein in all rat tissues examined.

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Accession: 008060032

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PMID: 9748299

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.273.40.26171

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