AMPA receptors modulate dopamine release in the striatum, as measured by brain microdialysis

Sakai, K.; Akiyama, K.; Kashihara, K.; Tsuchida, K.; Ujike, H.; Kuroda, S.; Shohmori, T.

Neurochemistry International 30(3): 329-336


ISSN/ISBN: 0197-0186
PMID: 9041565
DOI: 10.1016/s0197-0186(96)00047-2
Accession: 008087518

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The effect of 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoyl-benzo(f) quinoxaline (NBQX), a potent and selective antagonist of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors, on the release of dopamine from the striatum was investigated in freely moving rats using an in vivo microdialysis technique. Perfusion with 1.0 mM AMPA increased the concentration of striatal extracellular dopamine. After systemic administration of NBQX (40 mg/kg, i.p.), dopamine levels in the striatal perfusate decreased. The AMPA-induced increase in dopamine levels was suppressed significantly by the systemic administration of NBQX (40 mg/kg, i.p.). Perfusion with tetrodotoxin (TTX, 5 microM) alone reduced the basal level of dopamine by 80%. Perfusion with 1.0 mM AMPA together with TTX produced a 3.9-fold increase in dopamine efflux from the TTX reduced basal level. However, the maximum dopamine level obtained thereby was close to the basal level of dopamine seen prior to perfusion with TTX. The present results demonstrate that AMPA receptors participate in tonic facilitative modulation of striatal extracellular level of dopamine. In addition, the results support the view that glutamatergic neurons modulate the release of dopamine via subtypes of excitatory amino acid receptors in the central nervous system.