Section 9
Chapter 8,094

Accelerated reconstitution of platelets and erythrocytes after syngeneic transplantation of bone marrow cells derived from thrombopoietin pretreated donor mice

Fibbe, W.E.; Heemskerk, D.P.; Laterveer, L.; Pruijt, J.F.; Foster, D.; Kaushansky, K.; Willemze, R.

Blood 86(9): 3308-3313


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-4971
PMID: 7579432
Accession: 008093546

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The recent cloning of the ligand of the c-MpI hematopoietin receptor has indicated a major role for this cytokine in the development of megakaryocytes. In this study we have applied c-MpI ligand (thrombopoietin (TPO)) in the setting of syngeneic transplantation in an attempt to accelerate the reconstitution of platelets. Donor mice were treated with 20 kilounits (kU)/d TPO intraperitoneally (ip) for 5 days. This resulted in a 2.5-fold increment in platelet counts from 1,119 times 10-9/L to 2,582 times 10-9/L (mean, n = 7). Total numbers of hematopoietic progenitor cells in bone marrow (BM) and spleen, as assessed in a colony-forming unit-granulocyte erythroid monocyte macrophage (CFU-GEMM) colony assay (55.3 v 38.6 times 10-3 CFU/femur; 27.3 v 16.3 times 10-3 CFU/spleen, mean, n = 7) as well as total numbers of burst-forming unit-erythroid (BFU-E) (24.0 v 16.4 x 10-3/femur; 10.2 v 1.9 times 10-3/ spleen, mean, n = 7), were significantly higher in TPO-treated donors than in saline-treated controls. Female BalbC mice were lethally (8.5 Gy) irradiated and transplantated with 10-5 BM cells. After transplantation, groups of mice were treated with recombinant murine TPO at a dose of 20 to 30 kU/d ip or subcutaneously (SC) for 5 to 14 days. Using this dose and schedule, TPO did not stimulate the recovery of platelets in comparison with control animals transplanted with equal cell numbers but given vehicle alone. In other experiments, 10-5 BM cells were procured from TPO-treated donor mice and transplanted into lethally irradiated recipient mice. In comparison with animals transplanted with an equal number of BM cells derived from saline-treated controls, recipients of TPO-treated BM cells had significantly faster platelet recovery and higher platelet nadir counts (88 v 30 times 10-9/L, mean, n = 20). Transplantation of TPO-treated BM cells also resulted in an accelerated recovery of erythrocytes and increased erythrocyte nadir counts (7.2 v 5.0 times 10-12/L, mean, n = 20). At the day of platelet nadir (day 12 after transplantation) these animals had higher numbers of BFU-Es (770 v 422, mean, n = 5) in the marrow and also had higher reticulocyte counts (44 permill v8 permill , mean, n = 5) in the blood. Therefore, the accelerated recovery of erythrocytes may be a direct effect of TPO on erythropoiesis. Our results indicate that pretreatment of donor animals with TPO before marrow procurement may be an effective alternative method to accelerate the reconstitution of platelets and erythrocytes after lethal irradiation and syngeneic stem cell transplantation.

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