Activities of WIN-57273, minocycline, clarithromycin, and 14-hydroxy-clarithromycin against Mycobacterium avium complex in human macrophages

Cohen, Y.; Perronne, C.; Truffot-Pernot, C.; Grosset, J.; Vilde, J.L.; Pocidalo, J.J.

Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 36(10): 2104-2107


ISSN/ISBN: 0066-4804
PMID: 1332586
DOI: 10.1128/aac.36.10.2104
Accession: 008103415

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The activities of the fluoroquinolone WIN-57273, 14-OH clarithromycin (a human metabolite of clarithromycin), and minocycline against two virulent strains of Mycobacterium avium complex were evaluated in a model of intracellular infection and compared with that of clarithromycin. Human monocyte-derived macrophages were infected at day 6 of culture. Intracellular CFU at 60 min and intracellular and supernatant CFU on days 4 and 7 were counted after inoculation. The concentrations used, which were equal to peak levels in serum, were 3 micrograms of WIN-57273 per ml (MICs for the two strains, 1 microgram/ml), 4 microgram of 14-OH clarithromycin per ml (MICs, 8 and 2 micrograms/ml, respectively, at pH 7.4), 4 micrograms of minocycline per ml (MICs, 64 and 32 micrograms/ml, respectively), and 4 micrograms of clarithromycin per ml (MICs, 2 and 0.5 micrograms/ml, respectively, at pH 7.4). On day 7, compared with controls, WIN-57273, minocycline (P less than 0.02), clarithromycin, or different combinations of clarithromycin and the other drugs (P less than 0.001) slowed the intracellular replication of strain MO-1. 14-OH clarithromycin (P less than 0.02), clarithromycin (P less than 0.02), 14-OH clarithromycin plus clarithromycin (P less than 0.01), clarithromycin plus minocycline, or clarithromycin plus minocycline plus 14-OH clarithromycin (P less than 0.001) slowed the intracellular replication of strain LV-2. WIN-57273 was less effective than clarithromycin against strain MO-1 (P less than 0.05). Clarithromycin plus 14-OH clarithromycin plus minocycline (P less than 0.02) was more effective than clarithromycin alone against strain LV-2. Thus, clarithromycin plus minocycline, which corresponds in humans to three active molecules, may exhibit a better efficacy than clarithromycin in this model.