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Adenosine triphosphate treatment for meconium aspiration-induced pulmonary hypertension in pigs



Adenosine triphosphate treatment for meconium aspiration-induced pulmonary hypertension in pigs



Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 160(3): 283-289



To investigate the pulmonary haemodynamic effects of meconium aspiration and subsequent adenosine triphosphate (ATP) treatment, 12 anaesthetized and ventilated pigs (wt 24-28 kg) received either ATP or an equal volume of saline into the right heart in doses of 0.02 to 0.80 mu-mol kg-1 min-1 after intratracheal administration of 2 mL kg-1 of human meconium. Meconium instillation induced significant increases in pulmonary vascular pressures and total and postarterial resistances calculated from pulmonary artery occlusion studies, but did not affect the systemic haemodynamics, except for a fall in heart rate and increase in central venous pressure. Infusion of ATP at the lowest doses (0.02 and 0.08 mu-mol kg-1 min-1) selectively decreased the pulmonary arterial pressure and vascular resistance and at 0.32 and 0.80 mu-mol kg-1 min-1 reduced both the pulmonary and systemic resistances. In the lung circulation the increasing doses of ATP reduced preferably the arterial, but also the postarterial resistance. Withdrawal of ATP infusion led to a significant rebound effect especially in the postarterial segment of the lung circulation. Meconium aspiration thus induces an acute, predominantly postarterial obstruction in the lung circulation and infusion of ATP at low doses selectively dilates the pulmonary vascular bed and may help to preclude elevation of capillary pressures in meconium aspiration-induced pulmonary hypertension.

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Accession: 008111245

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9246392

DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-201x.1997.00143.x


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