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Aerobic and anaerobic contribution to Wingate test performance in sprint and middle-distance runners

Aerobic and anaerobic contribution to Wingate test performance in sprint and middle-distance runners

European Journal Of Applied Physiology & Occupational Physiology. 70(1): 58-65

We investigated the aerobic and anaerobic contributions to performance during the Wingate test in sprint and middle-distance runners and whether they were related to the peak aerobic and anaerobic performances determined by two commonly used tests: the force-velocity test and an incremental aerobic exercise test. A group of 14 male competitive runners participated: 7 sprinters, aged 20.7 (SEM 1.3) years, competing in 50, 100 and 200-m events and 7 middle-distance runners, aged 20.0 (SEM 1.0) years, competing in 800, 1,000 and 1,500 m-events. The oxygen uptake ( ovrhdot VO-2) was recorded breath-by-breath during the test (30 s) and during the first 20 s of recovery. Blood samples for venous plasma lactate concentrations were drawn at rest before the start of the test and during the 20-min recovery period. During the Wingate test mean power ( ovrhdot W) was determined and three values of mechanical efficiency, one individual and two arbitrary, 16% and 25%, were used to calculate the contributions of work by aerobic ( ovrhdot W-aer,ind,16%,25%) and anaerobic ( ovrhdot W-an,ind,16%,25%) processes. Peak anaerobic power ( ovrhdot W-an,peak) was estimated by the force-velocity test and maximal aerobic energy expenditure ( ovrhdot W-aer,peak) was determined during an incremental aerobic exercise test. During the Wingate test, the middle-distance runners had a significantly greater ovrhdot VO-2 than the sprinters (P lt 0.001), who had significantly greater venous plasma lactate concentrations (P lt 0.001). Moreover, ovrhdot W-aer,ind,16%,25% were also significantly higher (P lt 0.05) in the middle-distance runners ( ovrhdot W-aer,i-nd 45 (SEM 4) % vs 28 (SEM 2)%; ovrhdot W-aer,16% 30 (SEM 3)% vs 19 (SEM 2)%; ovrhdot W-aer,25% 46 (SEM 3)% vs 29 (SEM 2)%); ovrhdot W-an,ind,16%,25% in the sprint runners (P lt 0.05) ( ovrhdot W-an,ind 72 (SEM 3)% vs 55 (SEM 4)%; ovrhdot W-an,16% 81 (SEM 2)% vs 70 (SEM 3)%; ovrhdot W-an,25% 71 (SEM 2)% vs 54 (SEM 3)%). The ovrhdot W-aer,ind/ ovrhdot W-aer,peak and ovrhdot W times ovrhdot W-an,peak ratios, however, were not significantly different between the two groups of athletes. These results would indicate that the sprinters and middle-distance runners used preferentially a metabolic system according to their specialty. Nevertheless, under the conditions of its experiment, they seemed to rely on the same percentage of both peak anaerobic and peak aerobic performance for a given exercise task.

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Accession: 008116543

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7729439

DOI: 10.1007/bf00601809

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