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Aerobic endurance training program improves exercise performance in lung transplant recipients

Aerobic endurance training program improves exercise performance in lung transplant recipients

Chest 113(4): 906-912

Study objective: To determine whether an aerobic endurance training program (AET) in comparison to normal daily activities improves exercise capacity in lung transplant recipients. Patients and study design: Nine lung transplant recipients (12+-6 months after transplant) were examined. All patients underwent incremental bicycle ergometry with the work rate increased in increments of 20 W every 3 min. Identical exercise tests were performed after 11+-5 weeks of normal daily activities and then after a 6-week AET. The weekly aerobic training time increased from 60 min at the beginning to 120 min during the last week. Training intensity ranged from 30 to 60% of the maximum heart rate reserve. Results: Normal daily activities had no effect on exercise performance. The AET induced a significant decrease in resting minute ventilation from 14+-5 to 11+-3 L/min. At an identical, submaximal level of exercise, a significant decrease in minute ventilation from 47+-14 L/min to 39+-13 L/min and heart rate from 144+-12 to 133+-17 beats/min, before and after the AET, was noted. The increase in peak oxygen uptake after AET was statistically significant (1.13+-0.32 to 1.26+-0.27 L/min). Conclusions: These data demonstrate that normal daily activities do not affect exercise performance in lung transplant recipients gtoreq6 months after lung transplantation. An AET improves submaximal and peak exercise performance significantly.

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Accession: 008116631

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9554624

DOI: 10.1378/chest.113.4.906

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