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Alcoholism in manic-depressive (bipolar) illness: familial illness, course of illness, and the primary-secondary distinction



Alcoholism in manic-depressive (bipolar) illness: familial illness, course of illness, and the primary-secondary distinction



American Journal of Psychiatry 152(3): 365-372



Objective: This 5-year follow-up study was designed to explore the factors that might lead to alcoholism in patients with bipolar disorder. Method: The authors studied patients with bipolar illness (70 with alcoholism and 161 without), their relatives, and a comparison group composed of relatives' acquaintances. All were evaluated with versions of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia, and diagnoses were made according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria.

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Accession: 008124275

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PMID: 7864261

DOI: 10.1176/ajp.152.3.365


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