An antibody to dopamine D2 receptor inhibits dopamine antagonist and agonist binding to dopamine D2 receptor cDNA transfected mouse fibroblast cells

Farooqui, S.M.; Prasad, C.

Life Sciences 51(19): 1509-1516


ISSN/ISBN: 0024-3205
PMID: 1359365
DOI: 10.1016/0024-3205(92)90561-3
Accession: 008140875

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A polyclonal antibody to dopamine D2 receptor (D2-receptor) has been used to examine the immuno-inhibition in the binding of a D2 antagonist, [3H]YM09151-2 and an agonist, PPHT-fluorescein to dopamine receptor DNA transfected mouse fibroblast cells. The specific activity of the [3H]YM09151-2 binding to transfected (Ltk-RGB) cells is 4-5 fold higher than untransfected (Ltk-) cells. The antibody is able to inhibit the [3H]YM09151-2 binding to the cell membranes from Ltk-RGB cells (Bmax 110.56 +/- 5.26 and 76.20 +/- 5.18 fmoles/mg protein in the presence of preimmune and immune sera, respectively, with no change in the Kd). The flow cytometric analysis of the PPHT-fluorescein labeled Ltk- and Ltk-RGB cells indicated that ligand specific fluorescence is associated only with small Ltk-RGB cells (second peak) and autofluorescence with large cells (first peak). Preincubation of the Ltk-RGB cells with antibody, reduced the fluorescence intensity of the PPHT-fluorescein by 20-25% without changing the auto-fluorescence. These results suggest that peptide antibody recognize D2-receptor in both membranes and in intact cells and interact at or near the ligand binding site of the receptor.