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Antibodies to adhesion molecules inhibit the lytic function of MHC-unrestricted cytotoxic cells by preventing their activation



Antibodies to adhesion molecules inhibit the lytic function of MHC-unrestricted cytotoxic cells by preventing their activation



Cellular Immunology. 143(2): 389-404



We evaluated the effect of the antibodies to adhesion molecules CD2, CD11a/CD18 (LFA-1), and CD56 (N-CAM) on MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity mediated by polyclonal NK cells and LAK cells or by CD3+ or CD3- cytolytic cells clones against a panel of tumor cell targets selected according to expression or absence of the corresponding ligands. We show that (i) antibodies to CD11a/CD18 and, to a lesser extent, antibodies to CD2 inhibit target cell lysis, whereas anti-CD56 antibodies exert little if any effect; (ii) in a model system using polyclonal NK/LAK cells as effectors and K562 or HL60-R (NK-resistant) cells as targets, inhibition of cytotoxicity occurs without a significant impairment of effector to target cell binding; (iii) the cytotoxic function of CD3+ or CD3- cytotoxic cells clones is inhibited differentially by antibodies to adhesion molecules; (iv) conjugates formed in the presence of antibodies which inhibit target cell lysis display a significant reduction of target to effector cell contact surface; and (v) this may lead to defective activation of effector cells, as indicated by lack of redistribution of the microtubular apparatus. We conclude that (i) MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity is regulated by a number of molecular interactions that span far beyond our present knowledge nad that it is strictly dependent on the surface phenotype of the effector cell and of the target cells; (ii) in certain types of effector/target cell interactions, antibodies to adhesion molecules do not prevent conjugate formation but reduce the extent of cell-to-cell surface contact which, in turn, leads to defective activation of the effector cell and, therefore, to inhibition of target cell lysis.

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Accession: 008169908

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PMID: 1380897

DOI: 10.1016/0008-8749(92)90035-n


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