Biomimetic-dye affinity adsorbents for enzyme purification: application to the one-step purification of Candida boidinii formate dehydrogenase

Labrou, N.E.; Karagouni, A.; Clonis, Y.D.

Biotechnology and Bioengineering 48(3): 278-288

1995


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3592
PMID: 18623487
DOI: 10.1002/bit.260480314
Accession: 008232437

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Abstract
Formate dehydrogenase (FDH, EC 1.2.1.2) was purified from Candida boidinii cells in a single step by biomimetic-dye affinity chromatography. For this purpose, seven' biomimetic analogues of the monochlorotriazine dye, Cibacron(R) Blue 3GA (CB3GA), and parent dichloro-triazine dye, Vilmafix Blue A-R (VBAR), bearing a car-boxylated structure as their terminal biomimetic moiety, were immobilized on crosslinked agarose gel, Ultrogel A6R. The corresponding new biomimetic-dye adsorbents, along with nonbiomimetic adsorbents bearing CB3GA and VBAR, were evaluated for their ability to purify FDH from extracts obtained after press-disintegration of C. boidinii cells. Optimal conditions for maximizing specific activity of FDH in starting extracts (1.8 U/mg) were realized when cell growth was performed on 4% methanol, and press disintegration proceeded in four consecutive passages before the homogenate was left to stand for 1 h (4 degrees C). When compared to nonbiomimetic adsorbents, biomimetic adsorbents exhibited higher purifying ability. Furthermore, one immobilized biomimetic dye, bearing as its terminal biomimetic moiety mercap-topyruvic acid linked on the chlorotriazine ring (BM6), displayed the highest purifying ability. Adsorption equilibrium data which were obtained for the BM6 adsorbent in a batch system corresponded well to the Langmuir isotherm and, in addition, breakthrough curves were taken for protein and FDH adsorption in a fixed bed of BM6 adsorbent. The dissociation constant ( K(D)) of the complex between immobilized BM6 and FDH was found to equal 0.05 microM. Adsorbent BM6 was employed in the purification of FDH from a 18-L culture of C. boidinii in a single step (60% overall yield of FDH). The purified FDH afforded a single-band on sodium dodecyl sulphate poly-acrylamide gel electrophoresis, and a specific activity of 7,0 U/mg (30 degrees C).

Biomimetic-dye affinity adsorbents for enzyme purification: application to the one-step purification of Candida boidinii formate dehydrogenase