Biomimetic-dye affinity chromatography for the purification of mitochondrial L-malate dehydrogenase from bovine heart

Labrou, N.E.; Clonis, Y.D.

Journal of Biotechnology 45(3): 185-194


ISSN/ISBN: 0168-1656
PMID: 8721305
DOI: 10.1016/0168-1656(95)00156-5
Accession: 008232438

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Seven biomimetic anthraquinone triazinyl dye-ligands, bearing as triazine-linked terminal moiety (keto)carboxylated structures mimicking substrates and inhibitors of malate dehydrogenase (MDH), were immobilised on cross-linked agarose Ultrogel A6R. These biomimetic ligands are terminal-ring analogues of commercial nonbiomimetic Cibacron blue 3GA (CB3GA) and parent Vilmafix blue A-R (VBAR). The biomimetic-dye adsorbents, along with nonbiomimetic adsorbents bearing immobilised CB3GA and VBAR, were evaluated for their ability to purify mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase (mMDH) from bovine heart. All but two biomimetic-dye adsorbents displayed higher purifying ability for MDH, compared to nonbiomimetic-dye adsorbents. Furthermore, immobilised anthraquinone-dyes were able to discriminate between the mitochondrial and the cytoplasmic MDH isoenzymes, binding only to the former. One immobilised biomimetic-dye (BM5), bearing as biomimetic terminal moiety 4-aminophenyloxanylic acid, showed the highest purifying ability. This affinity adsorbent was exploited in the purification of mMDH from unpretreated bovine heart extract in one-step. The procedure afforded mMDH at 54% overall yield and of specific activity approx. 1300 U mg-1 (25 degrees C), using step-elution with a mixture containing 0.1 mM beta-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) and 1.5 mM sulphite. Commercial analytical-grade bovine heart mitochondrial MDH, when assayed under identical conditions, gave a specific activity not exceeding 950 U mg-1. The well-known adsorbent Cibacron blue 3GA-agarose exhibited 8% lower recovery and 25% lower purification for mMDH. The product obtained from the procedure based on the BM5-adsorbent was free of cytoplasmic MDH, glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and fumarase, and since it has also shown high specific activity, it should be suitable for analytical applications.