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Breathing route and resistive loading: influence on ventilatory response to hypoxia in conscious dogs



Breathing route and resistive loading: influence on ventilatory response to hypoxia in conscious dogs



Journal of Applied Physiology 75(3): 1247-1255



Unlike normal humans, the tracheostomized conscious dog does not show ventilatory adaptation in response to sustained isocapnic hypoxia. To determine whether this phenomenon is a result of the breathing route or the relatively low airflow resistance of tracheostomy breathing, we evaluated the ventilatory response to sustained isocapnic hypoxia (20 min; arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation = 80%) in five awake dogs during nasal-oral (mask) breathing, tracheal breathing, and tracheal breathing with added matched resistance of upper airway breathing. Mask breathing, like unloaded tracheal breathing, was associated with a consistent level of hyperventilation during the entire hypoxic exposure period. However, mask breathing was always less (P < 0.05) than that found during unloaded tracheal breathing. Loaded tracheal breathing during hypoxia resulted in initial hyperventilation similar to that of unloaded tracheal breathing followed by a "roll off" to a lower minute ventilation similar to that of mask breathing. Our findings demonstrate that ventilatory adaptation is only present during loaded tracheal breathing in dogs and suggest that the breathing route and upper airway resistive loading may play roles in ventilatory adaptation.

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Accession: 008245019

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PMID: 8226537



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