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CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins alpha and beta are transcriptional activators of the brown fat uncoupling protein gene promoter



CCAAT/enhancer binding proteins alpha and beta are transcriptional activators of the brown fat uncoupling protein gene promoter



Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 198(2): 653-659



Primary brown adipocytes differentiated in culture were transiently transfected with plasmids containing different extensions of the 5'-flanking region of the rat uncoupling protein gene placed upstream of the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene. Co-transfection of expression vectors for CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) alpha and C/EBP beta trans-activated the rat uncoupling protein gene promoter due to sequences in the 5' proximal region. DNAse I footprint analysis showed the presence of two C/EBP binding sites at positions -457/-440 and -335/-318, which interact with purified C/EBP beta as well as with C/EBP proteins present in brown fat or liver nuclear extracts. Two copies of each site placed upstream of the enhancerless SV40 promoter confer C/EBP alpha and C/EBP beta responsiveness to this heterologous promoter when co-transfected into HepG2 cells. It is concluded that the UCP gene is a target for C/EBP-dependent transcriptional regulation. This suggests that the C/EBP family of transcription factors is involved in the establishment of the characteristic phenotype of the brown adipocyte.

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Accession: 008250110

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PMID: 8297376



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