Central projections and somatotopic organisation of trigeminal primary afferents in pigeon (Columba livia)

Wild, J.M.; Zeigler, H.P.

Journal of Comparative Neurology 368(1): 136-152

1996


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9967
PMID: 8725298
DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1096-9861(19960422)368:1<136::aid-cne9>3.0.co;2-4
Accession: 008277458

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Abstract
Injections of cholera toxin B-chain conjugated to horseradish peroxidase into individual peripheral branches of the trigeminal nerve or into the trigeminal ganglion showed that an ascending trigeminal tract (TTA) terminated in distinct ventral and dorsal divisions of the principal sensory nucleus (PrVv and PrVd, respectively), and a descending tract (TTD) terminated within pars oralis, pars interpolaris, and pars caudalis divisions of the nucleus of TTD (nTTD) and within the dorsal horn of the first six cervical spinal segments. In PrVd, mandibular, ophthalmic, and maxillary projections were predominantly located dorsally, ventrally, and medially, respectively. In nTTD, mandibular projections lay dorsomedially, ophthalmic projections lay ventrolaterally, and maxillary projections lay in between. At caudal medullary and spinal levels, mandibular projections were situated medially, ophthalmic projections were situated laterally, and maxillary projections were situated centrally. The terminations within the dorsal horn were most dense in laminae III and IV and were least dense in lamina II, with laminae III-IV also receiving topographically organised contralateral projections. Extratrigeminal projections were mainly to the external cuneate nucleus by way of a lateral descending trigeminal tract (lTTD; Dubbeldam and Karten [1978] J. Comp. Neurol. 180:661-678) and to the region of the tract of Lissauer and lamina I of the dorsal horn. Other projections were to a region medial to the apex of pars interpolaris, to the nuclei ventrolateralis anterior (Vla) and presulcalis anterior (Pas) of the solitary complex, and sparsely to the lateral reticular formation (plexus of Horsley) ventral to TTD. No projections were seen to the trigeminal motor nuclei or to the cerebellum.