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Cervical magnetic stimulation as a method to discriminate between diaphragm and rib cage muscle fatigue

Cervical magnetic stimulation as a method to discriminate between diaphragm and rib cage muscle fatigue

Journal of Applied Physiology 84(5): 1692-1700

Inspiratory muscle fatigue can probably determine hypercapnic respiratory failure. Diaphragin fatigue is detected by electrical phrenic stimulation (ELS), but there is no simple tool to assess rib cage muscle (RCM) fatigue. Cervical magnetic stimulation (CMS) costimulates the phrenic nerves and RCM. We reasoned that changes in transdiaphragmatic pressure twitch (Pdi,tw) with CMS and ELS should be different after selective diaphragm vs. RCM fatigue. Five volunteers performed inspiratory resistive tasks while voluntarily uncoupling diaphragm and RCM. Baseline Pdi,twELS and Pdi,twCMS were 28.57 + 1.68 and 32.83 +- 2.92 cmH2O. After selective diaphragram loading, Pdi,twELS and Pdi,twCMS were reduced by 39 and 26%, with comparable decreases in gastric pressure twitch (Pga,tw). Esophageal pressure twitch (Pes,tw) was better preserved with CMS. Therefore Pes,tw/Pga,tw was lower with ELS than CMS (- 1.24 +- 0.16 vs. - 1.73 +- 0.11, P = 0.05). After selective RCM loading, there was no diaphragm fatigue, but Pes,twCMS was significantly reduced (-30%). These findings support the role of rib cage stiffening by CMS-related RCM contraction in the ELS-CMS differences and suggest that CMS can be used to assess RCM fatigue.

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Accession: 008280318

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 9572819

DOI: 10.1152/jappl.1998.84.5.1692

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