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Advantages and disadvantages of bordeaux mixture and of lime-sulphur used on apples in the growing season
Observations on the Umaria marine bed
10 years of hearing conservation in the Royal Air Force
Chocolate crumb - dairy ingredient for milk chocolate
Effect of daily gelatin ingestion on human scalp hair
Comparison of rice bran and maize bran as feeds for growing and fattening pigs
The composition of pampas-grass (Cortaderia argentea.)
The Accraian Series:
The mechanism of the Liebermann-Burchard reaction of sterols and triterpenes and their esters
Cerebrovascular Doppler ultrasound studies (cv-Doppler)
Toria: PT-303 - first national variety
Hair growth promoting activity of tridax procumbens
Productivity of Pekin x Khaki Campbell ducks
A stable cytosolic expression of VH antibody fragment directed against PVY NIa protein in transgenic potato plant confers partial protection against the virus
Solar treatment of wheat loose smut
Swimmers itch in the Lake of Garda
Bactofugation and the Bactotherm process
The effects of prefrontal lobotomy on aggressive behavior in dogs
Visual rating scales for screening whorl-stage corn for resistance to fall armyworm
Breakdown of seamounts at the trench axis, viewed from gravity anomaly
Kooken; pennsylvania's toughest cave
Recovery of new dinosaur and other fossils from the Early Cretaceous Arundel Clay facies (Potomac Group) of central Maryland, U.S.A
Zubor horny (Bison bonasus) v prirodnych podmienkach Slovensku
The extended Widal test in the diagnosis of fevers due to Salmonella infection
Hair of the american mastodon indicates an adaptation to a semi aquatic habitat

List of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag Chapter 8297

Chapter 8297 contains a list of PDF Full Texts available from EurekaMag.

Characterization of androgen receptors for testosterone and 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone in the mouse submandibular gland
, Zoological Science 11(4): 563-569 (1994)

Characterization of aneurysmal transformation in perimembranous ventricular septal defects: an adhered anterior leaflet of tricuspid valve predisposes to the development of left ventricular-to-right atrial shunt
, International Journal of Cardiology 47(2): 117-125 (1994)

Characterization of anf genes specific for the alternative nitrogenase and identification of nif genes required for both nitrogenases in Rhodobacter capsulatus
, Molecular Microbiology 8(4): 673-684 (1993)

Characterization of angiotensin AT1A receptor isoform by its ligand binding signature
, Regulatory Peptides 44(2): 141-147 (1993)

Characterization of angiotensin II receptor subtypes in rat heart
, Circulation Research 71(6): 1482-1489 (1992)

Characterization of angiotensin II receptor type 2 during differentiation and apoptosis of rat ovarian cultured granulosa cells
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 207(2): 593-598 (1995)

Characterization of angiotensin II receptors (binding and mRNA) in the rat thyroid gland
, Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 20(3): 299-304 (1998)

Characterization of angiotensin II receptors in smooth muscle preparations of the guinea pig in vitro
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 267(3): 1521-1528 (1993)

Characterization of angiotensin II-regulated K+ conductance in rat adrenal glomerulosa cells
, Journal of Membrane Biology 156(3): 261-277 (1997)

Characterization of angiotensin IV-degrading enzymes and receptors on rat mesangial cells
, American Journal of Physiology 275(4): F535-F542 (1998)

Characterisation of angiotensin converting enzyme from different rat vascular beds
, Blood Pressure 4(3): 170-176 (1995)

Characterization of angiotensin receptors mediating the neuromodulatory effects of angiotensin in the vas deferens of the rabbit
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 265(2): 601-608 (1993)

Characterization of angiotensin receptors on human skin fibroblasts
, Journal of Molecular Medicine 75(3): 217-222 (1997)

Characterization of angiotensin-(1-7) in the urine of normal and essential hypertensive subjects
, American Journal of Hypertension 11(2): 137-146 (1998)

Characterization of angiotensin-II effects on cerebral and ocular circulation by noninvasive methods
, British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 43(5): 501-508 (1997)

Characterization of anion exchangers in an inner medullary collecting duct cell line
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 9(5): 746-754 (1998)

Characterization of antacid compounds containing both aluminum and magnesium. II. Codried powders
, Pharmaceutical Research 10(7): 1005-1007 (1993)

Characterization of antacid compounds containing both aluminum and magnesium. I. Crystalline powders
, Pharmaceutical Research 10(7): 998-1004 (1993)

Characterization of antarctic aerosol particles using laser microprobe mass spectrometry
, Environmental Science and Technology 30(2): 385-391 (1996)

Characterization of anthocyanin pigment from cultured cells of Aralia cordata and its applications to food colors
, Journal of Japanese Society of Food Science and Technology 40(9): 647-655 (1993)

Characterization of anti-HIV lignans from Larrea tridentata
, Tetrahedron 51(45): 12203-12210 (1995)

Characterization of anti-HLA class II monoclonal antibody LGII-612.14 reacting with formalin fixed tissues
, Journal of Immunological Methods 161(2): 239-256 (1993)

Characterization of anti-Toxoplasma activity of SDZ 215-918, a cyclosporin derivative lacking immunosuppressive and peptidyl-prolyl-isomerase-inhibiting activity: possible role of a P glycoprotein in Toxoplasma physiology
, Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 41(9): 1859-1866 (1997)

Characterization of anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibodies from mice differing in susceptibility for experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG)
, Clinical and Experimental Immunology 92(3): 506-513 (1993)

Characterization of anti-anti-idiotypic antibodies that bind antigen and an anti-idiotype
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(16): 8697-8701 (1997)

Characterization of anti-canine cytokine monoclonal antibodies specific for IFN-gamma: effect of anti-IFN-gamma on renal transplant rejection
, Tissue Antigens 43(3): 163-169 (1994)

Characterization of anti-crystallin autoantibodies in patients with cataract
, Molecular Biology Reports 17(2): 93-99 (1993)

Characterization of anti-endothelial cell antibodies in the patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: A potential marker for disease activity
, Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 79(3): 211-216 (1996)

Characterization of anti-erythrocyte autoantibodies in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients in Brazil
, Haematologia 29(2): 139-145 (1998)

Characterization of anti-ganglioside antibodies present in normal human plasma
, Journal of Neuroimmunology 50(2): 215-220 (1994)

Characterization of anti-heart M2 muscarinic receptor antibodies--a combined clinical and experimental study
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 163-164: 343-347 (1996)

Characterization of anti-histone antibodies in patients with type 1 autoimmune hepatitis
, Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 13(5): 483-489 (1998)

Characterization of anti-liver-kidney microsome antibody (anti-LKM1) from hepatitis C virus-positive and -negative sera
, Gastroenterology 104(6): 1762-1767 (1993)

Characterization of anti-mouse IL-12 monoclonal antibodies and measurement of mouse IL-12 by ELISA
, Journal of Immunological Methods 189(1): 15-24 (1996)

Characterization of anti-peptide antibodies directed towards the automodification domain and apoptotic fragment of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1334(1): 65-72 (1997)

Characterization of anti-sperm antibodies and their coding cDNA sequences by Epstein-Barr virus transformed B cell lines from lymphocytes of infertile women possessing anti-sperm antibodies
, Journal of Reproductive Immunology 32(2): 171-191 (1996)

Characterization of anti-tumor immunity derived from the inoculation of myeloma cells secreting the fusion protein RM4/IFN-tau
, Human Antibodies and Hybridomas 7(1): 21-26 (1996)

Characterization of antibiotic-resistant Corynebacterium striatum strains
, Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 30(4): 463-474 (1992)

Characterization of antibodies induced by paternal lymphocyte immunization in couples with recurrent spontaneous abortion
, Journal of Reproductive Immunology 24(2): 81-96 (1993)

Characterization of antibodies produced by S-s- individuals
, Transfusion 36(6): 512-516 (1996)

Characterization of antibodies specific for the caspase cleavage site on poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase: specific detection of apoptotic fragments and mapping of the necrotic fragments of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase
, Biochemistry and Cell Biology 75(4): 451-456 (1997)

Characterization of antibodies to nerve growth factor: Assay-dependent variability in the cross-reactivity with other neurotrophins
, Journal of Neuroscience Methods 65(1): 93-99 (1996)

Characterization of antibodies to the rat substance P (NK-1) receptor and to a chimeric substance P receptor expressed in mammalian cells
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 14(2): 834-845 (1994)

Characterization of antibodies using N-terminally truncated peptides produced in an automatic protein sequencer
, Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods 28(4): 295-300 (1994)

Characterization of antibody 444 using chromatographically purified enantiomers of juvenile hormones I, II, and III: implications for radioimmunoassays
, Analytical Biochemistry 249(1): 83-87 (1997)

Characterization of antibody binding to cell surface antigens using a plasma membrane-bound plate assay
, Analytical Biochemistry 224(1): 39-50 (1995)

Characterization of antibody response to hepatitis C virus protein E2 and significance of hypervariable region 1-specific antibodies in viral neutralization
, Archives of Virology 142(3): 523-534 (1997)

Characterization of antigen-antibody complexes by size-exclusion chromatography coupled with low-angle light-scattering photometry and viscometry
, Journal of Chromatography A 787(1-2): 101-109 (1997)

Characterization of antigen-presenting cells that present exogenous antigens in association with class I MHC molecules
, Journal of Immunology 150(2): 438-446 (1993)

Characterization of antigenic determinants in the core antigen of the hepatitis C virus
, Virology 205(2): 462-469 (1994)

Characterization of antigenic peptides presented by HLA-B44 molecules on tumor cells expressing the gene MAGE-3
, International Journal of Cancer 68(5): 622-628 (1996)

Characterization of antigens and allergens in hypo-allergenic infant formulae
, European Journal of Pediatrics 154(4): 289-294 (1995)

Characterization of antigens and allergens of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) pollen: Immunological assessment of atopic patients using whole extract and its fractions
, Allergy 47(5): 535-544 (1992)

Characterization of antigens recognized by new monoclonal antibodies raised against culture filtrate proteins of Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin
, FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology 20(2): 129-138 (1998)

Characterization of antihistamines using biphasic cutaneous reaction in BALB/c mice
, Life Sciences 63(11): PL 145-PL 150 (1998)

Characterization of antihypertensive activity of ABBOTT-81988, a nonpeptide angiotensin II antagonist in the renal hypertensive rat
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 268(1): 427-433 (1994)

Characterization of antiidiotypic antibodies to donor HLA that develop after liver transplantation
, Transplantation 56(2): 443-448 (1993)

Characterization of antimitochondrial antibodies in health adults
, Hepatology 27(3): 656-661 (1998)

Characterization of antimuscarinic effect of cimetropium bromide in guinea pig ileum
, Journal of Smooth Muscle Research 33(1): 1-9 (1997)

Characterization of antinociception to opioid receptor selective agonists after antisense oligodeoxynucleotide-mediated "knock-down" of opioid receptor in vivo
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 277(1): 491-501 (1996)

Characterization of antinuclear autoantibodies present in the serum from nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice
, Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 68(3): 350-356 (1993)

Characterization of antinucleolar antibody reactivity in patients with systemic sclerosis and their relatives
, Journal of Rheumatology 24(3): 477-484 (1997)

Characterization of antioxidant properties of natural killer-enhancing factor-B and induction of its expression by hydrogen peroxide
, Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 147(1): 135-142 (1997)

Characterization of antiphospholipid antibodies in women with recurrent spontaneous abortions
, Journal of Reproductive Medicine 39(1): 27-30 (1994)

Characterization of antisense RNA-mediated inhibition of SIV replication
, Journal of Medical Virology 48(4): 321-325 (1996)

Characterization of antisera raised against treponema denticola (ATCC 33521) whole cell, outer sheath, protoplasmic cylinder, and axial flagella
, Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie: International Journal of Medical Microbiology 280(3): 325-331 (1994)

Characterization of antisera specific to NK1, NK2, and NK3 neurokinin receptors and their utilization to localize receptors in the rat gastrointestinal tract
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 16(21): 6975-6986 (1996)

Characterization of antisera to the naloxone-insensitive receptor for beta-endorphin on U937 cells generated by using the complementary peptide strategy
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 263(2): 876-883 (1992)

Characterization of antitestosterone antibodies by RIA method
, Revue Roumaine de Biochimie 31(2-3): 127-131 (1994)

Characterization of antiviral activity of a sesquiterpene, triptofordin C-2
, Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 37(4): 759-768 (1996)

Characterization of apamin-sensitive Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels in human leukaemic T lymphocytes
, Journal of Physiology 496: 627-637 (1996)

Characterization of apatite layer formation on P2O5-CaO, P2O5-CaO-Na2O, and P2O5-CaO-Na2O-Al2O3 glass hydroxyapatite composites
, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 31(4): 481-486 (1996)

Characterization of apical and basolateral plasma membrane domains derived from cultured rat cholangiocytes
, Analytical Biochemistry 254(2): 192-199 (1997)

Characterization of apical potassium channels induced in rat distal colon during potassium adaptation
, Journal of Physiology 501: 537-547 (1997)

Characterization of apocytochrome C binding to human erythrocytes
, American Journal of Hematology 47(2): 132-134 (1994)

Characterization of apolipoprotein A-I- and A-II-containing lipoproteins in a new case of high density lipoprotein deficiency resembling Tangier disease and their effects on intracellular cholesterol efflux
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 91(2): 522-529 (1993)

Characterization of apolipoproteins B-100, AI and C from plasma lipoprotein in the goose, Anser anser. Evidence for a genetic polymorphism in ApoC-like apolipoproteins
, European Journal of Biochemistry 234(2): 586-591 (1995)

Characterization of apomucin expression in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas and their precursor lesions: an immunohistochemical study
, Hepatology 24(5): 1074-1078 (1996)

Characterization of apoptosis in cultured rat sympathetic neurons after nerve growth factor withdrawal
, Journal of Cell Biology 124(4): 537-546 (1994)

Characterization of apoptosis in thymocytes isolated from dexamethasone-treated rats
, Biochemical Pharmacology 44(11): 2131-2137 (1992)

Characterization of apoptosis-like endonuclease activity in avian thymocytes
, Biology of the Cell 76(1): 15-22 (1992)

Characterization of apoptosis-resistant antigen-specific T cells in vivo
, Journal of Experimental Medicine 183(5): 2065-2073 (1996)

Characterization of apoptotic phenomena induced by treatment with L-asparaginase in NIH3T3 cells
, Experimental Cell Research 220(2): 283-291 (1995)

Characterization of appican, the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan form of the Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein
, Neurodegeneration: a Journal for Neurodegenerative Disorders Neuroprotection and Neuroregeneration 5(4): 445-451 (1996)

Characterization of apple 18 and 31 kd allergens by microsequencing and evaluation of their content during storage and ripening
, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 96(6 Pt 1): 960-970 (1995)

Characterization of apricot cultivars by mean of isozymes
, Investigacion Agraria Produccion y Proteccion Vegetales 11(1): 7-20 (1996)

Characterization of aquacobalamin reductase (NADPH) from Euglena gracilis
, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 305(2): 421-427 (1993)

Characterization of aquatic colloids and macromolecules. 1. Structure and behavior of colloidal material
, Environmental Science and Technology 29(9): 2169-2175 (1995)

Characterization of aquatic colloids and macromolecules. 2. Key role of physical structures on analytical results
, Environmental Science and Technology 29(9): 2176-2184 (1995)

Characterization of aquatic moulds from Gujar Lake (Jaunpur)
, Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 24(3): 209-215 (1994)

Characterization of arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase found in the liver of mongrel dog and its immunohistochemical localization in neutrophils
, Tokushima Journal of Experimental Medicine 42(1-2): 27-35 (1995)

Characterization of arbutamine: A novel catecholamine stress agent for diagnosis of coronary artery disease
, Drug Development Research 32(1): 19-28 (1994)

Characterization of arenaviruses using a family-specific primer set for RT-PCR amplification and RFLP analysis. Its potential use for detection of uncharacterized arenaviruses
, Virus Research 49(1): 79-89 (1997)

Characterization of aromatic aminotransferases from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus litoralis
, European Journal of Biochemistry 220(2): 543-549 (1994)

Characterization of arterial antigens using arterial antigen-reactive T cell clones from spontaneously hypertensive rats
, American Journal of Hypertension 10(5 Pt 1): 535-540 (1997)

Characterization of artificial insemination in beef cattle in Rio Grande so Sul, Brazil
, Revista Brasileira de Reproducao Animal 18(3-4): 142-152 (1994)

Characterization of asbestos bodies and uncoated fibers in lungs of hamsters
, Journal of Electron Microscopy 42(1): 41-47 (1993)

Characterization of asbestos fibers in lungs and mesotheliomatous tissues of baboons following long-term inhalation
, American Journal of Industrial Medicine 23(6): 883-901 (1993)

Characterization of ascidian plasma growth factors promoting the proliferation of mouse thymocytes
, Zoological Science 14(2): 271-276 (1997)

Characterization of ascorbate oxidase from Acremonium sp. HI-25
, Journal of Biochemistry 115(5): 811-813 (1994)

Characterization of ascorbyl esters hydrolysis in fish
, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B Comparative Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 110(4): 739-745 (1995)

Characterization of ashes from wood and straw
, Biomass and Bioenergy 8(2): 105-115 (1995)

Characterization of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides on a mouse submandibular mucin
, Glycobiology 5(6): 589-597 (1995)

Characterization of asphalt with the preparative Chromatotron
, Journal of Planar Chromatography - Modern TLC 5(4): 263-266 (1992)

Characterization of assembly intermediates of NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) accumulated in Neurospora mitochondria by gene disruption
, Journal of Molecular Biology 227(4): 1032-1042 (1992)

Characterization of astrocyte nuclear proteins involved in IFN-gamma- and TNF-alpha-mediated class II MHC gene expression
, Journal of Immunology 153(10): 4555-4564 (1994)

Characterization of astroglial versus oligodendroglial phenotypes in glioblastomas by means of quantitative morphonuclear variables generated by computer-assisted microscopy
, Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 57(8): 791-802 (1998)

Characterization of atherosclerosis in a patient with familial high-density lipoprotein deficiency
, Atherosclerosis 110(2): 203-208 (1994)

Characterization of atherosclerotic lesions in apo E3-leiden transgenic mice
, Atherosclerosis 136(1): 147-152 (1998)

Characterization of atmospheric dust at Gurushikar, Mt. Abu, Rajasthan
, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 40(3): 253-259 (1996)

Characterization of atpA and atpB deletion mutants produced in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cw15: Electron transport and photophosphorylation activities of isolated thylakoids
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1319(1): 109-118 (1997)

Characterization of atrial natriuretic peptide degradation by cell-surface peptidase activity on endothelial cells
, Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 52(2): 227-236 (1993)

Characterization of atrial natriuretic peptide receptors in human fetoplacental vasculature
, American Journal of Physiology 264(3 Pt 2): H798-H804 (1993)

Characterization of atrioventricular nodal behavior and ventricular response during atrial fibrillation before and after a selective slow-pathway ablation
, Circulation 91(4): 1086-1094 (1995)

Characterization of attached bacterial populations in deep granitic groundwater from the Stripa research mine by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and scanning electron microscopy
, Microbiology 140: 1575-1583 (1994)

Characterization of attention and associative memory in patients with consequences of ischemic cerebral stroke
, Zhurnal Nevropatologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S S Korsakova 92(1): 7-10 (1992)

Characterization of attractors in speech signals
, Bio Systems 44(2): 161-165 (1997)

Characterization of atypical cells in the juvenile rat organ of Corti after aminoglycoside ototoxicity
, Journal of Comparative Neurology 401(2): 145-162 (1998)

Characterization of autoantibodies against the platelet glycoprotein antigens IIb/IIIa in childhood idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura
, American Journal of Hematology 48(2): 104-107 (1995)

Characterization of autoantibodies to natural killer cells in HIV-infected patients
, Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 43(5): 583-592 (1996)

Characterization of autoantibody activities in sera anti-DNA antibody and circulating immune complexes from 12 systemic lupus erythematosus patients
, Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis 10(6): 451-457 (1996)

Characterization of autoantigenic epitopes on platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa using random peptide libraries
, Blood 88(12): 4579-4584 (1996)

Characterization of autocrine inducible prostaglandin H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) in human osteosarcoma cells
, Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society . 46(2): 51-59 (1997)

Characterization of autoimmune thyroiditis in MRL-lpr/lpr mice
, Lupus 4(3): 187-196 (1995)

Characterization of autologous tumor-specific T-helper 2 cells in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes from a patient with metastatic melanoma
, International Journal of Cancer 58(3): 317-323 (1994)

Characterization of autolytic enzymes in Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei 1St261
, Annali di Microbiologia ed Enzimologia 46(2): 299-310 (1996)

Characterization of autoreactive helper T cells in a murine model of autoimmune haemolytic disease
, Immunology 80(1): 13-21 (1993)

Characterization of avian natural killer cells and their intracellular CD3 protein complex
, European Journal of Immunology 24(7): 1685-1691 (1994)

Characterization of avian reovirus-induced cell fusion: the role of viral structural proteins
, Virology 194(2): 705-714 (1993)

Characterization of axenic Pseudomonas fragi and Escherichia coli biofilms that inhibit corrosion of SAE 1018 steel
, Journal of Applied Microbiology 84(4): 485-492 (1998)

Characterization of axonal ultrastructural pathology following experimental spinal cord compression injury
, Brain Research 702(1-2): 1-16 (1995)

Characterization of azo coupling adducts of benzenediazonium ions with aromatic amino acids in peptides and proteins
, Chemical Research in Toxicology 10(12): 1378-1386 (1997)

Characterization of baboon class I major histocompatibility molecules. Implications for baboon-to-human xenotransplantation
, Transplantation 61(7): 989-996 (1996)

Characterization of bacteria by oxidative and non-oxidative pyrolysis-gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometry
, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 24(3): 210 (1993)

Characterization of bacteria by quartz tube pyrolysis-gas chromatography/ion trap mass spectrometry
, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 24(1): 23-38 (1992)

Characterization of bacterial adhesin interactions with extracellular matrix components utilizing biosensor technology
, Methods (orlando). 6(2): 134-142 (1994)

Characterization of bacterial cell membrane attachment sites of plasmid R6K
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 221(1): 186-192 (1996)

Characterization of bacterial communities from activated sludge: Culture-dependent numerical identification versus in situ identification using group- and genus-specific rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes
, Microbial Ecology 32(2): 101-121 (1996)

Characterization of bacterial cytochrome cd(1)-nitrite reductase as one enzyme responsible for catalysis of nitrosation of secondary amines
, Carcinogenesis 17(3): 533-536 (1996)

Characterization of bacterial growth on solid medium with image analysis
, Journal of Biochemical and Biophysical Methods 25(2-3): 125-132 (1992)

Characterization of bacterial reaction centers having mutations of aromatic residues in the binding site of the bacteriopheophytin intermediary electron carrier
, Biochemistry 34(15): 5294-5302 (1995)

Characterization of bacterially expressed rat estrogen receptor beta ligand binding domain by mass spectrometry: structural comparison with estrogen receptor alpha
, Steroids 62(8-9): 621-631 (1997)

Characterization of bactericidal activity of clindamycin against Bacteroides fragilis via kill curve methods
, Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 40(8): 1941-1944 (1996)

Characterization of bacteriocins from Enterococcus faecium with activity against Listeria monocytogenes
, International Journal of Food Microbiology 19(2): 123-134 (1993)

Characterization of bacteriophage T4 early promoters in vivo with a new promoter probe vector
, Plasmid 35(2): 108-120 (1996)

Characterization of bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase by linker insertion mutagenesis
, Journal of Molecular Biology 228(2): 488-505 (1992)

Characterization of bacteriophages from tox-containing, non-toxigenic isolates of Corynebacterium diphtheriae
, Microbial Pathogenesis 22(6): 343-351 (1997)

Characterization of bacteriuria in some urological diseases
, Urologiya i Nefrologiya 1995(4): 12-13 (1995)

Characterization of baculovirus recombinant wild-type p53. Dimerization of p53 is required for high-affinity DNA binding and cysteine oxidation inhibits p53 DNA binding
, European Journal of Biochemistry 223(2): 683-692 (1994)

Characterization of baculovirus-expressed hemagglutinin and fusion glycoproteins of the attenuated measles virus strain AIK-C
, Virus Research 26(2): 167-175 (1992)

Characterization of baculovirus-expressed herpes simplex virus type 1 glycoprotein K
, Journal of Virology 68(4): 2347-2354 (1994)

Characterization of baculovirus-expressed human alpha and beta platelet-derived growth factor receptors
, Biochemistry 31(44): 10887-10892 (1992)

Characterization of balsamic vinegar by multivariate statistical analysis of trace element content
, Journal of Aoac International 81(5): 1087-1095 (1998)

Characterization of baroreceptor-related neurons in the monkey insular cortex
, Brain Research 796(1-2): 303-306 (1998)

Characterization of baroreflex impairment in conscious dogs with pacing-induced heart failure
, American Journal of Physiology 265(5 Pt 2): R1132-R1140 (1993)

Characterization of base periodicities in protein-coding genes
, Journal of Biological Systems 6(1): 49-70 (1998)

Characterization of basic fibroblast growth factor-mediated acceleration of axonal branching in cultured rat hippocampal neurons
, Brain Research 661(1-2): 117-126 (1994)

Characterization of basic proteins from goldfish myelin
, Journal of Neurochemistry 60(1): 153-160 (1993)

Characterization of behavioral and neurodegenerative changes following partial lesions of the nigrostriatal dopamine system induced by intrastriatal 6-hydroxydopamine in the rat
, Experimental Neurology 152(2): 259-277 (1998)

Characterization of benzazepine UDP-glucuronosyl-transferases in laboratory animals and man
, Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems 25(6): 611-622 (1995)

Characterization of benzodiazepine-sensitive behaviors in the A/J and C57BL/6J inbred strains of mice
, Behavior Genetics 24(2): 171-180 (1994)

Characterization of beta subunit modulation of a rabbit cardiac L-type calcium channel alpha-1 subunit as expressed in mouse L cells
, FEBS (Federation of European Biochemical Societies) Letters 315(2): 167-172 (1993)

Characterization of beta-1,2-mannosyltransferase in Candida guilliermondii and its utilization in the synthesis of novel oligosaccharides
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(27): 16822-16828 (1997)

Characterization of beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase from human epididymis
, International Journal of Andrology 18(5): 263-270 (1995)

Characterization of beta-R1, a gene that is selectively induced by interferon beta (IFN-beta) compared with IFN-alpha
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(37): 22878-22884 (1996)

Characterization of beta-adrenergic receptors in DiFi and HT-29 cells
, Anticancer Research 12(5): 1655-1658 (1992)

Characterization of beta-adrenergic receptors of freshly isolated astrocytes and neurons from rat brain
, Life Sciences 60(4-5): 315-324 (1997)

Characterization of beta-adrenergic receptors on rat and human osteoblast-like cells and demonstration that beta-receptor agonists can stimulate bone resorption in organ culture
, Bone and Mineral 23(3): 301-315 (1993)

Characterization of beta-adrenoceptors in urinary bladder: Comparison between rat and rabbit
, British Journal of Pharmacology 122(8): 1720-1724 (1997)

Characterization of beta-amyloid peptide from human cerebrospinal fluid
, Journal of Neurochemistry 61(5): 1965-1968 (1993)

Characterization of beta-amyloid peptide precursor processing by the yeast Yap3 and Mkc7 proteases
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1359(2): 110-122 (1997)

Characterization of beta-bend ribbon spiral forming peptides using electronic and vibrational CD
, Biopolymers 35(1): 103-111 (1995)

Characterization of beta-blockers by chemical ionization with ammonia: Application to forensic chemistry
, Biological Mass Spectrometry 22(8): 462-464 (1993)

Characterization of beta-carotene 15,15'-dioxygenase activity in TC7 clone of human intestinal cell line Caco-2
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 249(2): 467-474 (1998)

Characterization of beta-connectin (titin 2) from striated muscle by dynamic light scattering
, Biophysical Journal 65(5): 1906-1915 (1993)

Characterization of beta-cyclodextrin for direct compression tableting
, International Journal of Pharmaceutics (Amsterdam) 101(1-2): 71-80 (1994)

Characterization of beta-cyclodextrin for direct compression tableting: II. The role of moisture in the compactibility of beta-cyclodextrin
, International Journal of Pharmaceutics (Amsterdam) 124(2): 231-239 (1995)

Characterization of beta-defensin prepropeptide mRNA from chicken and turkey bone marrow
, Animal Genetics 29(4): 283-289 (1998)

Characterization of beta-endorphin- and alpha-MSH-related peptides in rat heart
, Peptides 14(6): 1141-1147 (1993)

Characterization of beta-galactosidase from Kluyveromyces lactis
, Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry 22(1): 55-64 (1995)

Characterization of beta-galactosidase from a Bacillus sp. with high catalytic efficiency for transgalactosylation
, Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 8(4): 318-324 (1998)

Characterization of beta-galactosidase immobilized into poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) membranes
, Biochemical Archives 14(2): 123-129 (1998)

Characterization of beta-glucosidase activity in yeasts of oenological origin
, Journal of Applied Bacteriology 77(5): 519-527 (1994)

Characterization of beta-glucosidase and beta-glucuronidase of alkalotolerant intestinal bacteria
, Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 17(3): 423-426 (1994)

Characterization of beta-lactamase gene blaPER-2, which encodes an extended-spectrum class A beta-lactamase
, Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 40(3): 616-620 (1996)

Characterization of beta-lactamases of Prevotella species
, Anaerobe 2(4): 217-221 (1996)

Characterization of beta-lactams by photodissociation and collision-activated dissociation in a quadrupole ion trap
, Journal of Mass Spectrometry 33(8): 705-712 (1998)

Characterization of beta-mannanase and beta-mannosidase secreted from the yeast Trichosporon cutaneum JCM 2947
, Letters in Applied Microbiology 22(2): 173-178 (1996)

Characterization of beta-phenylethylamine-induced monoamine release in rat nucleus accumbens: a microdialysis study
, European Journal of Pharmacology 349(2-3): 163-169 (1998)

Characterization of beta-primeverosidase, being concerned with alcoholic aroma formation in tea leaves to be processed into black tea, and preliminary observations on its substrate specificity
, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 46(5): 1712-1718 (1998)

Characterization of beta-thalassemia mutations by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis: patterns in the Mediterranean mutations
, Clinical Genetics 45(5): 221-227 (1994)

Characterization of beta-turns in cyclic hexapeptides in solution by Fourier transform IR spectroscopy
, Biopolymers 33(2): 201-207 (1993)

Characterization of beta2-glycoprotein I binding to phospholipid membranes
, Thrombosis and Haemostasis 80(4): 610-614 (1998)

Characterization of betaine efflux from rat liver mitochondria
, Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1141(2-3): 269-274 (1993)

Characterization of bicuculline/baclofen-insensitive gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors expressed in Xenopus oocytes. I. Effects of Cl- channel inhibitors
, Molecular Pharmacology 42(1): 165-173 (1992)

Characterization of big endothelin-1-induced contraction in rabbit saphenous artery
, Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 26(Suppl): S78-S80 (1995)

Characterization of biliary epithelial cells isolated from needle biopsies of human liver in the presence of hepatocyte growth factor
, American Journal of Pathology 146(2): 537-545 (1995)

Characterization of biliary metabolites of 4-n-nonylphenol in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
, Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems 28(8): 745-757 (1998)

Characterization of binding and TNF-alpha-inducing ability of chitosans on monocytes: the involvement of CD14
, Vaccine 12(9): 825-832 (1994)

Characterization of binding and structural properties of rat liver fatty-acid-binding protein using tryptophan mutants
, Biochemical Journal 300: 827-833 (1994)

Characterization of binding of ECGF with its receptor and endogenous substrate in endothelial cell growth factor
, Journal of China Medical University 23(Suppl ): 1-3 (1994)

Characterization of binding of Gal beta 4GlcNAc-specific lectins from Erythrina cristagalli and Erythrina corallodendron to glycosphinogolipids. Detection, isolation, and characterization of a novel glycosphinglipid of bovine buttermilk
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(11): 8554-8563 (1994)

Characterization of binding sites and effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and CGRP 8-37 on regional blood flow in rabbit salivary glands
, Archives of Oral Biology 39(8): 695-700 (1994)

Characterization of binding sites for (125I)R(+)trans-7-OH-PIPAT in rat brain
, Naunyn Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 350(6): 611-617 (1994)

Characterization of binding sites for a GnRH-agonist (buserelin) in human breast cancer biopsies and their distribution in relation to tumor parameters
, Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 25(1): 37-46 (1993)

Characterization of binding sites for amylin, calcitonin, and CGRP in primate kidney
, American Journal of Physiology 274(1): F51-F62 (1998)

Characterization of binding sites for calcitonin gene-related peptide in the mollusc gill
, Regulatory Peptides 61(1): 57-61 (1996)

Characterization of binding sites for neuropeptide FF on T lymphocytes of the Jurkat cell line
, Peptides 16(1): 105-111 (1995)

Characterization of binding sites in rat for A, B and C-type natriuretic peptides
, Regulatory Peptides 47(3): 291-305 (1993)

Characterization of binding sites of a memory-enhancing peptide AVP(4-8) in rat cortical synaptosomal membranes
, Peptides 15(7): 1273-1279 (1994)

Characterization of binding site of uremic toxins on human serum albumin
, Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 18(12): 1755-1761 (1995)

Characterization of biodegradable poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) polymers and microspheres
, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 13(6): 747-760 (1995)

Characterization of biofilm and encrustation on ureteric stents in vivo
, British Journal of Urology 73(6): 687-691 (1994)

Characterization of biofilm through an inhibitive kinetic function
, Water Research 30(12): 2831-2834 (1996)

Characterization of bioflocculant produced by Bacillus sp. DP-152
, Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering 84(2): 108-112 (1997)

Characterization of biogenic organic matter (BOM)
, Water Science and Technology 37(2): 97-103 (1998)

Characterization of biologic properties of wound fluid collected during early stages of wound healing
, Journal of Investigative Dermatology 99(5): 559-564 (1992)

Characterization of biologically active antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies induced in mice. Pathogenetic role in experimental vasculitis
, Arthritis and Rheumatism 38(10): 1375-1381 (1995)

Characterization of biologically inactive spirolides E and F: Identification of the spirolide pharmacophore
, Tetrahedron Letters 37(43): 7671-7674 (1996)

Characterization of biomass from a sulfidogenic, volatile fatty acid-degrading granular sludge reactor
, Enzyme and Microbial Technology 20(3): 229-236 (1997)

Characterization of biomass-based flash pyrolysis oils
, Biomass and Bioenergy 14(2): 103-113 (1998)

Characterization of biomedical polymer surface interaction with human factor Xa
, Bio-Medical Materials and Engineering 5(2): 65-82 (1995)

Characterization of biomembranes by spectral ellipsometry, surface plasmon resonance and interferometry with regard to biosensor application
, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 9(2): 139-146 (1994)

Characterization of biomolecule immobilization by scanning force microscopy using a wet-masking technique
, Scanning 20(2): 106-109 (1998)

Characterization of biosynthetic IgG oligomers resulting from light chain variable domain duplication
, Molecular Immunology 31(12): 933-942 (1994)

Characterization of biotinylated and gold-labeled plasmid DNA
, Methods in Molecular and Cellular Biology 3(4): 167-174 (1992)

Characterization of biotinylated liposomes sensitive to temperature and pH: New tools for anti-cancer drug delivery
, Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 82(2): 133-139 (1996)

Characterization of biotransformation enzyme activities and DNA integrity in isolated cells of the digestive gland of the common mussel, Mytilus edulis L
, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 120(1): 51-56 (1998)

Characterization of biphasic modulation of spinal nociceptive transmission by neurotensin in the rat rostral ventromedial medulla
, Journal of Neurophysiology 78(3): 1550-1562 (1997)

Characterization of blasts from a patient with eosinophilic blast crisis of chronic myelogenous leukaemia
, British Journal of Haematology 89(1): 207-210 (1995)

Characterization of blink reflex interneurons by activation of diffuse noxious inhibitory controls in man
, Brain Research 803(1-2): 161-168 (1998)

Characterization of blood-group-ABO(H)-active glycosphingolipids in type-AB human erythrocytes
, European Journal of Biochemistry 231(3): 862-867 (1995)

Characterization of bombesin binding sites in the rat stomach
, European Journal of Pharmacology 319(2-3): 245-251 (1997)

Characterization of bombesin receptors using a novel, potent, radiolabeled antagonist that distinguishes bombesin receptor subtypes
, Molecular Pharmacology 43(5): 762-774 (1993)

Characterization of bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide receptors in human breast cancer and their relationship to steroid receptor expression
, Cancer Research 55(2): 280-287 (1995)

Characterization of bombesin/gastrin-releasing peptide receptors in membranes of MKN45 human gastric cancer
, Cancer Letters 85(1): 111-118 (1994)

Characterization of bone marrow after transplantation by means of magnetic resonance
, Annals of Hematology 70(1): 3-13 (1995)

Characterization of bone marrow stromal cells from multiple myeloma
, Leukemia Research 18(9): 675-682 (1994)

Characterization of bone mineral crystals in horse radius by small-angle X-ray scattering
, Calcified Tissue International 58(5): 341-346 (1996)

Characterization of bone protein components with polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis: Effects of zinc and hormones in tissue culture
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 117(2): 153-158 (1992)

Characterization of border species among Pythiaceae: Several Pythium isolates produce elicitins, typical proteins from Phytophthora spp
, Mycological Research 101(12): 1459-1468 (1997)

Characterization of bottom sediments from Osaka Bay, Japan
, Environmental Geology 25(4): 263-269 (1995)

Characterization of botulinum C3-catalyzed ADP-ribosylation of rho proteins and identification of mammalian C3-like ADP-ribosyltransferase
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 138(1-2): 135-140 (1994)

Characterization of bovine MHC class II polymorphism using three typing methods: serology, RFLP and IEF
, European Journal of Immunogenetics: Official Journal of the British Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics 19(5): 253-262 (1992)

Characterization of bovine aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase expressed in a mouse cell line: comparison with native enzyme
, Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 16(3-4): 232-238 (1992)

Characterization of bovine ciliary pigmented epithelial cells in monolayer culture: An ultrastructural, enzyme histochemical and immunohistochemical study
, Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 231(1): 21-28 (1993)

Characterization of bovine endothelial nitric oxide synthase as a homodimer with down-regulated uncoupled NADPH oxidase activity: tetrahydrobiopterin binding kinetics and role of haem in dimerization
, Biochemical Journal 323: 159-165 (1997)

Characterization of bovine endothelial nitric oxide synthase expressed in E. coli
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 219(2): 359-365 (1996)

Characterization of bovine heart sulfotransferase catalyzing the sulfation of tyrosine-containing peptides
, Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 43(4): 485-490 (1997)

Characterization of bovine ovarian surface epithelium and stromal cells: identification of secreted proteins
, Biology of Reproduction 51(6): 1213-1221 (1994)

Characterization of bovine ovary angiotensin II receptors using subtype-selective antagonists
, Pharmacology 46(1): 1-8 (1993)

Characterization of bovine oviduct epithelial cell monolayers cultured under serum-free conditions
, In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology. Animal 31(9): 664-670 (1995)

Characterization of bovine serum factor triggering the lysis of liposomes via complement activation
, Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 21(4): 390-397 (1998)

Characterization of bovine tracheobronchial phenol sulphotransferase cDNA and detection of mRNA regulation by cortisol
, Biochemical Journal 311: 209-217 (1995)

Characterization of bradykinin B2 receptors in adult myocardium and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes
, Circulation Research 76(5): 773-780 (1995 )

Characterization of bradykinin B-2 receptors on human IMR-90 lung fibroblasts: Stimulation of calcium-45 efflux by D-Phe-7 substituted bradykinin analogues
, European Journal of Pharmacology Molecular Pharmacology Section 9(3): 309-315 (1992)

Characterization of bradykinin receptors in guinea pig gall bladder
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 266(3): 1291-1299 (1993)

Characterization of bradykinin receptors mediating catecholamine release in PC12 cells
, Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 351(3): 274-281 (1995)

Characterization of brain PCTAIRE-1 kinase immunoreactivity and its interactions with p11 and 14-3-3 proteins
, European Journal of Biochemistry 257(1): 112-120 (1998)

Characterization of brain and bone-metastasizing clones selected from an ethylnitrosourea-induced rat mammary carcinoma
, Clinical and Experimental Metastasis 12(4): 283-295 (1994)

Characterization of brain beta-carboline-2-N-methyltransferase, an enzyme that may play a role in idiopathic Parkinson's disease
, Neurochemical Research 22(2): 113-121 (1997)

Characterization of brain ecto-apyrase: evidence for only one ecto-apyrase (CD39) gene
, Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 47(1-2): 295-302 (1997)

Characterization of brain samples in studies of aging, Alzheimer's, and other neurodegenerative diseases
, Neurobiology of Aging 14(6): 539-545 (1993)

Characterization of brain-type ryanodine receptor permanently expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells
, Life Sciences 63(7): 575-588 (1998)

Characterization of branching-characteristics of starch-glucans by means of combined application of complexation, enzymatically catalyzed modification, and liquid-chromatography
, Journal of Liquid Chromatography 17(18): 4031-4056 (1994)

Characterization of brefeldin A induced vesicular structures containing cycling proteins of the intermediate compartment/cis-Golgi network
, Febs Letters 404(1): 75-81 (1997)

Characterization of brimonidine metabolism with rat, rabbit, dog, monkey and human liver fractions and rabbit liver aldehyde oxidase
, Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems 26(10): 1035-1055 (1996)

Characterization of broadly pleiotropic phenotypes caused by an hfq insertion mutation in Escherichia coli K-12
, Molecular Microbiology 13(1): 35-49 (1994)

Characterization of broken DNA molecules associated with V(D)J recombination
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(22): 10788-10792 (1993)

Characterization of brux-like movements in the laboratory rat by optoelectronic mandibular tracking and electromyographic techniques
, Archives of Oral Biology 42(1): 33-43 (1997)

Characterization of buccal motor programs elicited by a cholinergic agonist applied to the cerebral ganglion of Aplysia californica
, Journal of Comparative Physiology. A Sensory Neural and Behavioral Physiology 179(4): 509-524 (1996)

Characterization of buffers for electrokinetic separations
, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 44(3): 243-261 (1994)

Characterization of bumetanide transport in isolated skate hepatocytes
, American Journal of Physiology 265(5 Pt 1): G926-G933 (1993)

Characterization of bumetanide-sensitive Na+ and K+ transport in rat skeletal muscle
, Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 158(2): 119-127 (1996)

Characterization of bunazosin-sensitive alpha1-adrenoceptors in human renal medulla
, Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 30(2): 163-168 (1997)

Characterization of c-kit expression by primitive hematopoietic progenitors in umbilical cord blood
, Experimental Hematology 23(14): 1515-1519 (1995)

Characterization of c-kit-positive neurons in the dorsal root ganglion of mouse
, Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research 85(2): 201-211 (1995)

Characterization of c-myc-transformed rat fibroblasts resistant to apoptosis induced ny growth factor deprivation
, Experimental Cell Research 224(1): 52-62 (1996)

Characterization of cAMP-dependent protein kinase activation by CCK in rat pancreas
, Febs Letters 316(1): 48-52 (1993)

Characterization of cCel3, a member of the pepper endo-beta-1,4-glucanase multigene family
, Hereditas 128(2): 121-126 (1998)

Characterization of cDNA and genomic DNA encoding SERCA1, the Ca(2+)-ATPase of human fast-twitch skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum, and its elimination as a candidate gene for Brody disease
, Genomics 30(3): 415-424 (1995)

Characterization of cDNA and genomic clones encoding human myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein
, Journal of Neurochemistry 65(1): 309-318 (1995)

Characterization of cDNA clones containing CCA trinucleotide repeats derived from human brain
, Somatic Cell and Molecular Genetics 21(4): 279-284 (1995 )

Characterization of cDNA clones encoding the human homologue of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ribosomal protein L30
, Gene 123(2): 283-285 (1993)

Characterization of cDNA clones for the 2-methyl branched-chain enoyl-CoA reductase. An enzyme involved in branched-chain fatty acid synthesis in anaerobic mitochondria of the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(30): 22391-22396 (1993)

Characterization of cDNA encoding full-length mouse platelet glycoprotein IX
, Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 9(4): 381-385 (1998)

Characterization of cDNA encoding mouse homolog of fission yeast dhp1+ gene: structural and functional conservation
, Nucleic Acids Research 23(3): 357-361 (1995)

Characterization of cDNA encoding novel pregnancy-specific glycoprotein variants
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 211(2): 656-664 (1995)

Characterization of cDNA-encoding N-terminal region of the quail lutropin receptor
, General and Comparative Endocrinology 95(2): 222-231 (1994)

Characterization of cDNAs Coding for Glucose Phosphate Isomerase and Phosphoglycerate Kinase in Chinese Hamster Ovary Cell Line CHO-K1 and Identification of Defects in R1.1.7, a Glycolysis-Deficient Variant of CHO-K1
, Somatic Cell and Molecular Genetics 21(1): 75-81 (1995)

Characterization of cDNAs species encoding the Tat protein of caprine arthritis encephalitis virus
, Virology 204(2): 828-834 (1994)

Characterization of cDNAs encoding the murine A+U-rich RNA-binding protein AUF1
, Gene 149(2): 315-319 (1994)

Characterization of cDNAs encoding two chick retinoic acid receptor alpha isoforms and distribution of retinoic acid receptor alpha, beta and gamma transcripts during chick skin development
, International Journal of Developmental Biology 39(4): 587-596 (1995)

Characterization of cadherin-4 and cadherin-5 reveals new aspects of cadherins
, Journal of Cell Science 107: 1697-1704 (1994)

Characterization of cadherins expressed by murine thymocytes
, Cellular Immunology 169(2): 309-312 (1996)

Characterization of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptors in intramural coronary arteries from male and female Sprague-Dawley rats
, British Journal of Pharmacology 123(7): 1464-1470 (1998)

Characterization of calcium accumulation in the brain of rats administered orally calcium: the significance of energy-dependent mechanism
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 158(1): 1-7 (1996)

Characterization of calcium alginate pore diameter by size-exclusion chromatography using protein standards
, Enzyme and Microbial Technology 15(11): 922-927 (1993)

Characterization of calcium channel blocker induced smooth muscle relaxation using a model of isolated corpus cavernosum
, Journal of Urology 150(1): 249-252 (1993)

Characterization of calcium phosphate powders by ESCA and EDXA
, Biomaterials 15(3): 183-188 (1994)

Characterization of calcium phosphates precipitated from simulated body fluid of different buffering capacities
, Biomaterials 18(10): 743-747 (1997)

Characterization of calcium release channel (ryanodine receptor) in sarcoplasmic reticulum of Crustacean skeletal muscle
, Korean Journal of Pharmacology 30(1): 125-136 (1994)

Characterization of calcium signals induced in hippocampal CA1 neurones by the synaptic activation of NMDA receptors
, Journal of Physiology (Cambridge) 469: 693-716 (1993)

Characterization of calcium translocation across the plasma membrane of primary osteoblasts using a lipophilic calcium-sensitive fluorescent dye, calcium green C18
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(38): 22445-22451 (1995)

Characterization of calcium transport in the luminal and the basolateral membrane from kidney cortex of hypercalcemic rats bearing the Walker 256 carcinosarcoma
, Bone and Mineral 23(1): 65-76 (1993)

Characterization of calcium-activated chloride channels in patches excised from the dendritic knob of mammalian olfactory receptor neurons
, Journal of Membrane Biology 161(2): 163-171 (1998)

Characterization of calcium-binding sites in the kidney stone inhibitor glycoprotein nephrocalcin with vanadyl ions: electron paramagnetic resonance and electron nuclear double resonance spectroscopy
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91(24): 11323-11327 (1994)

Characterization of calcium-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase in rat pancreatic islets
, Biochemical Journal 289(3): 795-800 (1993)

Characterization of calcium-dependent forms of protein kinase C in adult rat ventricular myocytes
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 166(1-2): 11-23 (1997)

Characterization of calcium-independent cytosolic phospholipase A2 activity in the submucosal regions of rat stomach and small intestine
, Lipids 29(3): 163-169 (1994)

Characterization of calf liver Cu,Zn-metallothionein: naturally variable Cu and Zn stoichiometries
, Biochemical Journal 317: 389-394 (1996)

Characterization of calmodulin-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isoenzymes
, Biochemical Journal 299: 97-100 (1994)

Characterization of calpain II in the retina and photoreceptor outer segments
, Journal of Cell Science 105: 787-798 (1993)

Characterization of calpain-mediated proteolysis of GluR1 subunits of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate receptors in rat brain
, Journal of Neurochemistry 68(4): 1484-1494 (1997)

Characterization of calponin binding to actin
, Biochemistry 34(37): 11864-11871 (1995)

Characterization of calretinin-immunoreactive structures in the striatum of the rat
, Brain Research 609(1-2): 137-148 (1993)

Characterization of canary handmade cheese
, Archivos de Zootecnia 41(155): 657-660 (1992)

Characterization of cancer cell dissociation factor in a highly invasive pancreatic cancer cell line
, Cancer 75(6 Suppl): 1554-1561 (1995)

Characterization of canine MDR1 mRNA: its abundance in drug resistant cell lines and in vivo
, Anticancer Research 18(1A): 393-400 (1998)

Characterization of canine pericardial fluid endothelin-1 levels
, Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 31(Suppl): S399-S400 (1998)

Characterization of canine renal endothelin receptor subtypes and their function
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 268(3): 1091-1097 (1994)

Characterization of cannabidiol-mediated cytochrome P450 inactivation
, Biochemical Pharmacology 45(6): 1323-1331 (1993)

Characterization of capacitation inhibitory protein from rabbit seminal plasma: homology with human annexins
, Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 16(5): 453-456 (1993)

Characterisation of capsaicin-induced mechanical hyperalgesia as a marker for altered nociceptive processing in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
, Pain 71(2): 179-186 (1997)

Characterization of carbachol-induced rhythmic bursting discharges in neurons from guinea pig lateral septum slices
, Journal of Neurophysiology 80(3): 1042-1055 (1998)

Characterization of carbamazepine in systems containing a dissolution rate enhancer
, International Journal Of Pharmaceutics (amsterdam). 126(1-2): 65-72 (1995)

Characterization of carbamazepine metabolism in a mouse model of carbamazepine teratogenicity
, Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 25(8): 953-962 (1997)

Characterization of carbohydrate chains of C1-inhibitor and of desialylated C1-inhibitor
, Febs Letters 314(3): 430-434 (1992)

Characterization of carbohydrate structural features recognized by anti-arabinogalactan-protein monoclonal antibodies
, Glycobiology 6(2): 131-139 (1996)

Characterization of carbohydrate-binding protein p33/41: relation with annexin IV, molecular basis of the doublet forms (p33 and p41), and modulation of the carbohydrate binding activity by phospholipids
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(13): 7679-7685 (1996)

Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols in the Nagoya urban area. 2. Behavior and origin of particulate n-alkanes
, Environmental Science and Technology 28(1): 129-135 (1994)

Characterization of carbonaceous particles from lake sediments
, Hydrobiologia 274(1-3): 127-132 (1994)

Characterization of carbonyl reducing activity in continuous cell lines of human and rodent origin
, Biochemical Pharmacology 44(10): 2005-2012 (1992)

Characterization of carboplatin-resistant sublines derived from human larynx carcinoma cells
, Mutation Research 347(3-4): 141-150 (1995)

Characterization of carboxypeptidase I of mung bean seeds
, Seed Science Research 5(4): 209-218 (1995)

Characterization of carboxypeptidase activity of Penicillium camemberti
, Sciences des Aliments 15(3): 273-289 (1995)

Characterization of carcinoma cells ex vivo on LASER-excited fluoroscopy using a newly synthesized porphyrin derivative PH1008
, Yamagata Medical Journal 15(2): 65-76 (1997)

Characterization of cardiac beta-adrenergic receptors in the guinea pig heart: application to study of beta-adrenergic receptors in shock models
, Journal of Surgical Research 55(5): 516-523 (1993)

Characterization of cardiac fatty-acid-binding protein from human placenta. Comparison with placenta hepatic types
, European Journal of Biochemistry 211(3): 725-730 (1993)

Characterization of cardiac gene cis-regulatory elements in the early stages of chicken heart morphogenesis
, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 28(1): 113-122 (1996 )

Characterization of cardiac troponin subunit release into serum acter acute myocardial infarction and comparison of assays for troponin T and I
, Clinical Chemistry 44(6 Part 1): 1198-1208 (1998)

Characterization of cardiotin, a structural component in the myocard
, European Journal of Cell Biology 62(1): 34-48 (1993)

Characterization of cardiovascular disorders in patients with chronic renal insufficiency
, Likars'ka Sprava 1997(3): 57-60 (1997)

Characterization of carotenoid triplet states in the light-harvesting complex B800-850 from the purple bacterium Rubrivivax gelatinosus
, Photochemistry and Photobiology 64(2): 363-368 (1996)

Characterization of carrier females and affected males with X-linked recessive nephrolithiasis
, Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 5(7): 1451-1461 (1995)

Characterization of cartilage metabolic response to static and dynamic stress using a mechanical explant test system
, Journal of Biomechanics 30(1): 1-9 (1997)

Characterization of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) in human normal and pseudoachondroplasia musculoskeletal tissues
, Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 17(4): 269-278 (1998)

Characterization of casein kinase II, and of p98 as one of its effective phosphate acceptors in sea urchin eggs
, Journal of Biochemistry 113(3): 334-342 (1993)

Characterization of casein phosphopeptides prepared using alcalase: determination of enzyme specificity
, Enzyme and Microbial Technology 19(3): 202-207 (1996)

Characterization of cassava Phytophthora isolates
, Fitopatologia Brasileira 18(3): 416-424 (1993)

Characterization of cat dander-specific T lymphocytes from atopic patients
, Journal of Immunology 152(8): 4203-4210 (1994)

Characterization of catabolite repression and the promoter of the alginate lyase gene (ALY) from Pseudomonas sp
, Biotechnology Letters 18(11): 1271-1276 (1996)

Characterization of catalase activities in a root-colonizing isolate of Pseudomonas putida
, Canadian Journal of Microbiology 38(10): 1026-1032 (1992)

Characterization of catalase from green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
, Journal of Plant Physiology 151(3): 262-268 (1997)

Characterization of catalase from the seaweed Porphyra yezoensis
, Plant Science (limerick). 104(2): 127-133 (1995)

Characterization of catalase-negative mutants of methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha
, Folia Microbiologica 36(2): 158-163 (1991)

Characterization of catalytic activity in vitro of the ribozyme targeted to tat-RNA of HIV-1
, Biopolimery i Kletka 12(6): 69-73 (1996)

Characterization of catechol catabolic genes from Rhodococcus erythropolis 1CP
, Journal of Bacteriology 179(2): 370-381 (1997)

Characterization of catechol- and chlorocatechol-degrading activity in the ortho-chlorinated benzoic acid-degrading Pseudomonas sp. CPE2 strain
, Research in Microbiology 149(5): 339-348 (1998)

Characterization of catecholamine uptake2 in isolated cardiac myocytes
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 163-164: 181-183 (1996)

Characterization of cathepsin B specificity by site-directed mutagenesis. Importance of Glu245 in the S2-P2 specificity for arginine and its role in transition state stabilization
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(1): 235-240 (1993)

Characterization of ceftriaxone-resistant Enterobacteriaceae: a multicentre study in 26 French hospitals. Vigil'Roc Study Group
, Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 32(4): 595-603 (1993)

Characterization of cell cycle checkpoint responses after ionizing radiation in Nijmegen breakage syndrome cells
, Cancer Research 58(11): 2316-2322 (1998)

Characterization of cell cycle events during the onset of sporulation in Bacillus subtilis
, Journal of Bacteriology 177(14): 3923-3931 (1995)

Characterization of cell cycle status and E2F complexes in mobilized CD34+ cells before and after cytokine stimulation
, Blood 90(1): 194-203 (1997)

Characterization of cell growth-inhibitory factor in inflammatory peritoneal exudate cells of rats
, Microbiology and Immunology 37(12): 961-969 (1993)

Characterization of cell lines allowing tightly regulated expression of hepatitis C virus core protein
, Virology 222(1): 51-63 (1996)

Characterization of cell lines derived from formaldehyde-induced nasal tumors in rats
, Molecular Carcinogenesis 9(4): 193-199 (1994)

Characterization of cell lines established from Merkel-cell ("small-cell") carcinoma of the skin
, International Journal of Cancer 55(5): 803-810 (1993)

Characterization of cell lines established from human gastric-esophageal adenocarcinomas. Biologic phenotype and invasion potential
, Cancer 72(3): 649-657 (1993)

Characterization of cell lines established from human hepatocellular carcinoma
, International Journal of Cancer 62(3): 276-282 (1995)

Characterization of cell lines that inducibly express the adeno-associated virus Rep proteins
, Journal of Virology 68(8): 4847-4856 (1994)

Characterization of cell surface antigens expressed in the HMA-1 breast cancer cell line
, Surgery Today 25(3): 244-250 (1995)

Characterization of cell surface carbohydrates on asexual spores of the water mold Saprolegnia ferax
, Protoplasma 175(3-4): 161-172 (1993)

Characterization of cell surface components of Azospirillum brasilense Sp7 as antigen determinants for strain-specific monoclonal antibodies
, Microbiology (Reading) 140(4): 823-828 (1994)

Characterization of cell surface-expressed proteochondroitin sulfate of pre-B Nalm-6 cells and its possible role in laminin adhesion
, Leukemia 10(6): 1000-1011 (1996)

Characterization of cell volume loss in CEM-C7A cells during dexamethasone-induced apoptosis
, American Journal of Physiology 270(4 Pt 1): C1190-C1203 (1996)

Characterization of cell wall components from the endosperm of sorghum varieties varying in hardness
, Carbohydrate Polymers 22(2): 107-115 (1993)

Characterization of cell wall proteins from yeast and mycelial cells of Candida albicans by labelling with biotin: comparison with other techniques
, Infection and Immunity 60(11): 4898-4906 (1992)

Characterization of cell-binding properties of bovine herpesvirus 1 glycoproteins B, C, and D: identification of a dual cell-binding function of gB
, Journal of Virology 69(8): 4758-4768 (1995)

Characterization of cell-cycle-specific events in synchronous cultures of Escherichia coli: a theoretical evaluation
, Microbiology 141: 59-62 (1995)

Characterization of cell-matrix adhesion requirements for the formation of fascin microspikes
, Molecular Biology of the Cell 8(11): 2345-2363 (1997)

Characterization of cell-mediated immune responses elicited by orthotopic corneal allografts in mice
, IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 36(2): 427-434 (1995)

Characterization of cell-surface beta-adrenergic ((tritiated) CGP-12177) binding in adult rat ventricular myocytes: Lack of regulation by beta-agonists at physiological concentrations
, Pfluegers Archiv European Journal of Physiology 421(5): 440-446 (1992)

Characterization of cells emerging at the time of graft failure after bone marrow transplantation from an unrelated marrow donor
, Blood 82(3): 1023-1029 (1993)

Characterization of cells of the myeloid-monocytic lineage (ML-1, HL-60, THP-1, U-937) chronically infected with the human immunodeficiency virus-1
, Pathobiology: Journal of Immunopathology Molecular and Cellular Biology 61(3-4): 145-153 (1993)

Characterization of cellular accumulation and toxicity of illudin S in sensitive and nonsensitive tumor cells
, Cancer ChemoTherapy and Pharmacology 40(1): 65-71 (1997)

Characterization of cellular binding sites and interactive regions within reactants required for enhancement of plasminogen activation by tPA on the surface of leukocytic cells
, Thrombosis and Haemostasis 76(4): 577-584 (1996)

Characterization of cellular components in the peritoneal fluid and in the endometrial tissue of women with endometriosis
, Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 43(5-6): 247-252 (1995)

Characterization of cellular defects of insulin action in type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 91(2): 484-494 (1993)

Characterization of cellular nucleic acid binding protein from Xenopus laevis: expression in all three germ layers during early development
, Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists 211(2): 123-130 (1998)

Characterization of cellular response to silicone implants in rats: Implications for foreign-body carcinogenesis
, Biomaterials 18(9): 667-675 (1997)

Characterization of cellular responses involved in reparative dentinogenesis in rat molars
, Journal of Dental Research 74(2): 702-709 (1995)

Characterization of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein I from chick embryo and its ligand binding properties
, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 336(2): 231-239 (1996)

Characterization of cellulase complex of Streptomyces albaduncus
, Journal of Basic Microbiology 37(2): 93-103 (1997)

Characterization of cellulase-free xylanases from the newly isolated Bacillus sp. strain BP-23
, Canadian Journal of Microbiology 39(12): 1162-1166 (1993)

Characterization of cellulose film prepared from zinc-cellulose complexes
, Biomass and Bioenergy 6(5): 415-417 (1994)

Characterization of cembranoid interaction with the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 287(1): 253-260 (1998)

Characterization of cement plant emissions in Turkey
, Water Air and Soil Pollution 106(1-2): 83-95,. (1998)

Characterization of centchroman binding protein in plasma of rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta)
, Journal of Medical Primatology 25(1): 53-56 (1996)

Characterization of central neurons in bivalves using antibodies raised against neuropeptides involved in gastropod egg-laying behavior
, Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 24(3): 161-168 (1993)

Characterization of central- and peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors in rat salivary glands
, Biochemical Pharmacology 55(2): 209-214 (1998)

Characterization of centrin genes in Paramecium
, European Journal of Biochemistry 238(1): 121-128 (1996)

Characterization of ceramide synthesis. A dihydroceramide desaturase introduces the 4,5-trans-double bond of sphingosine at the level of dihydroceramide
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(36): 22432-22437 (1997)

Characterization of cerebral blood oxygenation and flow changes during prolonged brain activation
, Human Brain Mapping 5(2): 93-109 (1997)

Characterization of cerebral hemodynamic phases following severe head trauma: hypoperfusion, hyperemia, and vasospasm
, Journal of Neurosurgery 87(1): 9-19 (1997)

Characterization of cerebral white matter lesions of HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis in comparison with multiple sclerosis and collagen-vasculitis: a semiquantitative MRI study
, Journal of the Neurological Sciences 133(1-2): 102-111 (1995)

Characterization of cerebrasthenic syndrome in those persons who had become victims of Chernobyl accident
, Likars'ka Sprava 1997(5): 32-35 (1997)

Characterization of certain environmental factors and health of the Krivbas population
, Likars'ka Sprava 1994(9-12): 54-56 (1994)

Characterization of certain hepatocyte-proliferating and/or protective factors induced by the sensitization of freezing-thawing hepatic tissue
, Surgery Today (tokyo). 27(12): 1144-1149,. (1997)

Characterization of chain-shortened oxidized glycerophosphocholine lipids using fast atom bombardment and tandem mass spectrometry
, Analytical Biochemistry 221(1): 16-24 (1994)

Characterization of changes in F-actin during maturation of starfish oocytes
, Developmental Biology 177(1): 204-216 (1996)

Characterization of changes in gene expression associated with malignant transformation by the NF-kappa-B family member, v-Rel
, Oncogene 15(14): 1671-1680 (1997)

Characterization of changes in the glycosylation pattern of recombinant proteins from BHK-21 cells due to different culture conditions
, Journal of Biotechnology 42(2): 117-131 (1995)

Characterization of changes in yolk sac and liver lipids during embryonic and early posthatch development of turkey poults
, Poultry Science 75(4): 478-483 (1996)

Characterization of charge change super-repressor mutants of trp repressor: effects on oligomerization conformation, ligation and stability
, Journal of Molecular Biology 264(1): 32-45 (1996 )

Characterization of chemical allergens as a function of divergent cytokine secretion profiles induced in mice
, Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 138(2): 308-316 (1996)

Characterization of chemical composition of native and modified low density lipoprotein occurring in the blood of diabetic patients
, International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology 13(1): 78-83 (1994)

Characterization of chemical gradients in the collagen gel-visual chemotactic assay
, Journal of Immunological Methods 171(1): 1-14 (1994)

Characterization of chemical inhibitors of brefeldin A-activated mono-ADP-ribosylation
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(22): 14200-14207 (1997)

Characterization of chemically crosslinked human factor VIIIa
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 200(1): 233-238 (1994)

Characterization of chemokine function in animal models of diseases
, Methods 10(1): 158-165 (1996)

Characterization of chemotactic responses and flagella of Hyphomicrobium strain W1-1B
, Journal of Bacteriology 180(11): 3003-3006 (1998)

Characterization of chemotherapy mobilized peripheral blood progenitor cells for use in autologous stem cell transplantation
, Bone Marrow Transplantation 10(3): 281-285 (1992)

Characterization of chemotherapy-induced morphonuclear modifications in the P388 leukaemia and the MXT mammary tumour models of the mouse
, Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 121(2): 89-97 (1995)

Characterization of chicken CD8-specific monoclonal antibodies recognizing novel epitopes
, Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 42(1): 171-174 (1995)

Characterization of chicken kit tyrosine kinase receptor in Cos cell transfectants and in chicken brain
, Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 57(2): 231-236 (1995)

Characterization of chicken protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha and its expression in the central nervous system
, Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 37(1-2): 1-14 (1996)

Characterization of chicken syndecan-3 as a heparan sulfate proteoglycan and its expression during embryogenesis
, Developmental Biology 168(2): 438-451 (1995)

Characterization of chicken-liver glutathione S-transferase (GST) A1-1 and A2-2 isoenzymes and their site-directed mutants heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli: identification of Lys-15 and Ser-208 on cGSTA1-1 as residues interacting with ethacrynic acid
, Biochemical Journal 327: 593-600 (1997)

Characterization of chimeras between the ecotropic Moloney murine leukemia virus and the amphotropic 4070A envelope proteins
, Journal of Virology 70(5): 3142-3152 (1996)

Characterization of chimeric antibody producing CHO cells in the course of dihydrofolate reductase-mediated gene amplification and their stability in the absence of selective pressure
, Biotechnology and Bioengineering 58(1): 73-84, Il 5 (1998)

Characterization of chimeric full-length molecular clones of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus (ADV): identification of a determinant governing replication of ADV in cell culture
, Journal of Virology 67(10): 5976-5988 (1993)

Characterization of chimeric heme-copper respiratory oxidases using subunits I of Escherichia coli cytochrome b o and Halobacterium salinarium cytochrome aa3
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 217(2): 428-436 (1995)

Characterization of chimeric proteins constructed from human epidermal growth factor (EGF) and the Drosophila EGF-receptor antagonist argos
, International Journal of Oncology 10(4): 677-682 (1997)

Characterization of chimeric pterin-dependent hydroxylases: contributions of the regulatory domains of tyrosine and phenylalanine hydroxylase to substrate specificity
, Biochemistry 36(39): 11574-11582 (1997)

Characterization of chimpanzee TCRV gene polymorphism: how old are human TCRV alleles?
, Immunogenetics 47(2): 115-123 (1998)

Characterization of chimpanzee-hamster hybrids by chromosome painting
, Somatic Cell and Molecular Genetics 20(5): 439-442 (1994)

Characterization of chitin synthase 2 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. II: Both full size and processed enzymes are active for chitin synthesis
, Journal of Biochemistry 119(4): 659-666 (1996)

Characterization of chitin synthase 2 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Implication of two highly conserved domains as possible catalytic sites
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(23): 13961-13967 (1995)

Characterization of chitinase C from a marine bacterium, Alteromonas sp. strain O-7, and its corresponding gene and domain structure
, Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64(2): 472-478 (1998)

Characterization of chitinases and beta-1,3-glucanases in grapefruit flavedo during fruit development
, Physiologia Plantarum 99(3): 486-494 (1997)

Characterization of chitobiase from Daphnia magna and its relation to chitin flux
, Physiological Zoology 68(5): 727-748 (1995)

Characterization of chitosan. Influence of ionic strength and degree of acetylation on chain expansion
, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 15(5): 281-285 (1993)

Characterization of chitosans via coupled size-exclusion chromatography and multiple-angle laser light-scattering technique
, Carbohydrate Research 23(8): 11-26 (1993)

Characterization of chloramphenicol resistant plasmid of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
, Yakhak Hoeji 37(6): 621-624 (1993)

Characterization of chlorate-resistant sectors from isolates of Fusarium moniliforme and F. proliferatum
, Journal of Microbiological Methods 31(3): 175-184 (1998)

Characterization of chloride efflux from GT1-7 neurons: Lack of effect of ethanol on GABAA response
, Brain Research 780(2): 183-189 (1998)

Characterization of chloride ion binding to human serum albumin using chloride NMR null point spectral analysis
, Journal of the American Chemical Society 115(3): 1095-1105 (1993)

Characterization of chlorinated adducts of hemoglobin and albumin following administration of pentachlorophenol to rats
, Chemical Research in Toxicology 9(3): 647-653 (1996)

Characterization of chlorophyll a and bacteriochlorophyll a synthases by heterologous expression in Escherichia coli
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(15): 9671-9676 (1997)

Characterization of chlorophyll triplet promoting states in photosystem II sequentially induced during photoinhibition
, Biochemistry 32(13): 3334-3341 (1993)

Characterization of cholecystokinin binding sites in goldfish brain and pituitary
, American Journal of Physiology 271(1 Pt 2): R137-R143 (1996)

Characterization of cholecystokinin receptors on the human gallbladder
, Surgery 113(2): 155-162 (1993)

Characterization of cholecystokinin receptors on the human sphincter of Oddi
, Surgery 114(5): 942-950 (1993)

Characterization of cholecystokininA and cholecystokininB receptors expressed by vagal afferent neurons
, Neuroscience 79(3): 905-913 (1997)

Characterization of cholecystokininA receptor agonist activity by a family of cholecystokininB receptor antagonists
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 269(3): 911-916 (1994)

Characterization of cholesterol oxidation products formed by oxidative modification of low density lipoprotein
, Free Radical Biology and Medicine 23(2): 202-214 (1997)

Characterization of cholesterol-free insect cells infectible by baculoviruses: effects of cholesterol on VSV fusion and infectivity and on cytotoxicity induced by influenza M2 protein
, Experimental Cell Research 233(2): 288-296 (1997)

Characterization of cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibitor from plasma of baboons (Papio sp.)
, Journal of Lipid Research 34(8): 1285-1297 (1993)

Characterization of choline metabolism and secretion by human placental trophoblasts in culture
, Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1168(3): 358-364 (1993)

Characterization of choline-O-acetyltransferase and muscarinic receptors in the BALB/C mouse thymus
, Progress in Neuroendocrinimmunology 5(4): 221-228 (1992)

Characterization of cholinergic and noradrenergic slow excitatory postsynaptic potentials from rat cerebral cortical neurons
, Neuroscience 53(1): 11-22 (1993)

Characterization of chondrocyte alkaline phosphatase as a potential mediator in the dissolution of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals
, Journal of Rheumatology 21(5): 912-919 (1994)

Characterization of chondrogenesis in cells isolated from limb buds in mouse
, Anatomy and Embryology 193(5): 453-461 (1996)

Characterization of chromium-carbene complexes by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with particle beam interface
, Journal of Chromatography A 730(1-2): 231-240 (1996)

Characterization of chromosomal DNA profiles from Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from sequential gastric biopsy specimens
, Journal of Clinical Microbiology 33(9): 2496-2497 (1995)

Characterization of chromosome 8 abnormalities by fluorescence in situ hybridization in childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia/non-Hodgkin lymphoma
, Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 79(1): 8-14 (1995)

Characterization of chromosome 9 deletions in transitional cell carcinoma by microsatellite assay
, Human Molecular Genetics 2(9): 1407-1411 (1993)

Characterization of chromosome 9 in human ovarian neoplasia identifies frequent genetic imbalance on 9q and rare alterations involving 9p, including CDKN2
, Cancer Research 55(10): 2150-2157 (1995)

Characterization of chromosome changes in two human prostatic carcinoma cell lines (PC-3 and DU145) using chromosome painting and comparative genomic hybridization
, Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 96(2): 123-128 (1997)

Characterization of chromosome instability in interspecificity somatic hybrids obtained by X-ray fusion between potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) and Solanum brevidens Phil
, Theoretical and Applied Genetics 84(7-8): 880-890 (1992)

Characterization of chymase from human vascular tissues
, Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 265(1): 13-20 (1997)

Characterization of ciguatoxins and ciguatoxin congeners present in ciguateric fish by gradient reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry
, Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology 35(2): 159-168 (1997)

Characterization of ciliary muscle relaxation induced by prostaglandins in cats and monkeys
, Medical Journal of Hiroshima University 43(6): 375-383 (1995)

Characterization of ciliary muscle relaxation induced by various agents in cats
, IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 36(6): 1188-1192 (1995)

Characterization of ciprofloxacin liposomes: derivative ultraviolet spectrophotometric determinations
, Journal of Microencapsulation 14(6): 769-776 (1997)

Characterization of circulating CD4+ CD8+ lymphocytes in healthy individuals prompted by identification of a blood donor with a markedly elevated level of CD4+ CD8+ lymphocytes
, Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 1(5): 597-605 (1994)

Characterization of circulating erythrocytes from myelodysplastic patients treated with recombinant human erythropoietin
, Leukemia 7(9): 1328-1333 (1993)

Characterization of circulating immune complexes in leprosy patients and their correlation with specific antibodies against Mycobacterium leprae
, Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 22(5): 223-229,. (1997)

Characterization of circulating interleukin-1 receptor antagonist expression in children with inflammatory bowel disease
, Digestive Diseases and Sciences 39(9): 1893-1899 (1994)

Characterization of cis elements that regulate the expression of glnA in Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942
, Journal of Bacteriology 177(8): 2222-2226 (1995)

Characterization of cis-acting and NS1 protein-responsive elements in the p6 promoter of parvovirus B19
, Journal of Virology 72(1): 609-616 (1998)

Characterization of cis-acting elements of the gene for macrophage-stimulating protein from the human. The involvement of positive and negative regulatory elements
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(34): 20265-20272 (1996)

Characterization of cis-acting elements regulating transcription of the human DF3 breast carcinoma-associated antigen (MUC1) gene
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(1): 282-286 (1993)

Characterization of cis-acting mutations in the first attenuator region of the Bacillus subtilis pyr operon that are defective in pyrimidine-mediated regulation of expression
, Journal of Bacteriology 178(8): 2351-2355 (1996)

Characterization of cis-acting regulatory mutations causing anaerobic expression of the sodA gene in Escherichia coli
, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 302(2): 372-379 (1993)

Characterization of cis-acting sequences and decay intermediates involved in nonsense-mediated mRNA turnover
, Molecular and Cellular Biology 15(2): 809-823 (1995)

Characterization of cis-acting sequences and trans-acting signals regulating early growth response 1 and c-fos promoters through the granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor in BA/F3 cells
, Blood 89(4): 1197-1206 (1997)

Characterization of cis-acting signals for nuclear import and retention of the La (SS-B) autoantigen
, Experimental Cell Research 224(2): 224-236 (1996)

Characterization of cis-regulatory elements of the c-myc promoter responding to human GM-CSF or mouse interleukin 3 in mouse proB cell line BA/F3 cells expressing the human GM-CSF receptor
, Molecular Biology of the Cell 6(6): 627-636 (1995)

Characterization of cisplatin-glutathione adducts by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Evidence for their formation in vitro but not in vivo after concomitant administration of cisplatin and glutathione to rats anc cancer patients
, Journal of Chromatography. B Biomedical Applications 669(2): 247-263 (1995)

Characterization of cladribine and its related compounds by high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry
, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 83(4): 525-531 (1994)

Characterization of class II and class III ADP-ribosylation factor genes and proteins in Drosophila melanogaster
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(34): 21555-21560 (1994)

Characterization of cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor and cloning of its 100-kilodalton subunit
, Molecular and Cellular Biology 14(12): 8183-8190 (1994)

Characterization of clinical isolates of Escherichia coli showing high levels of fluoroquinolone resistance
, Journal of Clinical Microbiology 34(3): 597-602 (1996)

Characterization of clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori in Singapore
, Microbios 94(378): 71-81 (1998)

Characterization of clinical isolates of beta-lactamase-negative, highly ampicillin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis
, Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 40(10): 2420-2422 (1996)

Characterization of clinical isolates of human cytomegalovirus from cardiac transplant recipients by DNA restriction analysis of PCR amplified sequences
, Biomedical Letters 50(197): 37-49 (1994)

Characterization of clofazimine metabolites in humans by HPLC-electrospray mass spectrometry
, Arzneimittel-Forschung 47(3): 303-306 (1997)

Characterization of clonal immunoglobulin heavy chain and I cell receptor gamma gene rearrangements during progression of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
, Leukemia 9(11): 1847-1850 (1995)

Characterization of clonality of Epstein-Barr virus-induced human B lymphoproliferative disease in mice with severe combined immunodeficiency
, American Journal of Pathology 142(1): 139-147 (1993)

Characterization of clonally derived, spontaneously transformed bone marrow macrophage cell lines from lipopolysaccharide hyporesponsive LPS(d) and normal LPS(n) mice
, Journal of Leukocyte Biology 61(4): 469-480 (1997)

Characterization of clone 13, a naturally attenuated avirulent isolate of Rift Valley fever virus, which is altered in the small segment
, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 53(4): 405-411 (1995)

Characterization of cloned aortic smooth muscle cells from young rats
, American Journal of Pathology 144(5): 1068-1081 (1994)

Characterization of cloned class I MHC-restricted, CD8+ anti-Meth A cytotoxic T-lymphocytes: recognition of an epitope derived from the Meth A gp110 tumor rejection antigen
, Cancer Research 54(16): 4424-4429 (1994)

Characterization of cloned human cholecystokinin-B receptor as a gastrin receptor
, Biochemical Pharmacology 47(8): 1339-1343 (1994)

Characterization of cloned human dopamine D1 receptor-mediated calcium release in 293 cells
, Molecular Pharmacology 47(1): 131-139 (1995)

Characterization of cloned human endothelin receptors
, Life Sciences 53(5): 407-414 (1993)

Characterization of cloned rat liver Na(+)-bile acid cotransporter using peptide and fusion protein antibodies
, American Journal of Physiology 267(4 Pt 1): G637-G643 (1994)

Characterization of cloned somatostatin receptors SSTR4 and SSTR5
, Molecular Pharmacology 44(2): 385-392 (1993)

Characterization of cluster 13: The epithelial/carcinoma antigen recognized by MAb RS7
, International Journal of Cancer. Supplement 8: 98-102 (1994)

Characterization of coastal waters of the South Kurile Islands using trace element content in indicatory organisms
, Russian Journal of Marine Biology 23(4): 239-246 (1998)

Characterization of cocaine binding sites in the rat testes
, Journal of Urology 158(3 Pt 1): 962-965 (1997)

Characterization of cocaine-sensitive dopamine uptake in PC12 cells
, Neurochemistry International 21(4): 521-526 (1992)

Characterization of cochlear outer hair cell turgor
, American Journal of Physiology 266(2 Pt 1): C467-C479 (1994)

Characterization of cocoa butter extracted from Criollo cultivars of the Theobroma cacao L
, Food Research International 30(9): 727-731 (1997)

Characterization of cocoa butters and other vegetable fats by pyrolysis-mass spectrometry
, Fresenius' Journal Of Analytical Chemistry. 357(7): 981-984 (1997)

Characterization of coelomocytes of the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi based on phase-contrast, time-lapse video and scanning electron microscopic observations
, Zoological Science (tokyo). 12(3): 289-301 (1995)

Characterization of cofactor activity for factor I: cleavage of complement C4 in human syncytiotrophoblast microvilli
, Placenta 15(2): 157-170 (1994)

Characterization of cold-induced heat shock protein expression in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes
, Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 173(1-2): 153-159 (1997)

Characterization of cold-pressed key and persian lime oils by gas chromatography, gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography, and physicochemical indices
, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45(9): 3608-3616 (1997)

Characterization of collagen by high-frequency ultrasound: Evidence for different acoustic properties based on collagen fiber morphologic characteristics
, American Heart Journal 133(3): 364-368 (1997)

Characterization of collagen fibril segments from chicken embryo cornea, dermis and tendon
, Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 15(2): 111-118 (1996)

Characterization of collagen in muscle of several crustacean species
, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B Comparative Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 107(2): 365-370 (1994)

Characterization of collagen in the muscle of several crustacean species in association with raw meat texture
, Fisheries Science (Tokyo) 60(3): 323-328 (1994)

Characterization of collagen isolation and application of collagen gel as a drug carrier
, Journal of Controlled Release 44(2-3): 103-112 (1997)

Characterization of collagen-like peptides containing interruptions in the repeating Gly-X-Y sequence
, Biochemistry 32(43): 11688-11695 (1993)

Characterization of collagens and proteoglycans at the insertion of the human Achilles tendon
, Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 16(8): 457-470 (1998)

Characterization of colloidal and particulate matter transported by the Magela Creek system, northern Australia
, Hydrological Processes 7(1): 105-118 (1993)

Characterization of colloids mobilized from Southeastern Coastal Plain sediments
, Environmental Science and Technology 31(10): 2782-2790 (1997)

Characterization of colominic acid by circular dichroism and viscosity analysis
, Biophysical Chemistry 63(2-3): 147-152 (1997)

Characterization of colon-specific azo polymers: A study of the swelling properties and the permeability of isolated polymer films
, International Journal of Pharmaceutics (Amsterdam) 111(2): 127-136 (1994)

Characterization of colonic transit of nondisintegrating tablets in healthy subjects
, Digestive Diseases and Sciences 38(6): 1015-1021 (1993)

Characterization of colorectal-cancer-related cDNA clones obtained by subtractive hybridization screening
, Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 123(8): 447-451 (1997)

Characterization of comE, a late competence operon of Bacillus subtilis required for the binding and uptake of transforming DNA
, Molecular Microbiology 10(1): 99-111 (1993)

Characterization of combinatorial peptide libraries by electrospray ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry
, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: Rcm 10(14): 1811-1813 (1996)

Characterization of commercial antibodies for use in high resolution apo(a) phenotyping by immunoblot analysis
, Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 240(1): 75-81 (1995)

Characterization of commercial samples of gum arabic
, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 41(1): 71-77 (1993)

Characterization of common neoantigenic epitopes generated in plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 after cleavage of the reactive center loop or after complex formation with various serine proteinases
, Febs Letters 376(3): 243-246 (1995)

Characterization of common salivary protein 1, a product of rat submandibular, sublingual, and parotid glands
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(35): 26592-26601 (1993)

Characterization of competitive binding, fluorescent drug immunoassays based on micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography
, Electrophoresis 17(8): 1348-1356 (1996)

Characterization of complement C3, C4, and factor B molecules in human bile
, Journal of Gastroenterology 32(2): 230-235 (1997)

Characterization of complement C6 deficiency in a PVG/c rat strain
, Clinical and Experimental Immunology 109(2): 387-396 (1997)

Characterization of complement receptor type 1 and type 3 mRNA expression on polymorphonuclear leucocytes (neutrophils) in gingival crevicular fluid from periodontitis-affected patients
, Archives of Oral Biology 42(2): 113-120 (1997)

Characterization of complex coacervates of some tricyclic antidepressants and evaluation of their potential for enhancing transdermal flux
, Journal of Controlled Release 41(3): 215-227 (1996)

Characterization of complex formation between Gi2 and octyl glucoside solubilized neutrophil N-formyl peptide chemoattractant receptor by sedimentation velocity
, Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1209(1): 69-76 (1994)

Characterization of complex formation by humanized anti-IgE monoclonal antibody and monoclonal human IgE
, Biochemistry 34(33): 10474-10482 (1995)

Characterization of complex heart rate dynamics and their pharmacological disorders by non-linear prediction and special data transformations
, Cardiovascular Research 31(3): 434-440 (1996)

Characterization of complexes formed in fully hydrated dispersions of dipalmitoyl derivatives of phosphatidylcholine and diacylglycerol
, Biophysical Journal 68(4): 1374-1382 (1995)

Characterization of complexes of oligonucleotides with polyamidoamine starburst dendrimers and effects on intracellular delivery
, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 86(6): 762-764 (1997)

Characterization of component-I gene of botulinum C2 toxin and PCR detection of its gene in clostridial species
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 220(2): 353-359 (1996)

Characterization of components of the murine B cell receptor complex and their role in anti-Ig stimulation
, Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 45(3): 287-293 (1997)

Characterization of composite aminodeoxyisochorismate synthase and aminodeoxyisochorismate lyase activities of anthranilate synthase
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(21): 9983-9987 (1993)

Characterization of composite membrane of poly(vinyl alcohol) and regenerated silk fibroin for immobilization of horseradish peroxidase and an amperometric nickelocene-mediated sensor sensitive to hydrogen peroxide
, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 67(1): 77-83 (1996)

Characterization of compounds obtained by chemical oxidation of caffeic acid in acidic conditions
, Phytochemistry (oxford). 35(2): 499-505 (1994)

Characterization of conditions for the activation of endogenous guinea pig retrovirus in cultured cells by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine
, Virus Genes 9(3): 201-209 (1995)

Characterization of conformation and dynamics of CD4 Fragment (81-92) TYICEVEDQKEE and its benzylated derivative by 1H NMR spectroscopy and molecular modeling: Relevance of conformation to biological function
, Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology: Official Publication of the International Retrovirology Association 11(3): 222-232 (1996)

Characterization of conformational preferences in a partly folded protein by heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy: Assignment and secondary structure analysis of hen egg-white lysozyme in trifluoroethanol
, Biochemistry 34(40): 13219-13232 (1995)

Characterization of conjugative transposon Tn5251 of Streptococcus pneumoniae
, Fems Microbiology Letters 135(2-3): 231-236 (1996)

Characterization of conserved human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 neutralization epitopes exposed upon gp120-CD4 binding
, Journal of Virology 67(7): 3978-3988 (1993)

Characterization of constitutive and inducible transcription factors binding to the P2 NF-AT site in the human interleukin-4 promoter
, Gene 188(2): 253-260 (1997)

Characterization of constitutive human serum amyloid A protein (SAA4) as an apolipoprotein
, Journal of Lipid Research 36(3): 526-534 (1995)

Characterization of contact dermatitis and atopy using bioengineering techniques. A survey
, Acta Dermato-Venereologica. Supplementum 177: 14-25 (1992)

Characterization of contractile adrenoceptors in the human umbilical artery
, European Journal of Pharmacology 282(1-3): 95-101 (1995)

Characterization of contractile endothelin and angiotensin receptors in human resistance arteries: evidence for two endothelin and one angiotensin receptor
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 204(2): 685-690 (1994)

Characterization of contractile properties of porcine mesenteric and tracheobronchial lymphatic smooth muscle
, Lymphology 27(2): 71-81 (1994)

Characterization of contractile response to angiotensin in epididymal rat vas deferens
, Pharmacology 51(2): 105-111 (1995)

Characterization of contralateral torques during static hip efforts in healthy subjects and subjects with hemiparesis
, Brain: a Journal of Neurology 115: 1193-1207 (1992)

Characterization of convective solvent flow during iontophoresis
, Pharmaceutical Research 11(7): 929-935 (1994)

Characterization of core-oligosaccharide- and O-polysaccharide-specific monoclonal antibodies against Aeromonas salmonicida LPS binding to typical and atypical Aeromonas salmonicida isolates
, Aquaculture 157(1-2): 157-171,. 15 (1997)

Characterization of coronary arterial lesions in the dog following administration of SK&F 95654, a phosphodiesterase III inhibitor
, Toxicologic Pathology 24(4): 429-435 (1996)

Characterization of corrosion products on a copper-containing intrauterine device during storage at room temperature
, Biomaterials 18(3): 247-250 (1997)

Characterization of cortical depolarizations evoked focal cerebral ischemia
, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 13(4): 568-574 (1993)

Characterization of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in human skin
, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 83(3): 1020-1024 (1998)

Characterization of corticotropin-releasing hormone binding sites in the human placenta
, Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 17(4): 647-666 (1997)

Characterization of cotJ, a sigma E-controlled operon affecting the polypeptide composition of the coat of Bacillus subtilis spores
, Journal of Bacteriology 177(12): 3394-3406 (1995)

Characterization of covalent DNA binding of morpholino and cyanomorpholino derivatives of doxorubicin
, Journal of the National Cancer Institute 84(20): 1587-1592 (1992)

Characterization of covalent adriamycin-DNA adducts
, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(20): 11561-11565 (1998)

Characterization of cpsF and its product CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase, a group B streptococcal enzyme that can function in K1 capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis in Escherichia coli
, Molecular Microbiology 19(3): 555-563 (1996)

Characterization of critical residues in the cytoplasmic domain of the human interleukin-5 receptor alpha chain required for growth signal transduction
, European Journal of Immunology 25(7): 1857-1864 (1995)

Characterization of cross-reactive anti-DNA autoantibodies in murine lupus
, Immunological Investigations 22(3): 229-248 (1993)

Characterization of cross-resistance to methotrexate in a human breast cancer cell line selected for resistance to melphalan
, Biochemical Pharmacology 49(8): 1069-1078 (1995)

Characterization of crosslinked collagens synthesized by mature articular chondrocytes cultured in alginate beads: comparison of two distinct matrix compartments
, Experimental Cell Research 225(1): 151-161 (1996)

Characterization of crude and purified pumpkin seed oil
, Grasas y Aceites 48(5): 267-272 (1997)

Characterization of crude, neutro and blanched oil from pulp and peel of jungle fruit Paraqueiba sericea tulasne Umari
, Grasas y Aceites 48(1): 11-16 (1997)

Characterization of crustacean cardioactive peptide-like immunoreactivity in the horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus
, Journal of Comparative Neurology 357(1): 36-51 (1995)

Characterization of cryptic prophages (monocins) in Listeria and sequence analysis of a holin/endolysin gene
, Microbiology 141: 2577-2584 (1995)

Characterization of crystalline formate dehydrogenase H from Escherichia coli. Stabilization, EPR spectroscopy, and preliminary crystallographic analysis
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(14): 8095-8100 (1996)

Characterization of crystallization pathways during cholesterol precipitation from human gallbladder biles: identical pathways to corresponding model biles with three predominating sequences
, Journal of Lipid Research 37(12): 2539-2549 (1996)

Characterization of crystals of Penicillium purpurogenum acetyl xylan esterase from high-resolution x-ray diffraction
, Proteins 24(4): 523-524 (1996)

Characterization of crystals of satellite panicum mosaic virus
, Journal of Molecular Biology 238(5): 849-851 (1994)

Characterization of crystals of the thermostable DNA polymerase I from Thermus aquaticus
, Proteins 23(1): 111-114 (1995)

Characterization of csgA, a new member of the forespore-expressed sigmaG-regulon from Bacillus subtilis
, Gene 184(1): 133-140 (1997)

Characterization of csh203::Tn917lac, a mutation in Bacillus subtilis that makes the sporulation sigma factor sigma-H essential for normal vegetative growth
, Journal of Bacteriology 177(13): 3736-3742 (1995)

Characterization of csmB genes, encoding a 7.5-kDa protein of the chlorosome envelope, from the green sulfur bacteria Chlorobium vibrioforme 8327D and Chlorobium tepidum
, Archives of Microbiology 166(4): 234-244 (1996)

Characterization of cspB, a Bacillus subtilis inducible cold shock gene affecting cell viability at low temperatures
, Journal of Bacteriology 174(20): 6326-6335 (1992)

Characterization of cucumber mosaic virus. V. Cell-to-cell movement requires capsid protein but not virions
, Virology 246(2): 221-231 (1998)

Characterization of cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus, a Bemisia tabaci-transmitted closterovirus
, Phytopathology 86(12): 1370-1376 (1996)

Characterization of cultivated strains of a new edible mushroom: Stropharia rugoso-annulata: I. Protein variability
, Cryptogamie Mycologie 18(3): 255-265 (1997)

Characterization of cultured cells derived from Mongolian gerbil's (Meriones unguiculatus) ascitic malignant melanoma
, Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 55(2): 227-232 (1993)

Characterization of cultured cells derived from ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine
, Bone 14(2): 85-91 (1993)

Characterization of cultured chemoreceptor cells dissociated from adult rabbit carotid body
, American Journal of Physiology 263(6 Pt 1): C1152-C1159 (1992)

Characterization of cultured human nesidioblasts and their associated macromolecules: cross-reactivity with a cloned rat pancreatic beta-cell line
, Pancreas 7(6): 649-656 (1992)

Characterization of cultured human ovarian surface epithelial cells: phenotypic plasticity and premalignant changes
, Laboratory Investigation; A Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology 71(4): 510-518 (1994)

Characterization of cultured mast cells derived from Ws/Ws mast cell-deficient rats with a small deletion at tyrosine kinase domain of c-kit
, Blood 83(4): 916-925 (1994)

Characterization of cultured nail matrix cells
, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 30(3): 434-440 (1994)

Characterization of current exposure to man-made vitreous fibres (MMVF) in the prefabricated house industry in Sweden
, Annals of Occupational Hygiene 39(2): 167-179 (1995)

Characterization of cuticular lipids from cultivated and wild peanut species and their effect on feeding by fall armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
, Peanut Science 22(1): 49-54 (1995)

Characterization of cwl1+, a gene from Schizosaccharomyces pombe whose overexpression causes cell lysis
, Yeast 12(10): 983-990 (1996)

Characterization of cyanobacteria by SDS-PAGE of whole-cell proteins and PCR/RFLP of the 16S rRNA gene
, Archives of Microbiology 168(3): 176-184 (1997)

Characterization of cyanobacterial biliverdin reductase. Conversion of biliverdin to bilirubin is important for normal phycobiliprotein biosynthesis
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(21): 13562-13569 (1997)

Characterization of cyclic ADP-ribose and 2'-phospho-cyclic-ADP-ribose by 31p NMR spectroscopy
, Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 7(5): 581-586 (1997)

Characterization of cyclic AMP accumulation in cultured human corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells
, Journal of Urology 152(4): 1308-1314 (1994)

Characterization of cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase isozymes in rat parotid gland
, Archives of Oral Biology 40(2): 165-168 (1995)

Characterization of cyclic adenosine diphosphate-ribose-induced Ca2+ release in T lymphocyte cell lines
, Journal of Immunology 155(7): 3353-3359 (1995)

Characterization of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase isoenzymes in the human ureter and their functional role in vitro
, World Journal of Urology 12(5): 286-291 (1994)

Characterization of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases with cyclic AMP analogs: topology of the catalytic sites and comparison with other cyclic AMP-binding proteins
, Molecular Pharmacology 47(2): 340-347 (1995)

Characterization of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases with cyclic GMP analogs: topology of the catalytic domains
, Molecular Pharmacology 47(2): 330-339 (1995)

Characterization of cyclin B1 expression in human cancer cell lines by a new three-parameter BrdUrd/cyclin B1/DNA analysis
, Cytometry 31(1): 53-59 (1998)

Characterization of cyclosporine A uptake in human erythrocytes
, European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 46(5): 417-419 (1994)

Characterization of cyclothiazide-enhanced kainate excitotoxicity in rat hippocampal cultures
, Neurochemistry International 32(3): 265-271 (1998)

Characterization of cystatin C from bovine parotid glands: cysteine proteinase inhibition and antiviral properties
, Biological Chemistry Hoppe-Seyler 377(1): 19-23 (1996)

Characterization of cysteamine induction of the 22K prolactin variant in the rat pituitary
, Neuroendocrinology 57(1): 167-176 (1993)

Characterization of cysteine residues of glutathione S-transferase P: Evidence for steric hindrance of substrate binding by a bulky adduct to cysteine 47
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 188(1): 424-432 (1992)

Characterization of cysteine residues of mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier with the SH-reagents eosin 5-maleimide and N-ethylmaleimide
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(29): 22181-22187 (1993)

Characterization of cytR mutations that influence oligomerization of mutant repressor subunits
, Journal of Bacteriology 175(15): 4625-4630 (1993)

Characterization of cytidine triphosphate: phosphatidate cytidyltransferase from suspension cultured Catharanthus roseus cells
, Plant Science 88(1): 13-18 (1993)

Characterization of cytochrome P-450 2B6 in human liver microsomes
, Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 21(6): 1048-1056 (1993)

Characterization of cytochrome P-450-dependent arachidonic acid metabolism in rabbit intestine
, American Journal of Physiology 265(4 Pt 1): G735-G741 (1993)

Characterization of cytochrome P450 (CYP3A12) induction by rifampicin in dog liver
, Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems 28(6): 549-557 (1998)

Characterization of cytochrome P450 2E1 induction in a rat hepatoma FGC-4 cell model by ethanol
, Biochemical Pharmacology 48(9): 1823-1833 (1994)

Characterization of cytochrome P450 enzymes in human breast tissue from reduction mammaplasties
, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 83(3): 886-895 (1998)

Characterization of cytochrome P450TYR, a multifunctional haem-thiolate N-hydroxylase involved in the biosynthesis of the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin
, Drug Metabolism and Drug Interactions 12(3-4): 285-297 (1995)

Characterization of cytochrome P450-mediated chlorimuron ethyl hydroxylation in maize microsomes
, Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 53(3): 193-204 (1995)

Characterization of cytochrome P450-monooxygenases of Chinese hamsters with respect to aflatoxin B1 activation
, Toxicology 93(2-3): 165-173 (1994)

Characterization of cytochrome P4502E1 turnover in transfected HepG2 cells expressing human CYP2E1
, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 341(1): 25-33 (1997)

Characterization of cytochrome c free radical reactions with peptides by mass spectrometry
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(21): 12863-12869 (1998)

Characterization of cytochromes P-450 purified from untreated and 14C-2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin--treated marmoset monkeys: identification of the major form as a possible orthologue of P-450 1A2
, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1200(1): 7-10 (1994)

Characterization of cytochromes P450 in liver and kidney of rats treated with di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate
, Journal of Biochemical Toxicology 8(3): 135-144 (1993)

Characterization of cytokine LD78 gene promoters: positive and negative transcriptional factors bind to a negative regulatory element common to LD78, interleukin-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor gene promoters
, Molecular and Cellular Biology 13(5): 2787-2801 (1993)

Characterization of cytokine and iNOS mRNA expression in situ during the course of experimental autoimmune myocarditis in rats
, Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 29(2): 491-502 (1997)

Characterization of cytokine mRNA transcripts in conjunctival cells in patients with allergic conjunctivitis
, IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 38(7): 1350-1357 (1997)

Characterization of cytokine production in infectious mononucleosis studied at a single-cell level in tonsil and peripheral blood
, Clinical and Experimental Immunology 92(1): 7-13 (1993)

Characterization of cytokine production in murine Trypanosoma cruzi infection by in situ immunocytochemistry: lack of association between susceptibility and type 2 cytokine production
, European Journal of Immunology 26(1): 102-109 (1996)

Characterization of cytokine-induced hyperalgesia
, Brain Research 654(1): 15-26 (1994)

Characterisation of cytoplasm-filled processes in cells of the intervertebral disc
, Journal of Anatomy 192: 369-378 (1998)

Characterization of cytoplasmic dynein light-intermediate chain isoforms in rat testis
, Cell Structure and Function 23(3): 169-178 (1998)

Characterization of cytoskeletal and neuronal markers in micromass cultures of rat embryonic midbrain cells
, Cell Biology and Toxicology 9(4): 359-375 (1993)

Characterization of cytosolic Ca2+ signaling in rat bile duct epithelia
, American Journal of Physiology 271(1 Pt 1): G86-G96 (1996)

Characterization of cytosolic Cl- channel inhibitors by size exclusion chromatography
, Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 5(4): 259-268 (1995)

Characterization of cytosolic glutathione S-transferase in spruce needles Part 1: GST-isozymes of healthy trees
, Botanica Acta 106(4): 301-306 (1993)

Characterization of cytosolic malic enzyme in human tumor cells
, Febs Letters 344(2-3): 181-186 (1994)

Characterization of cytosolic phospholipase A2 in rat mastocytoma RBL-2H3
, Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 17(1): 47-50 (1994)

Characterization of cytosolic phospholipases C from porcine aortic endothelial cells
, Thrombosis Research 73(6): 405-417 (1994)

Characterization of cytotoxic T lymphocytes recognizing autologous tumor cells with plural HLA-class I alleles in a patient with esophageal cancer
, Kurume Medical Journal 44(1): 23-32 (1997)

Characterization of cytotoxic activity of saporin anti-GP185/HER-2 immunotoxins
, International Journal of Cancer 55(1): 122-127 (1993)

Characterization of cytotoxic cells from reovirus-infected SCID mice: activated cells express natural killer- and lymphokine-activated killer-like activity but fail to clear infection
, Journal of Virology 69(6): 3910-3914 (1995 )

Characterization of cytotoxic, hemolytic Aeromonas caviae clinical isolates and their identification by determining presence of a unique hemolysin gene
, Journal of Clinical Microbiology 34(12): 3203-3205 (1996)

Characterization of cytotoxicity induced by sphingolipids in multidrug-resistant leukemia cells
, Leukemia Research 22(11): 1049-1056 (1998)

Characterization of d-tubocurarine binding site of Torpedo acetylcholine receptor
, American Journal of Physiology 266(3 Pt 1): C648-C653 (1994)

Characterization of dacC, which encodes a new low-molecular-weight penicillin-binding protein in Bacillus subtilis
, Journal of Bacteriology 180(18): 4967-4973 (1998)

Characterization of dairy emulsions by forward lobe laser light scattering-application to milk and cream
, International Dairy Journal 6(3): 247-256 (1996)

Characterization of dairy-related Bifidobacterium spp. based on their beta-galactosidase electrophoretic patterns
, International Journal of Food Microbiology 23(1): 55-70 (1994)

Characterization of dapB, a gene required by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci BR2.024 for lysine and tabtoxinine-beta-lactam biosynthesis
, Journal of Bacteriology 179(2): 507-513 (1997)

Characterization of de novo duplications in eight patients by using fluorescence in situ hybridization with chromosome-specific DNA libraries
, American Journal of Human Genetics 52(6): 1067-1073 (1993)

Characterization of defatted soybean meal used in the preparation of soy milk
, Arquivos de Biologia e Tecnologia 37(3): 495-506 (1994)

Characterization of defective nucleotide excision repair in XPC mutant mice
, Mutation Research 374(1): 1-9 (1997)

Characterization of defective viral RNA produced during persistent infection of Vero cells with Murray Valley encephalitis virus
, Journal of Virology 72(3): 2474-2482 (1998)

Characterization of defective-interfering RNAs of rubella virus generated during serial undiluted passage
, Virology 206(1): 216-226 (1995)

Characterization of defectiveness in endogenous antigen presentation of novel murine cells established from methylcholanthrene-induced fibrosarcomas
, Immunology 84(1): 153-158 (1995)

Characterization of defined ompR mutants of Salmonella typhi: ompR is involved in the regulation of Vi polysaccharide expression
, Infection and Immunity 62(9): 3984-3993 (1994)

Characterization of definitive lymphohematopoietic stem cells in the day 9 murine yolk sac
, Immunity 7(3): 335-344 (1997)

Characterization of degQ and degS, Escherichia coli genes encoding homologs of the DegP protease
, Journal of Bacteriology 178(4): 1146-1153 (1996)

Characterization of delayed rectifier K+ currents in rabbit coronary artery cells near resting membrane potential
, Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 75(9): 1116-1122 (1997)

Characterization of delayed rectifier Kv channels in oligodendrocytes and progenitor cells
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 17(21): 8234-8245 (1997)

Characterization of deletion and truncation mutants of the rat glucagon receptor. Seven transmembrane segments are necessary for receptor transport to the plasma membrane and glucagon binding
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(46): 27720-27727 (1995)

Characterization of deletion mutants of the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase-1
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(19): 13766-13770 (1994)

Characterization of deletion mutations in the capsid region of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 that affect particle formation and Gag-Pol precursor incorporation
, Journal of Virology 69(10): 6106-6114 (1995)

Characterization of delta opioid receptors in lung cancer using a novel nonpeptidic ligand
, Cancer Research 56(7): 1695-1701 (1996)

Characterization of delta, kappa, and mu human opioid receptors overexpressed in baculovirus-infected insect cells
, Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(32): 19987-19992 (1997)

Characterization of densin-180, a new brain-specific synaptic protein of the O-sialoglycoprotein family
, Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 16(21): 6839-6852 (1996)

Characterization of density-dependent regulation of the tyrosinase gene promoter: role of protein kinase C
, Experimental Cell Research 237(1): 83-92 (1997)

Characterization of dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy proteins using two-dimensional electrophoretic analysis
, Brain Research 732(1-2): 154-158 (1996)

Characterization of deoxyribonucleic acid-protein interactions at a growth hormone-inducible nuclease hypersensitive site in the rat insulin-like growth factor-I gene
, Endocrinology 136(2): 562-569 (1995)

Characterization of deposits in human lung tissue by a combination of different methods of analytical electron microscopy
, Micron 29(1): 7-15 (1998)

Characterization of dermal dendritic cells in psoriasis. Autostimulation of T lymphocytes and induction of Th1 type cytokines
, Journal of Clinical Investigation 94(1): 202-209 (1994)

Characterization of dermal dendritic cells obtained from normal human skin reveals phenotypic and functionally distinctive subsets
, Journal of Immunology 151(11): 6535-6545 (1993)

Characterization of dermatologic changes in geriatric rhesus macaques
, Journal of Medical Primatology 25(6): 404-413 (1996)

Characterization of des-(741-1668)-factor VIII, a single-chain factor VIII variant with a fusion site susceptible to proteolysis by thrombin and factor Xa
, Biochemical Journal 312: 49-55 (1995)

Characterization of des-Arg9-bradykinin-induced contraction in guinea-pig gallbladder in vitro
, European Journal of Pharmacology 331(1): 31-38 (1997)

Characterization of desamino-5-(125I)Iodo-3-Methoxy-Zacopride ((125I)MIZAC) binding to 5-HT3 receptors in the rat brain
, Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 22(2): 397-410 (1998)

Characterization of desensitization in recombinant N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors: Comparison with native receptors in cultured hippocampal neurons
, Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 57(1): 10-20 (1998)

Characterization of desialylated low-density lipoproteins which cause intracellular lipid accumulation
, International Journal of Tissue Reactions 14(4): 155-162 (1992)

Characterization of detergent-solubilized beef liver mitochondrial NAD+ glycohydrolase and its truncated hydrosoluble form
, Biochemistry 35(16): 5207-5212 (1996)

Characterisation of detrusor contractile function in relation to old age
, British Journal of Urology 72(6): 873-880 (1993)

Characterization of devA, a gene required for the maturation of proheterocysts in the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC 7120
, Journal of Bacteriology 176(24): 7543-7549 (1994)

Characterization of development-specific, cell type-specific mouse testicular antigens using testis-specific polyclonal antibodies
, International Journal of Andrology 18(4): 208-212 (1995)

Characterization of developmental potential in isolated medaka blastomeres and cultured embryonic cells
, Journal of Marine Biotechnology 6(1): 23-29 (1998)

Characterization of developmental stage and neuronal potential of the rat PNS-derived stem cell line, RT4-AC
, Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research 94(1): 67-80 (1996)

Characterization of developmental toxicity of mono-n-benzyl phthalate in rats
, Reproductive Toxicology 10(5): 365-372 (1996)

Characterization of dextran sulfate-induced guinea pig tracheal plasma extravasation
, Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 72(3): 217-221 (1996)

Characterization of dextrans by size-exclusion chromatography on unmodified silica gel columns, with light-scattering detection, and capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection
, Journal of Chromatography A 790(1-2): 93-100 (1997)

Characterization of dextromethorphan N-demethylation by human liver microsomes. Contribution of the cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) subfamily
, Biochemical Pharmacology 48(1): 173-182 (1994)

Characterization of diadenosine polyphosphate transport into chromaffin granules from adrenal medulla
, FASEB Journal 11(12): 981-990 (1997)

Characterization of diazepam submicron emulsion interface: role of oleic acid
, Journal of Microencapsulation 11(1): 79-92 (1994)

Characterization of dibenzothiophene desulfurization reaction by whole cells of Rhodococcus erythropolis H-2 in the presence of hydrocarbon
, Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering 82(6): 610-612 (1996)

Characterization of diethyldithiocarbamate methyl ester sulfine as an intermediate in the bioactivation of disulfiram
, Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 272(2): 775-780 (1995)

Characterization of different cell populations isolated from rat testis peritubular cells
, Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity 63(1): 13-19 (1998)

Characterization of different membrane forms of placental alkaline phosphatases
, Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 27(2): 449-451 (1994)

Characterization of different microbial nuclei as potential precursors of anaerobic granulation
, Journal of Biotechnology 39(3): 239-249 (1995)

Characterization of different neuron populations in mouse statoacoustic ganglion cultures
, Brain Research 652(2): 249-256 (1994)

Characterization of different oligomeric species of the Yersinia enterocolitica outer membrane protein YadA
, Medical Microbiology and Immunology 183(4): 217-227 (1994)

Characterization of different soluble TNF receptor (TNFR80) derivatives: Positive influence of the intracellular domain on receptor/ligand interaction and TNF neutralization capacity
, Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research: the Official Journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research 16(6): 471-477 (1996)

Characterization of differentially expressed genes following brief cardiac ischemia
, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 221(2): 402-407 (1996)

Characterization of differentiation factor/leukaemia inhibitory factor effect on lipoprotein lipase activity and mRNA in 3T3-L1 adipocytes
, Cytokine 6(4): 425-432 (1994)

Characterization of diffuse axonal pathology and selective hippocampal damage following inertial brain trauma in the pig
, Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology 56(7): 822-834 (1997)

Characterization of dihydrates prepared from carbamazepine polymorphs
, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 85(10): 1064-1069 (1996)

Characterization of dihydropyrimidinase from Pseudomonas stutzeri
, Archives of Microbiology 161(1): 70-74 (1994)