Section 9

EurekaMag Full Text Articles Chapter 8,298


Mcleod, H.L.; Sludden, J.; Murray, G.I.; Keenan, R.A.; Davidson, A.I.; Park, K.; Koruth, M.; Cassidy, J. 1998: Characterization of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase in human colorectal tumours. British Journal Of Cancer. 77(3): 461-465,.
Bogumil, R.; Knipp, M.; Fundel, S.M.; Vasák, M. 1998: Characterization of dimethylargininase from bovine brain: evidence for a zinc binding site. Biochemistry 37(14): 4791-4798
Jankowski, J.; Luftmann, H.; Tepel, M.; Leibfritz, D.; Zidek, W.; Schlüter, H. 1998: Characterization of dimethylguanosine, phenylethylamine, and phenylacetic acid as inhibitors of Ca2+ ATPase in end-stage renal failure. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 9(7): 1249-1257
Petit, C.; Cayrol, C.; Lesca, C.; Kaiser, P.; Thompson, C.; Defais, M. 1993: Characterization of dinY, a new Escherichia coli DNA repair gene whose products are damage inducible even in a lexA(Def) background. Journal of Bacteriology 175(3): 642-646
De Meester, I.; Vanhoof, G.; Hendriks, D.; Demuth, H.U.; Yaron, A.; Scharpé, S. 1992: Characterization of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26) from human lymphocytes. Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 210(1-2): 23-34
Jenkins, Y.; Friedman, A.E.; Turro, N.J.; Barton, J.K. 1992: Characterization of dipyridophenazine complexes of ruthenium(II): The light switch effect as a function of nucleic acid sequence and conformation. Biochemistry 31(44): 10809-10816
Urien, S.; Nguyen, P.; Berlioz, S.; Brée, F.; Vacherot, F.; Tillement, J.P. 1994: Characterization of discrete classes of binding sites of human serum albumin by application of thermodynamic principles. Biochemical Journal 302: 69-72
Roberts, J.P.; Benson, M.J.; Rogers, J.; Deeks, J.J.; Williams, N.S. 1994: Characterization of distal colonic motility in early postoperative period and effect of colonic anastomosis. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 39(9): 1961-1967
Del Cacho, E.; Gallego, M.; Sanz, A.; Zapata, A. 1993: Characterization of distal lymphoid nodules in the chicken caecum. Anatomical Record 237(4): 512-517
Rocher, A.; Soriano, F.; Molina, E.; González-Limas, G.; Méndez, E. 1995: Characterization of distinct alpha- and gamma-type gliadins and low molecular weight components from wheat endosperm as coeliac immunoreactive proteins. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1247(1): 143-148
Langkamp-Henken, B.; Geller, A.M.; LeGros, H.L.; Price, J.O.; De la Rosa, J.; Kotb, M. 1994: Characterization of distinct forms of methionine adenosyltransferase in nucleated, and mature human erythrocytes and erythroleukemic cells. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1201(3): 397-404
Burmester, J.K.; Qian, S.W.; Roberts, A.B.; Huang, A.; Amatayakul-Chantler, S.; Suardet, L.; Odartchenko, N.; Madri, J.A.; Sporn, M.B. 1993: Characterization of distinct functional domains of transforming growth factor beta. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(18): 8628-8632
De Boer, W.I.; Rebel, J.M.; Vermey, M.; de Jong, A.A.; van der Kwast, T.H. 1994: Characterization of distinct functions for growth factors in murine transitional epithelial cells in primary organotypic culture. Experimental Cell Research 214(2): 510-518
Glaab, W.E.; Risinger, J.I.; Umar, A.; Kunkel, T.A.; Barrett, J.C.; Tindall, K.R. 1998: Characterization of distinct human endometrial carcinoma cell lines deficient in mismatch repair that originated from a single tumor. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(41): 26662-26669
Ladner, R.D.; McNulty, D.E.; Carr, S.A.; Roberts, G.D.; Caradonna, S.J. 1996: Characterization of distinct nuclear and mitochondrial forms of human deoxyuridine triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(13): 7745-7751
DeLegge, M.; Murthy, K.S.; Grider, J.R.; Makhlouf, G.M. 1993: Characterization of distinct receptors for the peptidyl leukotrienes LTC4 and LTD4/LTE4 coupled to the same signaling pathway in isolated gastric muscle cells. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 266(2): 857-863
Vanhecke, D.; Leclercq, G.; Plum, J.; Vandekerckhove, B. 1995: Characterization of distinct stages during the differentiation of human CD69+CD3+ thymocytes and identification of thymic emigrants. Journal of Immunology 155(4): 1862-1872
Kita, S.; Tsuda, T.; Sugisaki, K.; Miyazaki, E.; Matsumoto, T. 1995: Characterization of distribution of T lymphocyte subsets and activated T lymphocytes infiltrating into sarcoid lesions. Internal Medicine 34(9): 847-855
Rogers, K.R.; Herrmann, H.; Franke, W.W. 1996: Characterization of disulfide crosslink formation of human vimentin at the dimer, tetramer, and intermediate filament levels. Journal of Structural Biology 117(1): 55-69
Haniu, M.; Hsieh, P.; Rohde, M.F.; Kenney, W.C. 1994: Characterization of disulfide linkages in platelet-derived growth factor AA. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 310(2): 433-437
Llorens, J.; Crofton, K.M.; Tilson, H.A.; Ali, S.F.; Mundy, W.R. 1993: Characterization of disulfoton-induced behavioral and neurochemical effects following repeated exposure. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 20(2): 163-169
Seto, S.; Murata, S.; Miyata, M. 1997: Characterization of dnaA gene expression in Mycoplasma capricolum. Fems Microbiology Letters 150(2): 239-247
Withers, H.L.; Bernander, R. 1998: Characterization of dnaC2 and dnaC28 mutants by flow cytometry. Journal of Bacteriology 180(7): 1624-1631
Spitzauer, S.; Schweiger, C.; Anrather, J.; Ebner, C.; Scheiner, O.; Kraft, D.; Rumpold, H. 1993: Characterisation of dog allergens by means of immunoblotting. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 100(1): 60-67
Soler, M.; Plovins, A.; Martín, H.; Molina, M.; Nombela, C. 1995: Characterization of domains in the yeast MAP kinase Slt2 (Mpk1) required for functional activity and in vivo interaction with protein kinases Mkk1 and Mkk2. Molecular Microbiology 17(5): 833-842
Dubin, G.; Basu, S.; Mallory, D.L.; Basu, M.; Tal-Singer, R.; Friedman, H.M. 1994: Characterization of domains of herpes simplex virus type 1 glycoprotein E involved in Fc binding activity for immunoglobulin G aggregates. Journal of Virology 68(4): 2478-2485
Portillo, F. 1997: Characterization of dominant lethal mutations in the yeast plasma membrane H+-ATPase gene. Febs Letters 402(2-3): 136-140
Ruiz, P.; Nassiri, M.; Viciana, A.L.; Padmanabhan, J.; Streilein, J.W. 1995: Characterization of donor chimerism, alloreactive host T cells and memory cell development in thymi from mice resistant to neonatal transplantation tolerance. Journal of Immunology 154(2): 633-643
Ali, D.W.; Orchard, I. 1994: Characterization of dopamine and serotonin receptors on the salivary glands of the locust, Locusta migratoria. Biogenic Amines 10(3): 195-212
Johnson, A.E.; Coirini, H.; Källström, L.; Wiesel, F.A. 1994: Characterization of dopamine receptor binding sites in the subthalamic nucleus. Neuroreport 5(14): 1836-1838
Womer, D.E.; Jones, B.C.; Erwin, V.G. 1994: Characterization of dopamine transporter and locomotor effects of cocaine, GBR 12909, epidepride, and SCH 23390 in C57BL and DBA mice. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 48(2): 327-335
Shi, W.X.; Zheng, P.; Liang, X.F.; Bunney, B.S. 1997: Characterization of dopamine-induced depolarization of prefrontal cortical neurons. Synapse 26(4): 415-422
Chen, Z.W.; Bergman, T.; Ostenson, C.G.; Efendic, S.; Mutt, V.; Jörnvall, H. 1997: Characterization of dopuin, a polypeptide with special residue distributions. European Journal of Biochemistry 249(2): 518-522
Dykstra, C.; Bortfeld, T.; Debus, J.; Lomax, A.; Harrop, R.; Schlegel, W.; Munkel, G. 1996: Characterization of dose distribution in radiation therapy plans. RadioTherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 41(3): 281-284
Giollant, M.; Bertrand, S.; Verrelle, P.; Tchirkov, A.; du Manoir, S.; Ried, T.; Mornex, F.; Doré, J.F.; Cremer, T.; Malet, P. 1996: Characterization of double minute chromosomes' DNA content in a human high grade astrocytoma cell line by using comparative genomic hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Human Genetics 98(3): 265-270
Olshansky, B.; Moreira, D.; Waldo, A.L. 1993: Characterization of double potentials during ventricular tachycardia. Studies during transient entrainment. Circulation 87(2): 373-381
Shimizu, A.; Nozaki, A.; Rudy, Y.; Waldo, A.L. 1993: Characterization of double potentials in a functionally determined reentrant circuit. Multiplexing studies during interruption of atrial flutter in the canine pericarditis model. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 22(7): 2022-2032
Shiota, G.; Kawasaki, H.; Nakamura, T.; Schmidt, E.V. 1995: Characterization of double transgenic mice expressing hepatocye growth factor and transforming growth factor alpha. Research Communications in Molecular Pathology and Pharmacology 90(1): 17-24
Liaw, G.J.; Steingrimsson, E.; Pignoni, F.; Courey, A.J.; Lengyel, J.A. 1993: Characterization of downstream elements in a Raf-1 pathway. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(3): 858-862
Silberman, S.; Janulis, M.; Schultz, R.M. 1997: Characterization of downstream Ras signals that induce alternative protease-dependent invasive phenotypes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(9): 5927-5935
Giri, B.S.; Tripathi, C.B.; Chowdary, Y.B. 1993: Characterization of drowning by diatom test. Indian Journal of Medical Research 98: 40-43
Wu, A.H.; Ostheimer, D.; Cremese, M.; Forte, E.; Hill, D. 1994: Characterization of drug interferences caused by coelution of substances in gas chromatography/mass spectrometry confirmation of targeted drugs in full-scan and selected-ion monitoring modes. Clinical Chemistry 40(2): 216-220
Chapman, R.S.; Whetton, A.D.; Chresta, C.M.; Dive, C. 1995: Characterization of drug resistance mediated via the suppression of apoptosis by Abelson protein tyrosine kinase. Molecular Pharmacology 48(2): 334-343
Cihlar, T.; Fuller, M.D.; Cherrington, J.M. 1998: Characterization of drug resistance-associated mutations in the human cytomegalovirus DNA polymerase gene by using recombinant mutant viruses generated from overlapping DNA fragments. Journal of Virology 72(7): 5927-5936
Tanaka, Y.; Taki, Y.; Sakane, T.; Nadai, T.; Sezaki, H.; Yamashita, S. 1995: Characterization of drug transport through tight-junctional pathway in caco-2 monolayer: Comparison with isolated rat jejunum and colon. Pharmaceutical Research 12(4): 523-528
Aruoma, O.I. 1996: Characterization of drugs as antioxidant prophylactics. Free Radical Biology and Medicine 20(5): 675-705
Mullins, R.F.; Johnson, L.V.; Anderson, D.H.; Hageman, G.S. 1997: Characterization of drusen-associated glycoconjugates. Ophthalmology 104(2): 288-294
Jain, M.; Kulshrestha, U.C.; Parashar, D.C. 1996: Characterization of dry deposition associated with fire in plastic scrap market of west Delhi. Chemosphere 32(11): 2263-2268
Léonard, G.; Chaput, A.; Courgnaud, V.; Sangaré, A.; Denis, F.; Brechot, C. 1993: Characterization of dual HIV-1 and HIV-2 serological profiles by polymerase chain reaction. Aids 7(9): 1185-1189
Mata, M.; Merritt, S.E.; Fan, G.; Yu, G.G.; Holzman, L.B. 1996: Characterization of dual leucine zipper-bearing kinase, a mixed lineage kinase present in synaptic terminals whose phosphorylation state is regulated by membrane depolarization via calcineurin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(28): 16888-16896
Fiel, M.I.; Antonio, L.B.; Nalesnik, M.A.; Thung, S.N.; Gerber, M.A. 1997: Characterization of ductular hepatocytes in primary liver allograft failure. Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology Inc 10(4): 348-353
Tan, H.; Yeung, E.S. 1997: Characterization of dye-induced mobility shifts affecting DNA sequencing in poly(ethylene oxide) sieving matrix. Electrophoresis 18(15): 2893-2900
Masi, P.; Cavella, S.; Sepe, M. 1998: Characterization of dynamic viscoelastic behavior of wheat flour doughs at different moisture contents. Cereal Chemistry 75(4): 428-432
Silberring, J.; Castello, M.E.; Nyberg, F. 1992: Characterization of dynorphin A-converting enzyme in human spinal cord. An endoprotease related to a distinct conversion pathway for the opioid heptadecapeptide?. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(30): 21324-21328
He, X.P.; Lee, P.H.; Pennypacker, K.R.; Tuominen, R.K.; Mar, E.C.; Thai, L.; Hong, J.S. 1992: Characterization of dynorphin-containing neurons on dissociated dentate gyrus cell cultures. Brain Research 594(1): 91-98
Yamada, H.; Chiba, A.; Endo, T.; Kobata, A.; Anderson, L.V.; Hori, H.; Fukuta-Ohi, H.; Kanazawa, I.; Campbell, K.P.; Shimizu, T.; Matsumura, K. 1996: Characterization of dp6troglycan-laminin interaction in peripheral nerve. Journal of Neurochemistry 66(4): 1518-1524
Vincentelli, R.; Bihoreau, N. 1993: Characterization of each isoform of a F(ab')2 by capillary electrophoresis. Journal of Chromatography 641(2): 383-390
Bosley, G.S.; Whitney, A.M.; Pruckler, J.M.; Moss, C.W.; Daneshvar, M.; Sih, T.; Talkington, D.F. 1995: Characterization of ear fluid isolates of Alloiococcus otitidis from patients with recurrent otitis media. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 33(11): 2876-2880
Orange, J.S.; Biron, C.A. 1996: Characterization of early IL-12, IFN-alphabeta, and TNF effects on antiviral state and NK cell responses during murine cytomegalovirus infection. Journal of Immunology 156(12): 4746-4756
Halista, S.M.; Johnson-Robbins, L.A.; El-Mohandes, A.E.; Lees, A.; Mond, J.J.; Katona, I.M. 1998: Characterization of early activation events in cord blood B cells after stimulation with T cell-independent activators. Pediatric Research 43(4 Part 1): 496-503
Spindler, B.; Mastroberardino, L.; Custer, M.; Verrey, F. 1997: Characterization of early aldosterone-induced RNAs identified in A6 kidney epithelia. Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 434(3): 323-331
Killisch, I.; Steinlein, P.; Römisch, K.; Hollinshead, R.; Beug, H.; Griffiths, G. 1992: Characterization of early and late endocytic compartments of the transferrin cycle. Transferrin receptor antibody blocks erythroid differentiation by trapping the receptor in the early endosome. Journal of Cell Science 103: 211-232
Ruzek, M.C.; Miller, A.H.; Opal, S.M.; Pearce, B.D.; Biron, C.A. 1997: Characterization of early cytokine responses and an interleukin (IL)-6-dependent pathway of endogenous glucocorticoid induction during murine cytomegalovirus infection. Journal of Experimental Medicine 185(7): 1185-1192
Wounderlich, G.; Bruss, V. 1996: Characterization of early hepatitis B virus surface protein oligomers. Archives of Virology 141(7): 1191-1205
Cordeiro, M.C.; Piqueras, R.; de Oliveira, D.E.; Castresana, C. 1998: Characterization of early induced genes in Arabidopsis thaliana responding to bacterial inoculation: identification of centrin and of a novel protein with two regions related to kinase domains. Febs Letters 434(3): 387-393
Rodríguez, J.R.; Risco, C.; Carrascosa, J.L.; Esteban, M.; Rodríguez, D. 1997: Characterization of early stages in vaccinia virus membrane biogenesis: implications of the 21-kilodalton protein and a newly identified 15-kilodalton envelope protein. Journal of Virology 71(3): 1821-1833
Carsolio, C.; Gutiérrez, A.; Jiménez, B.; Van Montagu, M.; Herrera-Estrella, A. 1994: Characterization of ech-42, a Trichoderma harzianum endochitinase gene expressed during mycoparasitism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91(23): 10903-10907
Kurtz, M.B.; Abruzzo, G.; Flattery, A.; Bartizal, K.; Marrinan, J.A.; Li, W.; Milligan, J.; Nollstadt, K.; Douglas, C.M. 1996: Characterization of echinocandin-resistant mutants of Candida albicans: genetic, biochemical, and virulence studies. Infection and Immunity 64(8): 3244-3251
Valckx, F.M.; Thijssen, J.M. 1997: Characterization of echographic image texture by cooccurrence matrix parameters. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 23(4): 559-571
Schnurr, D.; Dondero, M.; Holland, D.; Connor, J. 1996: Characterization of echovirus 22 variants. Archives of Virology 141(9): 1749-1758
Powell, R.M.; Schmitt, V.; Ward, T.; Goodfellow, I.; Evans, D.J.; Almond, J.W. 1998: Characterization of echoviruses that bind decay accelerating factor (CD55): evidence that some haemagglutinating strains use more than one cellular receptor. Journal of General Virology 79: 1707-1713
Beukers, M.W.; Pirovano, I.M.; van Weert, A.; Kerkhof, C.J.; IJzerman, A.P.; Soudijn, W. 1993: Characterization of ecto-ATPase on human blood cells. A physiological role in platelet aggregation?. Biochemical Pharmacology 46(11): 1959-1966
Dupre, C.; Chevalier, G.; Palenzona, M.; Biocca, E. 1993: Characterization of ectomycorrhizae in various Tuber by the study of enzymatic polymorphism. Cryptogamie Mycologie 14(3): 163-170
Ito, J.; Marmarou, A.; Barzó, P.; Fatouros, P.; Corwin, F. 1996: Characterization of edema by diffusion-weighted imaging in experimental traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurosurgery 84(1): 97-103
Hla, T.; Jackson, A.Q.; Appleby, S.B.; Maciag, T. 1995: Characterization of edg-2, a human homologue of the Xenopus maternal transcript G10 from endothelial cells. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1260(2): 227-229
Guillen, M.D.; Cabo, N. 1997: Characterization of edible oils and lard by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy: Relationships between composition and frequency of concrete bands in the fingerprint region. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 74(10): 1281-1286
Nishi, Y.; Hosokawa, T.; Aoike, A.; Han, D.; Takehara, H.; Kawai, K.; Kamahora, T. 1994: Characterization of effector cells against B16 melanoma in mice inoculated with allogeneic spleen cells. Microbiology and Immunology 38(3): 217-223
Kusuhara, H.; Suzuki, H.; Naito, M.; Tsuruo, T.; Sugiyama, Y. 1998: Characterization of efflux transport of organic anions in a mouse brain capillary endothelial cell line. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 285(3): 1260-1265
Hamood, A.N.; Griswold, J.; Colmer, J. 1996: Characterization of elastase-deficient clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Infection and Immunity 64(8): 3154-3160
Varghese, T.; Ophir, J. 1998: Characterization of elastographic noise using the envelope of echo signals. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 24(4): 543-555
Gallo, S.A.; Oseroff, A.R.; Johnson, P.G.; Hui, S.W. 1997: Characterization of electric-pulse-induced permeabilization of porcine skin using surface electrodes. Biophysical Journal 72(6): 2805-2811
Wang, G.D.; Wang, X.Y. 1994: Characterization of electrical activity in the cells of male adult Schistosoma japonicum. Acta Zoologica Sinica 40(2): 143-148
Munakata, M.; Fujimoto, M.; Jin, Y.H.; Akaike, N. 1998: Characterization of electrogenic Na/K pump in rat neostriatal neurons. Brain Research 800(2): 282-293
Jiang, L.; Glidle, A.; Mcneil, C.J.; Cooper, J.M. 1997: Characterization of electron transfer reactions of microperoxidase assembled at short-chain thiol-monolayers on gold. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 12(12): 1143-1155,. 30
Hietpas, P.B.; Bullard, K.M.; Ewing, A.G. 1998: Characterization of electrophoretic sample transfer from a capillary to an ultrathin slab gel. Journal of Microcolumn Separations 10(6): 519-527
Heymann, J.B.; Zakharov, S.D.; Zhang, Y.L.; Cramer, W.A. 1996: Characterization of electrostatic and nonelectrostatic components of protein--membrane binding interactions. Biochemistry 35(8): 2717-2725
Ryseck, R.P.; Novotny, J.; Bravo, R. 1995: Characterization of elements determining the dimerization properties of RelB and p50. Molecular and Cellular Biology 15(6): 3100-3109
Takagi, Y.; Conaway, R.C.; Conaway, J.W. 1996: Characterization of elongin C functional domains required for interaction with elongin B and activation of elongin A. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(41): 25562-25568
Yoshigi, M.; Keller, B.B. 1997: Characterization of embryonic aortic impedance with lumped parameter models. American Journal of Physiology 273(1 Part 2): H19-H27
Armand, M.; Borel, P.; Dubois, C.; Senft, M.; Peyrot, J.; Salducci, J.; Lafont, H.; Lairon, D. 1994: Characterization of emulsions and lipolysis of dietary lipids in the human stomach. American Journal of Physiology 266(3 Part 1): G372-G381
Casalino, M.; Nicoletti, M.; Salvia, A.; Colonna, B.; Pazzani, C.; Calconi, A.; Mohamud, K.A.; Maimone, F. 1994: Characterization of endemic Shigella flexneri strains in Somalia: antimicrobial resistance, plasmid profiles, and serotype correlation. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 32(5): 1179-1183
Litwin, C.M.; Leonard, R.B.; Carroll, K.C.; Drummond, W.K.; Pavia, A.T. 1997: Characterization of endemic strains of Shigella sonnei by use of plasmid DNA analysis and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis to detect patterns of transmission. Journal of Infectious Diseases 175(4): 864-870
Shneider, B.L.; Moyer, M.S. 1993: Characterization of endogenous carrier-mediated taurocholate efflux from Xenopus laevis oocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(10): 6985-6988
Rabinowitz, J.; Petros, W.P.; Stuart, A.R.; Peters, W.P. 1993: Characterization of endogenous cytokine concentrations after high-dose chemotherapy with autologous bone marrow support. Blood 81(9): 2452-2459
Stenfors, C.; Hellman, U.; Silberring, J. 1997: Characterization of endogenous neuropeptide Y in rat hippocampus and its metabolism by nanospray mass spectrometry. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(9): 5747-5751
Hryhorenko, E.A.; Rittenhouse-Diakun, K.; Harvey, N.S.; Morgan, J.; Stewart, C.C.; Oseroff, A.R. 1998: Characterization of endogenous protoporphyrin IX induced by delta-aminolevulinic acid in resting and activated peripheral blood lymphocytes by four-color flow cytometry. Photochemistry and Photobiology 67(5): 565-572
Lalik, P.H.; Krafte, D.S.; Volberg, W.A.; Ciccarelli, R.B. 1993: Characterization of endogenous sodium channel gene expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. American Journal of Physiology 264(4 Part 1): C803-C809
Nishikawa, K.; Yamamoto, S.; Otsuka, C.; Kato, R. 1992: Characterization of endogenous substrates for novel-type protein kinase C as well as conventional-type protein kinase C in primary cultured mouse epidermal cells. Cellular Signalling 4(6): 757-776
Shovlin, C.L.; Hughes, J.M.; Scott, J.; Seidman, C.E.; Seidman, J.G. 1997: Characterization of endoglin and identification of novel mutations in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. American Journal of Human Genetics 61(1): 68-79
Hiraizumi, S.; Spohr, U.; Spiro, R.G. 1993: Characterization of endomannosidase inhibitors and evaluation of their effect on N-linked oligosaccharide processing during glycoprotein biosynthesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(13): 9927-9935
Vassiliadou, N.; Bulmer, J.N. 1998: Characterization of endometrial T lymphocyte subpopulations in spontaneous early pregnancy loss. Human Reproduction 13(1): 44-47
Saito, Y.; Uraki, F.; Nakajima, S.; Asaeda, A.; Ono, K.; Kubo, K.; Yamamoto, K. 1997: Characterization of endonuclease III (nth) and endonuclease VIII (nei) mutants of Escherichia coli K-12. Journal of Bacteriology 179(11): 3783-3785
Schmidt, K.; Klatt, P.; Mayer, B. 1993: Characterization of endothelial cell amino acid transport systems involved in the actions of nitric oxide synthase inhibitors. Molecular Pharmacology 44(3): 615-621
Chang, M.C.; Wang, B.R.; Huang, T.F. 1995: Characterization of endothelial cell differential attachment to fibrin and fibrinogen and its inhibition by Arg-Gly-Asp-containing peptides. Thrombosis and Haemostasis 74(2): 764-769
Sevanian, A.; Hodis, H.N.; Hwang, J.; McLeod, L.L.; Peterson, H. 1995: Characterization of endothelial cell injury by cholesterol oxidation products found in oxidized LDL. Journal of Lipid Research 36(9): 1971-1986
Lee, Y.; Markenscoff, P.A.; Mcintire, L.V.; Zygourakis, K. 1995: Characterization of endothelial cell locomotion using a Markov chain model. Biochemistry and Cell Biology 73(7-8): 461-472
Tsai, A.L.; Berka, V.; Chen, P.F.; Palmer, G. 1996: Characterization of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase and its reaction with ligand by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(51): 32563-32571
McDonald, D.M.; Bailie, J.R.; Archer, D.B.; Chakravarthy, U. 1995: Characterization of endothelin A (ETA) and endothelin B (ETB) receptors in cultured bovine retinal pericytes. IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 36(6): 1088-1094
Ahn, K.; Pan, S.M.; Zientek, M.A.; Guy, P.M.; Sisneros, A.M. 1996: Characterization of endothelin converting enzyme from intact cells of a permanent human endothelial cell line, EA.hy926. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International 39(3): 573-580
Plumpton, C.; Champeney, R.; Ashby, M.J.; Kuc, R.E.; Davenport, A.P. 1993: Characterization of endothelin isoforms in human heart: endothelin-2 demonstrated. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 22(Suppl 8): S26-S28
Takasuka, T.; Adachi, M.; Miyamoto, C.; Furuichi, Y.; Watanabe, T. 1992: Characterization of endothelin receptors ETA and ETB expressed in COS cells. Journal of Biochemistry 112(3): 396-400
De León, H.; Garcia, R. 1995: Characterization of endothelin receptor subtypes in isolated rat renal preglomerular microvessels. Regulatory Peptides 60(1): 1-8
Satoh, M.; Yamamoto, Y.; Takayanagi, I. 1996: Characterization of endothelin receptor subtypes mediating Ca2+ mobilization and contractile response in rabbit iris dilator muscle. British Journal of Pharmacology 117(6): 1277-1285
Ergul, A.; Glassberg, M.K.; Wanner, A.; Puett, D. 1995: Characterization of endothelin receptor subtypes on airway smooth muscle cells. Experimental Lung Research 21(3): 453-468
Gratton, J.P.; Maurice, M.C.; D'Orléans-Juste, P. 1995: Characterization of endothelin receptors and endothelin-converting enzyme activity in the rabbit lung. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 26(Suppl): S88-S90
Bodelsson, G.; Stjernquist, M. 1993: Characterization of endothelin receptors and localization of 125I-endothelin-1 binding sites in human umbilical artery. European Journal of Pharmacology 249(3): 299-305
Harland, S.P.; Kuc, R.E.; Pickard, J.D.; Davenport, A.P. 1995: Characterization of endothelin receptors in human brain cortex, gliomas, and meningiomas. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 26(Suppl): S408-S411
Barber, D.A.; Wang, X.; Gloviczki, P.; Miller, V.M. 1997: Characterization of endothelin receptors in human varicose veins. Journal of Vascular Surgery 26(1): 61-69
Faro, R.; Grassi-Kassise, D.M.; Boin, I.; Withrington, P.G.; Opgenorth, T.J.; Ferraz, J.G.; Antunes, E.; de Nucci, G. 1998: Characterization of endothelin receptors in isolated, perfused human spleen. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 31(Suppl 1): S551-S553
Simonson, M.S.; Rooney, A. 1994: Characterization of endothelin receptors in mesangial cells: evidence for two functionally distinct endothelin binding sites. Molecular Pharmacology 46(1): 41-50
Perreault, T.; Baribeau, J. 1995: Characterization of endothelin receptors in newborn piglet lung. American Journal of Physiology 268(4 Pt 1): L607-L614
Clark, K.L.; Pierre, L. 1995: Characterization of endothelin receptors in rat renal artery in vitro. British Journal of Pharmacology 114(4): 785-790
Saito, M.; Nishi, K.; Fukumoto, Y.; Weiss, R.M.; Latifpour, J. 1996: Characterization of endothelin receptors in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat vas deferens. Biochemical Pharmacology 52(10): 1593-1598
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Raffa, R.B.; Schupsky, J.J.; Lee, D.K.; Jacoby, H.I. 1996: Characterization of endothelin-induced nociception in mice: evidence for a mechanistically distinct analgesic model. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 278(1): 1-7
Yamanaka, A.; Ishikawa, T.; Goto, K. 1998: Characterization of endothelium-dependent relaxation independent of NO and prostaglandins in guinea pig coronary artery. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 285(2): 480-489
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Nagao, T.; Vanhoutte, P.M. 1992: Characterization of endothelium-dependent relaxations resistant to nitro-L-arginine in the porcine coronary artery. British Journal of Pharmacology 107(4): 1102-1107
Fuchs, L.C.; Nuno, D.; Lamping, K.G.; Johnson, A.K. 1996: Characterization of endothelium-dependent vasodilation and vasoconstriction in coronary arteries from spontaneously hypertensive rats. American Journal of Hypertension 9(5): 475-483
Boulebda, N.; Gairard, A. 1994: Characterization of endothelium-derived relaxing factor involvement in the potentiating effect of parathyroidectomy on norepinephrine-induced rat aortic contraction. Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology 8(1): 43-53
Seok, Y.J.; Kim, S.T.; Yang, K.S.; Huh, W.K.; Kang, S.O. 1996: Characterization of enediol-containing tautomers of L-xylosone. Journal of Carbohydrate Chemistry 15(9): 1073-1083
Schrempp, S.; Bayan, N.; Shechter, E. 1994: Characterization of energetically functional inverted membrane vesicles from Corynebacterium glutamicum. Febs Letters 356(1): 104-108
Miyazaki, K.; Hori, S.; Inoue, S.; Adachi, T.; Bessho, M.; Kuwahira, I.; Mori, H.; Nakazawa, H.; Aikawa, N.; Ogawa, S. 1997: Characterization of energy metabolism and blood flow distribution in myocardial ischemia in hemorrhagic shock. American Journal of Physiology 273(2 Part 2): H600-H607
Sheweita, S.A.; Ichi-ishi, A.; Park, J.S.; Liu, C.; Malburg, L.M.; Doi, R.H. 1996: Characterization of engF, a gene for a non-cellulosomal Clostridium cellulovorans endoglucanase. Gene 182(1-2): 163-167
Dimasi, N.; Martin, F.; Volpari, C.; Brunetti, M.; Biasiol, G.; Altamura, S.; Cortese, R.; De Francesco, R.; Steinkühler, C.; Sollazzo, M. 1997: Characterization of engineered hepatitis C virus NS3 protease inhibitors affinity selected from human pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor and minibody repertoires. Journal of Virology 71(10): 7461-7469
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Henry, B.; Crossman, A.R.; Brotchie, J.M. 1998: Characterization of enhanced behavioral responses to L-DOPA following repeated administration in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease. Experimental Neurology 151(2): 334-342
Bond, P.L.; Keller, J.; Blackall, L.L. 1998: Characterization of enhanced biological phosphorus removal activated sludges with dissimilar phosphorus removal performances. Water Science and Technology 37(4-5): 567-571
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Kim, K.K.; Shibata, H. 1997: Characterization of ent-kaurenoic acid 13-hydroxylase in steviol biosynthesis of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. Agricultural Chemistry and Biotechnology 40(6): 501-507
Bando, S.Y.; do Valle, G.R.; Martinez, M.B.; Trabulsi, L.R.; Moreira-Filho, C.A. 1998: Characterization of enteroinvasive Escherichia coli and Shigella strains by RAPD analysis. Fems Microbiology Letters 165(1): 159-165
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Pacheco, A.B.; Guth, B.E.; de Almeida, D.F.; Ferreira, L.C. 1996: Characterization of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli by random amplification of polymorphic DNA. Research in Microbiology 147(3): 175-182
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Melton, A.R.; Weiss, A.A. 1993: Characterization of environmental regulators of Bordetella pertussis. Infection and Immunity 61(3): 807-815
Körner, R.; Limberg, G.; Mikkelsen, J.D.; Roepstorff, P. 1998: Characterization of enzymatic pectin digests by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Journal of Mass Spectrometry: Jms 33(9): 836-842
Parrado, J.; Millan, F.; Hernandez Pinzon, I.; Bautista, J.; Machado, A. 1993: Characterization of enzymatic sunflower protein hydrolysates. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 41(11): 821-825
Lustig, K.H.; Gerdes, A.M.; Capasso, J.M. 1996: Characterization of enzymatically isolated myocytes from the turtle, Chrysemys picta. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B 115(4): 457-464
Lee, K.-Teak-; Akoh, C., C. 1998: Characterization of enzymatically synthesized structured lipids containing eicosapentaenoic, docosahexaenoic, and caprylic acids. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 75(4): 495-499
Kranendonk, M.; Commandeur, J.N.; Laires, A.; Rueff, J.; Vermeulen, N.P. 1997: Characterization of enzyme activities and cofactors involved in bioactivation and bioinactivation of chemical carcinogens in the tester strains Escherichia coli K12 MX100 and Salmonella typhimurium LT2 TA100. Mutagenesis 12(4): 245-254
Dufour, P.; Vuillemard, J.C.; Laloy, E.; Simard, R.E. 1996: Characterization of enzyme immobilization in liposomes prepared from proliposomes. Journal of Microencapsulation 13(2): 185-194
Zhang, H.; Bryant, R.G. 1995: Characterization of enzyme-bound ligand dynamics by solid-state NMR in the presence of ligand exchange: L-phenylalanine on carboxypeptidase a. Biophysical Journal 68(1): 303-311
Schlauer, J.; Rückert, M.; Wiesen, B.; Herderich, M.; Assi, L.A.; Haller, R.D.; Bär, S.; Fröhlich, K.U.; Bringmann, G. 1998: Characterization of enzymes from Ancistrocladus (Ancistrocladaceae) and Triphyophyllum (Dioncophyllaceae) catalyzing oxidative coupling of naphthylisoquinoline alkaloids to michellamines. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 350(1): 87-94
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Sugawa, H.; Beniko, M.; Imura, H.; Mori, T. 1993: Characterization of epidermal growth factor receptor in a rat thyroid cell line, FRTL-5. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 193(1): 390-397
Watson, H.; Franks, S.; Bonney, R.C. 1994: Characterization of epidermal growth factor receptor in human endometrial cells in culture. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 101(2): 415-420
Radhakrishnan, B.; Suarez-Quian, C.A. 1992: Characterization of epidermal growth factor receptor in testis, epididymis and vas deferens of non-human primates. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 96(1): 13-23
Moll, I.; Houdek, P.; Schmidt, H.; Moll, R. 1998: Characterization of epidermal wound healing in a human skin organ culture model: acceleration by transplanted keratinocytes. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 111(2): 251-258
Matsumoto, Y.; Yamada, N.; Morimoto, K.; Bilkey, D.K.; Kuroda, S. 1996: Characterization of epileptiform field potentials recorded in the in vitro perirhinal cortex of amygdala-kindled epileptogenesis. Brain Research 741(1-2): 44-51
Johnson, H.J.; Rosenberg, L.; Choi, H.U.; Garza, S.; Höök, M.; Neame, P.J. 1997: Characterization of epiphycan, a small proteoglycan with a leucine-rich repeat core protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(30): 18709-18717
Wilkins, J.R.; Puliafito, C.A.; Hee, M.R.; Duker, J.S.; Reichel, E.; Coker, J.G.; Schuman, J.S.; Swanson, E.A.; Fujimoto, J.G. 1996: Characterization of epiretinal membranes using optical coherence tomography. Ophthalmology 103(12): 2142-2151
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Lavignon, M.; Walker, J.L.; Perryman, S.M.; Malik, F.G.; Khan, A.S.; Theodore, T.S.; Evans, L.H. 1994: Characterization of epitopes defining two major subclasses of polytropic murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs) which are differentially expressed in mice infected with different ecotropic MuLVs. Journal of Virology 68(8): 5194-5203
Chang, L.S.; Lin, J.; Kuo, K.W.; Lin, S.R.; Chang, C.C. 1995: Characterization of epitopes in native and unfolded cobrotoxin: evidence of an immunodominant C-terminal region related to the production of precipitating and non-precipitating antibodies against cobrotoxin. Journal of Biochemistry 118(4): 686-692
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Roovers, K.I.; Meckling-Gill, K.A. 1996: Characterization of equilibrative and concentrative Na+-dependent (cif) nucleoside transport in acute promyelocytic leukemia NB4 cells. Journal of Cellular Physiology 166(3): 593-600
Rohrbaugh, D.K. 1998: Characterization of equimolar VX-water reaction product by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A 809(1-2): 131-139
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Seledtsov, V.I.; Seledtsova, G.V.; Samarin, D.M.; Taraban, V.Y.; Sennikov, S.V.; Kozlov, V.A. 1998: Characterization of erythroid cell-derived natural suppressor activity. Immunobiology 198(4): 361-374
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Hildt, E.; Urban, S.; Hofschneider, P.H. 1995: Characterization of essential domains for the functionality of the MHBst transcriptional activator and identification of a minimal MHBst activator. Oncogene 11(10): 2055-2066
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Nakamura, M.; Shirasawa, E.; Hikida, M. 1993: Characterization of esterases involved in the hydrolysis of dipivefrin hydrochloride. Ophthalmic Research 25(1): 46-51
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von Mikecz, A.; Hemmerich, P.; Peter, H.H.; Krawinkel, U. 1994: Characterization of eukaryotic protein L7 as a novel autoantigen which frequently elicits an immune response in patients suffering from systemic autoimmune disease. Immunobiology 192(1-2): 137-154
Sweeney, S.T.; Freestone, P.; Norris, V. 1995: Characterization of eukaryotic-like kinase activity in Escherichia coli using the gene-protein database. Fems Microbiology Letters 127(1-2): 133-138
Doorbar, J.; Foo, C.; Coleman, N.; Medcalf, L.; Hartley, O.; Prospero, T.; Napthine, S.; Sterling, J.; Winter, G.; Griffin, H. 1997: Characterization of events during the late stages of HPV16 infection in vivo using high-affinity synthetic Fabs to E4. Virology 238(1): 40-52
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Nakajima, P.B.; Bosma, M.J. 1997: Characterization of excised DNA intermediates associated with V(D)J recombination at the T-cell receptor delta locus. Molecular and Cellular Biology 17(5): 2631-2641
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Jedema, H.P.; Moghddam, B. 1996: Characterization of excitatory amino acid modulation of dopamine release in the prefrontal cortex of conscious rats. Journal of Neurochemistry 66(4): 1448-1453
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Wong, D.K.; Gobin, J.; Horwitz, M.A.; Gibson, B.W. 1996: Characterization of exochelins of Mycobacterium avium: evidence for saturated and unsaturated and for acid and ester forms. Journal of Bacteriology 178(21): 6394-6398
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Burdorf, A.; Lillienberg, L.; Brisman, J. 1994: Characterization of exposure to inhalable flour dust in Swedish bakeries. Annals of Occupational Hygiene 38(1): 67-78
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Brown, A.P.; Dann, R.; Bowra, S.; Hills, M.J. 1998: Characterization of expression of a plant oleate desaturase in yeast. Journal Of The American Oil Chemists' Society. 75(1): 77-82,.
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Avery, V.M.; Gordon, D.L. 1993: Characterization of factor H binding to human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Journal of Immunology 151(10): 5545-5553
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Sexton, C.J.; Proby, C.M.; Banks, L.; Stables, J.N.; Powell, K.; Navsaria, H.; Leigh, I.M. 1993: Characterization of factors involved in human papillomavirus type 16-mediated immortalization of oral keratinocytes. Journal of General Virology 74: 755-761
Hammond-McKibben, D.M.; Seth, A.; Nagarkatti, P.S.; Nagarkatti, M. 1995: Characterization of factors regulating successful immunotherapy using a tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte clone: Role of interleukin-2, cycling pattern of lytic activity and adhesion molecules. International Journal of Cancer 60(6): 828-836
Katsura, S.; Eki, T.; Nishimura, H.; Murakami, Y. 1993: Characterization of factors that suppress linear DNA replication in SV40 in vitro replication system. Cell Structure and Function 18(1): 19-32
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Hassan, M.A.; Salem, M.S.; Sueliman, M.S.; Najib, N.M. 1997: Characterization of famotidine polymorphic forms. International Journal Of Pharmaceutics (amsterdam). 149(2): 227-232
Love, J.N.; Litovitz, T.L.; Howell, J.M.; Clancy, C. 1997: Characterization of fatal beta blocker ingestion: a review of the American Association of Poison Control Centers data from 1985 to 1995. Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology 35(4): 353-359
Minim, V.P.R.; Cecchi, H.M. 1997: Characterization of fatty acid composition in cocoa butter replacements. Arquivos de Biologia e Tecnologia (Curitiba) 40(3): 564-579
Hennigar, R.A.; Pochet, M.; Hunt, D.A.; Lukacher, A.E.; Venema, V.J.; Seal, E.; Marrero, M.B. 1998: Characterization of fatty acid synthase in cell lines derived from experimental mammary tumors. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1392(1): 85-100
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Rastogi, S.; Shaw, A.K.; Kulshreshtha, D.K. 1996: Characterization of fatty acids of antifilarial triglyceride fraction from Caesalpinia bonduc. Fitoterapia 67(1): 63-64
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Nerurkar, A.V.; Vaidya, N.R.; Advani, S.H.; Gothoskar, B.P. 1993: Characterization of ferritin from spleens of patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD). Neoplasma 40(1): 31-34
Fageria, N.K.; Santos, A.B.; Lins, I.D.G.; Camargo, S.L. 1997: Characterization of fertility and particle size of varzea soils of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do sul states of Brazil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 28(1-2): 37-47
Komori, S.; Kameda, K.; Sakata, K.; Hasegawa, A.; Toji, H.; Tsuji, Y.; Shibahara, H.; Koyama, K.; Isojima, S. 1997: Characterization of fertilization-blocking monoclonal antibody 1G12 with human sperm-immobilizing activity. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 109(3): 547-554
Matsell, D.G.; Bennett, T.; Bocking, A.D. 1996: Characterization of fetal ovine renal dysplasia after mid-gestation ureteral obstruction. Clinical and Investigative Medicine 19(6): 444-452
Sakura, H.; Nagashima, S.; Nakashima, A.; Maeda, M. 1998: Characterization of fetal serum 5'-nucleotide phosphodiesterase: A novel function as a platelet aggregation inhibitor in fetal circulation. Thrombosis Research 91(2): 83-89
Korsa, I.; Böck, A. 1997: Characterization of fhlA mutations resulting in ligand-independent transcriptional activation and ATP hydrolysis. Journal of Bacteriology 179(1): 41-45
Grøn, B.; Bennick, A.; Filion-Myklebust, C.; Brosstad, F. 1993: Characterization of fibrinogen/fibrin derivatives isolated from normal and fibrinaemic plasma and serum using paramagnetic particles coated with a monoclonal antibody (mAb) to D-dimer. Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis 4(3): 447-454
Rosen, G.; Naor, R.; Kutner, S.; Sela, M.N. 1994: Characterization of fibrinolytic activities of Treponema denticola. Infection and Immunity 62(5): 1749-1754
Häkkinen, L.; Larjava, H. 1992: Characterization of fibroblast clones from periodontal granulation tissue in vitro. Journal of Dental Research 71(12): 1901-1907
Dawes, K.E.; Peacock, A.J.; Gray, A.J.; Bishop, J.E.; Laurent, G.J. 1994: Characterization of fibroblast mitogens and chemoattractants produced by endothelial cells exposed to hypoxia. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 10(5): 552-559
Merkel, B.J.; Mandel, R.; Ryser, H.J.; McCoy, K.L. 1995: Characterization of fibroblasts with a unique defect in processing antigens with disulfide bonds. Journal of Immunology 154(1): 128-136
Watanabe, T.; Kubota, T. 1998: Characterization of fibromodulin isolated from bovine periodontal ligament. Journal of Periodontal Research 33(1): 1-7
Talonpoika, J.T.; Söderling, E.; Paunio, K. 1993: Characterization of fibronectin and fibrin(ogen) fragments in gingival crevicular fluid. Scandinavian Journal of Dental Research 101(1): 26-32
Miranda, P.V.; Tezon, J.G. 1992: Characterization of fibronectin as a marker for human epididymal sperm maturation. Molecular Reproduction and Development 33(4): 443-450
Mcpherson, T.B.; Badylak, S.F. 1998: Characterization of fibronectin derived from porcine small intestinal submucosa. Tissue Engineering 4(1): 75-83
Nishizawa, Y.; Fukai, F.; Natori, Y.; Katayama, T. 1998: Characterization of fibronectin-related substances in normal and passive Heymann nephritis rats. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 21(5): 429-433
Harumiya, S.; Takeda, K.; Sugiura, T.; Fukumoto, Y.; Tachikawa, H.; Miyazono, K.; Fujimoto, D.; Ichijo, H. 1996: Characterization of ficolins as novel elastin-binding proteins and molecular cloning of human ficolin-1. Journal of Biochemistry 120(4): 745-751
De Los Reyes, Francis L.IIi; Oerther, Daniel B.; De Los Reyes, M. Fiorella; Hernandez, Mark; Raskin, Lutgarde 1998: Characterization of filamentous foaming in activated sludge systems using oligonucleotide hybridization probes and antibody probes. Water Science and Technology 37(4-5): 485-493,.- Ch
Ehara, M.; Shimodori, S.; Kojima, F.; Ichinose, Y.; Hirayama, T.; Albert, M.J.; Supawat, K.; Honma, Y.; Iwanaga, M.; Amako, K. 1997: Characterization of filamentous phages of Vibrio cholerae O139 and O1. Fems Microbiology Letters 154(2): 293-301
Girón, J.A.; Ho, A.S.; Schoolnik, G.K. 1993: Characterization of fimbriae produced by enteropathogenic Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology 175(22): 7391-7403
Orvell, C.; Kalantari, M.; Johansson, B. 1997: Characterization of five conserved genotypes of the mumps virus small hydrophobic (SH) protein gene. Journal of General Virology 78: 91-95
Thole, H.H.; Jakob, F. 1993: Characterization of five monoclonal antibodies raised against domain e of the porcine estradiol receptor. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology 101(2): 112-118
Bullido, R.; Doménech, N.; Alvarez, B.; Alonso, F.; Babín, M.; Ezquerra, A.; Ortuño, E.; Domínguez, J. 1997: Characterization of five monoclonal antibodies specific for swine class II major histocompatibility antigens and crossreactivity studies with leukocytes of domestic animals. Developmental and Comparative Immunology 21(3): 311-322
van den Maagdenberg, A.M.; Weng, W.; de Bruijn, I.H.; de Knijff, P.; Funke, H.; Smelt, A.H.; Gevers Leuven, J.A.; van't Hooft, F.M.; Assmann, G.; Hofker, M.H. 1993: Characterization of five new mutants in the carboxyl-terminal domain of human apolipoprotein E: no cosegregation with severe hyperlipidemia. American Journal of Human Genetics 52(5): 937-946
Pellerin, P.; Vidal, S.; Williams, P.; Brillouet, J.M. 1995: Characterization of five type II arabinogalactan-protein fractions from red wine of increasing uronic acid content. Carbohydrate Research 277(1): 135-143
Overby, L.H.; Buckpitt, A.R.; Lawton, M.P.; Atta-Asafo-Adjei, E.; Schulze, J.; Philpot, R.M. 1995: Characterization of flavin-containing monooxygenase 5 (FMO5) cloned from human and guinea pig: evidence that the unique catalytic properties of FMO5 are not confined to the rabbit ortholog. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 317(1): 275-284
Ma, Y.L.; Li, Q.M.; Van Den Heuvel, H.; Claeys, M. 1997: Characterization of flavone and flavonol aglycones by collision-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 11(12): 1357-1364
Lin, Y.Y.; Ng, K.J.; Yang, S. 1993: Characterization of flavonoids by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography 629(2): 389-393
Pelletier, M.K.; Murrell, J.R.; Shirley, B.W. 1997: Characterization of flavonol synthase and leucoanthocyanidin dioxygenase genes in arabidopsis. Plant Physiology (Rockville) 113(4): 1437-1445
L.F.restier, L.; Libourel, G. 1998: Characterization of flue gas residues from municipal solid waste combustors. Environmental Science and Technology 32(15): 2250-2256,. 1
Goracinova, K.; Klisarova, L.; Simov, A.; Fredro Kumbaradzi, E.; Petrusevska Tozi, L. 1996: Characterization of fluid bed prepared granulates with verapamil hydrochloride as active substance. Acta Pharmaceutica 46(2): 147-153
Lindahl, A.; Ungell, A.L.; Knutson, L.; Lennernäs, H. 1997: Characterization of fluids from the stomach and proximal jejunum in men and women. Pharmaceutical Research 14(4): 497-502
Issa, N.P.; Hudspeth, A.J. 1996: Characterization of fluo-3 labelling of dense bodies at the hair cell's presynaptic active zone. Journal of Neurocytology 25(4): 257-266
Lloyd-Jones, G.; Hunter, D.W. 1997: Characterization of fluoranthene- and pyrene-degrading Mycobacterium-like strains by RAPD and SSU sequencing. Fems Microbiology Letters 153(1): 51-56
Masereeuw, R.; van den Bergh, E.J.; Bindels, R.J.; Russel, F.G. 1994: Characterization of fluorescein transport in isolated proximal tubular cells of the rat: evidence for mitochondrial accumulation. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 269(3): 1261-1267
Packard, B.Z.; Toptygin, D.D.; Komoriya, A.; Brand, L. 1997: Characterization of fluorescence quenching in bifluorophoric protease substrates. Biophysical Chemistry 67(1-3): 167-176,. 1
Evangelista, R.A.; Liu, M.S.; Rampal, S.; Chen, F.T. 1996: Characterization of fluorescent nucleoside triphosphates by capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection: action of alkaline phosphatase and DNA polymerase. Analytical Biochemistry 235(1): 89-97
Lu, Q.; Wood, J.G. 1993: Characterization of fluorescently derivatized bovine tau protein and its localization and functions in cultured Chinese hamster ovary cells. Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton 25(2): 190-200
Vatankhah, M.; Moini, M. 1994: Characterization of fluorinated ethylchloroformate derivatives of protein amino acids using positive and negative chemical ionization gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Biological Mass Spectrometry 23(5): 277-282
Kashida, Y.; Kato, M. 1997: Characterization of fluoroquinolone-induced Achilles tendon toxicity in rats: comparison of toxicities of 10 fluoroquinolones and effects of anti-inflammatory compounds. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 41(11): 2389-2393
Heisig, P.; Tschorny, R. 1994: Characterization of fluoroquinolone-resistant mutants of escherichia coli selected in vitro. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 38(6): 1284-1291
Giambro, N.J.; Prostak, K.; Den Besten, P.K. 1995: Characterization of fluorosed human enamel by color reflectance, ultrastructure, and elemental composition. Caries Research 29(4): 251-257
Brissonnet, F.; Maujean, A. 1993: Characterization of foaming proteins in a Champagne base wine. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 44(3): 297-301
Reinhold, C.; Hammers, L.; Taylor, C.R.; Quedens-Case, C.L.; Holland, C.K.; Taylor, K.J. 1995: Characterization of focal hepatic lesions with duplex sonography: findings in 198 patients. Ajr. American Journal of Roentgenology 164(5): 1131-1135
Choi, B.I.; Han, J.K.; Cho, J.M.; Choi, D.S.; Han, M.C.; Lee, H.S.; Kim, C.Y. 1995: Characterization of focal hepatic tumors. Value of two-phase scanning with spiral computed tomography. Cancer 76(12): 2434-2442
Voiculescu, M.; Puttemans, T.; Dardenne, A.N. 1992: Characterization of focal liver lesions using color Doppler echography: A preliminary study. Revue Roumaine de Medecine Interne 30(2): 83-92
Strunk, H.; Stuckmann, G.; Froehlich, E.; Textor, J.; Wilhelm, K.; Hortling, N.; Gallkowskki, U. 1998: Characterization of focal liver lesions with conventional color Doppler and power Doppler sonography. Leber Magen Darm 28(2): 63-66, 71-73
Sierra, E.E.; Goldman, I.D.vid 1998: Characterization of folate transport mediated by a low pH route in mouse L1210 leukemia cells with defective reduced folate carrier function. Biochemical Pharmacology 55(9): 1505-1512, 1
Zhang, Y.; Gray, R.D. 1996: Characterization of folded, intermediate, and unfolded states of recombinant human interstitial collagenase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(14): 8015-8021
Boland, N.I.; Humpherson, P.G.; Leese, H.J.; Gosden, R.G. 1994: Characterization of follicular energy metabolism. Human Reproduction 9(4): 604-609
Kim, N.; Haginoya, R.; Karube, I. 1996: Characterization of food application of an amperometric needle-type L-lactate sensor. Journal of Food Science 61(2): 286-290
Roos, Y. 1995: Characterization of food polymers using state diagrams. Journal of Food Engineering 24(3): 339-360
Alonso, A.; Gomes, M.D.; Ramalho, A.K.; Allende, R.; Barahona, H.; Söndahl, M.S.; Osorio, F.A. 1993: Characterization of foot-and-mouth disease virus by monoclonal antibodies. Viral Immunology 6(3): 219-228
Matsuhisa, T.; Takemura, K. 1996: Characterization of forced suspension culture of spontaneously transformed mouse fibroblasts (B-6). Cell Biology International 20(6): 445-449
Selzer, R.R.; Elfarra, A.A. 1997: Characterization of four N-3-thymidine adducts formed in vitro by the reaction of thymidine and butadiene monoxide. Carcinogenesis 18(10): 1993-1998
Takiguchi, S.; Saito, S.; Nakamura, Y. 1993: Characterization of four VNTR loci on human chromosome 6. Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society 4(1): 21-24
Sharma, A.; Jusko, W.J. 1996: Characterization of four basic models of indirect pharmacodynamic responses. Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutics 24(6): 611-635
Kim, T.H.; An, C.S. 1995: Characterization of four cDNA clones expressed in late root nodules of Canavalia lineata. Journal of Plant Biology 38(4): 381-388
de la Torre, M.; Hao, X.Y.; Larsson, R.; Nygren, P.; Tsuruo, T.; Mannervik, B.; Bergh, J. 1993: Characterization of four doxorubicin adapted human breast cancer cell lines with respect to chemotherapeutic drug sensitivity, drug resistance associated membrane proteins and glutathione transferases. Anticancer Research 13(5a): 1425-1430
Nagaraja, R.; Kere, J.; MacMillan, S.; Masisi, M.J.; Johnson, D.; Molini, B.J.; Halley, G.R.; Wein, K.; Trusgnich, M.; Eble, B. 1994: Characterization of four human YAC libraries for clone size, chimerism and X chromosome sequence representation. Nucleic Acids Research 22(16): 3406-3411
Köpf, I.; Stierner, U.; Islam, Q.; Delle, U.; Kindblom, L.G.; Martinsson, T. 1992: Characterization of four melanoma cell lines with electron microscopy, immunocytochemistry, cytogenetics, flow cytometry, and southern analysis. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 62(2): 111-123
Irie, F.; Murakoshi, H.; Suzuki, T.; Suzuki, Y.; Kon, K.; Ando, S.; Yoshida, K.; Hirabayashi, Y. 1995: Characterization of four monosialo and a novel disialo Asn N-glycosides from the urine of a patient with aspartylglycosaminuria. Glycoconjugate Journal 12(3): 290-297
Villemur, R.; Haas, N.A.; Joyce, C.M.; Snustad, D.P.; Silflow, C.D. 1994: Characterization of four new beta-tubulin genes and their expression during male flower development in maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Molecular Biology 24(2): 295-315
Fujiwara, T.; Motoyama, T.; Ishihara, N.; Watanabe, H.; Kumanishi, T.; Kato, K.; Ichinose, H.; Nagatsu, T. 1993: Characterization of four new cell lines derived from small-cell gastrointestinal carcinoma. International Journal of Cancer 54(6): 965-971
Vollmers, H.P.; Stulle, K.; Dämmrich, J.; Pfaff, M.; Papadopoulos, T.; Betz, C.; Saal, K.; Müller-Hermelink, H.K. 1993: Characterization of four new gastric cancer cell lines. Virchows Archiv. B Cell Pathology Including Molecular Pathology 63(6): 335-343
Leroux, M.R.; Candido, E.P. 1995: Characterization of four new tcp-1-related cct genes from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Dna and Cell Biology 14(11): 951-960
Jiang, J.X.; Deprez, R.H.; Zwarthoff, E.C.; Riegman, P.H. 1995: Characterization of four novel CAG repeat-containing cDNAs. Genomics 30(1): 91-93
Hellman, L. 1993: Characterization of four novel epsilon chain mRNA and a comparative analysis of genes for immunoglobulin E in rodents and man. European Journal of Immunology 23(1): 159-167
Reeves, A.R.; Wang, G.R.; Salyers, A.A. 1997: Characterization of four outer membrane proteins that play a role in utilization of starch by Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron. Journal of Bacteriology 179(3): 643-649
Gusmão, L.; Prata, M.J.; Amorim, A.; Silva, F.; Bessa, I. 1997: Characterization of four short tandem repeat loci (THO1, VWA31/A, CD4, and TP53) in northern Portugal. Human Biology 69(1): 31-40
Campbell, W.S.; Laudenbach, D.E. 1995: Characterization of four superoxide dismutase genes from a filamentous cyanobacterium. Journal of Bacteriology 177(4): 964-972
Romi-Lebrun, R.; Martin-Eauclaire, M.F.; Escoubas, P.; Wu, F.Q.; Lebrun, B.; Hisada, M.; Nakajima, T. 1997: Characterization of four toxins from Buthus martensi scorpion venom, which act on apamin-sensitive Ca2+-activated K+ channels. European Journal of Biochemistry 245(2): 457-464
Górski, J.; Nawrocki, A.; Murthy, M. 1998: Characterization of free and glyceride-esterified long chain fatty acids in different skeletal muscle types of the rat. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 178(1-2): 113-118
Mitropoulos, D.; Kooi, S.; Rodriguez-Villanueva, J.; Platsoucas, C.D. 1994: Characterization of fresh (uncultured) tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and TIL-derived T cell lines from patients with renal cell carcinoma. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 97(2): 321-327
Jones, C.E.; Fry, J.R. 1994: Characterization of fresh mechanically isolated rat proximal tubule suspensions during prolonged incubation. Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with Bibra 8(4): 767-769
Cavatur, R.K.; Suryanarayanan, R. 1998: Characterization of frozen aqueous solutions by low temperature X-ray powder diffractometry. Pharmaceutical Research 15(2): 194-199
Skinner, K.E.; Hardwick, B.C.; Saha, R.B. 1993: Characterization of frozen beer precipitates from single packages. Journal of the American Society of Brewing Chemists 51(2): 58-63
Grill, J.P.; Crociani, J.; Ballongue, J. 1995: Characterization of fructose 6 phosphate phosphoketolases purified from Bifidobacterium species. Current Microbiology 31(1): 49-54
Zhulanova, E.; Mikulík, K. 1998: Characterization of ftsZ gene and its protein product from Streptomyces collinus producing kirromycin. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 249(2): 556-561
Negm, H.I. 1996: Characterization of fucosyllactose determinant-bearing glycoproteins probed by a Biomphalaria alexandrina lectin in Schistosoma mansoni cercariae. Developmental and Comparative Immunology 20(2): 87-96
Bollag, G.; McCormick, F.; Clark, R. 1993: Characterization of full-length neurofibromin: tubulin inhibits Ras GAP activity. EMBO Journal 12(5): 1923-1927
Cummins, L.L.; Owens, S.R.; Risen, L.M.; Lesnik, E.A.; Freier, S.M.; McGee, D.; Guinosso, C.J.; Cook, P.D. 1995: Characterization of fully 2'-modified oligoribonucleotide hetero- and homoduplex hybridization and nuclease sensitivity. Nucleic Acids Research 23(11): 2019-2024
Mendz, G.L.; Meek, D.J.; Hazell, S.L. 1998: Characterization of fumarate transport in Helicobacter pylori. Journal of Membrane Biology 165(1): 65-76
Poisbeau, P.; René, F.; Egles, C.; Félix, J.M.; Feltz, P.; Schlichter, R. 1996: Characterization of functional GABAergic synapses formed between rat hypothalamic neurons and pituitary intermediate lobe cells in coculture: Ca2+ dependence of spontaneous IPSCs. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 16(16): 4835-4845
Zhang, P.; Raney, A.K.; McLachlan, A. 1993: Characterization of functional Sp1 transcription factor binding sites in the hepatitis B virus nucleocapsid promoter. Journal of Virology 67(3): 1472-1481
Sarau, H.M.; Rush, J.A.; Foley, J.J.; Brawner, M.E.; Schmidt, D.B.; White, J.R.; Barnette, M.S. 1997: Characterization of functional chemokine receptors (CCR1 and CCR2) on EoL-3 cells: a model system to examine the role of chemokines in cell function. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 283(1): 411-418
Kolb, A.F.; Maile, J.; Heister, A.; Siddell, S.G. 1996: Characterization of functional domains in the human coronavirus HCV 229E receptor. Journal of General Virology 77: 2515-2521
Fukushima, A.; Okuda, A.; Nishimoto, M.; Seki, N.; Hori, T.A.; Muramatsu, M. 1998: Characterization of functional domains of an embryonic stem cell coactivator UTF1 which are conserved and essential for potentiation of ATF-2 activity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(40): 25840-25849
Irmer, H.; Höhfeld, J. 1997: Characterization of functional domains of the eukaryotic co-chaperone Hip. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(4): 2230-2235
Gdula, D.A.; Corces, V.G. 1997: Characterization of functional domains of the su(Hw) protein that mediate the silencing effect of mod(mdg4) mutations. Genetics 145(1): 153-161
de Caestecker, M.P.; Hemmati, P.; Larisch-Bloch, S.; Ajmera, R.; Roberts, A.B.; Lechleider, R.J. 1997: Characterization of functional domains within Smad4/DPC4. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(21): 13690-13696
Bushmeyer, S.; Park, K.; Atchison, M.L. 1995: Characterization of functional domains within the multifunctional transcription factor, YY1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(50): 30213-30220
Chang, C.S.; Negishi, M.; Nishigaki, N.; Ichikawa, A. 1997: Characterization of functional interaction of carboxylic acid group of agonists and arginine of the seventh transmembrane domains of four prostaglandin E receptor subtypes. Prostaglandins 54(1): 437-446
Petke, J.D.; Im, H.K.; Im, W.B.; Blakeman, D.P.; Pregenzer, J.F.; Jacobsen, E.J.; Hamilton, B.J.; Carter, D.B. 1992: Characterization of functional interactions of imidazoquinoxaline derivatives with benzodiazepine-gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptors. Molecular Pharmacology 42(2): 294-301
Lu, M.; Conzen, S.D.; Cole, C.N.; Arrick, B.A. 1996: Characterization of functional messenger RNA splice variants of BRCA1 expressed in nonmalignant and tumor-derived breast cells. Cancer Research 56(20): 4578-4581
Evers, B.M.; Bold, R.J.; Ehrenfried, J.A.; Li, J.; Townsend, C.M.; Klimpel, G.R. 1994: Characterization of functional neurotensin receptors on human lymphocytes. Surgery 116(2): 134-9; Discussion 139-40
Maggi, R.; Pimpinelli, F.; Martini, L.; Piva, F. 1995: Characterization of functional opioid delta receptors in a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone-producing neuronal cell line. Endocrinology 136(1): 289-295
Masino, S.A.; Kwon, M.C.; Dory, Y.; Frostig, R.D. 1993: Characterization of functional organization within rat barrel cortex using intrinsic signal optical imaging through a thinned skull. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(21): 9998-10002
Boddeke, H.W.; Hoffman, B.J.; Palacios, J.M.; Knot, H.; Hoyer, D. 1993: Characterization of functional responses in A9 cells transfected with cloned rat 5-HT1C receptors. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 347(2): 119-124
Rudroff, C.; Schafberg, H.; Nowak, G.; Weinel, R.; Scheele, J.; Kaufmann, R. 1998: Characterization of functional thrombin receptors in human pancreatic tumor cells (MIA PACA-2). Pancreas 16(2): 189-194
Bíró, T.; Maurer, M.; Modarres, S.; Lewin, N.E.; Brodie, C.; Acs, G.; Acs, P.; Paus, R.; Blumberg, P.M. 1998: Characterization of functional vanilloid receptors expressed by mast cells. Blood 91(4): 1332-1340
Mayani, H.; Dragowska, W.; Lansdorp, P.M. 1993: Characterization of functionally distinct subpopulations of CD34+ cord blood cells in serum-free long-term cultures supplemented with hematopoietic cytokines. Blood 82(9): 2664-2672
Ito, T.; Hiraiwa, J.; Nishioka, J.; Iino, M.; Suzuki, K. 1993: Characterization of functionally important regions of tissue factor by using monoclonal antibodies. Journal of Biochemistry 114(5): 691-696
Ulycznyj, P.I.; Forghani, F.; Dubow, M.S. 1994: Characterization of functionally important sites in the bacteriophage Mu transposase protein. Molecular and General Genetics: Mgg 242(3): 272-279
Kaiser, P.; Mandl, S.; Schweiger, M.; Schneider, R. 1995: Characterization of functionally independent domains in the human ubiquitin conjugating enzyme UbcH2. Febs Letters 377(2): 193-196
Reinhard, A. 1994: Characterization of fungi isolated from woody-chip piles, especially thermophilic and thermotolerant isolates. Microbiological Research 149(1): 75-83
Hecker, M.; Vorhoff, W.; Bara, A.T.; Mordvintcev, P.I.; Busse, R. 1995: Characterization of furoxans as a new class of tolerance-resistant nitrovasodilators. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 351(4): 426-432
Petersen, J.; Weilguny, D.; Egel, R.; Nielsen, O. 1995: Characterization of fus1 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe: a developmentally controlled function needed for conjugation. Molecular and Cellular Biology 15(7): 3697-3707
Wright, R.B.; Yoder, D.M.; Costa, J.L.; Andriacchi, T.P. 1995: Characterization of gait parameters in adult-onset myotonic dystrophy: Abnormal hip motion. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 76(1): 33-38
Zhang, B.L.; Vallet, C.; Blanchard, F.; Martin, G.J.; Combaut, G. 1994: Characterization of galactose from carrageenans by natural abundance site-specific isotope parameters. Phytochemical Analysis 5(6): 291-296
Crotti, L.B.; Terenzi, H.F.; Jorge, J.A.; Polizeli, M.L.T.M. 1998: Characterization of galactose-induced extracellular and intracellular pectolytic activities from the exo-1 mutant stain of Neurospora crassa. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 20(3-4): 238-243
Manzanares, P.; de Graaff, L.H.; Visser, J. 1998: Characterization of galactosidases from Aspergillus niger: purification of a novel alpha-galactosidase activity. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 22(5): 383-390
Billecocq, A.; Hedlund, P.B.; Bolaños-Jiménez, F.; Fillion, G. 1994: Characterization of galanin and 5-HT1A receptor coupling to adenylyl cyclase in discrete regions of the rat brain. European Journal of Pharmacology 269(2): 209-217
Chen, C.K.; McDonald, T.J.; Daniel, E.E. 1994: Characterization of galanin receptor in canine small intestinal circular muscle synaptosomes. American Journal of Physiology 266(1 Pt 1): G106-G112
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Rothschild, B.M.; Heathcote, G.M. 1995: Characterization of gout in a skeletal population sample: presumptive diagnosis in a Micronesian population. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 98(4): 519-525
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Klein, C.B.; Su, L.; Singh, J.; Snow, E.T. 1997: Characterization of gpt deletion mutations in transgenic Chinese hamster cell lines. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 30(4): 418-428
Schmitz, F.J.; Jones, M.E.; Hofmann, B.; Hansen, B.; Scheuring, S.; Lueckefahr, M.; Fluit, A.; Verhoef, J.; Hadding, U.; Heinz, H.P.; Koehrer, K. 1998: Characterization of gr1A, r1B, and gyrB mutation in 116 unrelated isolates of Staphylococcus aureus and effects of mutation on ciprofloxacin. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 42(5): 1249-1252
Singh, D.K.; Ray, A.R. 1998: Characterization of grafted chitosan films. Carbohydrate Polymers 36(2-3): 251-255
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Hori, K.; Kurotsu, T. 1997: Characterization of gramicidin S synthetase aggregation substance: control of gramicidin S synthesis by its product, gramicidin S. Journal of Biochemistry 122(3): 606-615
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Schechter, A.B.; Aruin, L.J.; Milovanova, S.P.; Gorodinskaja, V.S. 1993: Characterization of granulation and cicatricial tissue of chronic gastric ulcer: Investigations by optical light and electron microscopy. Zentralblatt fuer Pathologie 139(1): 17-24
Arakawa, T.; Li, T.; Philo, J.S.; Narhi, L.O.; Horan, T.P.; Osslund, T.D. 1996: Characterization of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor: Structure and interactions with its receptor. EOS-Rivista di Immunologia ed Immunofarmacologia 16(2): 35-40
Molero Gomez, A.; Pereyra Lopez, C.; Martinez, D.L.O.sa, E. 1995: Characterization of grape seed oil extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide. Grasas y Aceites 46(1): 29-34
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Petersen, A.; Becker, W.M.; Schlaak, M. 1993: Characterization of grass group I allergens in timothy grass pollen. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 92(6): 789-796
Rayburn, J., R.; Glas, P., S.; Foss, S., S.; Fisher, W., S. 1996: Characterization of grass shrimp (Palaemonetes pugio) embryo toxicity tests using the water soluble fraction of number 2 fuel oil. Marine Pollution Bulletin 32(12): 860-866
D.N.zareno, N.R.X.; Madden, L.V.; Lipps, P.E. 1993: Characterization of gray leaf spot epidemics of maize. Zeitschrift fuer Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz 100(4): 410-425
Wiech, H.; Geier, B.M.; Paschke, T.; Spang, A.; Grein, K.; Steinkötter, J.; Melkonian, M.; Schiebel, E. 1996: Characterization of green alga, yeast, and human centrins. Specific subdomain features determine functional diversity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(37): 22453-22461
Bicchi, C.P.; Binello, A.E.; Pellegrino, G.M.; Vanni, A.C. 1995: Characterization of green and roasted coffees through the chlorogenic acid fraction by HPLC-UV and principal component analysis. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 43(6): 1549-1555
Subbarao, C.; Subbarao, N.V.; Chandu, S.N. 1996: Characterization of groundwater contamination using factor analysis. Environmental Geology 28(4): 175-180
Jamal, F.; Pit, S.; Johnson, D.R.; Kaplan, E.L. 1995: Characterization of group A streptococci isolated in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 98(5): 343-346
Valentin-Weigand, P.; Jungnitz, H.; Zock, A.; Rohde, M.; Chhatwal, G.S. 1997: Characterization of group B streptococcal invasion in HEp-2 epithelial cells. Fems Microbiology Letters 147(1): 69-74
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Brabban, A.D.; Edwards, C. 1996: Characterization of growth and product formation by a thermophilic streptomycete grown in a particulate rapemeal-derived liquid medium. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 80(6): 651-658
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Gomez, J.M.; Boujard, T.; Fostier, A.; Le Bail, P.Y. 1996: Characterization of growth hormone nycthemeral plasma profiles in catheterized rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Journal of Experimental Zoology 274(3): 171-180
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Chun, J.K.; Zhang, L.; Piquette-Miller, M.; Lau, E.; Tong, L.Q.; Giacomini, K.M. 1997: Characterization of guanidine transport in human renal brush border membranes. Pharmaceutical Research 14(7): 936-941
Bowen, T.L.; Lin, W.C.; Whitman, W.B. 1996: Characterization of guanine and hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferases in Methanococcus voltae. Journal of Bacteriology 178(9): 2521-2526
Usuda, Y.; Kawasaki, H.; Shimaoka, M.; Utagawa, T. 1997: Characterization of guanosine kinase from Brevibacterium acetylicum ATCC 953. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1341(2): 200-206
Koutalos, Y.; Nakatani, K.; Tamura, T.; Yau, K.W. 1995: Characterization of guanylate cyclase activity in single retinal rod outer segments. Journal of General Physiology 106(5): 863-890
Naisbitt, S.; Kim, E.; Weinberg, R.J.; Rao, A.; Yang, F.C.; Craig, A.M.; Sheng, M. 1997: Characterization of guanylate kinase-associated protein, a postsynaptic density protein at excitatory synapses that interacts directly with postsynaptic density-95/synapse-associated protein 90. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 17(15): 5687-5696
Grabow, M.; Chakraborty, G.; Ledeen, R.W. 1996: Characterization of guanylyl cyclase in purified myelin. Neurochemical Research 21(4): 457-462
Tomizuka, T.; Oeda, T.; Tamura, Y.; Yoshida, S.; Strott, C.A. 1994: Characterization of guinea pig estrogen sulfotransferase expressed by Chinese hamster ovary cell-K1 stable transfectants. Endocrinology 135(3): 938-943
Degkwitz, E.; Boedeker, R.H. 1993: Characterization of guinea pigs adapted to differently high vitamin C supplies. 3. Microsomal cytochromes in liver and kidneys. Zeitschrift fuer Ernaehrungswissenschaft 32(3): 198-208
Veazey, R.S.; Rosenzweig, M.; Shvetz, D.E.; Pauley, D.R.; DeMaria, M.; Chalifoux, L.V.; Johnson, R.P.; Lackner, A.A. 1997: Characterization of gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) of normal rhesus macaques. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 82(3): 230-242
Arora, V.R.; Weeks, K.J. 1994: Characterization of gypsum attenuators for radiotherapy dose modification. Medical Physics 21(1): 77-81
Takahashi, H.; Kikuchi, T.; Shoji, S.; Fujimura, S.; Lutfor, A.B.; Tokue, Y.; Nukiwa, T.; Watanabe, A. 1998: Characterization of gyrA, gyrB, grlA and grlB mutations in fluoroquinolone-resistant clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 41(1): 49-57
Becker, K.G.; Jedlicka, P.; Templeton, N.S.; Liotta, L.; Ozato, K. 1994: Characterization of hUCRBP (YY1, NF-E1, delta): a transcription factor that binds the regulatory regions of many viral and cellular genes. Gene 150(2): 259-266
Said, A.A.; Yamaguchi, T.; Uchida, E.; Hayakawa, T. 1994: Characterization of haemolyser-resistant cells increased in the blood of erythropoietin-treated mice. British Journal of Haematology 86(2): 361-365
Keil, W.; Forster, A.; Meyer, H.J.; Peschel, O. 1995: Characterization of haemorrhages at the origin of the sternocleidomastoid muscles in hanging. International Journal of Legal Medicine 108(3): 140-144
Akiyama, M.; Dale, B.A.; Sun, T.T.; Holbrook, K.A. 1995: Characterization of hair follicle bulge in human fetal skin: the human fetal bulge is a pool of undifferentiated keratinocytes. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 105(6): 844-850
Sagami, I.; Kikuchi, H.; Ikawa, S.; Watanabe, M. 1994: Characterization of hamster CYP1A1 gene: inducible expression and negative regulation. Journal of Biochemistry 116(4): 801-810
Sticha, K.R.; Bergstrom, C.P.; Wagner, C.R.; Hanna, P.E. 1998: Characterization of hamster recombinant monomorphic and polymorphic arylamine N-acetyltransferases: Bioactivation and mechanism-based inactivation studies with N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene. Biochemical Pharmacology 56(1): 47-59
Jobling, M.G.; Holmes, R.K. 1997: Characterization of hapR, a positive regulator of the Vibrio cholerae HA/protease gene hap, and its identification as a functional homologue of the Vibrio harveyi luxR gene. Molecular Microbiology 26(5): 1023-1034,.
Imamura, Y.; Kawamoto, H.; Nakanishi, O. 1997: Characterization of heat-hyperalgesia in an experimental trigeminal neuropathy in rats. Experimental Brain Research 116(1): 97-103
Klein, G.; Walczak, R.; Krasnowska, E.; Blaszczak, A.; Lipińska, B. 1995: Characterization of heat-shock response of the marine bacterium Vibrio harveyi. Molecular Microbiology 16(4): 801-811
Yamamoto, H.; Hayakawa, S.; Iwaya, K. 1998: Characterization of heavy rainfall by typhoon 9709 in the northern part of Yamaguchi Prefecture and rice damage with accumulation of earth and sand by bank collapse of farm pond. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 67(2): 226-232
Vankemmelbeke, M.; Dekeyser, P.M.; Hollander, A.P.; Buttle, D.J.; Demeester, J. 1998: Characterization of helical cleavages in type II collagen generated by matrixins. Biochemical Journal 330: 633-640
Nakamura, S.I.; Fukushima, H. 1996: Characterization of hemagglutinin and hemolysin isolated from Prevotella intermedia. Shika Igaku 59(4): 333-343
Fujita, K.; Fukushima, H. 1993: Characterization of hemagglutinins in various fimbrial types of Prevotella intermedia. Journal of the Osaka Odontological Society 56(5): 398-414
Petteys, M.P.; Schimpf, M.E. 1998: Characterization of hematite and its interaction with humic material using flow field-flow fractionation. Journal of Chromatography A 816(2): 145-158
Collins, P.C.; Nielsen, L.K.; Patel, S.D.; Papoutsakis, E.T.; Miller, W.M. 1998: Characterization of hematopoietic cell expansion, oxygen uptake, and glycolysis in a controlled, stirred-tank bioreactor system. Biotechnology Progress 14(3): 466-472
Rafii, S.; Oz, M.C.; Seldomridge, J.A.; Ferris, B.; Asch, A.S.; Nachman, R.L.; Shapiro, F.; Rose, E.A.; Levin, H.R. 1995: Characterization of hematopoietic cells arising on the textured surface of left ventricular assist devices. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 60(6): 1627-1632
Coulombel, L.; Huyhn, A.; Dommergues, M.; Izac, B.; Katz, A.; Vainchenker, W. 1995: Characterization of hematopoietic progenitor cells in the human extraembryonic yolk sac and in the human embryo. Gluckman, E, Coulombel, L, INSERM Colloquium; Ontogeny of hematopoiesis: Aplastic anemia, Colloque INSERM; Ontogenie de l'hematopoiese: Aplasie medullaire 43-47
Elefanty, A.G.; Begley, C.G.; Metcalf, D.; Barnett, L.; Köntgen, F.; Robb, L. 1998: Characterization of hematopoietic progenitor cells that express the transcription factor SCL, using a lacZ "knock-in" strategy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(20): 11897-11902
Huyhn, A.; Dommergues, M.; Izac, B.; Croisille, L.; Katz, A.; Vainchenker, W.; Coulombel, L. 1995: Characterization of hematopoietic progenitors from human yolk sacs and embryos. Blood 86(12): 4474-4485
Carraway, A.D.; Burkhalter, R.S.; Timkovich, R.; Peterson, J. 1993: Characterization of heme c peptides by mass spectrometry. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 52(3): 201-207
Klatt, P.; Pfeiffer, S.; List, B.M.; Lehner, D.; Glatter, O.; Bächinger, H.P.; Werner, E.R.; Schmidt, K.; Mayer, B. 1996: Characterization of heme-deficient neuronal nitric-oxide synthase reveals a role for heme in subunit dimerization and binding of the amino acid substrate and tetrahydrobiopterin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(13): 7336-7342
Tai, S.S.; Wang, T.R.; Lee, C.J. 1997: Characterization of hemin binding activity of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Infection and Immunity 65(3): 1083-1087
Kautiainen, A.; Wachtmeister, C.A.; Ehrenberg, L. 1998: Characterization of hemoglobin adducts from a 4, 4'-methylenedianiline metabolite evidently produced by peroxidative oxidation in vivo. Chemical Research in Toxicology 11(6): 614-621
Halla, M.C.; Rehn, K.G. 1996: Characterization of hemolymph high-density lipoproteins in Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Revista Brasileira de Biologia 56(4): 793-798
Hillman, J.D.; Maiden, M.F.; Pfaller, S.P.; Martin, L.; Duncan, M.J.; Socransky, S.S. 1993: Characterization of hemolytic bacteria in subgingival plaque. Journal of Periodontal Research 28(3): 173-179
Rózalski, A.; Bartodziejska, B.; Wykrota, M.; Serwecińska, L.; Lukomski, S.; Kotełko, K. 1993: Characterization of hemolytic activity of Proteus penneri. Medycyna Doswiadczalna i Mikrobiologia 45(1): 79-83
Wu, M.L.; Morgan, W.T. 1993: Characterization of hemopexin and its interaction with heme by differential scanning calorimetry and circular dichroism. Biochemistry 32(28): 7216-7222
Outwater, E.; Schiebler, M.L.; Owen, R.S.; Schnall, M.D. 1993: Characterization of hemorrhagic adnexal lesions with MR imaging: blinded reader study. Radiology 186(2): 489-494
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Feyzi, E.; Lustig, F.; Fager, G.; Spillmann, D.; Lindahl, U.; Salmivirta, M. 1997: Characterization of heparin and heparan sulfate domains binding to the long splice variant of platelet-derived growth factor A chain. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(9): 5518-5524
Zheng, J.; Redmer, D.A.; Killilea, S.D.; Reynolds, L.P. 1998: Characterization of heparin-binding endothelial mitogen(s) produced by the ovine endometrium during early pregnancy. Biochemistry and Cell Biology 76(1): 89-96
Mutoh, S.; Takeshita, N.; Yoshino, T.; Yamaguchi, I. 1993: Characterization of heparin-induced osteopenia in rats. Endocrinology 133(6): 2743-2748
Watanabe, M.; Tsuda, H.; Yamada, S.; Shibata, Y.; Nakamura, T.; Sugahara, K. 1998: Characterization of heparinase from an oral bacterium Prevotella heparinolytica. Journal of Biochemistry 123(2): 283-288
Volpi, N. 1993: Characterization of heparins with different relative molecular masses (from 11,600 to 1600) by various analytical techniques. Journal of Chromatography 622(1): 13-20
Kume, N.; Suga, K.; Nishigauchi, K.; Shimizu, K.; Matsunaga, N. 1997: Characterization of hepatic adenoma with atypical appearance on CT and MRI by radionuclide imaging. Clinical Nuclear Medicine 22(12): 825-831
Makino, Y.; Yamaguchi, Y.; Goto, M.; Matsuno, K.; Takata, N.; Kikuchi, N.; Hamaguchi, H.; Hisama, N.; Mori, K.; Ogawa, M. 1995: Characterization of hepatic allograft infiltrates in rats pretreated with donor-specific blood transfusion (DST). Journal of Surgical Research 58(5): 460-464
Kato, Y.; Haraguchi, K.; Kawashima, M.; Yamada, S.; Isogai, M.; Masuda, Y.; Kimura, R. 1995: Characterization of hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450 from rats treated with methylsulphonyl metabolites of polychlorinated biphenyl congeners. Chemico-Biological Interactions 95(3): 269-278
Duval, D.L.; Miller, D.R.; Collier, J.; Billings, R.E. 1996: Characterization of hepatic nitric oxide synthase: identification as the cytokine-inducible form primarily regulated by oxidants. Molecular Pharmacology 50(2): 277-284
Kawashima, Y.; Kobayashi, H.; Miura, H.; Kozuka, H. 1995: Characterization of hepatic responses of rat to administration of perfluorooctanoic and perfluorodecanoic acids at low levels. Toxicology 99(3): 169-178
Cooper, A.D.; Chen, J.; Botelho-Yetkinler, M.J.; Cao, Y.; Taniguchi, T.; Levy-Wilson, B. 1997: Characterization of hepatic-specific regulatory elements in the promoter region of the human cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase gene. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(6): 3444-3452
Scaglioni, P.P.; Melegari, M.; Wands, J.R. 1994: Characterization of hepatitis B virus core mutants that inhibit viral replication. Virology 205(1): 112-120
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Ralston, R.; Thudium, K.; Berger, K.; Kuo, C.; Gervase, B.; Hall, J.; Selby, M.; Kuo, G.; Houghton, M.; Choo, Q.L. 1993: Characterization of hepatitis C virus envelope glycoprotein complexes expressed by recombinant vaccinia viruses. Journal of Virology 67(11): 6753-6761
Mizutani, T.; Kato, N.; Saito, S.; Ikeda, M.; Sugiyama, K.; Shimotohno, K. 1996: Characterization of hepatitis C virus replication in cloned cells obtained from a human T-cell leukemia virus type 1-infected cell line, MT-2. Journal of Virology 70(10): 7219-7223
Hsu, H.H.; Donets, M.; Greenberg, H.B.; Feinstone, S.M. 1993: Characterization of hepatitis C virus structural proteins with a recombinant baculovirus expression system. Hepatology 17(5): 763-771
Xiang, J.; Klinzman, D.; McLinden, J.; Schmidt, W.N.; LaBrecque, D.R.; Gish, R.; Stapleton, J.T. 1998: Characterization of hepatitis G virus (GB-C virus) particles: evidence for a nucleocapsid and expression of sequences upstream of the E1 protein. Journal of Virology 72(4): 2738-2744
Lee, H.S.; Huang, G.T.; Sheu, J.C.; Chiou, L.L.; Lai, M.Y.; Chen, D.S.; Lee, S.C. 1993: Characterization of hepatocyte growth factor expressed by baculovirus. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 197(2): 591-598
Schermerhorn, T.; Center, S.A.; Dykes, N.L.; Rowland, P.H.; Yeager, A.E.; Erb, H.N.; Oberhansley, K.; Bonda, M. 1996: Characterization of hepatoportal microvascular dysplasia in a kindred of cairn terriers. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 10(4): 219-230
Abdel-Rahman, S.; El-Ayouty, Y.M.; Kamael, H.A. 1993: Characterization of heptapeptide toxins extracted from Microcystis aeruginosa (Egyptian isolate). Comparison with some synthesized analogs. International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research 41(1): 1-7
Browne, H.M.; Bruun, B.C.; Minson, A.C. 1996: Characterization of herpes simplex virus type 1 recombinants with mutations in the cytoplasmic tail of glycoprotein H. Journal of General Virology 77: 2569-2573
Bouley, D.M.; Kanangat, S.; Wire, W.; Rouse, B.T. 1995: Characterization of herpes simplex virus type-1 infection and herpetic stromal keratitis development in IFN-gamma knockout mice. Journal of Immunology 155(8): 3964-3971
Suma, O.L.; Ranganath, H.A. 1997: Characterization of heterochromatin in three species of the Montium subgroup of Drosophila. Cytologia 62(1): 91-95
Kosugi, S.; Van Dop, C.; Geffner, M.E.; Rabl, W.; Carel, J.C.; Chaussain, J.L.; Mori, T.; Merendino, J.J.; Shenker, A. 1995: Characterization of heterogeneous mutations causing constitutive activation of the luteinizing hormone receptor in familial male precocious puberty. Human Molecular Genetics 4(2): 183-188
Alber, B.E.; Ferry, J.G. 1996: Characterization of heterologously produced carbonic anhydrase from Methanosarcina thermophila. Journal of Bacteriology 178(11): 3270-3274
Sasaki, S.; Iwata, M. 1998: Characterizations of heterotopic neurons in the spinal cord of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. Acta Neuropathologica 95(4): 367-372
Juneja, H.S.; Rajaraman, S.; Gay, R.E.; Gay, S.; Schmalsteig, F.C. 1992: Characterization of heterotypic adherence between transformed human lymphoblastic cells and marrow stromal cells: VCAM-1 is a ligand for one of the leukemia cell adhesion proteins. Experimental Hematology 20(11): 1263-1270
Groen, B.W.; De Vries, S.; Duine, J.A. 1997: Characterization of hexose oxidase from the red seaweed Chondrus crispus. European Journal of Biochemistry 244(3): 858-861
Heusch, G.; Schulz, R. 1997: Characterization of hibernating and stunned myocardium. European Heart Journal 18(Suppl D): D102-D110
Schulz, R.; Heusch, G. 1994: Characterization of hibernating and stunned myocardium. Herz 19(4): 189-203
Narindrasorasak, S.; Lowery, D.E.; Altman, R.A.; Gonzalez-DeWhitt, P.A.; Greenberg, B.D.; Kisilevsky, R. 1992: Characterization of high affinity binding between laminin and Alzheimer's disease amyloid precursor proteins. Laboratory Investigation; A Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology 67(5): 643-652
Ancsin, J.B.; Kisilevsky, R. 1997: Characterization of high affinity binding between laminin and the acute-phase protein, serum amyloid A. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(1): 406-413
Rahman, M.H.; Yamasaki, K.; Shin, Y.H.; Lin, C.C.; Otagiri, M. 1993: Characterization of high affinity binding sites of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with respect to site-specific probes on human serum albumin. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 16(11): 1169-1174
Meyer, C.; Schmid, R.; Schmieding, K.; Falkenstein, E.; Wehling, M. 1998: Characterization of high affinity progesterone-binding membrane proteins by anti-peptide antiserum. Steroids 63(2): 111-116
Billings, P.C.; Davis, R.J.; Engelsberg, B.N.; Skov, K.A.; Hughes, E.N. 1992: Characterization of high mobility group protein binding to cisplatin-damaged DNA. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 188(3): 1286-1294
Hyotylainen, J.; Knuutinen, J.; Vilen, E. 1995: Characterization of high molecular mass fractions of receiving waters and sediments of a pulp mill by CuO-oxidation and HPLC. Chemosphere 30(5): 891-906
Wiederrecht, G.; Hung, S.; Chan, H.K.; Marcy, A.; Martin, M.; Calaycay, J.; Boulton, D.; Sigal, N.; Kincaid, R.L.; Siekierka, J.J. 1992: Characterization of high molecular weight FK-506 binding activities reveals a novel FK-506-binding protein as well as a protein complex. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(30): 21753-21760
Calace, N.; Petronio, B.-Maria 1997: Characterization of high molecular weight organic compounds in landfill leachate: Humic substances. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A Environmental Science and Engineering and Toxic and Hazardous Substance Control 32(8): 2229-2244
Imamura, R.; Niki, H.; Kitaoka, M.; Yamanaka, K.; Ogura, T.; Hiraga, S. 1992: Characterization of high molecular weights of complexes and polymers of cytoplasmic proteins in Escherichia coli. Research in Microbiology 143(8): 743-753
Im, H.; Henson, C., A. 1995: Characterization of high pI alpha-glucosidase from germinated barley seeds: Substrate specificity, subsite affinities and active-site residues. Carbohydrate Research 277(1): 145-159
Haman, J.D.; Lucas, L.C.; Crawmer, D. 1995: Characterization of high velocity oxy-fuel combustion sprayed hydroxyapatite. Biomaterials 16(3): 229-237
Radek, R.J.; Curzon, P.; Decker, M.W. 1994: Characterization of high voltage spindles and spatial memory in young, mature and aged rats. Brain Research Bulletin 33(2): 183-188
Konno, N.; Suzuki, N.; Horiguchi, H.; Fukushima, M. 1994: Characterization of high-affinity binding sites for diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) from chicken spinal cord membranes. Biochemical Pharmacology 48(11): 2073-2079
Acuña-Castroviejo, D.; Reiter, R.J.; Menéndez-Peláez, A.; Pablos, M.I.; Burgos, A. 1994: Characterization of high-affinity melatonin binding sites in purified cell nuclei of rat liver. Journal of Pineal Research 16(2): 100-112
Reile, H.; Armatis, P.E.; Schally, A.V. 1994: Characterization of high-affinity receptors for bombesin/gastrin releasing peptide on the human prostate cancer cell lines PC-3 and DU-145: internalization of receptor bound 125I-(Tyr4) bombesin by tumor cells. Prostate 25(1): 29-38
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