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Section 9

EurekaMag Full Text Articles Chapter 8,302



References:

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Martín-Calderón, J.L.; Muñoz, R.M.; Villanúa, M.A.; del Arco, I.; Moreno, J.L.; de Fonseca, F.R.; Navarro, M. 1998: Characterization of the acute endocrine actions of (-)-11-hydroxy-delta8-tetrahydrocannabinol-dimethylheptyl (HU-210), a potent synthetic cannabinoid in rats. European Journal of Pharmacology 344(1): 77-86
Kelley, M.; Vessey, D.A. 1994: Characterization of the acyl-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferases from primate liver mitochondria. Journal of Biochemical Toxicology 9(3): 153-158
Basak, J. 1996: Characterization of the adaptive response to ionizing radiation induced by low doses of X-rays to Vibrio cholerae cells. Mutation Research 372(1): 115-118
Simpson, F.; Peden, A.A.; Christopoulou, L.; Robinson, M.S. 1997: Characterization of the adaptor-related protein complex, AP-3. Journal of Cell Biology 137(4): 835-845
Schiele, J.O.; Schwabe, U. 1994: Characterization of the adenosine receptor in microvascular coronary endothelial cells. European Journal of Pharmacology 269(1): 51-58
Reeves, J.J.; Coates, J.; Jarvis, J.E.; Sheehan, M.J.; Strong, P. 1993: Characterization of the adenosine receptor mediating contraction in rat colonic muscularis mucosae. British Journal of Pharmacology 110(3): 1255-1259
Pauwels, R.A.; Joos, G.F. 1995: Characterization of the adenosine receptors in the airways. Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie 329(1): 151-160
Anderson, R.; Sheehan, M.J.; Strong, P. 1994: Characterization of the adenosine receptors mediating hypothermia in the conscious mouse. British Journal of Pharmacology 113(4): 1386-1390
Connolly, G.P.; Stone, T.W.; Brown, F. 1993: Characterization of the adenosine receptors of the rat superior cervical ganglion. British Journal of Pharmacology 110(2): 854-860
Al-Shawi, M.K.; Senior, A.E. 1993: Characterization of the adenosine triphosphatase activity of Chinese hamster P-glycoprotein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(6): 4197-4206
Liu, C.E.; Liu, P.Q.; Ames, G.F. 1997: Characterization of the adenosine triphosphatase activity of the periplasmic histidine permease, a traffic ATPase (ABC transporter). Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(35): 21883-21891
Liesveld, J.L.; Frediani, K.E.; Harbol, A.W.; DiPersio, J.F.; Abboud, C.N. 1994: Characterization of the adherence of normal and leukemic CD34+ cells to endothelial monolayers. Leukemia 8(12): 2111-2117
Cloutier, M.; Fleury, A.; Courtemanche, J.; Ducharme, L.; Mason, J.I.; Lehoux, J.G. 1997: Characterization of the adrenal cytochrome P450C17 in the hamster, a small animal model for the study of adrenal dehydroepiandrosterone biosynthesis. Dna and Cell Biology 16(3): 357-368
Abou-Mohamed, G.; Nagarajan, R.; Ibrahim, T.M.; Caldwell, R.W. 1996: Characterization of the adrenergic activity of arbutamine, a novel agent for pharmacological stress testing. Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 10(1): 39-47
Inagaki, O.; Sudoh, K.; Shibasaki, M.; Nakagawa, C.; Honda, K. 1994: Characterization of the adrenoceptor antagonistic and antihypertensive activity of oral amosulalol, a combined alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, in hypertensive rats. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 24(5): 794-802
Govers, M.J.; Termont, D.S.; Van Aken, G.A.; Van der Meer, R. 1994: Characterization of the adsorption of conjugated and unconjugated bile acids to insoluble, amorphous calcium phosphate. Journal of Lipid Research 35(5): 741-748
Kuang, Q. 1995: Characterization of the adsorption of sulfates onto different types of soil. Huanjing Kexue 16(4): I-II, 13-15
Luckensmeyer, G.B.; Keast, J.R. 1998: Characterisation of the adventitial rectal ganglia in the male rat by their immunohistochemical features and projections. Journal of Comparative Neurology 396(4): 429-441
Cavicchioli, R.; Kolesnikow, T.; Chiang, R.C.; Gunsalus, R.P. 1996: Characterization of the aegA locus of Escherichia coli: control of gene expression in response to anaerobiosis and nitrate. Journal of Bacteriology 178(23): 6968-6974
Peist, R.; Koch, A.; Bolek, P.; Sewitz, S.; Kolbus, T.; Boos, W. 1997: Characterization of the aes gene of Escherichia coli encoding an enzyme with esterase activity. Journal of Bacteriology 179(24): 7679-7686
Smiljanic-Georgijev, N.; Rigat, B.; Xie, B.; Wang, W.; Mahuran, D.J. 1997: Characterization of the affinity of the G(M2) activator protein for glycolipids by a fluorescence dequenching assay. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1339(2): 192-202
Boris, S.; Suárez, J.E.; Barbés, C. 1997: Characterization of the aggregation promoting factor from Lactobacillus gasseri, a vaginal isolate. Journal of Applied Microbiology 83(4): 413-420
Gregori, C.; Porteu, A.; Lopez, S.; Kahn, A.; Pichard, A.L. 1998: Characterization of the aldolase B intronic enhancer. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(39): 25237-25243
Torres, M.C.; Rieger, R.A.; Iden, C.R. 1996: Characterization of the alkaline degradation products of an oligodeoxynucleotide containing 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Chemical Research in Toxicology 9(8): 1313-1318
Tomazic, V.J.; Withrow, T.J.; Hamilton, R.G. 1995: Characterization of the allergen(s) in latex protein extracts. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 96(5 Pt 1): 635-642
Keever, C.A.; Abu-Hajir, M.; Graf, W.; McFadden, P.; Prichard, P.; O'Brien, J.; Flomenberg, N. 1995: Characterization of the alloreactivity and anti-leukemia reactivity of cord blood mononuclear cells. Bone Marrow Transplantation 15(3): 407-419
Iversen, L.F.; Brzozowski, M.; Hastrup, S.; Hubbard, R.; Kastrup, J.S.; Larsen, I.K.; Naerum, L.; Nørskov-Lauridsen, L.; Rasmussen, P.B.; Thim, L.; Wiberg, F.C.; Lundgren, K. 1997: Characterization of the allosteric binding pocket of human liver fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase by protein crystallography and inhibitor activity studies. Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 6(5): 971-982
Leppik, R.A.; Lazareno, S.; Mynett, A.; Birdsall, N.J. 1998: Characterization of the allosteric interactions between antagonists and amiloride analogues at the human alpha2A-adrenergic receptor. Molecular Pharmacology 53(5): 916-925
Atteia, A.; Dreyfus, G.; González-Halphen, D. 1997: Characterization of the alpha and beta-subunits of the F0F1-ATPase from the alga Polytomella spp., a colorless relative of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1320(3): 275-284
Suzuki, S.; Takata, Y.; Kubota, S.; Ozaki, S.; Kato, H. 1994: Characterization of the alpha-1 adrenoceptors in the mesenteric vasculature from deoxycorticosterone-salt hypertensive rats: studies on vasoconstriction, radioligand binding and postreceptor events. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 268(2): 576-583
Eckhart, A.D.; Yang, N.; Xin, X.; Faber, J.E. 1997: Characterization of the alpha1B-adrenergic receptor gene promoter region and hypoxia regulatory elements in vascular smooth muscle. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(17): 9487-9492
Boyle, D.; Takemoto, L.; Spooner, B.S. 1994: Characterization of the alpha-gamma and alpha-beta complex: evidence for an in vivo functional role of alpha-crystallin as a molecular chaperone. Experimental Eye Research 58(1): 9-15
Sun, L.S.; Rybin, V.O.; Steinberg, S.F.; Robinson, R.B. 1998: Characterization of the alpha1-adrenergic chronotropic response in neuropeptide Y-treated cardiomyocytes. European Journal of Pharmacology 349(2-3): 377-381
Zoref-Shani, E.; Bromberg, Y.; Brosh, S.; Sidi, Y.; Sperling, O. 1993: Characterization of the alterations in purine nucleotide metabolism in hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase-deficient rat neuroma cell line. Journal of Neurochemistry 61(2): 457-463
Gaspari, A.A.; Burns, R.P.; Kondo, S.; Nasir, A.; Kurup, A.; Mlodynia, D.; Sauder, D.; Barth, R.K. 1998: Characterization of the altered cutaneous reactivity of transgenic mice whose keratinocytes overexpress B7-1. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 86(3): 259-270
Yonemasu, R.; McCready, S.J.; Murray, J.M.; Osman, F.; Takao, M.; Yamamoto, K.; Lehmann, A.R.; Yasui, A. 1997: Characterization of the alternative excision repair pathway of UV-damaged DNA in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Nucleic Acids Research 25(8): 1553-1558
Sakajo, S.; Minagawa, N.; Yoshimoto, A. 1993: Characterization of the alternative oxidase protein in the yeast Hansenula anomala. Febs Letters 318(3): 310-312
Gruber, T.M.; Bryant, D.A. 1998: Characterization of the alternative sigma-factors SigD and SigE in Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7002. SigE is implicated in transcription of post-exponential-phase-specific genes. Archives of Microbiology 169(3): 211-219
Saleeba, J.A.; Cobbett, C.S.; Hynes, M.J. 1992: Characterization of the amdA-regulated aciA gene of Aspergillus nidulans. Molecular and General Genetics: Mgg 235(2-3): 349-358
Metzger, D.; Ali, S.; Bornert, J.M.; Chambon, P. 1995: Characterization of the amino-terminal transcriptional activation function of the human estrogen receptor in animal and yeast cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(16): 9535-9542
De Vry, J.; Schohe-Loop, R.; Heine, H.G.; Greuel, J.M.; Mauler, F.; Schmidt, B.; Sommermeyer, H.; Glaser, T. 1998: Characterization of the aminomethylchroman derivative BAY x 3702 as a highly potent 5-hydroxytryptamine1A receptor agonist. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 284(3): 1082-1094
Nissen, J.B.; Iversen, L.; Kragballe, K. 1995: Characterization of the aminopeptidase activity of epidermal leukotriene A4 hydrolase against the opioid dynorphin fragment 1-7. British Journal of Dermatology 133(5): 742-749
Inazumi, T.; Hakuno, M.; Yamada, H.; Tanaka, M.; Naka, W.; Tajima, S.; Harada, T.; Nishikawa, T. 1994: Characterization of the amyloid fibril from primary localized cutaneous nodular amyloidosis associated with Sjögren's syndrome. Dermatology 189(2): 125-128
Linardi, V.R.; Andrade, C.M.M.C.; Figueira, M.M.; Andrade, M.C.; Souza, A.A.V. 1993: Characterization of the amylolytic system of Candida strains. Folia Microbiologica 38(4): 281-284
Granados-Soto, V.; López-Muñoz, F.J.; Castañeda-Hernández, G.; Salazar, L.A.; Villarreal, J.E.; Flores-Murrieta, F.J. 1993: Characterization of the analgesic effect of paracetamol and caffeine combinations in the pain-induced functional impairment model in the rat. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 45(7): 627-631
Salerno, F.G.; Kurosawa, H.; Eidelman, D.H.; Ludwig, M.S. 1996: Characterization of the anatomical structures involved in the contractile response of the rat lung periphery. British Journal of Pharmacology 118(3): 734-740
Briand, V.; Riva, L.; Galzin, A.M. 1994: Characterization of the angiotensin II AT1 receptor subtype involved in DNA synthesis in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. British Journal of Pharmacology 112(4): 1195-1201
Wintersgill, H.P.; Warburton, P.; Bryson, S.E.; Ball, S.G.; Balmforth, A.J. 1992: Characterization of the angiotensin II receptor expressed by the human hepatoma cell line, PLC-PRF-5. European Journal of Pharmacology 227(3): 283-291
Zhang, J.S.; Van Meel, J.C.; Pfaffendorf, M.; Van Zwieten, P.A. 1993: Characterization of the angiotensin II-receptor subtype in the longitudinal smooth muscle of the rat portal vein. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 347(2): 220-224
Surman, A.J.; Doggrell, S.A. 1992: Characterization of the antagonism with metoprolol, ICI 147,798, pindolol, mepindolol and bopindolol on the responses of the rat left atria to isoprenaline. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 346(6): 657-664
Piovan, A.; Filippini, R.; Favretto, D. 1998: Characterization of the anthocyanins of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don in vivo and in vitro by electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 12(7): 361-367
Rydberg, L.; Nyberg, G.; Attman, P.O.; Mjörnstedt, L.; Tufveson, G.; Blohme, I. 1994: Characterization of the anti-A antibody binding in an ABO-incompatible living donor renal transplantation. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 9(8): 1162-1165
Tramontano, E.; Marongiu, M.E.; de Montis, A.; Loi, A.G.; Artico, M.; Massa, S.; Mai, A.; la Colla, P. 1994: Characterization of the anti-HIV-1 activity of 3,4-dihydro-2-alkoxy-6-benzyl-4-oxopyrimidines (DABOs), new non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. New Microbiologica 17(4): 269-279
Hosford, D.A.; Wang, Y.; Liu, C.C.; Snead, O.C. 1995: Characterization of the antiabsence effects of SCH 50911, a GABA-B receptor antagonist, in the lethargic mouse, gamma-hydroxybutyrate, and pentylenetetrazole models. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 274(3): 1399-1403
Bian, D.; Nichols, M.L.; Ossipov, M.H.; Lai, J.; Porreca, F. 1995: Characterization of the antiallodynic efficacy of morphine in a model of neuropathic pain in rats. Neuroreport 6(15): 1981-1984
Aiuto, L.T.; Powell, S.R. 1995: Characterization of the antiarrhythmic effect of the trace element zinc and its potential relationship to inhibition of oxidative stress. Journal of Trace Elements in Experimental Medicine 8(3): 173-182
Pujol, F.H.; Khudyakov, Y.E.; Devesa, M.; León, G.; Blitz-Dorfman, L.; Monsalve, F.; Lambert, S.B.; Kalinina, T.Y.; Liprandi, F.; Fields, H.A. 1996: Characterization of the antibody reactivity to synthetic peptides from different parts of the hepatitis C virus genome. Viral Immunology 9(2): 89-96
Kristensen, K.; Barington, T.; Pressler, T.; Heilmann, C. 1995: Characterization of the antibody response to a Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine in children with recurrent lower respiratory tract infection. Allergy 50(6): 528-531
Frech, B.; Zimber-Strobl, U.; Yip, T.T.; Lau, W.H.; Mueller-Lantzsch, N. 1993: Characterization of the antibody response to the latent infection terminal proteins of Epstein-Barr virus in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Journal of General Virology 74: 811-818
Ford, C.M.; Arp, J.; Palker, T.J.; King, E.E.; Dekaban, G.A. 1992: Characterization of the antibody response to three different versions of the HTLV-I envelope protein expressed by recombinant vaccinia viruses: Induction of neutralizing antibody. Virology 191(1): 448-453
Tramontana, M.; Patacchini, R.; Giuliani, S.; Lippi, A.; Lecci, A.; Santicioli, P.; Criscuoli, M.; Maggi, C.A. 1998: Characterization of the antibronchoconstrictor activity of MEN 11420, a tachykinin NK2 receptor antagonist, in guinea-pigs. European Journal of Pharmacology 352(2-3): 279-288
Swinyard, E.A.; Wolf, H.H.; White, H.S.; Skeen, G.A.; Stark, L.G.; Albertson, T.; Pong, S.F.; Drust, E.G. 1993: Characterization of the anticonvulsant properties of F-721. Epilepsy Research 15(1): 35-45
Carter, R.B.; Wood, P.L.; Wieland, S.; Hawkinson, J.E.; Belelli, D.; Lambert, J.J.; White, H.S.; Wolf, H.H.; Mirsadeghi, S.; Tahir, S.H.; Bolger, M.B.; Lan, N.C.; Gee, K.W. 1997: Characterization of the anticonvulsant properties of ganaxolone (CCD 1042; 3alpha-hydroxy-3beta-methyl-5alpha-pregnan-20-one), a selective, high-affinity, steroid modulator of the gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) receptor. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 280(3): 1284-1295
Oner, F.; Tian, X.X.; Son, K.; Klegerman, M.E.; Groves, M.J. 1994: Characterization of the antigen 85 complex fibronectin-binding proteins derived from aged culture filtrates of Mycobacterium bovis BCG, Tice substrain. Microbios 78(315): 69-81
Toshimori, K.; Tanii, I.; Araki, S.; Oura, C. 1992: Characterization of the antigen recognized by a monoclonal antibody MN9: unique transport pathway to the equatorial segment of sperm head during spermiogenesis. Cell and Tissue Research 270(3): 459-468
Lambert, L.E.; Berling, J.S.; Kudlacz, E.M. 1996: Characterization of the antigen-presenting cell and T cell requirements for induction of pulmonary eosinophilia in a murine model of asthma. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 81(3): 307-311
Soto, M.; Requena, J.M.; Quijada, L.; Gomez, L.C.; Guzman, F.; Patarroyo, M.E.; Alonso, C. 1996: Characterization of the antigenic determinants of the Leishmania infantum histone H3 recognized by antibodies elicited during canine visceral leishmaniasis. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 106(3): 454-461
Krco, C.J.; Pawelski, J.; Harders, J.; McCormick, D.; Griffiths, M.; Luthra, H.S.; David, C.S. 1996: Characterization of the antigenic structure of human type II collagen. Journal of Immunology 156(8): 2761-2768
Roberts, G.P. 1994: Characterization of the antigens recognized by two monoclonal antibodies reactive with basal-layer keratinocytes of human epidermis. Biochemical Journal 299: 659-664
Iwamoto, E.T.; Marion, L. 1993: Characterization of the antinociception produced by intrathecally administered muscarinic agonists in rats. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 266(1): 329-338
Li, B.Y.; Nalwalk, J.W.; Barker, L.A.; Cumming, P.; Parsons, M.E.; Hough, L.B. 1996: Characterization of the antinociceptive properties of cimetidine and a structural analog. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 276(2): 500-508
Chan, T.Y.; Tang, P.L. 1996: Characterization of the antioxidant effects of melatonin and related indoleamines in vitro. Journal of Pineal Research 20(4): 187-191
Anonick, P.K.; Yoo, J.K.; Webb, D.J.; Gonias, S.L. 1993: Characterization of the antiplasmin activity of human thrombospondin-1 in solution. Biochemical Journal 289: 903-909
Tsai, W.J.; Hsieh, H.T.; Chen, C.C.; Kuo, Y.C.; Chen, C.F. 1998: Characterization of the antiplatelet effects of (2S)-5-methoxy-6-methylflavan-7-ol from Draconis Resina. European Journal of Pharmacology 346(1): 103-110
Cordelier, P.; Estève, J.P.; Bousquet, C.; Delesque, N.; O'Carroll, A.M.; Schally, A.V.; Vaysse, N.; Susini, C.; Buscail, L. 1997: Characterization of the antiproliferative signal mediated by the somatostatin receptor subtype sst5. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(17): 9343-9348
Gao, X.M.; Perchellet, E.M.; Davis, A.W.; Newell, S.W.; Hua, D.H.; Perchellet, J.P. 1996: Characterization of the antitumor-promoting activity of camptothecin in SENCAR mouse skin. Carcinogenesis 17(5): 1141-1148
Felzmann, T.; Ramsey, W.J.; Blaese, R.M. 1997: Characterization of the antitumour immune response generated by treatment of murine tumors with recombinant adenoviruses expressing HSVtk, IL-2, IL-6 or B7-1. Gene Therapy 4(12): 1322-1329
Antonucci, T.; Warmus, J.S.; Hodges, J.C.; Nickell, D.G. 1995: Characterization of the antiviral activity of highly substituted pyrroles: A novel class of non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitor. Antiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy 6(2): 98-108
Mason, W.S.; Cullen, J.; Saputelli, J.; Wu, T.T.; Liu, C.; London, W.T.; Lustbader, E.; Schaffer, P.; O'Connell, A.P.; Fourel, I. 1994: Characterization of the antiviral effects of 2' carbodeoxyguanosine in ducks chronically infected with duck hepatitis B virus. Hepatology 19(2): 398-411
Ichinose, A. 1995: Characterization of the apolipoprotein(a) gene. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 209(1): 365-371
Higuchi, M.; Singh, S.; Aggarwal, B.B. 1995: Characterization of the apoptotic effects of human tumor necrosis factor: Development of highly rapid and specific bioassay for human tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin using human target cells. Journal of Immunological Methods 178(2): 173-181
Onuffer, J.J.; Kirsch, J.F. 1994: Characterization of the apparent negative co-operativity induced in Escherichia coli aspartate aminotransferase by the replacement of Asp222 with alanine. Evidence for an extremely slow conformational change. Protein Engineering 7(3): 413-424
Nugent, M.; Huang, S.M.; Sander, M. 1993: Characterization of the apurinic endonuclease activity of Drosophila Rrp1. Biochemistry 32(42): 11445-11452
Falgueyret, J.P.; Denis, D.; Macdonald, D.; Hutchinson, J.H.; Riendeau, D. 1995: Characterization of the arachidonate and ATP binding sites of human 5-lipoxygenase using photoaffinity labeling and enzyme immobilization. Biochemistry 34(41): 13603-13611
Feldmann, F. 1997: Characterization of the arbuscular mycorrhizal situation in rural and horticultural planting systems in the Braunschweig area, Germany. Braunschweiger Naturkundliche Schriften 5(2): 491-503
Gonzalez Mendoza, L.A.; Diaz Rodriguez, F.; Pomar Garcia, M.; Arriaga Alvarez, E. 1994: Characterization of the aromatic compounds of the flavor of Tenerife wines by the sniffing technique. Alimentaria 31(253): 53-56
Roy, N.K.; Wirgin, I. 1997: Characterization of the aromatic hydrocarbon receptor gene and its expression in Atlantic tomcod. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 344(2): 373-386
Hanton, G.; Le Net, J.L.; Ruty, B.; Leblanc, B. 1995: Characterization of the arteritis induced by infusion of rats with UK-61,260, an inodilator, for 24 h. a comparison with the arteritis induced by fenoldopam mesylate. Archives of Toxicology 69(10): 698-704
Rowlands, C.; Krishnan, V.; Wang, X.; Santostefano, M.; Safe, S.; Miller, W.R.; Langdon, S. 1993: Characterization of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and aryl hydrocarbon responsiveness in human ovarian carcinoma cell lines. Cancer Research 53(8): 1802-1807
Masten, S.A.; Shiverick, K.T. 1996: Characterization of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor complex in human B lymphocytes: evidence for a distinct nuclear DNA-binding form. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 336(2): 297-308
Asanuma, K.; Yagihashi, A.; Watanabe, N. 1997: Characterization of the aspartate aminotransferase-immunoglobulin M complex in a Japanese woman. Clinical Chemistry 43(4): 686-687
Motoyama, H.; Anazawa, H.; Teshiba, S. 1993: Characterization of the aspartate family amino acids biosynthetic enzymes in L-threonine- and L-lysine-producing mutants of Methylobacillus glycogenes. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 57(3): 461-466
Shimohama, S.; Perry, G.; Richey, P.; Praprotnik, D.; Takenawa, T.; Fukami, K.; Whitehouse, P.J.; Kimura, J. 1995: Characterization of the association of phospholipase C-delta with Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangles. Brain Research 669(2): 217-224
McCallum, S.J.; Erickson, J.W.; Cerione, R.A. 1998: Characterization of the association of the actin-binding protein, IQGAP, and activated Cdc42 with Golgi membranes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(35): 22537-22544
Glass, M.L.; Branco, L.G.; Antunes-Rodrigues, J.; Gutkowska, J. 1996: Characterization of the atrial natriuretic factor system in lungs of the toad Bufo paracnemis. Journal of Experimental Biology 199(Part 7): 1493-1499
Hühn, P.; Pruijn, G.J.; van Venrooij, W.J.; Bachmann, M. 1997: Characterization of the autoantigen La (SS-B) as a dsRNA unwinding enzyme. Nucleic Acids Research 25(2): 410-416
Turrini, F.; Mannu, F.; Arese, P.; Yuan, J.; Low, P.S. 1993: Characterization of the autologous antibodies that opsonize erythrocytes with clustered integral membrane proteins. Blood 81(11): 3146-3152
Sood, P.; Lerner, C.G.; Shimamoto, T.; Lu, Q.; Inouye, M. 1994: Characterization of the autophosphorylation of Era, an essential Escherichia coli GTPase. Molecular Microbiology 12(2): 201-208
Fischer, A.C.; Ruvolo, P.P.; Burt, R.; Horwitz, L.R.; Bright, E.C.; Hess, J.M.; Beschorner, W.E.; Hess, A.D. 1995: Characterization of the autoreactive T cell repertoire in cyclosporin-induced syngeneic graft-versus-host disease. A highly conserved repertoire mediates autoaggression. Journal of Immunology 154(8): 3713-3725
Echevarria, G.; Klein, S.; Fardeau, J.C.; Morel, J.L. 1997: Characterization of the available soil Ni by the isotopic exchange kinetics. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II A Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes 324(3): 221-227
Bruggemann, E.P.; Currier, S.J.; Gottesman, M.M.; Pastan, I. 1992: Characterization of the azidopine and vinblastine binding site of P-glycoprotein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(29): 21020-21026
Farrow, N.A.; Zhang, O.; Forman-Kay, J.D.; Kay, L.E. 1997: Characterization of the backbone dynamics of folded and denatured states of an SH3 domain. Biochemistry 36(9): 2390-2402
Ptashnikova, V.V.; Fastova, M.E.; Novikova, L.N. 1996: Characterization of the bacterial flora in patients with interstitial pulmonary diseases. Problemy Tuberkuleza 1996(4): 21-22
Chikh, G.; Pourquie, J.; Kaiser, P.; Davila, A.M. 1997: Characterization of the bacterial flora isolated from a pilot-scale lagoon processing swine manure. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 43(11): 1079-1083,.
Caramello, S.; Raviol, S.; Amisano, G. 1997: Characterization of the bacterial flora of mineral waters. Igiene Moderna 107(1): 11-23
Anastasi, A.; Knight, C.G.; Barrett, A.J. 1993: Characterization of the bacterial metalloendopeptidase pitrilysin by use of a continuous fluorescence assay. Biochemical Journal 290: 601-607
Véscovi, E.G.; Ayala, Y.M.; Di Cera, E.; Groisman, E.A. 1997: Characterization of the bacterial sensor protein PhoQ. Evidence for distinct binding sites for Mg2+ and Ca2+. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(3): 1440-1443
Joannou, C.L.; Cui, X.Y.; Rogers, N.; Vielotte, N.; Torres Martinez, C.L.; Vugman, N.V.; Hughes, M.N.; Cammack, R. 1998: Characterization of the bactericidal effects of sodium nitroprusside and other pentacyanonitrosyl complexes on the food spoilage bacterium Clostridium sporogenes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64(9): 3195-3201
Tichaczek, P.S.; Nissen Meyer, J.; Nes, I.F.; Vogel, R.F.; Hammes, W.P. 1992: Characterization of the bacteriocins curvacin A from Lactobacillus curvatus LTH1174 and sakacin P from Lactobacillus sake LTH673. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 15(3): 460-468
Franklund, C.V.; Baron, S.F.; Hylemon, P.B. 1993: Characterization of the baiH gene encoding a bile acid-inducible NADH:flavin oxidoreductase from Eubacterium sp. strain VPi 12708. Journal of Bacteriology 175(10): 3002-3012
Hung, W.; Olson, K.A.; Breitkreutz, A.; Sadowski, I. 1997: Characterization of the basal and pheromone-stimulated phosphorylation states of Ste12p. European Journal of Biochemistry 245(2): 241-251
Goppelt, A.; Meisterernst, M. 1996: Characterization of the basal inhibitor of class II transcription NC2 from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nucleic Acids Research 24(22): 4450-4455
Dash, S.; Niemaczura, W.; Harrington, H.M. 1997: Characterization of the basic amphiphilic alpha-helix calmodulin-binding domain of a 61.5 kDa tobacco calmodulin-binding protein. Biochemistry 36(8): 2025-2029
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Wamsley, J.K.; Longlet, L.L.; Hunt, M.E.; Mahan, D.R.; Alburges, M.E. 1993: Characterization of the binding and comparison of the distribution of benzodiazepine receptors labeled with tritium diazepam and tritium alprazolam. Neuropsychopharmacology 8(4): 305-314
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Baxter, R.C.; Suikkari, A.M.; Martin, J.L. 1993: Characterization of the binding defect in insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 from pregnancy serum. Biochemical Journal 294: 847-852
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Lombardi, A.; Moreno, M.; Horst, C.; Goglia, F.; Lanni, A. 1997: Characterization of the binding of 3,3'-di-iodo-L-thyronine to rat liver mitochondria. Journal of Endocrinology 154(1): 119-124
Cox, D.; Seki, J. 1998: Characterization of the binding of FK633 to the platelet fibrinogen receptor. Thrombosis Research 91(3): 129-136
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Björk, J.; Lundberg, S.; Backman, L. 1995: Characterization of the binding of calmodulin to non-erythroid spectrin. European Journal of Cell Biology 66(2): 200-204
Edgecombe, M.; McLennan, A.G.; Fisher, M.J. 1996: Characterization of the binding of diadenosine 5',5'''-P1,P4-tetraphosphate (Ap4A) to rat liver cell membranes. Biochemical Journal 314: 687-693
Lawrence, D.A.; Palaniappan, S.; Stefansson, S.; Olson, S.T.; Francis-Chmura, A.M.; Shore, J.D.; Ginsburg, D. 1997: Characterization of the binding of different conformational forms of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 to vitronectin. Implications for the regulation of pericellular proteolysis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(12): 7676-7680
Russell, F.D.; Davenport, A.P. 1996: Characterization of the binding of endothelin ETB selective ligands in human and rat heart. British Journal of Pharmacology 119(4): 631-636
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Kristipati, R.; Nádasdi, L.; Tarczy-Hornoch, K.; Lau, K.; Miljanich, G.P.; Ramachandran, J.; Bell, J.R. 1994: Characterization of the binding of omega-conopeptides to different classes of non-L-type neuronal calcium channels. Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences 5(3): 219-228
Nguyen, G.; Self, S.J.; Camani, C.; Kruithof, E.K. 1992: Characterization of the binding of plasminogen activators to plasma membranes from human liver. Biochemical Journal 287: 911-915
Evans, J.P.; Schultz, R.M.; Kopf, G.S. 1997: Characterization of the binding of recombinant mouse sperm fertilin alpha subunit to mouse eggs: evidence for function as a cell adhesion molecule in sperm-egg binding. Developmental Biology 187(1): 94-106
Evans, J.P.; Kopf, G.S.; Schultz, R.M. 1997: Characterization of the binding of recombinant mouse sperm fertilin beta subunit to mouse eggs: evidence for adhesive activity via an egg beta1 integrin-mediated interaction. Developmental Biology 187(1): 79-93
Zahedi, K. 1997: Characterization of the binding of serum amyloid P to laminin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(4): 2143-2148
Zahedi, K. 1996: Characterization of the binding of serum amyloid P to type IV collagen. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(25): 14897-14902
Zhang, J.K.; Morrison, T.K.; Falk, M.C.; Kang, Y.H.; Lee, C.H. 1996: Characterization of the binding of soluble CD14 to human endothelial cells and mechanism for CD14-dependent cell activation by LPS. Journal of Endotoxin Research 3(4): 307-315
Dehaven Hudkins, D.L.; Fleissner, L.C.; Ford Rice, F.Y. 1992: Characterization of the binding of tritiated dextro-pentazocine to delta recognition sites in guinea pig brain. European Journal of Pharmacology Molecular Pharmacology Section 9(4): 371-378
Lijnen, H.R.; De Cock, F.; Collen, D. 1994: Characterization of the binding of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) to plasminogen, to plasminogen-activator inhibitor-1 and to the u-PA receptor. European Journal of Biochemistry 224(2): 567-574
Krebs, L.T.; Kramár, E.A.; Hanesworth, J.M.; Sardinia, M.F.; Ball, A.E.; Wright, J.W.; Harding, J.W. 1996: Characterization of the binding properties and physiological action of divalinal-angiotensin IV, a putative AT4 receptor antagonist. Regulatory Peptides 67(2): 123-130
Kihlberg, B.M.; Sjöholm, A.G.; Björck, L.; Sjöbring, U. 1996: Characterization of the binding properties of protein LG, an immunoglobulin-binding hybrid protein. European Journal of Biochemistry 240(3): 556-563
Tashiro, K.; Yamashita, N.; Okuyama, I.; Monji, A.; Morimoto, N.; Tashiro, N.; Anai, M. 1994: Characterization of the binding proteins in the rat brain to the anti-laminin peptide antibodies. Neurosciences 20(Suppl ): P45-P48
Silva, J., C.G.Esteves-Da; Machado, A., A.S.C. 1996: Characterization of the binding sites for Al(III) and Be(II) in a sample of marine fulvic acids. Marine Chemistry 54(3-4): 293-302
Yu, A.; Haggård-Ljungquist, E. 1993: Characterization of the binding sites of two proteins involved in the bacteriophage P2 site-specific recombination system. Journal of Bacteriology 175(5): 1239-1249
Chew, C.; Villar, H.O.; Loew, G.H. 1993: Characterization of the bioactive form and molecular determinants of recognition of cyclic enkephalin peptides at the delta-opioid receptor. Biopolymers 33(4): 647-657
Pavlovich, N.V.; Mishan'kin, B.N.; Shimanyuk, N.Y.; Ryzhkova, V.V.; Danilevskaya, G.I.; Mikhalevich, R.V. 1993: Characterization of the biological properties of Francisella tularensis noncapsular variants. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 1993(3): 21-26
Steinberg, G.; Schliwa, M. 1996: Characterization of the biophysical and motility properties of kinesin from the fungus Neurospora crassa. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(13): 7516-7521
Sitar, G.; Manenti, L.; Farina, A.; Lanati, V.; Mascheretti, P.; Forabosco, A.; Montanari, L.; Ascari, E. 1997: Characterization of the biophysical properties of human erythroblasts as a preliminary step to the isolation of fetal erythroblasts from maternal peripheral blood for non invasive prenatal genetic investigation. Haematologica 82(1): 5-10
Tonouchi, N.; Tsuchida, T.; Yoshinaga, F.; Beppu, T.; Horinouchi, S. 1996: Characterization of the biosynthetic pathway of cellulose from glucose and fructose in Acetobacter xylinum. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 60(8): 1377-1379
Hijarrubia, M.J.; Casqueiro, J.; Gutiérrez, S.; Fernández, F.J.; Martín, J.F. 1997: Characterization of the bip gene of Aspergillus awamori encoding a protein with an HDEL retention signal homologous to the mammalian BiP involved in polypeptide secretion. Current Genetics 32(2): 139-146
Balasubramaniam, G.; Lee, H.S.; Mah, S.C. 1995: Characterization of the biphasic blood pressure response to alpha-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine in anaesthetized rats. Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie 329(3): 360-378
Meyhoefer, E.; Morse, M.P.tricia 1996: Characterization of the bivalve ultrafiltration system in Mytilus edulis, Chlamys hastata, and Mercenaria mercenaria. Invertebrate Biology 115(1): 20-29
Johnson, F.A.; Craig, D.Q.; Mercer, A.D. 1997: Characterization of the block structure and molecular weight of sodium alginates. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 49(7): 639-643
Witt, F., G.; Aparicio, P., J. 1995: Characterization of the blue light-induced extracellular alkalinization associated with the monovalent anion uptake by Monoraphidium braunii. Competition between NO-3- and Cl-. Physiologia Plantarum 94(4): 545-552
Iwasaki, S.; Hattori, A.; Sato, M.; Tsujimoto, M.; Kohno, M. 1996: Characterization of the bone morphogenetic protein-2 as a neurotrophic factor. Induction of neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells in the absence of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(29): 17360-17365
Callister, S.M.; Schell, R.F.; Case, K.L.; Lovrich, S.D.; Day, S.P. 1993: Characterization of the borreliacidal antibody response to Borrelia burgdorferi in humans: a serodiagnostic test. Journal of Infectious Diseases 167(1): 158-164
Ruiz-Larrea, F.; Vicendo, P.; Yaish, P.; End, P.; Panayotou, G.; Fry, M.J.; Morgan, S.J.; Thompson, A.; Parker, P.J.; Waterfield, M.D. 1993: Characterization of the bovine brain cytosolic phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex. Biochemical Journal 290: 609-616
Whitbeck, J.C.; Lawrence, W.C.; Bello, L.J. 1994: Characterization of the bovine herpesvirus 1 homolog of the herpes simplex virus 1 UL24 open reading frame. Virology 200(1): 263-270
Adachi, T.; Ahn, J.Y.; Yamamoto, K.; Aoki, N.; Nakamura, R.; Matsuda, T. 1996: Characterization of the bovine kappa-casein gene promoter. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 60(12): 1937-1940
Wempe, F.; Kuhlmann, J.K.; Scheit, K.H. 1994: Characterization of the bovine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 gene. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 202(3): 1272-1279
Inoue, S.; Tanaka, M.; Horiuchi, M.; Ishiguro, N.; Shinagawa, M. 1997: Characterization of the bovine prion protein gene: the expression requires interaction between the promoter and intron. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 59(3): 175-183
Reimer, K. 1996: Characterization of the brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) in the grey short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica). Audiology: Official Organ of the International Society of Audiology 35(4): 204-216
González, E.; Vásquez, C. 1993: Characterization of the bstVIRM genes encoding the Bacillus stearothermophilus V restriction-modification system. Gene 131(1): 103-106
Krijnse-Locker, J.; Ericsson, M.; Rottier, P.J.; Griffiths, G. 1994: Characterization of the budding compartment of mouse hepatitis virus: Evidence that transport from the RER to the Golgi complex requires only one vesicular transport step. Journal of Cell Biology 124(1-2): 55-70
Merkel, T.J.; Barros, C.; Stibitz, S. 1998: Characterization of the bvgR locus of Bordetella pertussis. Journal of Bacteriology 180(7): 1682-1690
Matthews, R.P.; McKnight, G.S. 1996: Characterization of the cAMP response element of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene promoter. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(50): 31869-31877
Miki, T.; Taira, M.; Hockman, S.; Shimada, F.; Lieman, J.; Napolitano, M.; Ward, D.; Taira, M.; Makino, H.; Manganiello, V.C. 1996: Characterization of the cDNA and gene encoding human PDE3B, the cGIP1 isoform of the human cyclic GMP-inhibited cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase family. Genomics 36(3): 476-485
Charrasse, S.; Mazel, M.; Taviaux, S.; Berta, P.; Chow, T.; Larroque, C. 1995: Characterization of the cDNA and pattern of expression of a new gene over-expressed in human hepatomas and colonic tumors. European Journal of Biochemistry 234(2): 406-413
Hazuka, C.D.; Hsu, S.C.; Scheller, R.H. 1997: Characterization of the cDNA encoding a subunit of the rat brain rsec6/8 complex. Gene (Amsterdam) 187(1): 67-73
Marasco, W.A.; Bagley, J.; Zani, C.; Posner, M.; Cavacini, L.; Haseltine, W.A.; Sodroski, J. 1992: Characterization of the cDNA of a broadly reactive neutralizing human anti-gp120 monoclonal antibody. Journal of Clinical Investigation 90(4): 1467-1478
Carr, H.P.; Cariño, F.A.; Yang, M.S.; Wong, M.H. 1998: Characterization of the cadmium-binding capacity of Chlorella vulgaris. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 60(3): 433-440
Han, D.Y.; Harada, N.; Tomoda, K.; Yamashita, T. 1994: Characterization of the calcium influx induced by depolarization of guinea pig cochlear spiral ganglion cells. Orl; Journal for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Its Related Specialties 56(3): 125-129
Barrigon, S.; Wang, S.Y.; Ji, X.; Langer, G.A. 1996: Characterization of the calcium overload in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes under metabolic inhibition. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 28(6): 1329-1337
Li, P.; Thaw, C.N.; Sempowski, G.D.; Gershengorn, M.C.; Hinkle, P.M. 1992: Characterization of the calcium response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in cells transfected with TRH receptor complementary DNA: importance of voltage-sensitive calcium channels. Molecular Endocrinology 6(9): 1393-1402
Hinkle, P.M.; Nelson, E.J.; Ashworth, R. 1996: Characterization of the calcium response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone in lactotrophs and GH cells. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: Tem 7(10): 370-374
Koumi, S.; Sato, R.; Aramaki, T. 1994: Characterization of the calcium-activated chloride channel in isolated guinea-pig hepatocytes. Journal of General Physiology 104(2): 357-373
Kakalis, L.T.; Kennedy, M.; Sikkink, R.; Rusnak, F.; Armitage, I.M. 1995: Characterization of the calcium-binding sites of calcineurin B. Febs Letters 362(1): 55-58
Wang, Z.; Gergely, J.; Tao, T. 1992: Characterization of the calcium-triggered conformational transition in troponin C. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 89(24): 11814-11817
Ando, A.; Komaki, H.; Tayama, S.; Shinoyama, H.; Fujii, T. 1993: Characterization of the calcium/sodium antiporter of alkalophilic Bacillus sp. A-007 by purification and reconstitution into phospholipid liposomes. Technical Bulletin of Faculty of Horticulture Chiba University 1993(47): 53-57
Schaller, A.; Martin, F.; Müller, B. 1997: Characterization of the calf thymus hairpin-binding factor involved in histone pre-mRNA 3' end processing. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(16): 10435-10441
Yuan, T.; Mietzner, T.A.; Montelaro, R.C.; Vogel, H.J. 1995: Characterization of the calmodulin binding domain of SIV transmembrane glycoprotein by NMR and CD spectroscopy. Biochemistry 34(33): 10690-10696
Zhang, M.; Vogel, H.J. 1994: Characterization of the calmodulin-binding domain of rat cerebellar nitric oxide synthase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(2): 981-985
Edwards, V.M.; Deringer, J.R.; Callantine, S.D.; Deobald, C.F.; Berger, P.H.; Kapur, V.; Stauffacher, C.V.; Bohach, G.A. 1997: Characterization of the canine type C enterotoxin produced by Staphylococcus intermedius pyoderma isolates. Infection and Immunity 65(6): 2346-2352
Ahluwalia, A.; Maggi, C.A.; Santicioli, P.; Lecci, A.; Giuliani, S. 1994: Characterization of the capsaicin-sensitive component of cyclophosphamide-induced inflammation in the rat urinary bladder. British Journal of Pharmacology 111(4): 1017-1022
Isaksen, M.L.; Dokland, T.; Lindqvist, B.H. 1993: Characterization of the capsid associating activity of bacteriophage P4's Psu protein. Virology 194(2): 674-681
Paton, J.C.; Morona, J.K.; Morona, R. 1997: Characterization of the capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis locus of Streptococcus pneumoniae type 19F. Microbial Drug Resistance 3(1): 89-99
Grange, P.A.; Erickson, A.K.; Anderson, T.J.; Francis, D.H. 1998: Characterization of the carbohydrate moiety of intestinal mucin-type sialoglycoprotein receptors for the K88ac fimbrial adhesin of Escherichia coli. Infection and Immunity 66(4): 1613-1621
Gambino, R.; Ruiu, G.; Pagano, G.; Cassader, M. 1997: Characterization of the carbohydrate structures of apolipoprotein H through concanavalin A affinity chromatography. Journal of Lipid Mediators and Cell Signalling 16(1): 11-21
Alexander, D.M.; St John, A.C. 1994: Characterization of the carbon starvation-inducible and stationary phase-inducible gene slp encoding an outer membrane lipoprotein in Escherichia coli. Molecular Microbiology 11(6): 1059-1071
Elrifai, A.M.; Bailes, J.E.; Shih, S.R.; Dianzumba, S.; Brillman, J. 1996: Characterization of the cardiac effects of acute subarachnoid hemorrhage in dogs. Stroke 27(4): 737
Jaquet, K.; Korte, K.; Schnackerz, K.; Vyska, K.; Heilmeyer, L.M. 1993: Characterization of the cardiac troponin I phosphorylation domain by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Biochemistry 32(50): 13873-13878
Roemer, S.; Senger, H.; Bishop, N.I. 1995: Characterization of the carotenoidless strain of Scenedesmus obliquus, mutant C-6E, a living photosystem I model. Botanica Acta 108(2): 80-86
Okamura, S.; Naito, K.; Sonehara, S.; Ohkawa, H.; Kuramori, S.; Tatsuta, M.; Minamizono, M.; Kataoka, T. 1997: Characterization of the carrot beta-tubulin gene coding a divergent isotype, beta-2. Cell Structure and Function 22(2): 291-298
Kinoshita, H.; Atomi, H.; Ueda, M.; Tanaka, A. 1994: Characterization of the catalase of the n-alkane-utilizing yeast Candida tropicalis functionally expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Applied microbiology and biotechnology 40(5): 682-686
Musser, J.M.; Kapur, V.; Williams, D.L.; Kreiswirth, B.N.; van Soolingen, D.; van Embden, J.D. 1996: Characterization of the catalase-peroxidase gene (katG) and inhA locus in isoniazid-resistant and -susceptible strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by automated DNA sequencing: restricted array of mutations associated with drug resistance. Journal of Infectious Diseases 173(1): 196-202
Noë, A.J.; Marcantonio, D.; Barton, J.; Malapetsa, A.; Panasci, L.C. 1996: Characterization of the catecholamine extraneuronal uptake2 carrier in human glioma cell lines SK-MG-1 and SKI-1 in relation to (2-chloroethyl)-3-sarcosinamide-1-nitrosourea (SarCNU) selective cytotoxicity. Biochemical Pharmacology 51(12): 1639-1648
Rabsch, W. 1998: Characterization of the catecholate indicator strain S. typhimurium TA2700 as an ent fhuC double mutant. FEMS Microbiology Letters 163(1): 79-84
Gong, Q.; Chan, S.J.; Bajkowski, A.S.; Steiner, D.F.; Frankfater, A. 1993: Characterization of the cathepsin B gene and multiple mRNAs in human tissues: Evidence for alternative splicing of cathepsin B pre-mRNA. DNA and Cell Biology 12(4): 299-309
Maupin-Furlow, J.; Ferry, J.G. 1996: Characterization of the cdhD and cdhE genes encoding subunits of the corrinoid/iron-sulfur enzyme of the CO dehydrogenase complex from Methanosarcina thermophila. Journal of Bacteriology 178(2): 340-346
Coque, J.J.; Enguita, F.J.; Cardoza, R.E.; Martín, J.F.; Liras, P. 1996: Characterization of the cefF gene of Nocardia lactamdurans encoding a 3'-methylcephem hydroxylase different from the 7-cephem hydroxylase. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 44(5): 605-609
Voorhorst, W.G.; Eggen, R.I.; Luesink, E.J.; de Vos, W.M. 1995: Characterization of the celB gene coding for beta-glucosidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus and its expression and site-directed mutation in Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology 177(24): 7105-7111
Brar, S.K.; Siu, C.H. 1993: Characterization of the cell adhesion molecule gp24 in Dictyostelium discoideum. Mediation of cell-cell adhesion via a Ca(2+)-dependent mechanism. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(33): 24902-24909
Molendijk, A.J.; Van Egmond, P.; Haring, M.A.; Klis, F.M.; Van Den Ende, H. 1992: Characterization of the cell cycle in synchronous cultures of Chlamydomonas eugametos in relation to gametogenesis. Journal of General Microbiology 138(9): 1941-1947
Boix, J.; Llecha, N.; Yuste, V.J.; Comella, J.X. 1997: Characterization of the cell death process induced by staurosporine in human neuroblastoma cell lines. Neuropharmacology 36(6): 811-821
Saad, B.; Ciardelli, G.; Matter, S.; Welti, M.; Uhlschmid, G.K.; Neuenschwander, P.; Suter, U.W. 1996: Characterization of the cell response of cultured macrophages and fibroblasts to particles of short-chain poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 30(4): 429
Hespell, R.B.; Kato, K.; Costerton, J.W. 1993: Characterization of the cell wall of Butyrivibrio species. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 39(10): 912-921
Firtel, M.; Southam, G.; Harauz, G.; Beveridge, T.J. 1993: Characterization of the cell wall of the sheathed methanogen Methanospirillum hungatei GP1 as an S layer. Journal of Bacteriology 175(23): 7550-7560
Wu, G.; Iwamura, M.; di Sant'Agnese, P.A.; Deftos, L.J.; Cockett, A.T.; Gershagen, S. 1998: Characterization of the cell-specific expression of parathyroid hormone-related protein in normal and neoplastic prostate tissue. Urology 51(5a Suppl): 110-120
Nakajima, H.; Goto, T.; Horikawa, O.; Kikuchi, T.; Shinmei, M. 1998: Characterization of the cells in the repair tissue of full-thickness articular cartilage defects. Histochemistry and Cell Biology 109(4): 331-338
Croy, B.A.; McBey, B.A.; Villeneuve, L.A.; Kusakabe, K.; Kiso, Y.; van den Heuvel, M. 1997: Characterization of the cells that migrate from metrial glands of the pregnant mouse uterus during explant culture. Journal of Reproductive Immunology 32(3): 241-263
Morris, M.M.; Dyson, H.; Baker, D.; Harbige, L.S.; Fazakerley, J.K.; Amor, S. 1997: Characterization of the cellular and cytokine response in the central nervous system following Semliki Forest virus infection. Journal of Neuroimmunology 74(1-2): 185-197
Berridge, M.V.; Tan, A.S. 1993: Characterization of the cellular reduction of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT): subcellular localization, substrate dependence, and involvement of mitochondrial electron transport in MTT reduction. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 303(2): 474-482
Pietsch, K.; Jacobs, E. 1993: Characterization of the cellular response of spleen cells in BALB/c mice inoculated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae or the P1 protein. Medical Microbiology and Immunology 182(2): 77-85
Gal, L.; Pages, S.; Gaudin, C.; Belaich, A.; Reverbel-Leroy, C.; Tardif, C.; Belaich, J.P. 1997: Characterization of the cellulolytic complex (cellulosome) produced by Clostridium cellulolyticum. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63(3): 903-909
Goldstein, M.A.; Takagi, M.; Hashida, S.; Shoseyov, O.; Doi, R.H.; Segel, I.H. 1993: Characterization of the cellulose-binding domain of the Clostridium cellulovorans cellulose-binding protein A. Journal of Bacteriology 175(18): 5762-5768
Venkatasubramanian, P.N.; Shen, Y.J.; Wyrwicz, A.M. 1996: Characterization of the cerebral distribution of general anesthetics in vivo by two-dimensional 19F chemical shift imaging. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 35(4): 626-630
Sauer, D.; Allegrini, P., R.; Cosenti, A.; Pataki, A.; Amacker, H.; Fagg, G., E. 1993: Characterization of the cerebroprotective efficacy of the competitive NMDA receptor antagonist CGP 40116 in a rat model of focal cerebral ischemia: An in vivo magnetic resonance imaging study. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism 13(4): 595-602
Trias, J.; Benz, R. 1993: Characterization of the channel formed by the mycobacterial porin in lipid bilayer membranes. Demonstration of voltage gating and of negative point charges at the channel mouth. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(9): 6234-6240
Kim, S.; Weinert, T.A. 1997: Characterization of the checkpoint gene RAD53/MEC2 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Yeast 13(8): 735-745
Jack, R.W.; Wan, J.; Gordon, J.; Harmark, K.; Davidson, B.E.; Hillier, A.J.; Wettenhall, R.E.; Hickey, M.W.; Coventry, M.J. 1996: Characterization of the chemical and antimicrobial properties of piscicolin 126, a bacteriocin produced by Carnobacterium piscicola JG126. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62(8): 2897-2903
Pantano, P.; Kuhr, W.G. 1993: Characterization of the chemical architecture of carbon-fiber microelectrodes. 2. Correlation of carboxylate distribution with electron-transfer properties. Analytical Chemistry 65(18): 2452-2458
Ryabchuk, V.A. 1993: Characterization of the chemical composition of various preparations made from thymus. Farmatsiya 42(2): 21-24
Ali, M.; Shuaib, M. 1996: Characterization of the chemical constituents of Datura metel Linn. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 58(6): 243-245
Hofmann, T. 1998: Characterization of the chemical structure of novel colored Maillard reaction products from furan-2-carboxaldehyde and amino acids. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 46(3): 932-940
Austin, K.A.; Paynter, K.T. 1995: Characterization of the chemiluminescence measured in hemocytes of the Eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Journal of Experimental Zoology 273(6): 461-471
Kopprasch, S.; Müller, S.; Köhler, T.; Schröder, H.E. 1996: Characterization of the chemiluminescence response of polymorphonuclear leukocytes stimulated with urate crystals. Journal of Biological Chemistry 11(4-5): 213-222
Blayer, S.; Woodley, J., M.; Lilly, M., D.; Dawson, M., J. 1996: Characterization of the chemoenzymatic synthesis of N-acetyl-D-neuraminic acid (Neu5Ac). Biotechnology Progress 12(6): 758-763
Hamblin, P.A.; Bourne, N.A.; Armitage, J.P. 1997: Characterization of the chemotaxis protein CheW from Rhodobacter sphaeroides and its effect on the behaviour of Escherichia coli. Molecular Microbiology 24(1): 41-51
Klenova, E.M.; Fagerlie, S.; Filippova, G.N.; Kretzner, L.; Goodwin, G.H.; Loring, G.; Neiman, P.E.; Lobanenkov, V.V. 1998: Characterization of the chicken CTCF genomic locus, and initial study of the cell cycle-regulated promoter of the gene. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(41): 26571-26579
Chung, J.H.; Bell, A.C.; Felsenfeld, G. 1997: Characterization of the chicken beta-globin insulator. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(2): 575-580
Kennaway, D.J.; Hugel, H.M.; Rowe, S.A. 1994: Characterization of the chicken brain melatonin-binding protein using iodinated and tritiated ligands. Journal of Pineal Research 17(3): 137-148
Le Fur, N.; el Khadir-Mounier, C.; Powell, R.S.; Diot, C.; Mallard, J.; Douaire, M. 1996: Characterization of the chicken fatty acid synthase gene 5' part and promoter region. European Journal of Biochemistry 240(2): 323-330
Johnson, A.L.; Bridgham, J.T.; Munks, M.; Witty, J.P. 1998: Characterization of the chicken interleukin-1beta converting enzyme (caspase-1) cDNA and expression of caspase-1 mRNA in the hen. Gene 219(1-2): 55-62
Dunn, I.C.; Chen, Y.; Hook, C.; Sharp, P.J.; Sang, H.M. 1993: Characterization of the chicken preprogonadotrophin-releasing hormone-I gene. Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 11(1): 19-29
Sheshberadaran, H.; Takahashi, J.S. 1994: Characterization of the chicken rhodopsin promoter: identification of retina-specific and glass-like protein binding domains. Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences 5(4): 309-318
Rusconi, F.; Potier, M.C.; Le Caer, J.P.; Schmitter, J.M.; Rossier, J. 1997: Characterization of the chicken telokin heterogeneity by time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Biochemistry 36(36): 11021-11026
Pemrick, S.M.; Abarzúa, P.; Kratzeisen, C.; Marks, M.S.; Medin, J.A.; Ozato, K.; Grippo, J.F. 1998: Characterization of the chimeric retinoic acid receptor RARalpha/VDR. Leukemia 12(4): 554-562
Spiess, I.; Wang, J.; Benz, R.; Zimmermann, U. 1993: Characterization of the chloride carrier in the plasmalemma of the alga Valonia utricularis: The inhibition by 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1149(1): 93-101
Huang, D.; Everly, R.M.; Cheng, R.H.; Heymann, J.B.; Schägger, H.; Sled, V.; Ohnishi, T.; Baker, T.S.; Cramer, W.A. 1994: Characterization of the chloroplast cytochrome b6f complex as a structural and functional dimer. Biochemistry 33(14): 4401-4409
Rourke, I.J.; Rehfeld, J.F.; Møller, M.; Johnsen, A.H. 1997: Characterization of the cholecystokinin and gastrin genes from the bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana: evolutionary conservation of primary and secondary sites of gene expression. Endocrinology 138(4): 1719-1727
de Bruijn, M.A.; Mok, K.S.; Nibbering, C.P.; Out, T.; Van Marle, J.; Stellaard, F.; Tytgat, G.N.; Groen, A.K. 1996: Characterization of the cholesterol crystallization-promoting low-density particle isolated from human bile. Gastroenterology 110(6): 1936-1944
Hill, D.P.; Robertson, K.A. 1997: Characterization of the cholinergic neuronal differentiation of the human neuroblastoma cell line LA-N-5 after treatment with retinoic acid. Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research 102(1): 53-67
Furukawa, K.; Glass, C.; Kondo, T. 1997: Characterization of the chromatin binding activity of lamina-associated polypeptide (LAP) 2. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 238(1): 240-246
Costa, Y.; Galimand, M.; Leclercq, R.; Duval, J.; Courvalin, P. 1993: Characterization of the chromosomal aac(6')-Ii gene specific for Enterococcus faecium. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 37(9): 1896-1903
Lambert, T.; Gerbaud, G.; Courvalin, P. 1994: Characterization of the chromosomal aac(6')-Ij gene of Acinetobacter sp. 13 and the aac(6')-Ih plasmid gene of Acinetobacter baumannii. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 38(9): 1883-1889
Aínsa, J.A.; Martin, C.; Gicquel, B.; Gomez-Lus, R. 1996: Characterization of the chromosomal aminoglycoside 2'-N-acetyltransferase gene from Mycobacterium fortuitum. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 40(10): 2350-2355
Perilli, M.; Felici, A.; Oratore, A.; Cornaglia, G.; Bonfiglio, G.; Rossolini, G.M.; Amicosante, G. 1996: Characterization of the chromosomal cephalosporinases produced by Acinetobacter lwoffii and Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 40(3): 715-719
Allander, S.V.; Larsson, C.; Ehrenborg, E.; Suwanichkul, A.; Weber, G.; Morris, S.L.; Bajalica, S.; Kiefer, M.C.; Luthman, H.; Powell, D.R. 1994: Characterization of the chromosomal gene and promoter for human insulin-like growth factor binding protein-5. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(14): 10891-10898
Hauser, P.M.; Karamata, D. 1994: Characterization of the chromosomes of Bacillus subtilis merodiploid strains by quantitative DNA-DNA hybridization. Microbiology 140: 1605-1611
Kilduff, T.S.; Vugrinic, C.; Lee, S.L.; Milbrandt, J.D.; Mikkelsen, J.D.; O'Hara, B.F.; Heller, H.C. 1998: Characterization of the circadian system of NGFI-A and NGFI-A/NGFI-B deficient mice. Journal of Biological Rhythms 13(4): 347-357
Castello-Branco, L.R.; Griffin, G.E.; Poulton, T.A.; Dougan, G.; Lewis, D.J. 1994: Characterization of the circulating T-cell response after oral immunization of human volunteers with cholera toxin B subunit. Vaccine 12(1): 65-72
Bharucha, V.A.; Peden, K.W.; Subach, B.R.; Narayanan, V.; Tennekoon, G.I. 1993: Characterization of the cis-acting elements of the mouse myelin P2 promoter. Journal of Neuroscience Research 36(5): 508-519
Gindhart, J.G.; King, A.N.; Kaufman, T.C. 1995: Characterization of the cis-regulatory region of the Drosophila homeotic gene Sex combs reduced. Genetics 139(2): 781-795
Anselmino, C.; Voituriez, L.; Cadet, J. 1993: Characterization of the cis-syn and cis-anti diastereoisomers of 5-methoxypsoralen pyrone-side monocycloadducts to thymidine. Chemical Research in Toxicology 6(6): 858-865
Ferea, T.; Contreras, E.T.; Oung, T.; Bowman, E.J.; Bowman, B.J. 1994: Characterization of the cit-1 gene from Neurospora crassa encoding the mitochondrial form of citrate synthase. Molecular and general genetics: MGG 242(1): 105-110
Dürrenberger, F.; Rochaix, J.D. 1993: Characterization of the cleavage site and the recognition sequence of the I-CreI DNA endonuclease encoded by the chloroplast ribosomal intron of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Molecular and General Genetics: Mgg 236(2-3): 409-414
Jacquet, A.; Morlat, R. 1997: Characterization of the climatic variability in the Loire Valley vineyard: Influence of landscape and physical characteristics of the environment. Agronomie 17(9-10): 465-480
Raynor, K.; Kong, H.; Mestek, A.; Bye, L.S.; Tian, M.; Liu, J.; Yu, L.; Reisine, T. 1995: Characterization of the cloned human mu opioid receptor. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 272(1): 423-428
Jensen, B.S.; Strobaek, D.; Christophersen, P.; Jorgensen, T.D.; Hansen, C.; Silahtaroglu, A.; Olesen, S.P.; Ahring, P.K. 1998: Characterization of the cloned human intermediate-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel. American Journal of Physiology 275(3): C848-C856
Kukimoto, I.; Watanabe, S.; Taniguchi, K.; Ogata, T.; Yoshiike, K.; Kanda, T. 1997: Characterization of the cloned promoter of the human initiation factor 4Ai gene. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 233(3): 844-847
Lee, Y. 1995: Characterization of the cloned staphylococcal peptidoglycan hydrolase gene product. Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 28(5): 443-450
Li, X.Y.; McClure, W.R. 1998: Characterization of the closed complex intermediate formed during transcription initiation by Escherichia coli RNA polymerase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(36): 23549-23557
Coque, J.J.; Pérez-Llarena, F.J.; Enguita, F.J.; Fuente, J.L.; Martín, J.F.; Liras, P. 1995: Characterization of the cmcH genes of Nocardia lactamdurans and Streptomyces clavuligerus encoding a functional 3'-hydroxymethylcephem O-carbamoyltransferase for cephamycin biosynthesis. Gene 162(1): 21-27
Hannaert-Merah, Z.; Combettes, L.; Coquil, J.F.; Swillens, S.; Mauger, J.P.; Claret, M.; Champeil, P. 1995: Characterization of the co-agonist effects of strontium and calcium on myo-inositol trisphosphate-dependent ion fluxes in cerebellar microsomes. Cell Calcium 18(5): 390-399
Zelder, O.; Beatrix, B.; Leutbecher, U.; Buckel, W. 1994: Characterization of the coenzyme-B12-dependent glutamate mutase from Clostridium cochlearium produced in Escherichia coli. European Journal of Biochemistry 226(2): 577-585
Teruel, S.R.L.; Simpson, B.K. 1995: Characterization of the collagenolytic enzyme fraction from winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B 112(1): 131-136
Tazawa, R.; Green, E.D.; Ohashi, K.; Wu, K.K.; Wang, L.H. 1996: Characterization of the complete genomic structure of human thromboxane synthase gene and functional analysis of its promoter. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 334(2): 349-356
Danielson, K.G.; Pillarisetti, J.; Cohen, I.R.; Sholehvar, B.; Huebner, K.; Ng, L.J.; Nicholls, J.M.; Cheah, K.S.; Iozzo, R.V. 1995: Characterization of the complete genomic structure of the human WNT-5A gene, functional analysis of its promoter, chromosomal mapping, and expression in early human embryogenesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(52): 31225-31234
Prigodich, R.V.; Vesely, M.R. 1997: Characterization of the complex between bovine osteocalcin and type i collagen. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 345(2): 339-341
Lam, H.M.; Winkler, M.E. 1992: Characterization of the complex pdxH-tyrS operon of Escherichia coli K-12 and pleiotropic phenotypes caused by pdxH insertion mutations. Journal of Bacteriology 174(19): 6033-6045
Riley, C.M.; Ross, D.L.; Vander Velde, D.; Takusagawa, F. 1993: Characterization of the complexation of fluoroquinolone antimicrobials with metal ions by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 11(1): 49-59
Guillen, M.D.; Manzanos, M.J. 1997: Characterization of the components of a salty smoke flavouring preparation. Food Chemistry 58(1-2): 97-102
Riggs, D.L.; Peterson, C.L.; Wickham, J.Q.; Miller, L.M.; Clarke, E.M.; Crowell, J.A.; Sergere, J.C. 1995: Characterization of the components of reconstituted Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNA polymerase I transcription complexes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(11): 6205-6210
Van-Bochove, E.; Couillard, D.; Nolin, M.C. 1995: Characterization of the composting stages by a multivariate analysis: Application to the nitrogen cycle. Environmental Technology 16(10): 929-941
Bevins, R.A.; Delzer, T.A.; Bardo, M.T. 1996: Characterization of the conditioned taste aversion produced by 7-OH-DPAT in rats. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 53(3): 695-699
Perkins, G.A.; Liu, E.; Burkard, F.; Berry, E.A.; Glaeser, R.M. 1992: Characterization of the conformational change in the M1 and M2 substates of bacteriorhodopsin by the combined use of visible and infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Structural Biology 109(2): 142-151
Fushitani, K.; Higashiyama, K.; Asao, M.; Hosokawa, K. 1996: Characterization of the constituent polypeptides of the extracellular hemoglobin from Lumbricus terrestris: Heterogeneity and discovery of a new linker chain L4. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1292(2): 273-280
Tara, D.; Weiss, D.L.; Brown, M.A. 1995: Characterization of the constitutive and inducible components of a T cell IL-4 activation responsive element. Journal of Immunology 154(9): 4592-4602
Snyder, D.W.; Sommers, C.D.; Bobbitt, J.L.; Mihelich, E.D. 1993: Characterization of the contractile effects of human recombinant nonpancreatic secretory phospholipase A2 (PLA2) and other PLA2s on guinea pig lung pleural strips. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 266(3): 1147-1155
Amemiya, N.; Hatta, S.; Takemura, H.; Ohshika, H. 1996: Characterization of the contractile response induced by 5-methoxytryptamine in rat stomach fundus strips. European Journal of Pharmacology 318(2-3): 403-409
Jonsen, M.D.; Petersen, J.M.; Xu, Q.P.; Graves, B.J. 1996: Characterization of the cooperative function of inhibitory sequences in Ets-1. Molecular and Cellular Biology 16(5): 2065-2073
Srinivasan, C.; Posewitz, M.C.; George, G.N.; Winge, D.R. 1998: Characterization of the copper chaperone Cox17 of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biochemistry 37(20): 7572-7577
Beleznay, Z.; Zachowski, A.; Devaux, P.F.; Ott, P. 1997: Characterization of the correlation between ATP-dependent aminophospholipid translocation and Mg2+-ATPase activity in red blood cell membranes. European Journal of Biochemistry 243(1-2): 58-65
Torregrosa, G.; Barberá, M.D.; Centeno, J.M.; Ortí, M.; Salom, J.B.; Jover, T.; Alborch, E. 1998: Characterization of the cortical laser-Doppler flow and hippocampal degenerative patterns after global cerebral ischaemia in the goat. Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 435(5): 662-669
Chiu, M.L.; Folcher, M.; Griffin, P.; Holt, T.; Klatt, T.; Thompson, C.J. 1996: Characterization of the covalent binding of thiostrepton to a thiostrepton-induced protein from Streptomyces lividans. Biochemistry 35(7): 2332-2341
Bradshaw, T.P.; Dunlap, R.B. 1993: Characterization of the covalent chromatography of thymidylate synthase on thiopropyl-Sepharose 6B. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1163(2): 165-175
Thrall, S.H.; Mehl, A.F.; Carroll, L.J.; Dunaway-Mariano, D. 1993: Characterization of the covalent enzyme intermediates formed during pyruvate phosphate dikinase catalysis. Biochemistry 32(7): 1803-1809
Fontaine, J.M.; Rousvoal, S.; Delaroque, N.; Loiseaux, D.G., S. 1995: Characterization of the cox3, nad7 and atp6 genes from the mitochondrial genome of the grown alga Pylaiella littoralis. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry (Paris) 33(5): 605-609
Calvete, J.J.; McLane, M.A.; Stewart, G.J.; Niewiarowski, S. 1994: Characterization of the cross-linking site of disintegrins albolabrin, bitistatin, echistatin, and eristostatin on isolated human platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 202(1): 135-140
Okruhlicová, L.; Tribulová, N. 1993: Characterization of the crude membrane fraction of cardiomyocytes using enzyme cytochemical markers. Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica 31(3): 125-127
Charnock, C. 1997: Characterization of the cryptic plasmids of the Pseudomonas alcaligenes type strain. Plasmid 37(3): 189-198
Thompson, K.C.; Draper, J.P.; Kaufman, M.J.; Brenner, G.S. 1994: Characterization of the crystallinity of drugs: B02669, a case study. Pharmaceutical Research 11(9): 1362-1365
Peyret, J.L.; Bayan, N.; Joliff, G.; Gulik-Krzywicki, T.; Mathieu, L.; Schechter, E.; Leblon, G. 1993: Characterization of the cspB gene encoding PS2, an ordered surface-layer protein in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Molecular Microbiology 9(1): 97-109
Kono, I.; Himeno, K. 1996: Characterization of the culture filtrate of Kluyveromyces thermotolerans IFO 1778 as a killer yeast. Journal of Japanese Society of Food Science and Technology 43(4): 438-443
Morio, Y.; Tanimoto, H.; Yakushiji, T.; Morimoto, Y. 1994: Characterization of the currents induced by sigma ligands in NCB20 neuroblastoma cells. Brain Research 637(1-2): 190-196
Sasseville, V.G.; Rottman, J.B.; Du, Z.; Veazey, R.; Knight, H.L.; Caunt, D.; Desrosiers, R.C.; Lackner, A.A. 1998: Characterization of the cutaneous exanthem in macaques infected with a Nef gene variant of SIVmac239. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 110(6): 894-901
Boyer, A.E.; Tai, P.C. 1998: Characterization of the cvaA and cvi promoters of the colicin V export system: iron-dependent transcription of cvaA is modulated by downstream sequences. Journal of Bacteriology 180(7): 1662-1672
Delgado, M.J.; Yeoman, K.H.; Wu, G.; Vargas, C.; Davies, A.E.; Poole, R.K.; Johnston, A.W.; Downie, J.A. 1995: Characterization of the cycHJKL genes involved in cytochrome c biogenesis and symbiotic nitrogen fixation in Rhizobium leguminosarum. Journal of Bacteriology 177(17): 4927-4934
Michael, L.F.; Alcorn, J.L.; Gao, E.; Mendelson, C.R. 1996: Characterization of the cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate response element of the rabbit surfactant protein-A gene: evidence for transactivators distinct from CREB/ATF family members. Molecular Endocrinology 10(2): 159-170
Morishita, T.; Matsuura, A.; Uno, I. 1993: Characterization of the cyr1-2 UGA mutation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Molecular and General Genetics: Mgg 237(3): 463-466
Kazanietz, M.G.; Lewin, N.E.; Bruns, J.D.; Blumberg, P.M. 1995: Characterization of the cysteine-rich region of the Caenorhabditis elegans protein Unc-13 as a high affinity phorbol ester receptor. Analysis of ligand-binding interactions, lipid cofactor requirements, and inhibitor sensitivity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(18): 10777-10783
Koh, J.; Sferra, T.J.; Collins, F.S. 1993: Characterization of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator promoter region. Chromatin context and tissue-specificity. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(21): 15912-15921
Tsuneoka, Y.; Matsuo, Y.; Higuchi, R.; Ichikawa, Y. 1992: Characterization of the cytochrome P-450IID subfamily in bovine liver. Nucleotide sequences and microheterogeneity. European Journal of Biochemistry 208(3): 739-746
Zhang, Q.Y.; Raner, G.; Ding, X.; Dunbar, D.; Coon, M.J.; Kaminsky, L.S. 1998: Characterization of the cytochrome P450 CYP2J4: expression in rat small intestine and role in retinoic acid biotransformation from retinal. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 353(2): 257-264
Sanwald, P.; David, M.; Dow, J. 1996: Characterization of the cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the in vitro metabolism of dolasetron. Comparison with other indole-containing 5-HT3 antagonists. Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 24(5): 602-609
Aubert, C.; Leroy, G.; Bianco, P.; Forest, E.; Bruschi, M.; Dolla, A. 1998: Characterization of the cytochromes C from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans G201. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 242(1): 213-218
Aller, S.C.; Cho, D.; Kim, Y.B. 1995: Characterization of the cytolytic trigger molecules G7/PNK-E as a molecular complex on the surface of porcine phagocytes. Cellular Immunology 161(2): 270-278
Hollyer, T.T.; DeGagne, P.A.; Alfa, M.J. 1994: Characterization of the cytopathic effect of Haemophilus ducreyi. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 21(5): 247-257
Misko, T.P.; Highkin, M.K.; Veenhuizen, A.W.; Manning, P.T.; Stern, M.K.; Currie, M.G.; Salvemini, D. 1998: Characterization of the cytoprotective action of peroxynitrite decomposition catalysts. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(25): 15646-15653
Tanno, M.; Sueyoshi, S.; Miyata, N.; Umehara, K. 1997: Characterization of the cytotoxic activity of nitric oxide generating N-nitroso compounds. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 45(4): 595-598
Murgia, M.; Pizzo, P.; Steinberg, T.H.; Di Virgilio, F. 1992: Characterization of the cytotoxic effect of extracellular ATP in J774 mouse macrophages. Biochemical Journal 288: 897-901
Macpherson, D.F.; Manning, P.A.; Morona, R. 1994: Characterization of the dTDP-rhamnose biosynthetic genes encoded in the rfb locus of Shigella flexneri. Molecular Microbiology 11(2): 281-292
Wollenhaupt, K.; Alm, H.; Bruessow, K.P.; Torner, H. 1995: Characterization of the de novo protein synthesis in the early stages of development of porcine embryos collected in vivo and cultured in NCSU-23 medium. Reproduction in Domestic Animals 30(3): 133-139
Gregory, S.L.; Kortschak, R.D.; Kalionis, B.; Saint, R. 1996: Characterization of the dead ringer gene identifies a novel, highly conserved family of sequence-specific DNA-binding proteins. Molecular and Cellular Biology 16(3): 792-799
Jones, D.A.; Cummings, J.; Langdon, S.P.; Maclellan, A.; Smyth, J.F. 1995: Characterization of the deamidase enzyme responsible for the metabolism of the anticancer peptide: H-Arg-D-Trp-NmePhe-D-Trp-Leu-Met-NH2. Biochemical Pharmacology 50(5): 585-590
Szczepanska, R.; Harding, S.; Grupp, L.A. 1996: Characterization of the decline in alcohol consumption by aminopeptidase inhibition. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 43(3): 133-141
McCarthy, J.E.; Redmond, P.H.; Duggan, S.M.; Watson, R.W.; Condron, C.M.; O'Donnell, J.R.; Bouchier-Hayes, D.J. 1995: Characterization of the defects in murine peritoneal macrophage function in the early postsplenectomy period. Journal of Immunology 155(1): 387-396
Agarwal, M.; Koelling, K.W.; Chalmers, J.J. 1998: Characterization of the degradation of polylactic acid polymer in a solid substrate environment. Biotechnology Progress 14(3): 517-526
Oettinger, T.; Holm, A.; Hasløv, K. 1997: Characterization of the delayed type hypersensitivity-inducing epitope of MPT64 from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 45(5): 499-503
Toll, L.; Polgar, W.E.; Auh, J.S. 1997: Characterization of the delta-opioid receptor found in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells. European Journal of Pharmacology 323(2-3): 261-267
Zhuang, P.; Blackburn, M.N.; Peterson, C.B. 1996: Characterization of the denaturation and renaturation of human plasma vitronectin. I. Biophysical characterization of protein unfolding and multimerization. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(24): 14323-14332
Zhuang, P.; Li, H.; Williams, J.G.; Wagner, N.V.; Seiffert, D.; Peterson, C.B. 1996: Characterization of the denaturation and renaturation of human plasma vitronectin. II. Investigation into the mechanism of formation of multimers. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(24): 14333-14343
Wisnieski, B.J.; Amini, S.M.; Tseng, Y. 1998: Characterization of the deoxyribonuclease and ADP-ribosyltransferase activities of CRM45, a truncated homologue of diphtheria toxin. Journal of Natural Toxins 7(3): 255-267
Walker, K.E.; Weiss, A.A. 1994: Characterization of the dermonecrotic toxin in members of the genus Bordetella. Infection and Immunity 62(9): 3817-3828
Marano, N.; Crawford, M.; Govindan, B. 1997: Characterization of the detergent insolubility of the T cell receptor for antigen. Molecular Immunology 34(12-13): 967-976
An, F.Y.; Clewell, D.B. 1994: Characterization of the determinant (traB) encoding sex pheromone shutdown by the hemolysin/bacteriocin plasmid pAD1 in Enterococcus faecalis. Plasmid 31(2): 215-221
Ema, M.; Amano, H.; Ogawa, Y. 1994: Characterization of the developmental toxicity of di-n-butyl phthalate in rats. Toxicology 86(3): 163-174
Igarashi, T.; Yamamoto, A.; Goto, N. 1995: Characterization of the dextranase gene (dex) of Streptococcus mutans and its recombinant product in an Escherichia coli host. Microbiology and Immunology 39(6): 387-391
Igarashi, T.; Yamamoto, A.; Goto, N. 1992: Characterization of the dextranase purified from Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt. Microbiology and Immunology 36(9): 969-976
Kamisaka, Y.; Nakahara, T. 1994: Characterization of the diacylglycerol acyltransferase activity in the lipid body fraction from an oleaginous fungus. Journal of Biochemistry 116(6): 1295-1301
Darro, F.; Kruczynski, A.; Etievant, C.; Martinez, J.; Pasteels, J.L.; Kiss, R. 1993: Characterization of the differentiation of human colorectal cancer cell lines by means of Voronoi diagrams. Cytometry 14(7): 783-792
Saraiva, L.M.; Besson, S.; Fauque, G.; Moura, I. 1994: Characterization of the dihemic cytochrome c549 from the marine denitrifying bacterium Pseudomonas nautica 617. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 199(3): 1289-1296
Divita, G.; Restle, T.; Goody, R.S. 1993: Characterization of the dimerization process of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase heterodimer using intrinsic protein fluorescence. Febs Letters 324(2): 153-158
Rolf, J.M.; Eidels, L. 1993: Characterization of the diphtheria toxin receptor-binding domain. Molecular Microbiology 7(4): 585-591
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Johnston, C.J.; Finkelstein, J.N.; Gelein, R.; Baggs, R.; Oberdörster, G.; Clarkson, T.W. 1996: Characterization of the early pulmonary inflammatory response associated with PTFE fume exposure. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 140(1): 154-163
Clarkson, N.A.; Kaufman, R.; Lublin, D.M.; Ward, T.; Pipkin, P.A.; Minor, P.D.; Evans, D.J.; Almond, J.W. 1995: Characterization of the echovirus 7 receptor: domains of CD55 critical for virus binding. Journal of Virology 69(9): 5497-5501
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Wohlman, A.; Gallily, R.; Yirmiya, R.; Weidenfeld, J. 1997: Characterization of the effect of Mycoplasma fermentans on the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. Neuroendocrinology 66(3): 221-228
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De Boer, P.; Enrico, P.; Wright, J.; Wise, L.D.; Timmerman, W.; Moor, E.; Dijkstra, D.; Wikström, H.V.; Westerink, B.H. 1997: Characterization of the effect of dopamine D3 receptor stimulation on locomotion and striatal dopamine levels. Brain Research 758(1-2): 83-91
Kwong, C.H.; Adams, A.G.; Leto, T.L. 1995: Characterization of the effector-specifying domain of Rac involved in NADPH oxidase activation. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(34): 19868-19872
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Crofton, K.M.; Zhao, X.; Sayre, L.M.; Genter, M.B. 1996: Characterization of the effects of N-hydroxy-IDPN on the auditory, vestibular, and olfactory systems in rats. Neurotoxicology and Teratology 18(3): 297-303
Kunze, D.L.; Rampe, D. 1992: Characterization of the effects of a new Ca2+ channel activator, FPL 64176, in GH3 cells. Molecular Pharmacology 42(4): 666-670
Kao, J.Y.; Goljer, I.; Phan, T.A.; Bolton, P.H. 1993: Characterization of the effects of a thymine glycol residue on the structure, dynamics, and stability of duplex DNA by NMR. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(24): 17787-17793
Boylstein, L.A.; Anderson, S.J.; Thompson, R.D.; Alarie, Y. 1995: Characterization of the effects of an airborne mixture of chemicals on the respiratory tract and smoothing polynomial spline analysis of the data. Archives of Toxicology 69(9): 579-589
Partridge, B.J.; Chaplan, S.R.; Sakamoto, E.; Yaksh, T.L. 1998: Characterization of the effects of gabapentin and 3-isobutyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid on substance P-induced thermal hyperalgesia. Anesthesiology 88(1): 196-205
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Atack, J.R.; Prior, A.M.; Griffith, D.; Ragan, C.I. 1993: Characterization of the effects of lithium on phosphatidylinositol (PI) cycle activity in human muscarinic m1 receptor-transfected CHO cells. British Journal of Pharmacology 110(2): 809-815
Stuard, S.B.; Caudill, D.; Lehman Mckeeman, L.D. 1997: Characterization of the effects of musk ketone on mouse hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 40(2): 264-271,.
Fujii, T.; Kunisada, S.; Tomonaga, S.; Fujii, R.; Nakamura, T.; Sugawara, Y.; Nakamura, K.I.; Kusano, T.; Sekizawa, A. 1997: Characterization of the effects of opsonins in normal hagfish serum on the ingestion of rabbit erythrocytes by hagfish macrophages. Zoological Science 14(2): 263-270
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Simard, J.; Labrie, C.; Bélanger, A.; Gauthier, S.; Singh, S.M.; Mérand, Y.; Labrie, F. 1997: Characterization of the effects of the novel non-steroidal antiestrogen EM-800 on basal and estrogen-induced proliferation of T-47D, ZR-75-1 and MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in vitro. International Journal of Cancer 73(1): 104-112
Pulvirenti, L.; Balducci, C.; Piercy, M.; Koob, G.F. 1998: Characterization of the effects of the partial dopamine agonist terguride on cocaine self-administration in the rat. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 286(3): 1231-1238
Joly, G.A.; Narayanan, K.; Griffith, O.W.; Kilbourn, R.G. 1995: Characterization of the effects of two new arginine/citrulline analogues on constitutive and inducible nitric oxide synthases in rat aorta. British Journal of Pharmacology 115(3): 491-497
Mactaylor, C., E.; Ewing, A., G. 1997: Characterization of the effects of varying the pH and monomer concentrations of poly(oxyphenylene) insulating films on carbon fiber electrodes. Electroanalysis 9(10): 755-758
Morselli, L.; Zappoli, S.; Tirabassi, T. 1992: Characterization of the effluents from a municipal solid waste incinerator plant and of their environmental impact. Chemosphere 24(12): 1775-1784
Holland, R.D.; Pitt, D.; Moore, M.N.; Brownlee, C. 1997: Characterization of the egg vesicular components in the seaweed, Fucus serratus L. (Fucales, Phaeophyta), using enzyme histochemistry and vital staining: The search for a lysosome-like body. Histochemical Journal 29(3): 239-248
Shimura, M.; Tamai, M.; Zushi, I.; Akaike, N. 1998: Characterization of the electrogenic Na+-K+ pump in horizontal cells isolated from the carp retina. Neuroscience 86(1): 233-240
Yamano, T.; Kuroda, K.; Fujii, S.; Miura, R. 1993: Characterization of the electron acceptors of old yellow enzyme: mechanistic approach to the mode of one electron transfer from the enzyme to menadione or dyestuffs. Journal of Biochemistry 114(6): 879-884
Orbán, L.; Garner, M.M.; Wheeler, D.; Tietz, D.; Chrambach, A. 1993: Characterization of the electrophoretic properties of nucleosome core particles by transverse polyacrylamide pore gradient gel electrophoresis. Electrophoresis 14(8): 720-724
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Holland, R.A.; Gooley, A.A. 1997: Characterization of the embryonic globin chains of the marsupial Tammar wallaby, Macropus eugenii. European Journal of Biochemistry 248(3): 864-871
Suvitayavat, W.; Palfrey, H.C.; Haas, M.; Dunham, P.B.; Kalmar, F.; Rao, M.C. 1994: Characterization of the endogenous Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter in Xenopus oocytes. American Journal of Physiology 266(1 Pt 1): C284-C292
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Peitsch, M.C.; Polzar, B.; Stephan, H.; Crompton, T.; MacDonald, H.R.; Mannherz, H.G.; Tschopp, J. 1993: Characterization of the endogenous deoxyribonuclease involved in nuclear DNA degradation during apoptosis (programmed cell death). EMBO Journal 12(1): 371-377
Anderson, W.G.; Conlon, J.M.; Hazon, N. 1995: Characterization of the endogenous intestinal peptide that stimulates the rectal gland of Scyliorhinus canicula. American Journal of Physiology 268(6 Part 2): R1359-R1364
Dittié, A.S.; Tooze, S.A. 1995: Characterization of the endopeptidase PC2 activity towards secretogranin II in stably transfected PC12 cells. Biochemical Journal 310: 777-787
Del Papa, N.; Conforti, G.; Gambini, D.; La Rosa, L.; Tincani, A.; D'Cruz, D.; Khamashta, M.; Hughes, G.R.; Balestrieri, G.; Meroni, P.L. 1994: Characterization of the endothelial surface proteins recognized by anti-endothelial antibodies in primary and secondary autoimmune vasculitis. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 70(3): 211-216
Peter, M.G.; Davenport, A.P. 1996: Characterization of the endothelin receptor selective agonist, BQ3020 and antagonists BQ123, FR139317, BQ788, 50235, Ro462005 and bosentan in the heart. British Journal of Pharmacology 117(3): 455-462
Lebel, N.; D'Orléans-Juste, P.; Fournier, A.; Sirois, P. 1995: Characterization of the endothelin-converting enzyme in guinea pig upper bronchus. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 26(Suppl): S81-S83
Rönicke, V.; Risau, W.; Breier, G. 1996: Characterization of the endothelium-specific murine vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (Flk-1) promoter. Circulation Research 79(2): 277-285
Liu, H.; Bird, R.C. 1998: Characterization of the enhancer-like okadaic acid response element region of the cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (p34cdc2) promoter. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 246(3): 696-702
Leon-Alvarez, D.; Gonzalez-Gonzalez, J. 1995: Characterization of the environmental distribution and morphs of Ralfsia hancockii Dawson (Phaeophyta) in the Mexican tropical Pacific. Botanica Marina 38(5): 359-367
Scheringer, M. 1997: Characterization of the environmental distribution behavior of organic chemicals by means of persistence and spatial range. Environmental Science and Technology 31(10): 2891-2897
Vandamme-Feldhaus, V.; Schauer, R. 1998: Characterization of the enzymatic 7-O-acetylation of sialic acids and evidence for enzymatic O-acetyl migration from C-7 to C-9 in bovine submandibular gland. Journal of Biochemistry 124(1): 111-121
Blackburn, M.L.; Ketterer, B.; Meyer, D.J.; Juett, A.M.; Bull, A.W. 1997: Characterization of the enzymatic and nonenzymatic reaction of 13-oxooctadecadienoic acid with glutathione. Chemical Research in Toxicology 10(12): 1364-1371
Tang, L.; Yoon, Y.J.; Choi, C.Y.; Hutchinson, C.R. 1998: Characterization of the enzymatic domains in the modular polyketide synthase involved in rifamycin B biosynthesis by Amycolatopsis mediterranei. Gene 216(2): 255-265
Pu, Z.; Lu, B.Y.; Liu, W.Y.; Jin, S.W. 1996: Characterization of the enzymatic mechanism of gamma-momorcharin, a novel ribosome-inactivating protein with lower molecular weight of 11,500 purified from the seeds of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia). Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 229(1): 287-294
Dixon, C.M.; Park, G.R.; Tarbit, M.H. 1994: Characterization of the enzyme responsible for the metabolism of sumatriptan in human liver. Biochemical Pharmacology 47(7): 1253-1257
Allen, J.S.; Eisma, R.; LaFreniere, D.; Leonard, G.; Kreutzer, D. 1998: Characterization of the eosinophil chemokine RANTES in nasal polyps. Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 107(5 Part 1): 416-420
Rosenberg, H.F.; Tiffany, H.L. 1994: Characterization of the eosinophil granule proteins recognized by the activation-specific antibody EG2. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 56(4): 502-506
Elexpuru, A.; Soriano, M.; Villalobo, A. 1994: Characterization of the epidermal growth factor receptor from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. Biological Chemistry Hoppe-Seyler 375(4): 293-298
Kapp, J.A.; Pierce, C.W.; Webb, D.R.; Devens, B.; Godfrey, W.; Fukuse, S.; Engleman, E.; Lake, J.P.; Magnani, J.I.; Maiti, P.K. 1995: Characterization of the epitope recognized by a mAb that reacts differentially with murine suppressor T cells. International Immunology 7(8): 1319-1330
Kontermann, R.E.; Liu, Z.; Schulze, R.A.; Sommer, K.A.; Queitsch, I.; Dübel, S.; Kipriyanov, S.M.; Breitling, F.; Bautz, E.K. 1995: Characterization of the epitope recognized by a monoclonal antibody directed against the largest subunit of Drosophila RNA polymerase Ii. Biological Chemistry Hoppe-Seyler 376(8): 473-481
Head, J.G.; Ritchie, M.D.; Geeves, M.A. 1995: Characterization of the equilibrium between blocked and closed states of muscle thin filaments. European Journal of Biochemistry 227(3): 694-699
Zerovnik, E.; Jerala, R.; Kroon-Zitko, L.; Turk, V.; Lohner, K. 1997: Characterization of the equilibrium intermediates in acid denaturation of human stefin B. European Journal of Biochemistry 245(2): 364-372
Hardman, T.C.; Thomas, T.; Lant, A.F. 1998: Characterization of the erythrocyte sodium-lithium countertransporter: Limitations and assumptions of traditional and kinetic methodologies. Journal of Membrane Biology 161(2): 197-205
Daniel, R.A.; Harry, E.J.; Katis, V.L.; Wake, R.G.; Errington, J. 1998: Characterization of the essential cell division gene ftsL(yIID) of Bacillus subtilis and its role in the assembly of the division apparatus. Molecular Microbiology 29(2): 593-604
Mengin-Lecreulx, D.; van Heijenoort, J. 1996: Characterization of the essential gene glmM encoding phosphoglucosamine mutase in Escherichia coli. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(1): 32-39
Hofmann, M.; Boles, E.; Zimmermann, F.K. 1994: Characterization of the essential yeast gene encoding N-acetylglucosamine-phosphate mutase. European Journal of Biochemistry 221(2): 741-747
Pilat, M.J.; Christman, J.K.; Brooks, S.C. 1996: Characterization of the estrogen receptor transfected MCF10A breast cell line 139B6. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 37(3): 253-266
Grant, K.A.; Colombo, G.; Gatto, G.J. 1997: Characterization of the ethanol-like discriminative stimulus effects of 5-HT receptor agonists as a function of ethanol training dose. Psychopharmacology 133(2): 133-141
Ahmer, B.M.; Thomas, M.G.; Larsen, R.A.; Postle, K. 1995: Characterization of the exbBD operon of Escherichia coli and the role of ExbB and ExbD in TonB function and stability. Journal of Bacteriology 177(16): 4742-4747
Niwano, S.; Ortiz, J.; Abe, H.; Gonzalez, X.; Rudy, Y.; Waldo, A.L. 1994: Characterization of the excitable gap in a functionally determined reentrant circuit. Studies in the sterile pericarditis model of atrial flutter. Circulation 90(4): 1997-2014
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Greene, J.G.; Greenamyre, J.T. 1995: Characterization of the excitotoxic potential of the reversible succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor malonate. Journal of Neurochemistry 64(1): 430-436
Lazebnik, Y.A.; Takahashi, A.; Poirier, G.G.; Kaufmann, S.H.; Earnshaw, W.C. 1995: Characterization of the execution phase of apoptosis in vitro using extracts from condemned-phase cells. Journal of Cell Science. Supplement 19: 41-49
Rubin, M.; Mokyr, M.B. 1993: Characterization of the exogenous interleukin-2 requirements for the generation of enhanced antitumor cytotoxicity by thymocytes from low-dose melphalan-treated MOPC-315 tumor bearers. Cancer Immunology Immunotherapy: Cii 36(1): 37-44
Tümer, Z.; Vural, B.; Tønnesen, T.; Chelly, J.; Monaco, A.P.; Horn, N. 1995: Characterization of the exon structure of the Menkes disease gene using vectorette PCR. Genomics 26(3): 437-442
Hayashi, T.; Mochizuki, T.; Reynolds, D.M.; Wu, G.; Cai, Y.; Somlo, S. 1997: Characterization of the exon structure of the polycystic kidney disease 2 gene (PKD2). Genomics 44(1): 131-136
Brown, J.A.; He, X.F.; Westerheide, S.D.; Boss, J.M. 1996: Characterization of the expressed CIITA allele in the class II MHC transcriptional mutant RJ2.2.5. Immunogenetics 43(1-2): 88-91
Andersson, K.B.; Draves, K.E.; Magaletti, D.M.; Fujioka, S.; Holmes, K.L.; Law, C.L.; Clark, E.A. 1996: Characterization of the expression and gene promoter of CD22 in murine B cells. European Journal of Immunology 26(12): 3170-3178
Anderson, M.J.; Porter, D.C.; Moldoveanu, Z.; Fletcher, T.M.; McPherson, S.; Morrow, C.D. 1997: Characterization of the expression and immunogenicity of poliovirus replicons that encode simian immunodeficiency virus SIVmac239 Gag or envelope SU proteins. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 13(1): 53-62
McNeer, R.R.; Carraway, C.A.; Fregien, N.L.; Carraway, K.L. 1998: Characterization of the expression and steroid hormone control of sialomucin complex in the rat uterus: implications for uterine receptivity. Journal of Cellular Physiology 176(1): 110-119
Soans, C.; Holash, J.A.; Pasquale, E.B. 1994: Characterization of the expression of the Cek8 receptor-type tyrosine kinase during development and in tumor cell lines. Oncogene 9(11): 3353-3361
Watson, A.T.; Cullimore, J.V. 1996: Characterization of the expression of the glutamine synthetase gln-alpha gene of Phaseolus vulgaris using promoter-reporter gene fusions in transgenic plants. Plant Science (Shannon) 120(2): 139-151
Pragai, Z.; Koczian, Z.; Nagy, E. 1998: Characterization of the extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and determination of the antibiotic susceptibilities of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Hungary. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 42(3): 401-403
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Kok, R.G.; van Thor, J.J.; Nugteren-Roodzant, I.M.; Brouwer, M.B.; Egmond, M.R.; Nudel, C.B.; Vosman, B.; Hellingwerf, K.J. 1995: Characterization of the extracellular lipase, lipA, of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus BD413 and sequence analysis of the cloned structural gene. Molecular Microbiology 15(5): 803-818
Peterson, P.E.; Pow, C.S.; Wilson, D.B.; Hendrickx, A.G. 1993: Characterization of the extracellular matrix during somitogenesis in the long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Acta Anatomica 146(4): 223-233
Clement, J.A.; Butt, T.M.; Beckett, A. 1993: Characterization of the extracellular matrix produced in vitro by urediniospores and sporelings of Uromyces viciae fabae. Mycological Research 97(5): 594-602
Savino, W.; Carnaud, C.; Luan, J.J.; Bach, J.F.; Dardenne, M. 1993: Characterization of the extracellular matrix-containing giant perivascular spaces in the NOD mouse thymus. Diabetes 42(1): 134-140
Jendrossek, D.; Backhaus, M.; Andermann, M. 1995: Characterization of the extracellular poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) depolymerase of Comamonas sp. and of its structural gene. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 41(Suppl): 160-169
Yalcin, I.; Hicsasmaz, Z.; Boz, B.; Bozoglu, F. 1994: Characterization of the extracellular polysaccharide from freshwater microalgae Chlorella sp. Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie 27(2): 158-165
Harfst, E.; Johnstone, A.P.; Nussey, S.S. 1992: Characterization of the extracellular region of the human thyrotrophin receptor expressed as a recombinant protein. Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 9(3): 227-236
Thorré, K.; Sarre, S.; Ebinger, G.; Michotte, Y. 1997: Characterization of the extracellular serotonin release in the substantia nigra of the freely moving rat using microdialysis. Brain Research 772(1-2): 29-36
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Ishii, R.; Shinozuka, K.; Kunitomo, M.; Hashimoto, T.; Takeuchi, K. 1995: Characterization of the facilitatory prejunctional purinoceptor on adrenergic nerves of the rabbit ear artery. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 273(3): 1390-1395
Hoff, C.M.; Jacob, S.T. 1993: Characterization of the factor E1BF from a rat hepatoma that modulates ribosomal RNA gene transcription and its relationship to the human Ku autoantigen. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 190(3): 747-753
Becker, J.; Schwaab, R.; Möller-Taube, A.; Schwaab, U.; Schmidt, W.; Brackmann, H.H.; Grimm, T.; Olek, K.; Oldenburg, J. 1996: Characterization of the factor VIIi defect in 147 patients with sporadic hemophilia A: family studies indicate a mutation type-dependent sex ratio of mutation frequencies. American Journal of Human Genetics 58(4): 657-670
Chai, Y.; Sasano, Y.; Bringas, P.; Mayo, M.; Kaartinen, V.; Heisterkamp, N.; Groffen, J.; Slavkin, H.; Shuler, C. 1997: Characterization of the fate of midline epithelial cells during the fusion of mandibular prominences in vivo. Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists 208(4): 526-535
Matsuo, Y.; Furukawa, A.; Tsuneoka, Y.; Ono, J.; Ichikawa, Y. 1993: Characterization of the ferredoxin gene transcripts in bovine liver and brain. International Journal of Biochemistry 25(7): 1065-1071
Shaw, J.F.; Chou, Y.S.; Chang, R.C.; Yang, S.F. 1996: Characterization of the ferrous ion binding sites of apple 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase by site-directed mutagenesis. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 225(3): 697-700
Kammler, M.; Schön, C.; Hantke, K. 1993: Characterization of the ferrous iron uptake system of Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology 175(19): 6212-6219
Sawada, T.; Inoue, S. 1994: Characterization of the fibrillar layer at the epithelial-mesenchymal junction in tooth germs. Cell and Tissue Research 278(3): 563-571
Schorey, J.S.; Holsti, M.A.; Ratliff, T.L.; Allen, P.M.; Brown, E.J. 1996: Characterization of the fibronectin-attachment protein of Mycobacterium avium reveals a fibronectin-binding motif conserved among mycobacteria. Molecular Microbiology 21(2): 321-329
Uhde, E.; Borgschulte, A.; Salthammer, T. 1998: Characterization of the field and laboratory emission cell--FLEC: Flow field and air velocities. Atmospheric Environment 32(4): 773-781
Savelkoul, P.H.; de Kerf, D.P.; Willems, R.J.; Mooi, F.R.; van der Zeijst, B.A.; Gaastra, W. 1996: Characterization of the fim2 and fim3 fimbrial subunit genes of Bordetella bronchiseptica: roles of Fim2 and Fim3 fimbriae and flagella in adhesion. Infection and Immunity 64(12): 5098-5105
Balakier, H.; MacLusky, N.J.; Casper, R.F. 1993: Characterization of the first cell cycle in human zygotes: implications for cryopreservation. Fertility and Sterility 59(2): 359-365
Molz, L.; Beach, D. 1993: Characterization of the fission yeast mcs2 cyclin and its associated protein kinase activity. EMBO Journal 12(4): 1723-1732
Kawagishi, I.; Homma, M.; Williams, A.W.; Macnab, R.M. 1996: Characterization of the flagellar hook length control protein fliK of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology 178(10): 2954-2959
Griesbach, R.J. 1993: Characterization of the flavonoids from Petunia X hydrida flowers expressing the A1 gene of Zea mays. HortScience 28(6): 659-660
Raha, M.; Sockett, H.; Macnab, R.M. 1994: Characterization of the fliL gene in the flagellar regulon of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium. Journal of Bacteriology 176(8): 2308-2311
Jacobs, J.C.M.; Houben, J.H.; Van Vliet, T.; Van Roon, P.S.; Krol, B. 1994: Characterization of the flow behaviour of sausage emulsions with a simple tube viscometer. International Journal of Food Science & Technology 29(3): 321-329
Guharay, J.; Sengupta, P.K. 1996: Characterization of the fluorescence emission properties of 7-azatryptophan in reverse micellar environments. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 219(2): 388-392
A.D.rbashi, O.; Kuroda, N.; Nakashima, K. 1998: Characterization of the fluorescence properties of 4-fluoro-7-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole derivatives of some primary and secondary sympathomimetic amines. Analytica Chimica Acta 365(1-3): 169-176
Husic, H.D.; Hsieh, S. 1993: Characterization of the fluorescent dansylamide complex with Chlamydomonas reinhardtii carbonic anhydrase. Phytochemistry (oxford). 32(4): 805-810
Maksimova, N.P.; Blazhevich, O.V.; Lysak, V.V.; Fomichev, Y.K. 1994: Characterization of the fluorescent pigment pyoverdine P-m from Pseudomonas putida. Mikrobiologiya 63(6): 1038-1044
García-Martínez, L.F.; Appling, D.R. 1993: Characterization of the folate-dependent mitochondrial oxidation of carbon 3 of serine. Biochemistry 32(17): 4671-4676
Yeomans, D.C.; Proudfit, H.K. 1994: Characterization of the foot withdrawal response to noxious radiant heat in the rat. Pain 59(1): 85-94
Namiki, F.; Shiomi, T.; Kayamura, T.; Tsuge, T. 1994: Characterization of the formae speciales of Fusarium oxysporum causing wilts of cucurbits by DNA fingerprinting with nuclear repetitive DNA sequences. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 60(8): 2684-2691
Lyman, M.D.; Melanson, D.; Sawhney, A.S. 1996: Characterization of the formation of interfacially photopolymerized thin hydrogels in contact with arterial tissue. Biomaterials 17(3): 359-364
Jonsson, C.B.; Donzella, G.A.; Roth, M.J. 1993: Characterization of the forward and reverse integration reactions of the Moloney murine leukemia virus integrase protein purified from Escherichia coli. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(2): 1462-1469
Lysenko, E.; Ogura, T.; Cutting, S.M. 1997: Characterization of the ftsH gene of Bacillus subtilis. Microbiology 143: 971-978
Wang, X.; Lutkenhaus, J. 1996: Characterization of the ftsZ gene from Mycoplasma pulmonis, an organism lacking a cell wall. Journal of Bacteriology 178(8): 2314-2319
de Fougerolles, A.R.; Qin, X.; Springer, T.A. 1994: Characterization of the function of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-3 and comparison with ICAM-1 and ICAM-2 in immune responses. Journal of Experimental Medicine 179(2): 619-629
Kominami, K.; Toh-e, A. 1994: Characterization of the function of the NIN1 gene product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Experimental Cell Research 211(2): 203-211
Del Carmen Caro, M.; Montiel, M.; Jiménez, E. 1998: Characterization of the functional angiotensin II-receptor complex isoform in rat liver plasma membrane. Life Sciences 62(1): 51-57
DeClerck, Y.A.; Yean, T.D.; Lee, Y.; Tomich, J.M.; Langley, K.E. 1993: Characterization of the functional domain of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2). Biochemical Journal 289: 65-69
Wang, Z.; Horiuchi, K.Y.; Chacko, S. 1996: Characterization of the functional domains on the C-terminal region of caldesmon using full-length and mutant caldesmon molecules. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(4): 2234-2242
Foglio, M.H.; Duester, G. 1996: Characterization of the functional gene encoding mouse class III alcohol dehydrogenase (glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase) and an unexpressed processed pseudogene with an intact open reading frame. European Journal of Biochemistry 237(2): 496-504
Longhurst, P.A.; Leggett, R.E.; Briscoe, J.A. 1995: Characterization of the functional muscarinic receptors in the rat urinary bladder. British Journal of Pharmacology 116(4): 2279-2285
Lessey, B.A.; Ilesanmi, A.O.; Castelbaum, A.J.; Yuan, L.; Somkuti, S.G.; Chwalisz, K.; Satyaswaroop, P.G. 1996: Characterization of the functional progesterone receptor in an endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line (Ishikawa): progesterone-induced expression of the alpha1 integrin. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 59(1): 31-39
Connor, R.I.; Sheridan, K.E.; Lai, C.; Zhang, L.; Ho, D.D. 1996: Characterization of the functional properties of env genes from long-term survivors of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. Journal of Virology 70(8): 5306-5311
El-Mezgueldi, M.; Copeland, O.; Fraser, I.D.; Marston, S.B.; Huber, P.A. 1998: Characterization of the functional properties of smooth muscle caldesmon domain 4a: evidence for an independent inhibitory actin-tropomyosin binding domain. Biochemical Journal 332: 395-401
Dürr, I.; Numberger, M.; Berberich, C.; Witzemann, V. 1994: Characterization of the functional role of E-box elements for the transcriptional activity of rat acetylcholine receptor epsilon-subunit and gamma-subunit gene promoters in primary muscle cell cultures. European Journal of Biochemistry 224(2): 353-364
Brzović, P.S.; Hyde, C.C.; Miles, E.W.; Dunn, M.F. 1993: Characterization of the functional role of a flexible loop in the alpha-subunit of tryptophan synthase from Salmonella typhimurium by rapid-scanning, stopped-flow spectroscopy and site-directed mutagenesis. Biochemistry 32(39): 10404-10413
Abo, T.; Ohtsubo, E. 1995: Characterization of the functional sites in the oriT region involved in DNA transfer promoted by sex factor plasmid R100. Journal of Bacteriology 177(15): 4350-4355
Cole, D.J.; Weil, D.P.; Shilyansky, J.; Custer, M.; Kawakami, Y.; Rosenberg, S.A.; Nishimura, M.I. 1995: Characterization of the functional specificity of a cloned T-cell receptor heterodimer recognizing the MART-1 melanoma antigen. Cancer Research 55(4): 748-752
Berthoud, V.M.; Cook, A.J.; Beyer, E.C. 1994: Characterization of the gap junction protein connexin56 in the chicken lens by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. IOVS Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 35(12): 4109-4117
Yamada, M.; Asaoka, S.; Saier, M.H.; Yamada, Y. 1993: Characterization of the gcd gene from Escherichia coli K-12 W3110 and regulation of its expression. Journal of Bacteriology 175(2): 568-571
Stauffer, L.T.; Stauffer, G.V. 1994: Characterization of the gcv control region from Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology 176(20): 6159-6164
Brinke, A.; Green, P.M.; Giannelli, F. 1997: Characterization of the gene (VBP1) and transcript for the von Hippel-Lindau binding protein and isolation of the highly conserved murine homologue. Genomics 45(1): 105-112
Komeda, H.; Kobayashi, M.; Shimizu, S. 1996: Characterization of the gene cluster of high-molecular-mass nitrile hydratase (H-NHase) induced by its reaction product in Rhodococcus rhodochrous J1. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93(9): 4267-4272
Campos, M.; Martínez-Salazar, J.M.; Lloret, L.; Moreno, S.; Núñez, C.; Espín, G.; Soberón-Chávez, G. 1996: Characterization of the gene coding for GDP-mannose dehydrogenase (algD) from Azotobacter vinelandii. Journal of Bacteriology 178(7): 1793-1799
Wnendt, S.; Felske-Zech, H.; Henze, P.P.; Ulbrich, N.; Stahl, U. 1993: Characterization of the gene encoding alpha-sarcin, a ribosome-inactivating protein secreted by Aspergillus giganteus. Gene 124(2): 239-244
Shiga, Y.; Yamagata, H.; Udaka, S. 1993: Characterization of the gene encoding an intracellular proteinase inhibitor of Bacillus subtilis and its role in regulation of the major intracellular proteinase. Journal of Bacteriology 175(22): 7130-7137
Hopkins, P.J.; Bergenhem, N.C.; Venta, P.J.; Hewett-Emmett, D.; Tashian, R.E. 1995: Characterization of the gene encoding carbonic anhydrase I from the pigtail macaque. Gene 152(2): 265-269
Moon, J.; Kang, E.; Min, K.R.; Kim, C.K.; Min, K.H.; Lee, K.S.; Kim, Y. 1997: Characterization of the gene encoding catechol 2,3-dioxygenase from Achromobacter xylosoxidans KF701. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 238(2): 430-435
Moon, J.; Min, K.R.; Kim, C.K.; Min, K.H.; Kim, Y. 1996: Characterization of the gene encoding catechol 2,3-dioxygenase of Alcaligenes sp. KF711: overexpression, enzyme purification, and nucleotide sequencing. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 332(2): 248-254
Bongue-Bartelsman, M.; O'Neill, S.D.; Tong, Y.; Yoder, J.I. 1994: Characterization of the gene encoding dihydroflavonol 4-reductase in tomato. Gene 138(1-2): 153-157
Morris, T.A.; Fong, S.L. 1993: Characterization of the gene encoding human cone transducin alpha-subunit (GNAT2). Genomics 17(2): 442-448
Hickey, M.J.; Roth, G.J. 1993: Characterization of the gene encoding human platelet glycoprotein IX. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(5): 3438-3443
Odermatt, A.; Taschner, P.E.; Scherer, S.W.; Beatty, B.; Khanna, V.K.; Cornblath, D.R.; Chaudhry, V.; Yee, W.C.; Schrank, B.; Karpati, G.; Breuning, M.H.; Knoers, N.; MacLennan, D.H. 1997: Characterization of the gene encoding human sarcolipin (SLN), a proteolipid associated with SERCA1: absence of structural mutations in five patients with Brody disease. Genomics 45(3): 541-553
Alic, M.; Akileswaran, L.; Gold, M.H. 1997: Characterization of the gene encoding manganese peroxidase isozyme 3 from Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1338(1): 1-7
Kitaguchi, T.; Murata, M.; Anbo, H.; Moriki, T.; Ikeda, Y. 1997: Characterization of the gene encoding mouse platelet glycoprotien Ib beta. Thrombosis Research 87(2): 235-244
Toffanin, A.; Wu, Q.; Maskus, M.; Caselia, S.; Abruña, H.D.; Shapleigh, J.P. 1996: Characterization of the gene encoding nitrite reductase and the physiological consequences of its expression in the nondenitrifying Rhizobium "hedysari" strain HCNT1. Applied and environmental microbiology 62(11): 4019-4025
Stoorvogel, J.; Kraayveld, D.E.; Van Sluis, C.A.; Jongejan, J.A.; De Vries, S.; Duine, J.A. 1996: Characterization of the gene encoding quinohaemoprotein ethanol dehydrogenase of Comamonas testosteroni. European Journal of Biochemistry 235(3): 690-698
Deshazer, D.; Bannan, J.D.; Moran, M.J.; Friedman, R.L. 1994: Characterization of the gene encoding superoxide dismutase of Bordetella pertussis and construction of a SOD-deficient mutant. Gene 142(1): 85-89
Osterrieder, N.; Meyer, H.; Pfeffer, M. 1994: Characterization of the gene encoding the A-type inclusion body protein of mousepox virus. Virus Genes 8(2): 125-135
Ohara, N.; Kitaura, H.; Hotokezaka, H.; Nishiyama, T.; Wada, N.; Matsumoto, S.; Matsuo, T.; Naito, M.; Yamada, T. 1995: Characterization of the gene encoding the MPB51, one of the major secreted protein antigens of Mycobacterium bovis BCG, and identification of the secreted protein closely related to the fibronectin binding 85 complex. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 41(5): 433-442
Laue, B.E.; Nelson, D.C. 1994: Characterization of the gene encoding the autotrophic ATP sulfurylase from the bacterial endosymbiont of the hydrothermal vent tubeworm Riftia pachyptila. Journal of Bacteriology 176(12): 3723-3729
Sidhu, S.S.; Kalmar, G.B.; Borgford, T.J. 1993: Characterization of the gene encoding the glutamic-acid-specific protease of Streptomyces griseus. Biochemistry and Cell Biology 71(9-10): 454-461
Hermand, P.; Le Pennec, P.Y.; Rouger, P.; Cartron, J.P.; Bailly, P. 1996: Characterization of the gene encoding the human LW blood group protein in LW+ and LW- phenotypes. Blood 87(7): 2962-2967
Lucien, N.; Sidoux-Walter, F.; Olivès, B.; Moulds, J.; Le Pennec, P.Y.; Cartron, J.P.; Bailly, P. 1998: Characterization of the gene encoding the human Kidd blood group/urea transporter protein. Evidence for splice site mutations in Jknull individuals. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(21): 12973-12980
Park, H.; Baek, K.; Jeon, C.; Agarwal, K.; Yoo, O. 1994: Characterization of the gene encoding the human transcriptional elongation factor TFIIS. Gene 139(2): 263-267
Witczak, O.; Orstavik, S.; Natarajan, V.; Frengen, E.; Jahnsen, T.; Sandberg, M. 1998: Characterization of the gene encoding the human type II cGMP-dependent protein kinase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 245(1): 113-119
Winter, N.; Triccas, J.A.; Rivoire, B.; Pessolani, M.C.; Eiglmeier, K.; Lim, E.M.; Hunter, S.W.; Brennan, P.J.; Britton, W.J. 1995: Characterization of the gene encoding the immunodominant 35 kDa protein of Mycobacterium leprae. Molecular Microbiology 16(5): 865-876
Au, H.C.; Scheffler, I.E. 1994: Characterization of the gene encoding the iron-sulfur protein subunit of succinate dehydrogenase from Drosophila melanogaster. Gene 149(2): 261-265
Kim, I.J.; Kim, J.R.; Choi, I.H.; Kim, I.S.; Chang, W.H. 1994: Characterization of the gene for 47Kd protein of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi. Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology 29(2): 161-169
Serventi, I.M.; Cavanaugh, E.; Moss, J.; Vaughan, M. 1993: Characterization of the gene for ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) 2, a developmentally regulated, selectively expressed member of the ARF family of approximately 20-kDa guanine nucleotide-binding proteins. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(7): 4863-4872
Igarashi, Y.; Yoshiba, Y.; Sanada, Y.; Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K.; Wada, K.; Shinozaki, K. 1997: Characterization of the gene for delta1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase and correlation between the expression of the gene and salt tolerance in Oryza sativa L. Plant Molecular Biology 33(5): 857-865
Dale, G.E.; Then, R.L.; Stüber, D. 1993: Characterization of the gene for chromosomal trimethoprim-sensitive dihydrofolate reductase of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 37(7): 1400-1405
Kudo, S.; Mattei, M.G.; Fukuda, M. 1995: Characterization of the gene for dbpA, a family member of the nucleic-acid-binding proteins containing a cold-shock domain. European Journal of Biochemistry 231(1): 72-82
Corbett, M.S.; Schmitt, I.; Riess, O.; Walz, A. 1994: Characterization of the gene for human neutrophil-activating peptide 78 (ENA-78). Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 205(1): 612-617
Katsuyama, M.; Sugimoto, Y.; Okano, K.; Segi, E.; Ikegami, R.; Negishi, M.; Ichikawa, A. 1998: Characterization of the gene for the mouse prostaglandin E receptor subtype EP2: tissue-specific initiation of transcription in the macrophage and the uterus. Biochemical Journal 330: 1115-1121
de Vitry, C. 1994: Characterization of the gene of the chloroplast Rieske iron-sulfur protein in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Indications for an uncleaved lumen targeting sequence. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(10): 7603-7609
Brown, D.P.; Idler, K.B.; Backer, D.M.; Donadio, S.; Katz, L. 1994: Characterization of the genes and attachment sites for site-specific integration of plasmid pSE101 in Saccharopolyspora erythraea and Streptomyces lividans. Molecular and General Genetics: Mgg 242(2): 185-193
Lee, P.J.; Stock, A.M. 1996: Characterization of the genes and proteins of a two-component system from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima. Journal of Bacteriology 178(19): 5579-5585
Martínez-Salazar, J.M.; Moreno, S.; Nájera, R.; Boucher, J.C.; Espín, G.; Soberón-Chávez, G.; Deretic, V. 1996: Characterization of the genes coding for the putative sigma factor AlgU and its regulators MucA, MucB, MucC, and MucD in Azotobacter vinelandii and evaluation of their roles in alginate biosynthesis. Journal of Bacteriology 178(7): 1800-1808
Bender, C.L.; Liyanage, H.; Palmer, D.; Ullrich, M.; Young, S.; Mitchell, R. 1993: Characterization of the genes controlling the biosynthesis of the polyketide phytotoxin coronatine including conjugation between coronafacic and coronamic acid. Gene 133(1): 31-38
Watson, G.M.; Scanlan, D.J.; Mann, N.H. 1996: Characterization of the genes encoding a phosphate-regulated two component sensory system in the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. WH7803. FEMS Microbiology Letters 142(1): 105-109
Labbé, D.; Garnon, J.; Lau, P.C. 1997: Characterization of the genes encoding a receptor-like histidine kinase and a cognate response regulator from a biphenyl/polychlorobiphenyl-degrading bacterium, Rhodococcus sp. strain M5. Journal of Bacteriology 179(8): 2772-2776
Kakikawa, M.; Oki, M.; Watanabe, N.; Yasukawa, H.; Masamune, Y.; Taketo, A.; Kodaira, K.-Ichi 1997: Characterization of the genes encoding integrative and excisive functions of Lactobacillus phage phi-g1e: Cloning, sequence analysis, and expression in Escherichia coli. Gene (Amsterdam) 185(1): 119-125
Santos-Buelga, J.A.; Collins, M.D.; East, A.K. 1998: Characterization of the genes encoding the botulinum neurotoxin complex in a strain of Clostridium botulinum producing type B and F neurotoxins. Current microbiology 37(5): 312-318
Kondo, K.; Horinouchi, S. 1997: Characterization of the genes encoding the three-component membrane-bound alcohol dehydrogenase from Gluconobacter suboxydans and their expression in Acetobacter pasteurianus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63(3): 1131-1138
Blomqvist, K.; Nikkola, M.; Lehtovaara, P.; Suihko, M.L.; Airaksinen, U.; Stråby, K.B.; Knowles, J.K.; Penttilä, M.E. 1993: Characterization of the genes of the 2,3-butanediol operons from Klebsiella terrigena and Enterobacter aerogenes. Journal of Bacteriology 175(5): 1392-1404
Vazquez Blomquist, Dania 1998: Characterization of the genetic background of the IG/03-F70 strain of supertilapia. I. Morphological and meristic characters and DNA analysis. Biotecnologia Aplicada 15(1): 1-14
Roberts, M.C.; McFarland, L.V.; Mullany, P.; Mulligan, M.E. 1994: Characterization of the genetic basis of antibiotic resistance in Clostridium difficile. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 33(3): 419-429
Rainwater, D.L.; Kammerer, C.M.; VandeBerg, J.L.; Hixson, J.E. 1997: Characterization of the genetic elements controlling lipoprotein(a) concentrations in Mexican Americans. Evidence for at least three controlling elements linked to LPA, the locus encoding apolipoprotein(a). Atherosclerosis 128(2): 223-233
St Geme, J.W.; Cutter, D.; Barenkamp, S.J. 1996: Characterization of the genetic locus encoding Haemophilus influenzae type b surface fibrils. Journal of Bacteriology 178(21): 6281-6287
Hufschmid, E.; Theurillat, R.; Wilder-Smith, C.H.; Thormann, W. 1996: Characterization of the genetic polymorphism of dihydrocodeine O-demethylation in man via analysis of urinary dihydrocodeine and dihydromorphine by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography. Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications 678(1): 43-51
Melake; Passoth; Klinner 1996: Characterization of the genetic system of the xylose-fermenting yeast Pichia stipitis. Current microbiology 33(4): 237-242
Hadasch, R.P.; Bugert, J.J.; Janssen, W.; Darai, G. 1993: Characterization of the genome of molluscum contagiosum virus type 1 between the genome coordinates 0.045 and 0.075 by DNA nucleotide sequence analysis of a 5.6-kb HindIII/Mlui DNA fragment. Intervirology 36(1): 32-43
Sunairi, M.; Watanabe, T.; Oda, H.; Murooka, H.; Nakajima, M. 1993: Characterization of the genome of the Rhodococcus rhodochrous bacteriophage NJL. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 59(1): 97-100
Gerald, W.L.; Rosai, J.; Ladanyi, M. 1995: Characterization of the genomic breakpoint and chimeric transcripts in the EWS-WT1 gene fusion of desmoplastic small round cell tumor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 92(4): 1028-1032
Stenzel-Poore, M.P.; Heldwein, K.A.; Stenzel, P.; Lee, S.; Vale, W.W. 1992: Characterization of the genomic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) gene from Xenopus laevis: two members of the CRF family exist in amphibians. Molecular Endocrinology 6(10): 1716-1724
Okamoto, H.; Tokita, H.; Sakamoto, M.; Horikita, M.; Kojima, M.; Iizuka, H.; Mishiro, S. 1993: Characterization of the genomic sequence of type V (or 3a) hepatitis C virus isolates and PCR primers for specific detection. Journal of General Virology 74: 2385-2390
Matsuo, M.; Ensor, C.M.; Tai, H.H. 1997: Characterization of the genomic structure and promoter of the mouse NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase gene. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 235(3): 582-586
Seib, T.; Dooley, S.; Welter, C. 1995: Characterization of the genomic structure and the promoter region of the human intestinal trefoil factor. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 214(1): 195-199
Zhong, S.; Wu, K.; Black, I.B.; Schaar, D.G. 1996: Characterization of the genomic structure of the mouse APLP1 gene. Genomics 32(1): 159-162
Tazawa, R.; Xu, X.M.; Wu, K.K.; Wang, L.H. 1994: Characterization of the genomic structure, chromosomal location and promoter of human prostaglandin H synthase-2 gene. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 203(1): 190-199
Swendeman, S.L.; Spielholz, C.; Jenkins, N.A.; Gilbert, D.J.; Copeland, N.G.; Sheffery, M. 1994: Characterization of the genomic structure, chromosomal location, promoter, and development expression of the alpha-globin transcription factor CP2. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(15): 11663-11671
Le, F.; Groshan, K.; Zeng, X.P.; Richelson, E. 1997: Characterization of the genomic structure, promoter region, and a tetranucleotide repeat polymorphism of the human neurotensin receptor gene. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(2): 1315-1322
Ballering, L.A.; Nivard, M.J.; Vogel, E.W. 1993: Characterization of the genotoxic action of three structurally related 1,2-dihaloalkanes in Drosophila melanogaster. Mutation Research 285(2): 209-217
Arellano, M.; Coll, P.M.; Yang, W.; Duran, A.; Tamanoi, F.; Perez, P. 1998: Characterization of the geranylgeranyl transferase type I from Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Molecular Microbiology 29(6): 1357-1367
Hanson, T.E.; Forchhammer, K.; de Marsac, N.Tandeau.; Meeks, J.C. 1998: Characterization of the glnB gene product of Nostoc punctiforme strain ATCC 29133: glnB or the PII protein may be essential. Microbiology 144: 1537-1547
Meletzus, D.; Rudnick, P.; Doetsch, N.; Green, A.; Kennedy, C. 1998: Characterization of the glnK-amtB operon of Azotobacter vinelandii. Journal of Bacteriology 180(12): 3260-3264
Medintz, I.; Jiang, H.; Han, E.K.; Cui, W.; Michels, C.A. 1996: Characterization of the glucose-induced inactivation of maltose permease in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Bacteriology 178(8): 2245-2254
Fontana, G.; De Bernardi, R.; Ferro, F.; Gemignani, A.; Raiteri, M. 1996: Characterization of the glutamate receptors mediating release of somatostatin from cultured hippocampal neurons. Journal of Neurochemistry 66(1): 161-168
Eliasof, S.; Werblin, F. 1993: Characterization of the glutamate transporter in retinal cones of the tiger salamander. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 13(1): 402-411
Altman, E.; Schäffer, C.; Brisson, J.R.; Messner, P. 1995: Characterization of the glycan structure of a major glycopeptide from the surface layer glycoprotein of Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum E207-71. European Journal of Biochemistry 229(1): 308-315
Fernandes, P.A.; Sena-Esteves, M.; Moradas-Ferreira, P. 1995: Characterization of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene family from Kluyveromyces marxianus--polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism as a tool for the study of multigenic families. Yeast 11(8): 725-733
Liu, W.; Leibach, F.H.; Ganapathy, V. 1994: Characterization of the glycine transport system GLYT 1 in human placental choriocarcinoma cells (JAR). Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1194(1): 176-184
Flückiger, R.; Paz, M.; Mah, J.; Bishop, A.; Gallop, P.M. 1993: Characterization of the glycine-dependent redox-cycling activity in animal fluids and tissues using specific inhibitors and activators: evidence for presence of PQQ. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 196(1): 61-68
Goux, W.J.; Rodriguez, S.; Sparkman, D.R. 1996: Characterization of the glycolipid associated with Alzheimer paired helical filaments. Journal of Neurochemistry 67(2): 723-733
Miyajima, H.; Takahashi, Y.; Kaneko, E. 1995: Characterization of the glycolysis in lactate dehydrogenase-A deficiency. Muscle and Nerve 18(8): 874-878
Wu, H.F.; Monroe, D.M.; Church, F.C. 1995: Characterization of the glycosaminoglycan-binding region of lactoferrin. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 317(1): 85-92
Monica, T.J.; Williams, S.B.; Goochee, C.F.; Maiorella, B.L. 1995: Characterization of the glycosylation of a human IgM produced by a human-mouse hybridoma. Glycobiology 5(2): 175-185
Hounsell, E.F. 1994: Characterization of the glycosylation status of proteins. Molecular Biotechnology 2(1): 45-60
Griffiths, G.; Cook, N.J.; Gottfridson, E.; Lind, T.; Lidholt, K.; Roberts, I.S. 1998: Characterization of the glycosyltransferase enzyme from the Escherichia coli K5 capsule gene cluster and identification and characterization of the glucuronyl active site. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(19): 11752-11757
Izu, H.; Kawai, T.; Yamada, Y.; Aoshima, H.; Adachi, O.; Yamada, M. 1997: Characterization of the gntT gene encoding a high-affinity gluconate permease in Escherichia coli. Gene 199(1-2): 203-210
Gruber, T.M.; Bryant, D.A. 1998: Characterization of the group 1 and group 2 sigma factors of the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum and the green non-sulfur bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus. Archives of Microbiology 170(4): 285-296
Heidari, Z.; Isobe, K.; Goto, S.; Nakashima, I.; Kiuchi, K.; Tomoda, Y. 1996: Characterization of the growth factor activity of amniotic fluid on cells from hematopoietic and lymphoid organs of different life stages. Microbiology and Immunology 40(8): 583-589
Bowler, B.E.; Dong, A.; Caughey, W.S. 1994: Characterization of the guanidine hydrochloride-denatured state of iso-1-cytochrome c by infrared spectroscopy. Biochemistry 33(9): 2402-2408
Barksdale, Z.L.; Caldwell, S.E.; Aarons, D.J.; Young, S.B.; Poirier, G.R. 1997: Characterization of the guanidinobenzoatase in the epididymal fluids of the mouse. Molecular Reproduction and Development 47(2): 204-209
Coulombe, N.; Lefebvre, A.; Lehoux, J.G. 1997: Characterization of the hamster CYP11B2 gene encoding adrenal cytochrome P450 aldosterone synthase. Dna and Cell Biology 16(8): 993-1002
Kitamura, Y.; Katagiri, C. 1998: Characterization of the hatching enzyme from embryos of an anuran amphibian, Rana pirica. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1387(1-2): 153-164
Díaz, E.; Ferrández, A.; García, J.L. 1998: Characterization of the hca cluster encoding the dioxygenolytic pathway for initial catabolism of 3-phenylpropionic acid in Escherichia coli K-12. Journal of Bacteriology 180(11): 2915-2923
Laville, J.; Blumer, C.; Von Schroetter, C.; Gaia, V.; Défago, G.; Keel, C.; Haas, D. 1998: Characterization of the hcnABC gene cluster encoding hydrogen cyanide synthase and anaerobic regulation by ANR in the strictly aerobic biocontrol agent Pseudomonas fluorescens CHA0. Journal of Bacteriology 180(12): 3187-3196
Boutibonnes, P.; Giard, J.C.; Hartke, A.; Thammavongs, B.; Auffray, Y. 1993: Characterization of the heat shock response in Enterococcus faecalis. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 64(1): 47-55
Newbury, J.; Peberdy, J.F. 1996: Characterization of the heat shock response in protoplasts of Aspergillus nidulans. Mycological Research 100(11): 1325-1332
Sayed, O.H.; Earnshaw, M.J.; Emes, M.J. 1994: Characterization of the heat-induced stimulation of photosystem-I-mediated electron transport. Acta Botanica Neerlandica 43(2): 137-143
Jenkins, O.; Earnshaw, D.; Sarginson, G.; Del Vecchio, A.; Tsai, J.; Kallender, H.; Amegadzie, B.; Browne, M. 1996: Characterization of the helicase and ATPase activity of human papillomavirus type 6b E1 protein. Journal of General Virology 77: 1805-1809
Hashemolhosseini, S.; Stierhof, Y.D.; Hindennach, I.; Henning, U. 1996: Characterization of the helper proteins for the assembly of tail fibers of coliphages T4 and lambda. Journal of Bacteriology 178(21): 6258-6265
Post, D.A.; Hove-Jensen, B.; Switzer, R.L. 1993: Characterization of the hemA-prs region of the Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium chromosomes: identification of two open reading frames and implications for prs expression. Journal of General Microbiology 139(2): 259-266
Hashimoto, Y.; Yamashita, M.; Ono, H.; Murooka, Y. 1996: Characterization of the hemB gene encoding delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase from Propionibacterium freudenreichii. Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering 82(2): 93-100
Rupp, M.E.; Sloot, N.; Meyer, H.G.; Han, J.; Gatermann, S. 1995: Characterization of the hemagglutinin of Staphylococcus epidermidis. Journal of Infectious Diseases 172(6): 1509-1518
Couceiro, J.N.; Baum, L.G. 1994: Characterization of the hemagglutinin receptor specificity and neuraminidase substrate specificity of clinical isolates of human influenza a viruses. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 89(4): 587-591
Lecine, P.; Blank, V.; Shivdasani, R. 1998: Characterization of the hematopoietic transcription factor NF-E2 in primary murine megakaryocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(13): 7572-7578
Malcolm, D.S.; Hamilton, I.N.; Schultz, S.C.; Cole, F.; Burhop, K. 1994: Characterization of the hemodynamic response to intravenous diaspirin crosslinked hemoglobin solution in rats. Artificial Cells Blood Substitutes and Immobilization Biotechnology 22(1): 91-107
Totten, P.A.; Norn, D.V.; Stamm, W.E. 1995: Characterization of the hemolytic activity of Haemophilus ducreyi. Infection and Immunity 63(11): 4409-4416
Miyoshi, S.; Nakazawa, H.; Kawata, K.; Tomochika, K.; Tobe, K.; Shinoda, S. 1998: Characterization of the hemorrhagic reaction caused by Vibrio vulnificus metalloprotease, a member of the thermolysin family. Infection and Immunity 66(10): 4851-4855
Kassam, G.; Manro, A.; Braat, C.E.; Louie, P.; Fitzpatrick, S.L.; Waisman, D.M. 1997: Characterization of the heparin binding properties of annexin Ii tetramer. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(24): 15093-15100
Tibell, L.A.; Sethson, I.; Buevich, A.V. 1997: Characterization of the heparin-binding domain of human extracellular superoxide dismutase. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1340(1): 21-32
Pankhurst, G.J.; Bennett, C.A.; Easterbrook-Smith, S.B. 1998: Characterization of the heparin-binding properties of human clusterin. Biochemistry 37(14): 4823-4830
George, C.X.; Thomis, D.C.; McCormack, S.J.; Svahn, C.M.; Samuel, C.E. 1996: Characterization of the heparin-mediated activation of PKR, the interferon-inducible RNA-dependent protein kinase. Virology 221(1): 180-188
Takahashi, H.; Kim, R.B.; Perry, P.R.; Wilkinson, G.R. 1997: Characterization of the hepatic canalicular membrane transport of a model oligopeptide: ditekiren. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 281(1): 297-303
Jose, M.; Biosca, J.A.; Trujillo, R.; Itarte, E. 1993: Characterization of the hepatic insulin receptor undergoing internalization through clathrin-coated vesicles and endosomes. Febs Letters 334(3): 286-288
Zhang, P.; Raney, A.K.; McLachlan, A. 1992: Characterization of the hepatitis B virus X- and nucleocapsid gene transcriptional regulatory elements. Virology 191(1): 31-41
Raney, A.K.; McLachlan, A. 1997: Characterization of the hepatitis B virus major surface antigen promoter hepatocyte nuclear factor 3 binding site. Journal of General Virology 78: 3029-3038
Grakoui, A.; McCourt, D.W.; Wychowski, C.; Feinstone, S.M.; Rice, C.M. 1993: Characterization of the hepatitis C virus-encoded serine proteinase: determination of proteinase-dependent polyprotein cleavage sites. Journal of Virology 67(5): 2832-2843
McKie, E.A.; Hope, R.G.; Brown, S.M.; MacLean, A.R. 1994: Characterization of the herpes simplex virus type 1 strain 17+ neurovirulence gene RL1 and its expression in a bacterial system. Journal of General Virology 75: 733-741
Pons, J.; Petitpierre, E.; Juan, C. 1993: Characterization of the heterochromatin of the darkling beetle Misolampus goudoti: Cloning of two satellite DNA families and digestion of chromosomes with restriction enzymes. Hereditas 119(2): 179-185
Zárate, V.; Belda, F. 1996: Characterization of the heterologous invertase produced by Schizosaccharomyces pombe from the SUC2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Applied Bacteriology 80(1): 45-52
Elkins, C.; Chen, C.J.; Thomas, C.E. 1995: Characterization of the hgbA locus encoding a hemoglobin receptor from Haemophilus ducreyi. Infection and Immunity 63(6): 2194-2200
Mares, D.J.; Mrva, K.; Panozzo, J.F. 1994: Characterization of the high alpha-amylase levels in grain of the wheat cultivar BD 159. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 45(5): 1003-1011
Liu, F.; Baxter, R.C.; Hintz, R.L. 1992: Characterization of the high molecular weight insulin-like growth factor complex in term pregnancy serum. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 75(5): 1261-1267
Sato, K.; Chatani, F.; Ito, K.; Kito, G. 1997: Characterization of the high sensitivity of rabbits to the effects of TCV-116, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 35(1): 49-54
Kuo, C.C.; Hess, P. 1993: Characterization of the high-affinity calcium binding sites in the L-type calcium channel pore in rat phaeochromocytoma cells. Journal of Physiology (Cambridge) 466: 657-682
Bezouska, K.; Krajhanzl, A.; Pospísil, M.; Kubrycht, J.; Stajner, K.; Felsberg, J.; Kocourek, J. 1993: Characterization of the high-affinity oligosaccharide-binding site of the 205-kDa porcine large granular lymphocyte lectin, a member of the leukocyte common antigen family. European Journal of Biochemistry 213(3): 1303-1313
Piñeros, M.; Tester, M. 1997: Characterization of the high-affinity verapamil binding site in a plant plasma membrane Ca2+-selective channel. Journal of Membrane Biology 157(2): 139-145
Lerche, H.; Fahlke, C.; Iaizzo, P.A.; Lehmann-Horn, F. 1995: Characterization of the high-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel in adult human skeletal muscle. Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 429(5): 738-747
Poulet, S.; Cole, S.T. 1995: Characterization of the highly abundant polymorphic GC-rich-repetitive sequence (PGRS) present in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Archives of Microbiology 163(2): 87-95
Bernstein, R.; DeJong, J.; Roeder, R.G. 1994: Characterization of the highly conserved TFIIA small subunit from Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(39): 24361-24366
DiMaria, P.; Palic, B.; Debrunner-Vossbrinck, B.A.; Lapp, J.; Vossbrinck, C.R. 1996: Characterization of the highly divergent U2 RNA homolog in the microsporidian Vairimorpha necatrix. Nucleic Acids Research 24(3): 515-522
Wang, L.D.; Hoeltzel, M.; Gantz, I.; Hunter, R.; Del Valle, J. 1998: Characterization of the histamine H2 receptor structural components involved in dual signaling. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 285(2): 573-578
Cardell, L.O.; Edvinsson, L. 1994: Characterization of the histamine receptors in the guinea-pig lung: evidence for relaxant histamine H3 receptors in the trachea. British Journal of Pharmacology 111(2): 445-454
Ferrazzi, P. 1992: Characterization of the honeys: Melissopalynological analyses. Apicoltore Moderno 83(4): 129-138
Engel, A.M.; Lowe, D.G. 1995: Characterization of the hormone binding site of natriuretic peptide receptor-C. Febs Letters 360(2): 169-172
Kruczynski, A.; Astruc, J.; Chazottes, E.; Kiss, R. 1993: Characterization of the hormone-sensitivity of three human non-small-cell lung cancers grafted onto nude mice. Oncology 50(4): 285-292
Lidell, M.C.; Hutcheson, S.W. 1994: Characterization of the hrpJ and hrpU operons of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae Pss61: similarity with components of enteric bacteria involved in flagellar biogenesis and demonstration of their role in HarpinPss secretion. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions: Mpmi 7(4): 488-497
Zhu, Q.S.; Chen, K.; Shih, J.C. 1995: Characterization of the human 5-HT2A receptor gene promoter. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 15(7 Pt 1): 4885-4895
Allikmets, R.; Gerrard, B.; Hutchinson, A.; Dean, M. 1996: Characterization of the human ABC superfamily: isolation and mapping of 21 new genes using the expressed sequence tags database. Human Molecular Genetics 5(10): 1649-1655
Haun, R.S.; Moss, J.; Vaughan, M. 1993: Characterization of the human ADP-ribosylation factor 3 promoter. Transcriptional regulation of a TATA-less promoter. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(12): 8793-8800
Mahnke-Zizelman, D.K.; Eddy, R.; Shows, T.B.; Sabina, R.L. 1996: Characterization of the human AMPD3 gene reveals that 5' exon useage is subject to transcriptional control by three tandem promoters and alternative splicing. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1306(1): 75-92
Toutenhoofd, S.L.; Foletti, D.; Wicki, R.; Rhyner, J.A.; Garcia, F.; Tolon, R.; Strehler, E.E. 1998: Characterization of the human CALM2 calmodulin gene and comparison of the transcriptional activity of CALM1, CALM2 and CALM3. Cell Calcium 23(5): 323-338
Hintzen, R.Q.; Lens, S.M.; Beckmann, M.P.; Goodwin, R.G.; Lynch, D.; van Lier, R.A. 1994: Characterization of the human CD27 ligand, a novel member of the TNF gene family. Journal of Immunology 152(4): 1762-1773
Salmon, P.; Giovane, A.; Wasylyk, B.; Klatzmann, D. 1993: Characterization of the human CD4 gene promoter: transcription from the CD4 gene core promoter is tissue-specific and is activated by Ets proteins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(16): 7739-7743
Bräuninger, A.; Karn, T.; Strebhardt, K.; Rübsamen-Waigmann, H. 1993: Characterization of the human CSK locus. Oncogene 8(5): 1365-1369
Padanilam, B.J.; Stadler, H.S.; Mills, K.A.; McLeod, L.B.; Solursh, M.; Lee, B.; Ramirez, F.; Buetow, K.H.; Murray, J.C. 1992: Characterization of the human HOX 7 cDNA and identification of polymorphic markers. Human Molecular Genetics 1(6): 407-410
Cooke, S.P.; Hederer, R.A.; Pearson, J.D.; Savage, C.O.S. 1995: Characterization of the human IgG-binding xenoantigens expressed by porcine aortic endothelial cells. Transplantation (Baltimore) 60(11): 1274-1284
Lin, C.S.; Chen, Z.P.; Park, T.; Ghosh, K.; Leavitt, J. 1993: Characterization of the human L-plastin gene promoter in normal and neoplastic cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(4): 2793-2801
Wakamatsu, N.; Gotoda, Y.; Saito, S.; Kawai, H. 1997: Characterization of the human MANB gene encoding lysosomal alpha-D-mannosidase. Gene 198(1-2): 351-357
Shen, R.; Chen, Y.; Huang, L.; Vitale, E.; Solursh, M. 1994: Characterization of the human MSX-1 promoter and an enhancer responsible for retinoic acid induction. Cellular and Molecular Biology Research 40(4): 297-312
Knutson, A.; Hellman, P.; Akerström, G.; Westin, G. 1998: Characterization of the human Megalin/LRP-2 promoter in vitro and in primary parathyroid cells. Dna and Cell Biology 17(6): 551-560
Seroussi, E.; Pan, H.Q.; Kedra, D.; Roe, B.A.; Dumanski, J.P. 1998: Characterization of the human NIPSNAP1 gene from 22q12: A member of a novel gene family. Gene 212(1): 13-20
Seifert, M.; Seib, T.; Engel, M.; Dooley, S.; Welter, C. 1995: Characterization of the human nm23-H2 promoter region and localization of the microsatellite D17S396. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 215(3): 910-914
Gill, R.M.; Hamel, P.A.; Zhe, J.; Zacksenhaus, E.; Gallie, B.L.; Phillips, R.A. 1994: Characterization of the human RB1 promoter and of elements involved in transcriptional regulation. Cell Growth and Differentiation: the Molecular Biology Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 5(5): 467-474
Wicki, R.; Marenholz, I.; Mischke, D.; Schäfer, B.W.; Heizmann, C.W. 1996: Characterization of the human S100A12 (calgranulin C, p6, CAAF1, CGRP) gene, a new member of the S100 gene cluster on chromosome 1q21. Cell Calcium 20(6): 459-464
Elbehti Green, A.; Au, H.C.; Mascarello, J.T.; Ream Robinson, D.; Scheffler, I.E. 1998: Characterization of the human SDHC gene encoding one of the integral membrane proteins of succinate-quinone oxidoreductase in mitochondria. Gene (amsterdam). 213(1-2): 133-140, E 15
Munoz, M.; Sautel, M.; Martinez, R.; Sheikh, S.P.; Walker, P. 1995: Characterization of the human Y1 neuropeptide Y receptor expressed in insect cells. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 107(1): 77-86
Wang, K.; Bohren, K.M.; Gabbay, K.H. 1993: Characterization of the human aldose reductase gene promoter. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(21): 16052-16058
Dron, M.; Dandoy-Dron, F.; Guillo, F.; Benboudjema, L.; Hauw, J.J.; Lebon, P.; Dormont, D.; Tovey, M.G. 1998: Characterization of the human analogue of a Scrapie-responsive gene. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(29): 18015-18018
Barbeau, B.; Bergeron, D.; Beaulieu, M.; Nadjem, Z.; Rassart, E. 1996: Characterization of the human and mouse Fli-1 promoter regions. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1307(2): 220-232
Chen, L.S.; Lo, C.F.; Numann, R.; Cuddy, M. 1997: Characterization of the human and rat phospholemman (PLM) cDNAs and localization of the human PLM gene to chromosome 19q13.1. Genomics 41(3): 435-443
Hayashi, T.; Matsufuji, S.; Hayashi, S.I.hi 1997: Characterization of the human antizyme gene. Gene (amsterdam). 203(2): 131-139,. 12
Hirano, K.; Min, J.; Funahashi, T.; Baunoch, D.A.; Davidson, N.O. 1997: Characterization of the human apobec-1 gene: expression in gastrointestinal tissues determined by alternative splicing with production of a novel truncated peptide. Journal of Lipid Research 38(5): 847-859
Kuna, P.; Reddigari, S.R.; Schall, T.J.; Rucinski, D.; Sadick, M.; Kaplan, A.P. 1993: Characterization of the human basophil response to cytokines, growth factors, and histamine releasing factors of the intercrine/chemokine family. Journal of Immunology 150(5): 1932-1943
Kim, R.H.; Shapiro, H.S.; Li, J.J.; Wrana, J.L.; Sodek, J. 1994: Characterization of the human bone sialoprotein (BSP) gene and its promoter sequence. Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology 14(1): 31-40
Alexander, S.P.; Cooper, J.; Shine, J.; Hill, S.J. 1996: Characterization of the human brain putative A2B adenosine receptor expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO.A2B4) cells. British Journal of Pharmacology 119(6): 1286-1290
Douglass, J.; Daoud, S. 1996: Characterization of the human cDNA and genomic DNA encoding CART: A cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript. Gene 169(2): 241-245
Rhyner, J.A.; Koller, M.; Durussel-Gerber, I.; Cox, J.A.; Strehler, E.E. 1992: Characterization of the human calmodulin-like protein expressed in Escherichia coli. Biochemistry 31(51): 12826-12832
Xu, S.; Wang, Y.; Roe, B.; Pearson, W.R. 1998: Characterization of the human class Mu glutathione S-transferase gene cluster and the GSTM1 deletion. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(6): 3517-3527
Shiffman, D.; Brooks, E.E.; Brooks, A.R.; Chan, C.S.; Milner, P.G. 1996: Characterization of the human cyclin-dependent kinase 2 gene. Promoter analysis and gene structure. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(21): 12199-12204
Kirkwood, L.C.; Nation, R.L.; Somogyi, A.A. 1997: Characterization of the human cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the metabolism of dihydrocodeine. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 44(6): 549-555,.
Cairns, W.; Smith, C.A.; McLaren, A.W.; Wolf, C.R. 1996: Characterization of the human cytochrome P4502D6 promoter. A potential role for antagonistic interactions between members of the nuclear receptor family. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(41): 25269-25276
Smith, J.A.; Jairath, S.; Crute, J.J.; Pari, G.S. 1996: Characterization of the human cytomegalovirus UL105 gene and identification of the putative helicase protein. Virology 220(1): 251-255
Wolf, D.G.; Honigman, A.; Lazarovits, J.; Tavor, E.; Panet, A. 1998: Characterization of the human cytomegalovirus UL97 gene product as a virion-associated protein kinase. Archives of Virology 143(6): 1223-1232
Romanowski, M.J.; Shenk, T. 1997: Characterization of the human cytomegalovirus irs1 and trs1 genes: a second immediate-early transcription unit within irs1 whose product antagonizes transcriptional activation. Journal of Virology 71(2): 1485-1496
Wei, X.; Elizondo, G.; Sapone, A.; McLeod, H.L.; Raunio, H.; Fernandez-Salguero, P.; Gonzalez, F.J. 1998: Characterization of the human dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase gene. Genomics 51(3): 391-400
MacKenzie, R.G.; VanLeeuwen, D.; Pugsley, T.A.; Shih, Y.H.; Demattos, S.; Tang, L.; Todd, R.D.; O'Malley, K.L. 1994: Characterization of the human dopamine D3 receptor expressed in transfected cell lines. European Journal of Pharmacology 266(1): 79-85
Lenhard, T.; Marheineke, K.; Lingen, B.; Haase, W.; Hammermann, R.; Michel, H.; Reiländer, H. 1998: Characterization of the human dopamine transporter heterologously expressed in BHK-21 cells. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 18(3): 347-360
Schommer, S.; Sauter, M.; Kräusslich, H.G.; Best, B.; Mueller-Lantzsch, N. 1996: Characterization of the human endogenous retrovirus K proteinase. Journal of General Virology 77: 375-379
Presland, R.B.; Haydock, P.V.; Fleckman, P.; Nirunsuksiri, W.; Dale, B.A. 1992: Characterization of the human epidermal profilaggrin gene. Genomic organization and identification of an S-100-like calcium binding domain at the amino terminus. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(33): 23772-23781
Ernstsson, S.; Pierrou, S.; Hulander, M.; Cederberg, A.; Hellqvist, M.; Carlsson, P.; Enerbäck, S. 1996: Characterization of the human forkhead gene FREAC-4. Evidence for regulation by Wilms' tumor suppressor gene (WT-1) and p53. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(35): 21094-21099
Park, S.K.; Lee, H.S.; Lee, S.T. 1996: Characterization of the human full-length PTK7 cDNA encoding a receptor protein tyrosine kinase-like molecule closely related to chick KLG. Journal of Biochemistry 119(2): 235-239
Kosaka, T.; Miyata, A.; Ihara, H.; Hara, S.; Sugimoto, T.; Takeda, O.; Takahashi, E.; Tanabe, T. 1994: Characterization of the human gene (PTGS2) encoding prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2. European Journal of Biochemistry 221(3): 889-897
Miyata, A.; Yokoyama, C.; Ihara, H.; Bandoh, S.; Takeda, O.; Takahashi, E.; Tanabe, T. 1994: Characterization of the human gene (TBXAS1) encoding thromboxane synthase. European Journal of Biochemistry 224(2): 273-279
Nagl, U.O.; Erdel, M.; Bergmann, F.; Oehl, B.; Scandella, E.; Musante, L.; Galietta, L.J.; Gschwentner, M.; Fürst, J.; Schmarda, A.; Hofer, S.; Utermann, G.; Deetjen, P.; Paulmichl, M. 1998: Characterization of the human gene coding for the swelling-dependent chloride channel ICln at position 11q13.5-14.1 (CLNS1A) and further characterization of the chromosome 6 (CLNS1B) localization. Gene 209(1-2): 59-63
Schuler, E.; Lin, F.; Worman, H.J. 1994: Characterization of the human gene encoding LBR, an integral protein of the nuclear envelope inner membrane. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(15): 11312-11317
Troyanovsky, S.M.; Leube, R.E.; Franke, W.W. 1992: Characterization of the human gene encoding cytokeratin 17 and its expression pattern. European Journal of Cell Biology 59(1): 127-137
Süsens, U.; Borgmeyer, U. 1996: Characterization of the human germ cell nuclear factor gene. Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta 1309(3): 179-182
Marheineke, K.; Lenhard, T.; Haase, W.; Beckers, T.; Michel, H.; Reiländer, H. 1998: Characterization of the human gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor heterologously produced using the baculovirus/insect cell and the Semliki Forest virus systems. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 18(5): 509-524
Ye, J.; Zhang, X.; Dong, Z. 1996: Characterization of the human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor gene promoter: an AP1 complex and an Sp1-related complex transactivate the promoter activity that is suppressed by a YY1 complex. Molecular and Cellular Biology 16(1): 157-167
Ivanova, V.S.; Hatch, C.L.; Bonner, W.M. 1994: Characterization of the human histone H2A.X gene. Comparison of its promoter with other H2A gene promoters. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(39): 24189-24194
Rasio, D.; Murakumo, Y.; Robbins, D.; Roth, T.; Silver, A.; Negrini, M.; Schmidt, C.; Burczak, J.; Fishel, R.; Croce, C.M. 1997: Characterization of the human homologue of RAD54: a gene located on chromosome 1p32 at a region of high loss of heterozygosity in breast tumors. Cancer Research 57(12): 2378-2383
Schrick, J.J.; Onuchic, L.F.; Reeders, S.T.; Korenberg, J.; Chen, X.N.; Moyer, J.H.; Wilkinson, J.E.; Woychik, R.P. 1995: Characterization of the human homologue of the mouse Tg737 candidate polycystic kidney disease gene. Human Molecular Genetics 4(4): 559-567
Tassin, A.M.; Celati, C.; Moudjou, M.; Bornens, M. 1998: Characterization of the human homologue of the yeast spc98p and its association with gamma-tubulin. Journal of Cell Biology 141(3): 689-701
Labbé, S.; Grenier, D. 1995: Characterization of the human immunoglobulin G Fc-binding activity in Prevotella intermedia. Infection and Immunity 63(7): 2785-2789
Batista, F.D.; Efremov, D.G.; Tkach, T.; Burrone, O.R. 1995: Characterization of the human immunoglobulin epsilon mRNAs and their polyadenylation sites. Nucleic Acids Research 23(23): 4805-4811
Zimmermann, A.G.; Spychala, J.; Mitchell, B.S. 1995: Characterization of the human inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase type II gene. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(12): 6808-6814
Lin, J.X.; Bhat, N.K.; John, S.; Queale, W.S.; Leonard, W.J. 1993: Characterization of the human interleukin-2 receptor beta-chain gene promoter: regulation of promoter activity by ets gene products. Molecular and Cellular Biology 13(10): 6201-6210
Noguchi, M.; Adelstein, S.; Cao, X.; Leonard, W.J. 1993: Characterization of the human interleukin-2 receptor gamma chain gene. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(18): 13601-13608
Gruart-Gouilleux, V.; Engels, P.; Sullivan, M. 1995: Characterization of the human interleukin-5 gene promoter: involvement of octamer binding sites in the gene promoter activity. European Journal of Immunology 25(5): 1431-1435
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Czyzyk-Krzeska, M.F.; Beresh, J.E. 1996: Characterization of the hypoxia-inducible protein binding site within the pyrimidine-rich tract in the 3'-untranslated region of the tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(6): 3293-3299
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