Charged amino acids required for signal transduction by the m3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor

Kunkel, M.T.; Peralta, E.G.

EMBO Journal 12(10): 3809-3815

1993


ISSN/ISBN: 0261-4189
PMID: 8404851
DOI: 10.1002/j.1460-2075.1993.tb06059.x
Accession: 008304205

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Abstract
The five muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) subtypes, termed m1-m5, transduce agonist signals across the plasma membrane by activating guanine nucleotide binding (G) proteins. The large cytoplasmic domain joining the fifth and sixth transmembrane segments of mAChRs plays a critical role in controlling the specificity of G protein coupling. In this study, we determined which sequences within this domain are required for activation of signaling by the m3 mAChR. By measuring the ability of normal and mutant m3 mAChRs to couple to the G protein pathway leading to activation of phospholipase C and Ca(2+)-dependent chloride currents in RNA-injected Xenopus oocytes, we found that two clusters of charged residues near the fifth and sixth transmembrane segments were required for normal signaling; furthermore, the position of these sequences was critical for their function. Finally, analysis of deletion mutant m3 mAChRs confirmed the importance of these sequences; receptors containing as few as 22 out of 239 amino acids of the cytoplasmic domain were fully active in signaling if they included the critical charged residues. Sequence comparisons suggest that similar charged sequences may be required for signal transduction by many G protein-coupled receptors.

Charged amino acids required for signal transduction by the m3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor