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Chimeric antibodies with anti-dextran-derived complementarity-determining regions and anti-p-azophenylarsonate-derived framework regions

Chimeric antibodies with anti-dextran-derived complementarity-determining regions and anti-p-azophenylarsonate-derived framework regions

Journal of Immunology 151(4): 1968-1978

The framework regions of antibodies fold into a conserved beta-sheet structure that acts as scaffolding for the antigen-contacting complementarity-determining regions (CDR). To test the structural equivalence of the frameworks between two antibodies with widely different combining sites, we created chimeric H and L chains by grafting the CDR of an alpha(1-->6)dextran specific antibody onto the framework of a p-azophenylarsonate (Ars) specific antibody through oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis of the anti-Ars variable region genes. Antibodies consisting of various chain combinations of the chimeric, anti-dextran, and anti-Ars derived H and L chains were generated in transfectomas and tested for binding to dextran and Ars. Of the newly created chimeric and/or hybrid antibodies, an antibody with the chimeric H chain and the anti-dextran L chain bound to dextran with the same association constant as the parental anti-dextran antibody, and like the anti-dextran antibody was shown by immunochemical mapping to have a site complementary to six glucose residues. None of the other new variable region combinations, including the all-chimeric combination, showed binding to either dextran or Ars. These results indicate that the H chain but not the L chain anti-dextran and anti-Ars frameworks are functionally equivalent. Attempts to confer dextran binding on the H and L chain chimeric antibody, by mutagenizing selected framework residues, were unsuccessful. This study demonstrates the important role of the frameworks in the precise alignment of the CDR for Ag binding.

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Accession: 008309207

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PMID: 7688391

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