Chromosomal distribution of the major satellite DNA of South American rodents of the genus Ctenomys
Rossi, M.S.; Redi, C.A.; Viale, G.; Massarini, A.I.; Capanna, E.
Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 69(3-4): 179-184
ISSN/ISBN: 0301-0171 PMID: 7698006 DOI: 10.1159/000133956
The chromosomal distribution of the major satellite DNA of South American rodents of the genus Ctenomys was analyzed in eight species by in situ hybridization, using a probe isolated from C. porteousi. The hybridization patterns showed different numbers of chromosomes with positive pericentromeric regions and/or complete short arms. In some species, a positive signal was scarce (or not detectable, as in C. opimus), and was usually located in the pericentromeric areas (C. occultus and C. latro). In those species where the satellite was highly amplified, its chromosomal localization tended to encompass the entire length of the short arms. These patterns were compared with C-band distribution patterns in the same species. We discuss the putative evolutionary trend of this satellite DNA in the genus Ctenomys and suggest that it evolved from a strictly pericentromeric localization to comprising the whole short arms of some chromosomes.