Section 9

EurekaMag Full Text Articles Chapter 8,316


Bajalica, S.; Sørensen, A.G.; Pedersen, N.T.; Heim, S.; Brøndum-Nielsen, K. 1993: Chromosome painting as a supplement to cytogenetic banding analysis in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 7(4): 231-239
Cherif, D.; Romana, S.; Der-Sarkissian, H.; Jones, C.; Berger, R. 1993: Chromosome painting in acute monocytic leukemia. Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 6(2): 107-112
García Sagredo, J.M.; Vallcorba, I.; López-Yarto; Sanchez-Hombre, M.D.; Resino, M.; Ferro, M.T. 1996: Chromosome painting in biological dosimetry: assessment of the ability to score stable chromosome aberrations using different pairs of paint probes. Environmental Health Perspectives 104(Suppl): 475-477
Salassidis, K.; Georgiadou-Schumacher, V.; Braselmann, H.; Müller, P.; Peter, R.U.; Bauchinger, M. 1995: Chromosome painting in highly irradiated Chernobyl victims: A follow-up study to evaluate the stability of symmetrical translocations and the influence of clonal aberrations for retrospective dose estimation. International Journal of Radiation Biology 68(3): 257-262
Slavotinek, A.; Sauer-Nehls, S.; Braselmann, H.; Taylor, G.M.; Nüsse, M. 1996: Chromosome painting of radiation-induced micronuclei. International Journal of Radiation Biology 70(4): 393-401
Vezuli, A.; Hauwy, M.; Warter, S.; Rumpler, Y. 1997: Chromosome painting: a method for testing chromosomal changes in lemur evolution. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 78(2): 147-152
Doroszewska, T.; Berbec, A. 1996: Chromosome pairing and microsporogenesis in interspecific F-1 hybrids of Nicotiana africana with different cultivars of N. tabacum. Journal of Genetics and Breeding 50(1): 75-81
Borodin, P.M.; Oda, S.; Takagishi, Y.; Inouye, M.; Yamamura, H. 1994: Chromosome pairing and nucleolar morphology in the male house musk shrew, Suncus murinus. Cytologia 59(4): 461-464
Tsatsenko, L.V. 1994: Chromosome pairing in hybrids of wheat and the genome substitution forms Aurosis and Aurodes with the species Aegilops kotschyi Boiss. and Aegilops variabilis Eig. Tsitologiya i Genetika 28(5): 6-9
Weiner, B.M.; Kleckner, N. 1994: Chromosome pairing via multiple interstitial interactions before and during meiosis in yeast. Cell 77(7): 977-991
Herzog, S.; Herzog, A.; Höhn, H.; Matern, B.; Hecht, W. 1992: Chromosome polymorphism in Ateles geoffroyi (Cebidae; Primates; Mammalia). Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 84(7-8): 986-989
Tsitlenok, S.I.; Pul'kina, S.V. 1991: Chromosome polymorphism in Crepis sibirica (Asteraceae). Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Stsburg). 76(11): 1538-1543
Guimares, S.E.F.; Pinheiro, L.E.L.; Giumaraes, J.D. 1995: Chromosome polymorphism in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia 47(1): 65-72
Sveshnikova, L.I. 1991: Chromosome polymorphism in natural populations in Galanthus nivalis (Amaryllidaceae). Botanicheskii Zhurnal (Stsburg). 76(7): 957-971
Colombo, P.C. 1993: Chromosome polymorphisms and natural selection in Leptysma argentina (Orthoptera): I. Correlation with geographical, temporal and environmental variables. Evolucion Biologica 7: 23-39
Becher, D.; Schulze, S.; Kasüske, A.; Stoll, R.; Wedler, H.; Oliver, S.G. 1995: Chromosome polymorphisms close to the cm-ADE1 locus of Candida maltosa. Molecular and General Genetics: Mgg 247(5): 591-602
Wojcik, J.M. 1993: Chromosome races of the common shrew Sorex araneus in Poland: A model of karyotype evolution. Acta Theriologica 38(3): 315-338
Gilgenkrantz, S.; Philippe, C.; Chery, M. 1994: Chromosome rearrangements and human gene mapping. Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy 48(5-6): 225-230
Temperani, P.; Giacobbi, F.; Gandini, G.; Torelli, U.; Emilia, G. 1995: Chromosome rearrangements at telomeric level in hematologic disorders. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 83(2): 121-126
Papeschi, A.G. 1994: Chromosome rearrangements in Belostoma plebejum (Stal) (Belostomatidae, Heteroptera). Caryologia 47(3-4): 223-231
Garry, V.F.; Danzl, T.J.; Tarone, R.; Griffith, J.; Cervenka, J.; Krueger, L.; Whorton, E.B.; Nelson, R.L. 1992: Chromosome rearrangements in fumigant appliers: possible relationship to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention: a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology 1(4): 287-291
Weiler, K.S.; Wakimoto, B.T. 1998: Chromosome rearrangements induce both variegated and reduced, uniform expression of heterochromatic genes in a development-specific manner. Genetics 149(3): 1451-1464
Perkins, D.D.; Kinsey, J.A.; Asch, D.K.; Frederick, G.D. 1993: Chromosome rearrangements recovered following transformation of Neurospora crassa. Genetics 134(3): 729-736
Perkins, D.D.; Raju, N.B.; Barry, E.G.; Butler, D.K. 1995: Chromosome rearrangements that involve the nucleolus organizer region in Neurospora. Genetics 141(3): 909-923
Gechev, K. 1992: Chromosome reconstruction and chromosomal transpositional effect in the induction of barley structural mutations. Genetika i Selektsiya 25(3): 235-246
Adélaïde, J.; Chaffanet, M.; Imbert, A.; Allione, F.; Geneix, J.; Popovici, C.; van Alewijk, D.; Trapman, J.; Zeillinger, R.; Børresen-Dale, A.L.; Lidereau, R.; Birnbaum, D.; Pébusque, M.J. 1998: Chromosome region 8p11-p21: Refined mapping and molecular alterations in breast cancer. Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 22(3): 186-199
Colls, P.; Blanco, J.; Martínez-Pasarell, O.; Vidal, F.; Egozcue, J.; Márquez, C.; Guitart, M.; Templado, C. 1997: Chromosome segregation in a man heterozygous for a pericentric inversion, inv(9)(p11q13), analyzed by using sperm karyotyping and two-color fluorescence in situ hybridization on sperm nuclei. Human Genetics 99(6): 761-765
Bartholomei Santos, M.L.; Lucca, E.J. De 1997: Chromosome sensitivity to bleomycin in G-2 lymphocytes from Down syndrome patients. Brazilian Journal of Genetics 20(1): 79-85
Musilová, J.; Michalová, K.; Folberová, L.; Neradilová, M.; Abrahamová, J. 1993: Chromosome sensitivity to bleomycin in patients with dominantly inherited and sporadic tumors. Neoplasma 40(2): 93-96
Murayama, Y.ichi; Shibata, Hiroaki; Nagahima, Takeyuki; Takuwa, Miki; Terao, Keiji; Noguchi, Atsuo 1995: Chromosome sorting of primates: Isolation and identification of Y chromosome in green monkeys. Primates 36(4): 563-569
Arkesteijn, G.J.; Erpelinck, S.L.; Martens, A.C.; Hagenbeek, A. 1995: Chromosome specific DNA hybridization in suspension for flow cytometric detection of chimerism in bone marrow transplantation and leukemia. Cytometry 19(4): 353-360
Lagoda, P.J.; Trent, J.M.; Meese, E.U. 1994: Chromosome specific c-DNA libraries: Reduction of unspecific priming events by purification of heteronuclear RNA. Molecular Biology Reports 19(2): 89-92
Griffin, D.K.; Sanoudou, D.; Adamski, E.; McGiffert, C.; O'Brien, P.; Wienberg, J.; Ferguson-Smith, M.A. 1998: Chromosome specific comparative genome hybridisation for determining the origin of intrachromosomal duplications. Journal of Medical Genetics 35(1): 37-41
Sasai, K.; Tanaka, R.; Kawamura, M.; Honjo, K.; Matsunaga, N.; Nakada, T.; Homma, K.; Fujimura, H. 1996: Chromosome spreading techniques for primary gastrointestinal tumors. Journal of Gastroenterology 31(4): 505-511
Kyhos, D.W.; Carr, G.D. 1994: Chromosome stability and lability in plants. Evolutionary Theory 10(5): 227-248
Carteau, S.; Hoffmann, C.; Bushman, F. 1998: Chromosome structure and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 cDNA integration: centromeric alphoid repeats are a disfavored target. Journal of Virology 72(5): 4005-4014
Moscone, E.A. 1993: Chromosome studies in Capsicum (Solanaceae): II. Karyotype analysis of Capsicum parvifolium and Capsicum annuum annuum. Kurtziana 22: 9-18
Whang-Peng, J.; Chen, Y.M.; Knutsen, T.; Zhao, W.P.; Tsai, S. 1993: Chromosome studies in HTLV-I, -II, and HIV-1, -2 cell lines infected in vivo and in vitro. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 6(8): 930-940
Andreata, A.-Antonio; Almeida-Toledo, L.-Foresti-De; Oliveira, C.; Toledo-Filho, S.-De-Almeida 1992: Chromosome studies in Hypoptopomatinae (Pisces, Siluriformes, Loricariidae): I. XX/XY sex chromosome heteromorphism in Pseudotocinclus tietensis. Cytologia 57(3): 369-372
Andreata, A.A.; do Almeida-Toledo, L.; Oliveira, C.; Toledo Filho, S.de.A. 1993: Chromosome studies in hypoptopomatinae (Pisces, Siluriformes, Loricariidae). II. ZZ/ZW sex-chromosome system, B chromosomes, and constitutive heterochromatin differentiation in Microlepidogaster leucofrenatus. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 63(4): 215-220
Durban, M.; Benet, J.; Sarquella, J.; Egozcue, J.; Navarro, J. 1998: Chromosome studies in first polar bodies from hamster and human oocytes. Human Reproduction 13(3): 583-587
Lange, R.; Johannson, G.; Engel, W. 1993: Chromosome studies in in-vitro fertilization patients. Human Reproduction 8(4): 572-574
Celis, V., E.R.bin-De; Gassen, D., N.; Santos-Colares, M., C.; Oliveira, A., K.; Valente, V., L.S. 1997: Chromosome studies in southern Brazilian wheat pest aphids Sitobion avenae, Schizaphis graminum, and Methopolophium dirhodum (Homoptera: Aphididae). Brazilian Journal of Genetics 20(3): 415-419
Cantino, P.D. 1985: Chromosome studies in subtribe Melittidinae (Labiatae) and systematic implications. Systematic Botany 10(1): 1-6
Iwatsubo, Y.; Mishima, M.; Naruhashi, N. 1993: Chromosome studies of Japanese Agrimonia (Rosaceae). Cytologia 58(4): 453-461
Kim, I. 1996: Chromosome studies of Korean Orostachys species (Crassulaceae). Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 26(3): 183-190
Inoue, S.; Yamada, K. 1992: Chromosome studies of five Radula species (Hepaticae). Hikobia 11(2): 153-157
Kuta, E.; Ochyra, R.; Przywara, L. 1995: Chromosome studies on Polish bryophytes: VII. Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 40(1): 453-470
Martins-Santos, IC.; Julio, H.F.; Jr.; Santos, SJ. 1994: Chromosome study of two species of the genus Serrasalmus (Characidae, Serrasalminae) from the Parana River. Cytologia (Tokyo) 59(2): 175-181
Badaeva, E.D.; Badaev, N.S.; Enno, T.M.; Zeller, F.J.; Peusha, K.O. 1995: Chromosome substitutions in progeny of hybrids Triticum aestivum x Triticum timopheevii resistant to brown rust and powdery mildew. Genetika 31(1): 89-92
Chambers, H.L. 1993: Chromosome survey and analysis of artificial hybrids in Pycnanthemum. Castanea 58(3): 197-208
Williams, M.E.; Swerdlow, S.H.; Meeker, T.C. 1993: Chromosome t(11;14)(q13;q32) breakpoints in centrocytic lymphoma are highly localized at the bcl-1 major translocation cluster. Leukemia 7(9): 1437-1440
Butler, M.G.; Sciadini, M.; Hedges, L.K.; Schwartz, H.S. 1996: Chromosome telomere integrity of human solid neoplasms. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 86(1): 50-53
Graham, S.M.; Selikowitz, M. 1993: Chromosome testing in children with developmental delay in whom the aetiology is not evident clinically. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 29(5): 360-362
Zucman-Rossi, J.; Legoix, P.; Victor, J.M.; Lopez, B.; Thomas, G. 1998: Chromosome translocation based on illegitimate recombination in human tumors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95(20): 11786-11791
Lehmann, L.; Zitzelsberger, H.; Kellerer, A.M.; Braselmann, H.; Kulka, U.; Georgiadou-Schumacher, V.; Negele, T.; Spelsberg, F.; Demidchik, E.; Lengfelder, E.; Bauchinger, M. 1996: Chromosome translocations in thyroid tissues from Belarussian children exposed to radioiodine from the Chernobyl accident, measured by FISH-painting. International Journal of Radiation Biology 70(5): 513-516
Rowley, J.D. 1995: Chromosome translocations: good genes gone wrong. Pathologie-Biologie 43(3): 197-201
Figueiredo, V.L.; Sene, F.de.M. 1992: Chromosome variability in Brazilian populations of Drosophila buzzatii (Diptera, Drosophilidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia 52(4): 555-561
Masarinni, A., I.; Barros, M.A.; Ortells, M., O.; Reig, O., A. 1995: Chromosome variability in Ctenomys talarum (Rodentia: Octodontidae) from Argentina. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 68(2): 207-214
Rout, G.R.; Palai, S.K.; Samantaray, S.; Patra, A.; Das, P. 1998: Chromosome variation and cytophotometric investigation of callus culture of the teaplant, Camellia sinensis. Cytobios 93(373): 73-82
Arumugam, N.; Bhojwani, S.S. 1994: Chromosome variation in callus and regenerants of Podophyllum hexandrum (Podophyllaceae). Caryologia 47(3-4): 249-256
Koonce, M.P. 1997: Chromosome walking in Dictyostelium: An application of the single specific primer PCR. Journal of Microbiological Methods 28(2): 131-138
Virgilio, L.; Isobe, M.; Narducci, M.G.; Carotenuto, P.; Camerini, B.; Kurosawa, N.; Abbas-ar-Rushdi; Croce, C.M.; Russo, G. 1993: Chromosome walking on the TCL1 locus involved in T-cell neoplasia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(20): 9275-9279
Sauter, G.; Moch, H.; Carroll, P.; Kerschmann, R.; Mihatsch, M.J.; Waldman, F.M. 1995: Chromosome-9 loss detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization in bladder cancer. International Journal of Cancer 64(2): 99-103
Volobouev, V.; Lombard, M.; Tranier, M.; Dutrillaux, B. 1995: Chromosome-banding study in Gerbillinae (Rodentia). I. Comparative analysis of Gerbillus poecilops, G. henleyi and G. nanus. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 33(2): 54-61
Terwilliger, J.D.; Speer, M.; Ott, J. 1993: Chromosome-based method for rapid computer simulation in human genetic linkage analysis. Genetic Epidemiology 10(4): 217-224
Ruiz-Bravo, A.; Jimenez-Valera, M.; Sampedro, A.; Moreno, E. 1994: Chromosome-mediated resistance of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O9 to intracellular killing by mouse peritoneal macrophages. Fems Immunology and Medical Microbiology 9(4): 317-324
Kiuchi, A.; Taharaguchi, S.; Hanazawa, R.; Hara, M.; Ikeda, T.; Tabuchi, K. 1992: Chromosome-sized DNA of Malassezia pachydermatis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 54(6): 1219-1220
Haaf, T.; Willard, H.F. 1997: Chromosome-specific alpha-satellite DNA from the centromere of chimpanzee chromosome 4. Chromosoma 106(4): 226-232
Leonard, J.H.; Leonard, P.; Kearsley, J.H. 1993: Chromosomes 1, 11, and 13 are frequently involved in karyotypic abnormalities in metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 67(1): 65-70
Steiner, M.G.; Harlow, S.P.; Colombo, E.; Bauer, K.D. 1993: Chromosomes 8, 12, and 17 copy number in Astler-Coller stage C colon cancer in relation to proliferative activity and DNA ploidy. Cancer Research 53(3): 681-686
Udy, J.W.; Hinde, R.; Vesk, M. 1993: Chromosomes and DNA in Symbiodinium from Australian hosts. Journal of Phycology 29(3): 314-320
Ieyama, H.; Kameoka, O.; Tan, T.; Yamasaki, J. 1994: Chromosomes and Nuclear DNA Contents of Some Species in Mytilidae. Venus the Japanese Journal of Malacology 53(4): 327-331
Ieyama, H. 1996: Chromosomes and nuclear DNA contents of Limnoperna in Japan (Bivalvia: Mytilidae). Venus the Japanese Journal of Malacology 55(1): 65-68
Lecher, P.; Defaye, D.; Noel, P. 1995: Chromosomes and nuclear DNA of Crustacea. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 27(2): 85-114
Qumsiyeh, M.B.; Bickham, J.W. 1993: Chromosomes and relationships of long-eared bats of the genera Plecotus and Otonycteris. Journal of Mammalogy 74(2): 376-382
Vij, S.P.; Vaidya, N.; Kondo, K. 1995: Chromosomes and their bearing on species diversification in Epipactis (Orchidaceae). Kromosomo 2(77): 2646-2659
Grozeva, S.; Nokkala, S. 1996: Chromosomes and their meiotic behavior in two families of the primitive infraorder Dipsocoromorpha (Heteroptera). Hereditas (Lund) 125(1): 31-36
Claussen, U.; Mazur, A.; Rubtsov, N. 1994: Chromosomes are highly elastic and can be stretched. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 66(2): 120-125
Leslie, R.J. 1992: Chromosomes attain a metaphase position on half-spindles in the absence of an opposing spindle pole. Journal of Cell Science 103: 125-130
Ottaggio, L.; Bonatti, S.; Cavalieri, Z.; Abbondandolo, A. 1993: Chromosomes bearing amplified genes are a preferential target of chemicals inducing chromosome breakage and aneuploidy. Mutation Research 301(3): 149-155
Weidmer-Mikhail, E.; Sheldon, S.; Ghaziuddin, M. 1998: Chromosomes in autism and related pervasive developmental disorders: A cytogenetic study. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: Jidr 42: 8-12
Hecht, B.K.; Turc-Carel, C.; Chatel, M.; Lonjon, M.; Roche, J.L.; Gioanni, J.; Hecht, F.; Gaudray, P. 1995: Chromosomes in gliomatosis cerebri. Genes Chromosomes and Cancer 14(2): 149-153
Rogatto, S.R.; Casartelli, C.; Rainho, C.A.; Barbieri-Neto, J. 1993: Chromosomes in the genesis and progression of ependymomas. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 69(2): 146-152
Nokkala, S.; Grozeva, S.M. 1997: Chromosomes in two stilt bug species Metatropis rufescens Herrich-Schaeffer sp. linneae Wagner and Berytinus minor Herrich-Schaeffer (Berytidae, Heteroptera). Caryologia 50(3-4): 263-269
Zhang, D.; Nicklas, R.B. 1995: Chromosomes initiate spindle assembly upon experimental dissolution of the nuclear envelope in grasshopper spermatocytes. Journal of cell biology 131(5): 1125-1131
Yoo, H.J.; Vig, B.K. 1993: Chromosomes lacking kinetochore proteins: their meta-anaphase location suggests potential malsegregation. Mutagenesis 8(6): 553-560
Vassart, M.; Guédant, A.; Vié, J.C.; Kéravec, J.; Séguéla, A.; Volobouev, V.T. 1996: Chromosomes of Alouatta seniculus (Platyrrhini, primates) from French Guiana. Journal of Heredity 87(4): 331-334
Oginuma, K.; Tobe, H. 1997: Chromosomes of Carallia, Gynotroches, and Pellacalyx (Rhizophoraceae; Gynotrocheae). Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 48(1): 15-21
Aswathanarayana, N.V. 1996: Chromosomes of Letana nigrosparsa Walker (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) with a note on the unique behaviour of the sex chromosome in the spermatogonial cells. Cytologia 61(1): 113-117
Uhl, C.H. 1992: Chromosomes of Mexican Sedum: VI. Section Sedastrum. Rhodora 94(880): 362-370
Contreras, L.C.; Torres Mura, J.C.; Spotorno, A.E.; Walker, L.I. 1994: Chromosomes of Octomys mimax and Octodontomys gliroides and relationships of octodontid rodents. Journal of Mammalogy 75(3): 768-774
Warchalowska-Sliwa, E.; Kostia, D. 1996: Chromosomes of Tachycines coreanus Yamasaki, 1969 (Orthoptera: Rhaphidophoridae, Aemodogryllinae). Karyotype, C-bands, and NORs. Folia Biologica (Cracow): 441-2: 1-4
Yoo, M.S.; Lee, J.M.; Kim, I.B. 1992: Chromosomes of arkshell, Scapharca broughtonii Schrenck. Bulletin of the Korean Fisheries Society 25(3): 171-175
Schmutz, S.M.; Moker, J.S.; Thue, T.D. 1993: Chromosomes of five north American buteonine hawks. Journal of Raptor Research 27(4): 196-202
Gokhman, V.E.; Kolesnichenko, K.A. 1997: Chromosomes of ichneumon flies of the subfamily Pimplinae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Folia Biologica (Cracow): 453-4: 139-141
Lim, A.S.; Ho, A.T.; Tsakok, M.F. 1995: Chromosomes of oocytes failing in-vitro fertilization. Human Reproduction 10(10): 2570-2575
Oginuma, K.; Tobe, H.; Ohba, H. 1994: Chromosomes of some woody plants from Nepal. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 45(1): 15-22
Oginuma, K.; Kato, A.; Tobe, H.; Mathenge, S.G.; Juma, F.D. 1993: Chromosomes of some woody plants in Kenya. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 44(1): 53-58
Oginuma, K.; Gu, Z.; Yue, Z.S.; Kondo, K. 1994: Chromosomes of some woody plants native to Yunnan, China. Kromosomo 2(73): 2491-2497
Gomes, Vicente; Ngan, Phan Van; De Broyer, Claude; Passos, Maria Jose De A.C. Rocha 1993: Chromosomes of the Antarctic amphipod Waldeckia obesa Chevreux. Hydrobiologia 262(2): 109-113
Lewis, R.J. 1996: Chromosomes of the brown algae. Phycologia 35(1): 0,.
Rodriguez-Romero, F.; De-Oca, M.-Gasca-Montes 1998: Chromosomes of the experimental hybrid of Crassostrea virginica Gmelin 1791 and Crassostrea rhizophorae Guilding 1828 (Pseudolamellibranchiata: Ostreidae). Ciencias Marinas 24(1): 55-63
Fukui, Y. 1993: Chromosomes of the sea anemone Haliplanella luciae (equal H. lineata) (Coelenterata: Actiniaria). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 73(4): 971-973
Yaseen, A.E.; Hassan, HA.; Kawashti, IS. 1995: Chromosomes of three Egyptian lizards of the family Gekkonidae (Squamata: Reptilia). Cytologia (Tokyo) 60(3): 233-242
Choudhury, R., C.; Pandit, R.K. 1997: Chromosomes of three prosobranch gastropods from Viviparidae, Pilidae and Cyclophoridae (Order: Mesogastropoda). Caryologia 50(3-4): 341-353
Ieyama, H. 1992: Chromosomes of two species in two families of Palaeotaxodonta (Bivalvia). Venus the Japanese Journal of Malacology 51(1-2): 115-120
Surrallés, J.; Sebastian, S.; Natarajan, A.T. 1997: Chromosomes with high gene density are preferentially repaired in human cells. Mutagenesis 12(6): 437-442
Andreassen, P.R.; Lacroix, F.B.; Margolis, R.L. 1997: Chromosomes with two intact axial cores are induced by G2 checkpoint override: evidence that DNA decatenation is not required to template the chromosome structure. Journal of Cell Biology 136(1): 29-43
Castro Volio, I.; Montero Umana, C.; Jimenez Cruz, G. 1993: Chromosomic characteristics associated with leukemia and other haemopathies Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical 41(3 Part A): 385-392
Gongora-Biachi, R.A.; Gonzalez-Martinez, P.; Pinto-Escalante, D.; Ceballos-Quintal, J.M. 1993: Chromosomic findings in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria. International Journal of Hematology 58(3): 163-167
Queiros, M. 1991: Chromosomic studies on some Pteridophyta from Portugal: II. Collectanea Botanica (Barcelona) 20: 23-33
Cetin, Y.; Aunis, D.; Bader, M.F.; Galindo, E.; Jörns, A.; Bargsten, G.; Grube, D. 1993: Chromostatin, a chromogranin A-derived bioactive peptide, is present in human pancreatic insulin (beta) cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(6): 2360-2364
Zhao, Z.; Gao, R.; Li, J.; Liu, S.; Liu, H. 1998: Chromotropic acid as a reagent for ultraviolet spectrophotometric determination of hexavalent chromium in water. Microchemical Journal 58(1): 1-5,.
Bret, P.; Chazal, J. 1995: Chronic ("normal pressure") hydrocephalus in childhood and adolescence. A review of 16 cases and reappraisal of the syndrome. Child's Nervous System: Chns: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery 11(12): 687-691
Dean, I.; Jackson, F.; Greenough, R.J. 1996: Chronic (1-year) oral toxicity study of erythritol in dogs. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: Rtp 24(2 Part 2): S254-S260
Greener, Y.; Barbolt, T.A.; Zelinger, D.J.; Gossett, K.A. 1993: Chronic (1-year) safety evaluation of ipazilide fumarate, an antiarrhythmic agent, administered orally to rats. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 20(2): 147-154
Hayes, A.A.; Bower, G.D.; Pitstock, K.L. 1995: Chronic (exertional) compartment syndrome of the legs diagnosed with thallous chloride scintigraphy. Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication Society of Nuclear Medicine 36(9): 1618-1624
Hofmann, R.; Trappe, H.J.; Klein, H.; Kemnitz, J. 1993: Chronic (or healed) myocarditis mimicking arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. European Heart Journal 14(5): 717-720
Saporito, M.S.; Brown, E.R.; Hartpence, K.C.; Wilcox, H.M.; Vaught, J.L.; Carswell, S. 1994: Chronic 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-mediated induction of nerve growth factor mRNA and protein in L929 fibroblasts and in adult rat brain. Brain Research 633(1-2): 189-196
Yau, J.L.; Kelly, P.A.; Sharkey, J.; Seckl, J.R. 1994: Chronic 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine administration decreases glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptor, but increases 5-hydroxytryptamine1C receptor gene expression in the rat hippocampus. Neuroscience 61(1): 31-40
Palfi, S.; Ferrante, R.J.; Brouillet, E.; Beal, M.F.; Dolan, R.; Guyot, M.C.; Peschanski, M.; Hantraye, P. 1996: Chronic 3-nitropropionic acid treatment in baboons replicates the cognitive and motor deficits of Huntington's disease. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 16(9): 3019-3025
Muders, F.; Elsner, D.; Jandeleit, K.; Bahner, U.; Kromer, E.P.; Kirst, I.; Riegger, G.A.; Palkovits, M. 1997: Chronic ACE inhibition by quinapril modulates central vasopressinergic system. Cardiovascular Research 34(3): 575-581
Castellano, M.; Rizzoni, D.; Beschi, M.; Böhm, M.; Porteri, E.; Bettoni, G.; Cinelli, A.; Rosei, E.A. 1995: Chronic ACE-inhibitor treatment and adrenergic mechanisms in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 26(3): 381-387
Varner, J., A.; Huie, C.; Horvath, W.; Jensen, K., F.; Isaacson, R., L. 1993: Chronic AIF-3 administration: II. Selected histological observations. Neuroscience Research Communications 13(2): 99-104
Brooks, V.L.; Hatton, D.C. 1997: Chronic ANG Ii infusion and reflex control of norepinephrine and corticosterone in conscious rabbits. American Journal of Physiology 272(2 Part 2): R487-R496
dos Santos, C.M.; Moreira, E.D.; Krieger, E.M.; Michelini, L.C. 1998: Chronic AT1 receptor blockade alters aortic nerve activity in hypertension. Hypertension 31(4): 973-977
Tsukazaki, K.; Nikami, H.; Shimizu, Y.; Kawada, T.; Yoshida, T.; Saito, M. 1995: Chronic administration of beta-adrenergic agonists can mimic the stimulative effect of cold exposure on protein synthesis in rat brown adipose tissue. Journal of Biochemistry 117(1): 96-100
Alekseev, A.V.; Slepko, N.G. 1998: Chronic Agrilus viridis loci in river valleys of the North Caucasus. Lesovedenie 1998(4): 52-57
Schiavi, R.C.; Stimmel, B.B.; Mandeli, J.; White, D. 1995: Chronic alcoholism and male sexual function. American Journal of Psychiatry 152(7): 1045-1051
McDermott, M.; O'Connell, B.; Mulvihill, T.E.; Sweeney, E.C. 1994: Chronic Brucella infection of the supra-patellar bursa with sinus formation. Journal of Clinical Pathology 47(8): 764-766
Ledson, M.J.; Gallagher, M.J.; Walshaw, M.J. 1998: Chronic Burkholderia cepacia bronchiectasis in a non-cystic fibrosis individual. Thorax 53(5): 430-432
Verbraecken, J.; De Backer, W.; Willemen, M.; De Cock, W.; Wittesaele, W.; Van de Heyning 1995: Chronic CO2 drive in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and effect of CPAP. Respiration Physiology 101(3): 279-287
Rubino, T.; Massi, P.; Patrini, G.; Venier, I.; Giagnoni, G.; Parolaro, D. 1994: Chronic CP-55,940 alters cannabinoid receptor mRNA in the rat brain: an in situ hybridization study. Neuroreport 5(18): 2493-2496
Gagnon, C.; Gomez-Mancilla, B.; Bédard, P.J.; Di Paolo, T. 1993: Chronic CY 208-243 treatment of MPTP-monkeys causes regional changes of dopamine and GABAA receptors. Neuroscience Letters 163(1): 31-35
Caeiro, T.; Iosa, D. 1994: Chronic Chagas' disease: possible mechanism of sinus bradycardia. Canadian Journal of Cardiology 10(7): 765-768
Cunningham, A.F.; Johnston, S.L.; Julious, S.A.; Lampe, F.C.; Ward, M.E. 1998: Chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection and asthma exacerbations in children. European Respiratory Journal 11(2): 345-349
Laurila, A.; Bloigu, A.; Näyhä, S.; Hassi, J.; Leinonen, M.; Saikku, P. 1997: Chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is associated with a serum lipid profile known to be a risk factor for atherosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 17(11): 2910-2913
Wang, J.; Pan, X.-Guang 1994: Chronic Cor Pulmonale Complicated by Multiple Organ Failure (A 70 Cases Report). Acta Academiae Medicinae Hubei 15(3): 280-282
Martin, L.; Gustaferro, C. 1995: Chronic Cough Associated with Subacute Bacterial Endocarditis. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 70(7): 662-664
Rattray, M.; Wotherspoon, G.; Savery, D.; Baldessari, S.; Marden, C.; Priestley, J.V.; Bendotti, C. 1994: Chronic D-fenfluramine decreases serotonin transporter messenger RNA expression in dorsal raphe nucleus. European Journal of Pharmacology 268(3): 439-442
Franklin, J.L.; Sanz-Rodriguez, C.; Juhasz, A.; Deckwerth, T.L.; Johnson, E.M. 1995: Chronic depolarization prevents programmed death of sympathetic neurons in vitro but does not support growth: requirement for Ca2+ influx but not Trk activation. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 15(1 Pt 2): 643-664
Benya, R.V.; Kusui, T.; Battey, J.F.; Jensen, R.T. 1995: Chronic desensitization and down-regulation of the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor are mediated by a protein kinase C-dependent mechanism. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(7): 3346-3352
Hampl, V.; Archer, S.L.; Nelson, D.P.; Weir, E.K. 1993: Chronic EDRF inhibition and hypoxia: effects on pulmonary circulation and systemic blood pressure. Journal of Applied Physiology 75(4): 1748-1757
Avdulov, N.A.; Chochina, S.V.; Draski, L.J.; Deitrich, R.A.; Wood, W.G. 1995: Chronic Ethanol Consumption Alters Effects of Ethanol In Vitro on Brain Membrane Structure of High Alcohol Sensitivity and Low alcohol Sensitivity Rats. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 19(4): 886-891
Farrar, D.J.; Locke, S.E.; Kantrowitz, F.G. 1995: Chronic fatigue syndrome. 1: Etiology and pathogenesis. Behavioral Medicine 21(1): 5-16
Richman, J.A.; Flaherty, J.A.; Rospenda, K.M. 1994: Chronic fatigue syndrome: have flawed assumptions been derived from treatment-based studies?. American Journal of Public Health 84(2): 282-284
Clark, M.R.; Katon, W.; Russo, J.; Kith, P.; Sintay, M.; Buchwald, D. 1995: Chronic fatigue: risk factors for symptom persistence in a 2 1/2-year follow-up study. American Journal of Medicine 98(2): 187-195
Hu, X.J.; Ticku, M.K. 1994: Chronic flurazepam treatment produces decreased efficacy of the benzodiazepine ligands and pentobarbital with gamma-aminobutyric acidA receptors in cortical neurons. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 270(2): 485-490
Chen, J.; Kelz, M.B.; Hope, B.T.; Nakabeppu, Y.; Nestler, E.J. 1997: Chronic Fos-related antigens: stable variants of deltaFosB induced in brain by chronic treatments. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 17(13): 4933-4941
Mehta, A.K.; Ticku, M.K. 1992: Chronic GABA exposure down-regulates GABA-benzodiazepine receptor-ionophore complex in cultured cerebral cortical neurons. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 16(1-2): 29-36
Eyal, S.; Weizman, A.; Toren, P.; Dor, Y.; Mester, R.; Rehavi, M. 1996: Chronic GnRH agonist administration down-regulates platelet serotonin transporter in women undergoing assisted reproductive treatment. Psychopharmacology 125(2): 141-145
Scanlan, K.A.; Propeck, P.A. 1995: Chronic graft-versus-host disease causing skin thickening on mammograms. Ajr. American Journal of Roentgenology 165(3): 555-556
Marrogi, A.J.; Cheles, M.K.; Gerber, M.A. 1995: Chronic hepatitis C. Analysis of host immune response by immunohistochemistry. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 119(3): 232-237
Garro, L.C.; Stephenson, K.A.; Good, B.J. 1994: Chronic Illness of the Temporomandibular Joints as Experienced by Support-group Members. Journal of General Internal Medicine 9(7): 372-378
Banks, E.; Chun, J.; Weaver, F.A. 1995: Chronic innominate artery dissection after blunt thoracic trauma: case report. Journal of Trauma 38(6): 975-978
Mochizuki, Y.ichi; Kawasaki, Atsushi; Fujino, Takahiro; Tada, Isao; IIda, Mitsuo 1994: Chronic Isospora belli infection, report of a case. Stomach and Intestine 29(9): 969-974
Zeng, B.Y.; Jolkkonen, J.; Jenner, P.; Marsden, C.D. 1995: Chronic L-DOPA treatment differentially regulates gene expression of glutamate decarboxylase, preproenkephalin and preprotachykinin in the striatum of 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rat. Neuroscience 66(1): 19-28
Bouriquet, N.; Casellas, D. 1995: Chronic L-NAME hypertension in rats and autoregulation of juxtamedullary preglomerular vessels. American Journal of Physiology 269(2 Pt 2): F190-F197
Aleppo, G.; Nicoletti, F.; Sortino, M.A.; Casabona, G.; Scapagnini, U.; Canonico, P.L. 1994: Chronic L-alpha-glyceryl-phosphoryl-choline increases inositol phosphate formation in brain slices and neuronal cultures. Pharmacology and Toxicology 74(2): 95-100
Matsuoka, H.; Nakata, M.; Kohno, K.; Koga, Y.; Nomura, G.; Toshima, H.; Imaizumi, T. 1996: Chronic L-arginine administration attenuates cardiac hypertrophy in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension 27(1): 14-18
Bartunek, J.; Dempsey, S.; Weinberg, E.O.; Ito, N.; Tajima, M.; Rohrbach, S.; Lorell, B.H. 1998: Chronic L-arginine treatment increases cardiac cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate in rats with aortic stenosis: Effects on left ventricular mass and beta-adrenergic contractile reserve. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 32(2): 528-535
Gelowitz, D.L.; Richardson, J.S.; Wishart, T.B.; Yu, P.H.; Lai, C.T. 1994: Chronic L-deprenyl or L-amphetamine: equal cognitive enhancement, unequal MAO inhibition. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 47(1): 41-45
Boix, F.; Qiao, S.W.; Kolpus, T.; Sagvolden, T. 1998: Chronic L-deprenyl treatment alters brain monoamine levels and reduces impulsiveness in an animal model of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Behavioural Brain Research 94(1): 153-162
Chang, Y.F.; Wang, Y.; Cauley, R.K.; Gao, X.M. 1993: Chronic L-lysine develops anti-pentylenetetrazol tolerance and reduces synaptic GABAergic sensitivity. European Journal of Pharmacology 233(2-3): 209-217
Fukuda, T.; Oguni, H.; Yanagaki, S.; Fukuyama, Y.; Kogure, M.; Shimizu, H.; Oda, M. 1994: Chronic Localized Encephalitis (Rasmussen's Syndrome) Preceded by Ipsilateral Uveitis: A Case Report. Epilepsia 35(6): 1328-1331
Roberts, E.D.; Bohm, R.P.; Cogswell, F.B.; Lanners, H.N.; Lowrie, R.C.; Povinelli, L.; Piesman, J.; Philipp, M.T. 1995: Chronic lyme disease in the rhesus monkey. Laboratory Investigation; A Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology 72(2): 146-160
Faigel, D.O.; Vaughn, D.J.; Furth, E.E.; Metz, D.C. 1995: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: an unusual cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. American Journal of Gastroenterology 90(4): 635-637
Varastet, M.; Riche, D.; Maziere, M.; Hantraye, P. 1994: Chronic MPTP treatment reproduces in baboons the differential vulnerability of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons observed in Parkinson's disease. Neuroscience 63(1): 47-56
Pedroli, G.; Liechti-Gallati, S.; Mauri, S.; Birrer, P.; Kraemer, R.; Foletti-Jäggi, C.; Bianchetti, M.G. 1995: Chronic metabolic alkalosis: not uncommon in young children with severe cystic fibrosis. American Journal of Nephrology 15(3): 245-250
Coto-Montes, A.M.; Rodriguez-Colunga, M.J.; Menendez-Pelaez, A.; Hoover, P.; Vaughan, M.K.; Reiter, R.J. 1993: Chronic N-methyl-D-aspartate administration prevents melatonin-associated changes in cell differentiation in the harderian glands of male hamsters. Endocrine Research 19(2-3): 101-111
Scheetz, A.J.; Prusky, G.T.; Constantine-Paton, M. 1996: Chronic NMDA receptor antagonism during retinotopic map formation depresses CaM kinase II differentiation in rat superior colliculus. European Journal of Neuroscience 8(7): 1322-1328
Tolbert, D.L.; Pittman, T.; Alisky, J.M.; Clark, B.R. 1994: Chronic NMDA receptor blockade or muscimol inhibition of cerebellar cortical neuronal activity alters the development of spinocerebellar afferent topography. Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research 80(1-2): 268-274
Von Lubitz, D.K.; Kim, J.; Beenhakker, M.; Carter, M.F.; Lin, R.C.; Meshulam, Y.; Daly, J.W.; Shi, D.; Zhou, L.M.; Jacobson, K.A. 1995: Chronic NMDA receptor stimulation: therapeutic implications of its effect on adenosine A1 receptors. European Journal of Pharmacology 283(1-3): 185-192
Li, Z.; Barrios, V.; Buchholz, J.N.; Glenn, T.C.; Duckles, S.P. 1994: Chronic nicotine administration does not affect peripheral vascular reactivity in the rat. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 271(3): 1135-1142
Lamers, R.J.; Thelissen, G.R.; Kessels, A.G.; Wouters, E.F.; van Engelshoven, J.M. 1994: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: evaluation with spirometrically controlled CT lung densitometry. Radiology 193(1): 109-113
Bremner, J.D.; Southwick, S.M.; Darnell, A.; Charney, D.S. 1996: Chronic PTSD in Vietnam combat veterans: course of illness and substance abuse. American Journal of Psychiatry 153(3): 369-375
Pareja, J.A. 1995: Chronic Paroxysmal Hemicrania: Dissociation of the Pain and Autonomic Features. Headache 35(2): 111-113
Ozaksit, G.; Caglar, T.; Zorlu, C.G.; Cobanoglu, O.; Cicek, N.; Batioglu, S.; Gökmen, O. 1995: Chronic pelvic pain in adolescent women. Diagnostic laparoscopy and ultrasonography. Journal of Reproductive Medicine 40(7): 500-502
Cheung, A.T.; Moss, R.B.; Leong, A.B.; Novick, W.J. 1992: Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa endobronchitis in rhesus monkeys: I. Effects of pentoxifylline on neutrophil influx. Journal of Medical Primatology 21(7-8): 357-362
Cheung, A.T.; Moss, R.B.; Kurland, G.; Leong, A.B.; Novick, W.J. 1993: Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa endobronchitis in rhesus monkeys: II. A histopathologic analysis. Journal of Medical Primatology 22(4): 257-262
Johansen, H.K.; Espersen, F.; Pedersen, S.S.; Hougen, H.P.; Rygaard, J.; Høiby, N. 1993: Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in normal and athymic rats. Apmis: Acta Pathologica Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica 101(3): 207-225
Moser, C.; Johansen, H.K.; Song, Z.; Hougen, H.P.; Rygaard, J.; Høiby, N. 1997: Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection is more severe in TH2 responding BALB/c mice compared to Th1 responding C3H/HeN mice. Apmis: Acta Pathologica Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica 105(11): 838-842
Bental, T.; Fejgin, M.; Keysary, A.; Rzotkiewicz, S.; Oron, C.; Nachum, R.; Beyth, Y.; Lang, R. 1995: Chronic Q fever of pregnancy presenting as Coxiella burnetii placentitis: successful outcome following therapy with erythromycin and rifampin. Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 21(5): 1318-1321
Brouqui, P.; Dupont, H.T.; Drancourt, M.; Berland, Y.; Etienne, J.; Leport, C.; Goldstein, F.; Massip, P.; Micoud, M.; Bertrand, A. 1993: Chronic Q fever. Ninety-two cases from France, including 27 cases without endocarditis. Archives of Internal Medicine 153(5): 642-648
Talmi, M.; Carlier, E.; Bengelloun, W.; Soumireu-Mourat, B. 1996: Chronic RU486 treatment reduces age-related alterations of mouse hippocampal function. Neurobiology of Aging 17(1): 9-14
Morillo, C.A.; Klein, G.J.; Jones, D.L.; Guiraudon, C.M. 1995: Chronic rapid atrial pacing. Structural, functional, and electrophysiological characteristics of a new model of sustained atrial fibrillation. Circulation 91(5): 1588-1595
Chroni, E.; Hall, S.M.; Hughes, R.A. 1995: Chronic relapsing axonal neuropathy: a first case report. Annals of Neurology 37(1): 112-115
Slovik, S. 1996: Chronic SO-2- and NO-x-pollution interferes with the K+ and Mg-2+ budget of Norway spruce trees. Journal of Plant Physiology 148(3-4): 276-286
Séguin, L.; Potvin, L.; St-Denis, M.; Loiselle, J. 1995: Chronic stressors, social support, and depression during pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology 85(4): 583-589
Verma, S.; Bhanot, S.; Hicke, A.; McNeill, J.H. 1997: Chronic T-type Ca2+ channel blockade with mibefradil in hyperinsulinemic, insulin-resistant and hypertensive rats. Cardiovascular Research 34(1): 121-128
Amsler, K.; Murray, J.; Cruz, R.; Chen, J.L. 1996: Chronic TPA treatment inhibits expression of proximal tubule-specific properties by LLC-PK1 cells. American Journal of Physiology 270(1 Pt 1): C332-C340
Tanaka, A.; Hisanaga, A.; Hirata, M.; Omura, M.; Makita, Y.; Inoue, N.; Ishinishi, N. 1995: Chronic toxicity of tar from heavy-duty diesel exhaust following intratracheal instillations to the lungs of hamsters. Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi 86(2): 65-73
Sheng, J.Z.; Wong, T.M. 1996: Chronic U50,488H abolishes inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and intracellular Ca2+ elevations evoked by kappa-opioid receptor in rat myocytes. European Journal of Pharmacology 307(3): 323-329
Punnonen, K.; Lehtola, K.; Autio, P.; Kiistala, U.; Ahotupa, M. 1995: Chronic UVB irradiation induces superoxide dismutase activity in human epidermis in vivo. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B Biology 30(1): 43-48
Chaquour, B.; Seité, S.; Coutant, K.; Fourtanier, A.; Borel, J.P.; Bellon, G. 1995: Chronic UVB- and all-trans retinoic-acid-induced qualitative and quantitative changes in hairless mouse skin. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B Biology 28(2): 125-135
Egan, K.J.; Krieger, J.L. 1997: Chronic abacterial prostatitis--a urological chronic pain syndrome?. Pain 69(3): 213-218
Gholson, C.F.; Sittig, K.; Favrot, D.; McDonald, J.C. 1994: Chronic abdominal pain as the initial manifestation of pancreatic injury due to remote blunt trauma of the abdomen. Southern Medical Journal 87(9): 902-904
Whitcomb, D.C.; Martin, S.P.; Schoen, R.E.; Jho, H.D. 1995: Chronic abdominal pain caused by thoracic disc herniation. American Journal of Gastroenterology 90(5): 835-837
Greenbaum, D.S.; Greenbaum, R.B.; Joseph, J.G.; Natale, J.E. 1994: Chronic abdominal wall pain. Diagnostic validity and costs. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 39(9): 1935-1941
Elliott, J.P.; Gilpin, B.; Strong, T.H.; Finberg, H.J. 1998: Chronic abruption-oligohydramnios sequence. Journal of Reproductive Medicine 43(5): 418-422
Heyser, C.J.; Schulteis, G.; Durbin, P.; Koob, G.F. 1998: Chronic acamprosate eliminates the alcohol deprivation effect while having limited effects on baseline responding for ethanol in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 18(2): 125-133
Alfredson, H.; Pietilä, T.; Lorentzon, R. 1996: Chronic Achilles tendinitis and calf muscle strength. American Journal of Sports Medicine 24(6): 829-833
Kurumaji, Y.; Miyamoto, C.; Fukuro, S.; Kondo, S.; Keong, C.; Nishioka, K.; Satoh, Y. 1994: Chronic actinic dermatitis: a clinical and photobiological study in 6 Japanese patients. Dermatology 189(3): 241-247
Lim, H.W.; Morison, W.L.; Kamide, R.; Buchness, M.R.; Harris, R.; Soter, N.A. 1994: Chronic actinic dermatitis. An analysis of 51 patients evaluated in the United States and Japan. Archives of Dermatology 130(10): 1284-1289
Ammer, H.; Schulz, R. 1995: Chronic activation of inhibitory delta-opioid receptors cross-regulates the stimulatory adenylate cyclase-coupled prostaglandin E1 receptor system in neuroblastoma x glioma (NG108-15) hybrid cells. Journal of Neurochemistry 64(6): 2449-2457
Ronken, E.; Mulder, A.H.; Schoffelmeer, A.N. 1994: Chronic activation of mu- and kappa-opioid receptors in cultured catecholaminergic neurons from rat brain causes neuronal supersensitivity without receptor desensitization. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 268(2): 595-599
Simpson, P.B.; Challiss, R.A.; Nahorski, S.R. 1994: Chronic activation of muscarinic and metabotropic glutamate receptors down-regulates type I inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor expression in cerebellar granule cells. Journal of Neurochemistry 63(6): 2369-2372
Przywara, D.A.; Zhong, H.; Kulkarni, J.S.; Anderson, G.F.; Wakade, A.R. 1997: Chronic activation of protein kinase C by phorbol ester reduces calcium channel expression in chick sympathetic neurons. Neuroscience Letters 229(2): 138-140
Avignon, A.; Yamada, K.; Zhou, X.; Spencer, B.; Cardona, O.; Saba-Siddique, S.; Galloway, L.; Standaert, M.L.; Farese, R.V. 1996: Chronic activation of protein kinase C in soleus muscles and other tissues of insulin-resistant type II diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK), obese/aged, and obese/Zucker rats. A mechanism for inhibiting glycogen synthesis. Diabetes 45(10): 1396-1404
Michel, P.P.; Agid, Y. 1996: Chronic activation of the cyclic AMP signaling pathway promotes development and long-term survival of mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons. Journal of Neurochemistry 67(4): 1633-1642
Mitterer, M.; Pescosta, N.; Fend, F.; Larcher, C.; Prang, N.; Schwarzmann, F.; Coser, P.; Huemer, H.P. 1995: Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus disease in a case of persistent polyclonal B-cell lymphocytosis. British Journal of Haematology 90(3): 526-531
Ishihara, S.; Okada, S.; Wakiguchi, H.; Kurashige, T.; Morishima, T.; Kawa-Ha, K. 1995: Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection in children in Japan. Acta Paediatrica 84(11): 1271-1275
Nakagawa, A.; Ito, M.; Iwaki, T.; Yatabe, Y.; Asai, J.; Hayashi, K. 1996: Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection with giant coronary aneurysms. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 105(6): 733-736
Mcguire, T. 1993: Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection, an AIDS-co-factor or predominant infection?. Medical Hypotheses 40(1): 8-14
Asenbauer, B.; McEntagart, M.; King, M.D.; Gallagher, P.; Burke, M.; Farrell, M.A. 1998: Chronic active destructive herpes simplex encephalitis with recovery of viral DNA 12 years after disease onset. Neuropediatrics 29(3): 120-123
Eaton, K.A.; Krakowka, S. 1992: Chronic active gastritis due to Helicobacter pylori in immunized gnotobiotic piglets. Gastroenterology 103(5): 1580-1586
Ward, J.M.; Fox, J.G.; Anver, M.R.; Haines, D.C.; George, C.V.; Collins, M.J.; Gorelick, P.L.; Nagashima, K.; Gonda, M.A.; Gilden, R.V. 1994: Chronic active hepatitis and associated liver tumors in mice caused by a persistent bacterial infection with a novel Helicobacter species. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 86(16): 1222-1227
Maruyama, S.; Hirayama, C.; Abe, J.; Tanaka, J.; Matsui, K. 1995: Chronic active hepatitis and liver cirrhosis in association with combined tamoxifen/tegafur adjuvant therapy. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 40(12): 2602-2607
Ward, J.M.; Anver, M.R.; Haines, D.C.; Benveniste, R.E. 1994: Chronic active hepatitis in mice caused by Helicobacter hepaticus. American Journal of Pathology 145(4): 959-968
Michele, T.M.; Fleckenstein, J.; Sgrignoli, A.R.; Thuluvath, P.J. 1994: Chronic active hepatitis in the type I polyglandular autoimmune syndrome. Postgraduate Medical Journal 70(820): 128-131
Toyonaga, T.; Hino, O.; Sugai, S.; Wakasugi, S.; Abe, K.; Shichiri, M.; Yamamura, K. 1994: Chronic active hepatitis in transgenic mice expressing interferon-gamma in the liver. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91(2): 614-618
Whary, M.T.; Morgan, T.J.; Dangler, C.A.; Gaudes, K.J.; Taylor, N.S.; Fox, J.G. 1998: Chronic active hepatitis induced by Helicobacter hepaticus in the A/JCr mouse is associated with a Th1 cell-mediated immune response. Infection and Immunity 66(7): 3142-3148
Kragsbjerg, P. 1997: Chronic active mononucleosis. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 29(5): 517-518
Cloutier, M.; Gascon-Barré, M.; D'Amour, P. 1992: Chronic adaptation of dog parathyroid function to a low-calcium-high-sodium-vitamin D-deficient diet. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 7(9): 1021-1028
Von Lubitz, D.K.; Paul, I.A.; Ji, X.D.; Carter, M.; Jacobson, K.A. 1994: Chronic adenosine A1 receptor agonist and antagonist: effect on receptor density and N-methyl-D-aspartate induced seizures in mice. European Journal of Pharmacology 253(1-2): 95-99
Rose, S.; Jenner, P.; Marsden, C.D. 1993: Chronic administration does not alter the pharmacokinetic profile of L-dopa in the rat. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 45(8): 725-730
Kotake, Y.; Yoshida, M.; Ogawa, M.; Tasaki, Y.; Hirobe, M.; Ohta, S. 1996: Chronic administration of 1-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline, an endogenous amine in the brain, induces parkinsonism in a primate. Neuroscience Letters 217(1): 69-71
Albanese, A.; Granata, R.; Gregori, B.; Piccardi, M.P.; Colosimo, C.; Tonali, P. 1993: Chronic administration of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine to monkeys: Behavioural, morphological and biochemical correlates. Neuroscience 55(3): 823-832
Bioulac, B.; Benazzouz, A.; Burbaud, P.; Gross, C. 1997: Chronic administration of DL-allyl-glycine into the neostriatum, disorganises the firing modes of the nigral dopaminergic neurons in the rat. Neuroscience Letters 226(1): 21-24
Cobb, B.L.; Ryan, K.L.; Frei, M.R.; Guel-Gomez, V.; Mickley, G.A. 1995: Chronic administration of L-NAME in drinking water alters working memory in rats. Brain Research Bulletin 38(2): 203-207
Lannes, B.; Micheletti, G.; Warter, J.-Marie; Zwiller, J. 1992: Chronic administration of NMDA antagonists induces a facilitation of striatal dopaminergic D2 transmission in rat: Behavioural and biochemical study. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie III Sciences de la Vie 315(10): 387-394
Logan, J.A.; Mcdaniel, W.F.; Compton, D.M. 1996: Chronic administration of ORG 2766 for 6 months produces a subtle impairment in strategic learning by rats. Neuropeptides 30(6): 541-545
Kabuto, H.; Asanuma, M.; Nishibayashi, S.; Iida, M.; Ogawa, N. 1997: Chronic administration of Oren-gedoku-to (TJ15) inhibits ischemia-induced changes in brain indoleamine metabolism and muscarinic receptor binding in the Mongolian gerbil. Neurochemical Research 22(1): 33-36
Hol, T.; Ruven, S.; Van Ree, J.M.; Spruijt, B.M. 1996: Chronic administration of Org2766 and morphine counteracts isolation-induced increase in social interest: Implication of endogenous opioid systems. Neuropeptides 30(3): 283-291
Fossom, L.H.; Skolnick, P. 1997: Chronic administration of a partial agonist at strychnine-insensitive glycine receptors: a novel experimental approach to the treatment of ischemias. Journal of Neural Transmission. Supplementum 49: 235-244
Pike, B.R.; Hamm, R.J. 1997: Chronic administration of a partial muscarinic M1 receptor agonist attenuates decreases in forebrain choline acetyltransferase immunoreactivity following experimental brain trauma. Experimental Neurology 147(1): 55-65
Tanaka, K.; Ogawa, N.; Asanuma, M.; Kondo, Y.; Mori, A. 1994: Chronic administration of acetylcholinesterase inhibitor in the senescent rat brain. Neurobiology of Aging 15(6): 721-725
Hunt, P.S.; Molina, J.C.; Rajachandran, L.; Spear, L.P.; Spear, N.E. 1993: Chronic administration of alcohol in the developing rat: Expression of functional tolerance and alcohol olfactory aversions. Behavioral and Neural Biology 59(2): 87-99
Wang, W. 1994: Chronic administration of aldosterone depresses baroreceptor reflex function in the dog. Hypertension 24(5): 571-575
Varner, J.A.; Jensen, K.F.; Horvath, W.; Isaacson, R.L. 1998: Chronic administration of aluminum-fluoride or sodium-fluoride to rats in drinking water: Alterations in neuronal and cerebrovascular integrity. Brain Research 784(1-2): 284-298
Ghiani, C.A.; Serra, M.; Motzo, C.; Giusti, P.; Cuccheddu, T.; Porceddu, M.L.; Biggio, G. 1994: Chronic administration of an anticonvulsant dose of imidazenil fails to induce tolerance of GABAA receptor function in mice. European Journal of Pharmacology 254(3): 299-302
Nakamura, F.; Nagano, M.; Kobayashi, R.; Higaki, J.; Mikami, H.; Kawaguchi, N.; Onishi, S.; Ogihara, T. 1994: Chronic administration of angiotensin II receptor antagonist, TCV-116, in cardiomyopathic hamsters. American Journal of Physiology 267(6 Pt 2): H2297-H2304
Tanay, V.A.; Glencorse, T.A.; Greenshaw, A.J.; Baker, G.B.; Bateson, A.N. 1996: Chronic administration of antipanic drugs alters rat brainstem GABAA receptor subunit mRNA levels. Neuropharmacology 35(9-10): 1475-1482
Manzanares, J.; Corchero, J.; Romero, J.; Fernandez-Ruiz, J.J.; Ramos, J.A.; Fuentes, J.A. 1998: Chronic administration of cannabinoids regulates proenkephalin mRNA levels in selected regions of the rat brain. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 55(1): 126-132
Chapados, R.A.; Gruver, E.J.; Ingwall, J.S.; Marsh, J.D.; Gwathmey, J.K. 1992: Chronic administration of cardiovascular drugs: altered energetics and transmembrane signaling. American Journal of Physiology 263(5 Pt 2): H1576-H1586
Cadranel, J.F.; Erlinger, S.; Desruenne, M.; Luciani, J.; Lunel, F.; Grippon, P.; Cabrol, A.; Opolon, P. 1992: Chronic administration of cyclosporin A induces a decrease in hepatic excretory function in man. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 37(10): 1473-1476
Borlongan, C.V.; Fujisaki, T.; Watanabe, S. 1997: Chronic administration of cyclosporine A does not impair memory retention in rats. Neuroreport 8(3): 673-676
Zuckerman, S.H.; Evans, G.F.; Bryan, N. 1997: Chronic administration of dexamethasone results in Fc receptor up-regulation and inhibition of class I antigen expression on macrophages from MRL/lpr autoimmune mice. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 4(5): 572-578
Marczynski, T.J.; Artwohl, J.; Marczynska, B. 1994: Chronic administration of flumazenil increases life span and protects rats from age-related loss of cognitive functions: a benzodiazepine/GABAergic hypothesis of brain aging. Neurobiology of Aging 15(1): 69-84
Lane, P.H.; Tyler, L.D.; Schmitz, P.G. 1998: Chronic administration of furosemide augments renal weight and glomerular capillary pressure in normal rats. American Journal of Physiology 275(2): F230-F234
Larsen, P.J.; Jessop, D.S.; Chowdrey, H.S.; Lightman, S.L.; Mikkelsen, J.D. 1994: Chronic administration of glucocorticoids directly upregulates prepro-neuropeptide Y and Y1-receptor mRNA levels in the arcuate nucleus of the rat. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 6(2): 153-159
Radecki, S.V.; McCann-Levorse, L.; Agarwal, S.K.; Burnside, J.; Proudman, J.A.; Scanes, C.G. 1997: Chronic administration of growth hormone (GH) to adult chickens exerts marked effects on circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-i (IGF-I), IGF binding proteins, hepatic GH regulated gene I, and hepatic GH receptor mRNA. Endocrine 6(2): 117-124
Boyer, P.A.; Skolnick, P.; Fossom, L.H. 1998: Chronic administration of imipramine and citalopram alters the expression of NMDA receptor subunit mRNAs in mouse brain. a quantitative in situ hybridization study. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: Mn 10(3): 219-233
Nagayama, H. 1996: Chronic administration of imipramine and lithium changes the phase-angle relationship between the activity and core body temperature circadian rhythms in rats. Chronobiology International 13(4): 251-259
Diana, M.; Muntoni, A.L.; Pistis, M.; Collu, M.; Forgione, A.; Gessa, G.L. 1996: Chronic administration of l-sulpiride at low doses reduces A10 but not A9 somatodentritic dopamine autoreceptor sensitivity. European Journal of Pharmacology 312(2): 179-181
Vergoni, A.V.; Forgione, A.; Bertolini, A. 1995: Chronic administration of l-sulpiride at non-neuroleptic doses reduces the duration of immobility in experimental models of "depression-like" behavior. Psychopharmacology 121(2): 279-281
Gruaz, N.M.; Lalaoui, M.; Pierroz, D.D.; Englaro, P.; Sizonenko, P.C.; Blum, W.F.; Aubert, M.L. 1998: Chronic administration of leptin into the lateral ventricle induces sexual maturation in severely food-restricted female rats. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 10(8): 627-633
Rocha, E.; Rodnight, R. 1994: Chronic administration of lithium chloride increases immunodetectable glial fibrillary acidic protein in the rat hippocampus. Journal of Neurochemistry 63(4): 1582-1584
Jacobs, R.A.; Young, I.R.; Hollingworth, S.A.; Thorburn, G.D. 1994: Chronic administration of low doses of adrenocorticotropin to hypophysectomized fetal sheep leads to normal term labor. Endocrinology 134(3): 1389-1394
Bazzett, T.J.; Falik, R.C.; Becker, J.B.; Albin, R.L. 1995: Chronic administration of malonic acid produces selective neural degeneration and transient changes in calbindin immunoreactivity in rat striatum. Experimental Neurology 134(2): 244-252
Deboer, T.; Tobler, I. 1997: Chronic administration of melatonin reduces REM sleep in the Djungarian hamster (Phodopus sungorus). Neuroscience Letters 231(2): 118-122
Moriya, T.; Fukushima, T.; Shimazoe, T.; Shibata, S.; Watanabe, S. 1996: Chronic administration of methamphetamine does not affect the suprachiasmatic nucleus-operated circadian pacemaker in rats. Neuroscience Letters 208(2): 129-132
Yukhananov RYu; Zhai, Q.Z.; Persson, S.; Post, C.; Nyberg, F. 1993: Chronic administration of morphine decreases level of dynorphin A in the rat nucleus accumbens. Neuropharmacology 32(7): 703-709
Li, S.; Pelletier, G. 1993: Chronic administration of muscimol and pentobarbital decreases gonadotropin-releasing hormone mRNA levels in the male rat hypothalamus determined by quantitative in situ hybridization. Neuroendocrinology 58(1): 136-139
Hasenöhrl, R.U.; Frisch, C.; Nikolaus, S.; Huston, J.P. 1994: Chronic administration of neurokinin SP improves maze performance in aged Rattus norvegicus. Behavioral and Neural Biology 62(2): 110-120
Pierroz, D.D.; Gruaz, N.M.; d'Alièves, V.; Aubert, M.L. 1995: Chronic administration of neuropeptide Y into the lateral ventricle starting at 30 days of life delays sexual maturation in the female rat. Neuroendocrinology 61(3): 293-300
Moreyra, A.E.; Gelpi, R.J.; Mosca, S.M.; Cingolani, H.E. 1994: Chronic administration of nicardipine attenuates myocardial stunning in isolated rabbit hearts. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 26(8): 979-984
Chiappe De Cingolani, G.E.; Mosca, S.M.; Vila Petroff, M.; Cingolani, H.E. 1994: Chronic administration of nifedipine induces upregulation of dihydropyridine receptors in rabbit heart. American Journal of Physiology 267(3 Pt 2): H1222-H1226
Breuel, H.P.; Heine, P.R.; Mück, W.; Niklaus, H.; Schmage, N.; Kuhlmann, J. 1995: Chronic administration of nimodipine and propranolol in elderly normotensive subjects--an interaction study. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 33(2): 103-108
Chan, C.C.; Lee, F.Y.; Wang, S.S.; Chang, F.Y.; Lin, H.C.; Lin, H.J.; Chu, C.J.; Wu, S.L.; Tai, C.C.; Lee, S.D. 1998: Chronic administration of octreotide ameliorates portal hypertension and portal hypertensive gastropathy in rats with cirrhosis. Clinical Science 94(4): 367-371
Huang, Y.T.; Tsai, J.F.; Liu, T.B.; Hong, C.Y.; Yang, M.C.; Lin, H.C. 1996: Chronic administration of octreotide increases vascular responsiveness in rats with portal hypertension. Clinical Science 91(5): 601-606
Vila, E.; Badia, A. 1995: Chronic administration of oxprenolol and metoprolol attenuate sympathetic cardiovascular responses only in non-adrenalectomized pithed rats. Journal of Autonomic Pharmacology 15(5): 393-402
Brusque, A.M.; Terracciano, S.T.; Fontella, F.U.; Vargas, C.; da Silva, C.G.; Wyse, A.T.; Trindade, V.M.; Wannmacher, C.M.; Wajner, M. 1998: Chronic administration of propionic acid reduces ganglioside N-acetylneuraminic acid concentration in cerebellum of young rats. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 158(2): 121-124
Huang, Y.T.; Lin, H.C.; Tsai, J.F.; Hou, M.C.; Hong, C.Y. 1997: Chronic administration of propranolol improves vascular contractile responsiveness in portal hypertensive rats. European Journal of Clinical Investigation 27(7): 550-555
Mazza, E.; Ghigo, E.; Bellone, J.; Imperiale, E.; Arvat, E.; Procopio, M.; Rizzi, G.; Camanni, F. 1992: Chronic administration of pyridostigmine is not effective in the treatment of short children with growth hormone neurosecretory dysfunction. Acta Medica Auxologica 24(1): 25-30
Shear, D.A.; Dong, J.; Haik-Creguer, K.L.; Bazzett, T.J.; Albin, R.L.; Dunbar, G.L. 1998: Chronic administration of quinolinic acid in the rat striatum causes spatial learning deficits in a radial arm water maze task. Experimental Neurology 150(2): 305-311
Von Lubitz, D.K.; Lin, R.C.; Melman, N.; Ji, X.D.; Carter, M.F.; Jacobson, K.A. 1994: Chronic administration of selective adenosine A1 receptor agonist or antagonist in cerebral ischemia. European Journal of Pharmacology 256(2): 161-167
Bonson, K.R.; Buckholtz, J.W.; Murphy, D.L. 1996: Chronic administration of serotonergic antidepressants attenuates the subjective effects of LSD in humans. Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 14(6): 425-436
Snyder, P.J.; Badura, L.L. 1995: Chronic administration of sodium valproic acid slows pubertal maturation in inbred DBA/2J mice: Skeletal, histological, and endocrinological evidence. Epilepsy Research 20(3): 203-211
D.P.olo, A.; Danesi, R.; Innocenti, F.; Bocci, G.; Nardini, D.; Fogli, S.; Pollina, L.; Rossi, B.; Del Tacca, M. 1997: Chronic administration of suramin induces neurotoxicity in rats. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 152(2): 125-131,. 25
Pierno, S.; De Luca, A.; Camerino, C.; Huxtable, R.J.; Camerino, D.C. 1998: Chronic administration of taurine to aged rats improves the electrical and contractile properties of skeletal muscle fibers. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 286(3): 1183-1190
Kreiss, D.S.; Lucki, I. 1997: Chronic administration of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT differentially desensitizes 5-HT1A autoreceptors of the dorsal and median raphe nuclei. Synapse 25(2): 107-116
Todd, K.G.; McManus, D.J.; Baker, G.B. 1995: Chronic administration of the antidepressants phenelzine, desipramine, clomipramine, or maprotiline decreases binding to 5-hydroxytryptamine2A receptors without affecting benzodiazepine binding sites in rat brain. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 15(3): 361-370
Pinski, J.; Lamharzi, N.; Halmos, G.; Groot, K.; Jungwirth, A.; Vadillo-Buenfil, M.; Kakar, S.S.; Schally, A.V. 1996: Chronic administration of the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) antagonist cetrorelix decreases gonadotrope responsiveness and pituitary LHRH receptor messenger ribonucleic acid levels in rats. Endocrinology 137(8): 3430-3436
Kunko, P.M.; Loeloff, R.J.; Izenwasser, S. 1997: Chronic administration of the selective dopamine uptake inhibitor GBR 12,909, but not cocaine, produces marked decreases in dopamine transporter density. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 356(5): 562-569
Chuncharunee, S.; Carter, C.D.; Studtmann, K.E.; Caro, J.; Coffey, R.J.; Dessypris, E.N. 1993: Chronic administration of transforming growth factor-beta suppresses erythropoietin-dependent erythropoiesis and induces tumour necrosis factor in vivo. British Journal of Haematology 84(3): 374-380
Bellentani, S.; Chao, Y.C.; Ferretti, I.; Panini, R.; Tiribelli, C. 1996: Chronic administration of ursodeoxycholic and tauroursodeoxycholic acid changes microsomal membrane lipid content and fatty acid compositions in rats. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 220(3): 479-483
Acosta, G.B.; Wikinski, S.I.; Bonelli, C.C.; Rubio, M.C. 1996: Chronic administration of valproic acid induces a decrease in rat striatal glutamate and taurine levels. Amino Acids 10(2): 123-131
Curtis, D.J.; Smale, A.; Thien, F.; Schwarer, A.P.; Szer, J. 1995: Chronic airflow obstruction in long-term survivors of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplantation 16(1): 169-173
Bauer, L.O.; Gross, J.B.; Meyer, R.E.; Greenblatt, D.J. 1997: Chronic alcohol abuse and the acute sedative and neurophysiologic effects of midazolam. Psychopharmacology 133(3): 293-299
Wang, J.F.; Greenberg, S.S.; Spitzer, J.J. 1995: Chronic alcohol administration stimulates nitric oxide formation in the rat liver with or without pretreatment by lipopolysaccharide. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 19(2): 387-393
Madeira, M.D.; Andrade, J.P.; Lieberman, A.R.; Sousa, N.; Almeida, O.F.; Paula-Barbosa, M.M. 1997: Chronic alcohol consumption and withdrawal do not induce cell death in the suprachiasmatic nucleus, but lead to irreversible depression of peptide immunoreactivity and mRNA levels. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 17(4): 1302-1319
Mcdonough, K.H. 1997: Chronic alcohol consumption causes accelerated myocardial preconditioning to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 21(5): 869-873
Mullins, P.G.; Vink, R. 1995: Chronic alcohol exposure decreases brain intracellular free magnesium concentration in rats. Neuroreport 6(12): 1633-1636
Sarphie, T.G.; D'souza, N.B.; Spitzer, J.J.; Deaciuc, I.V. 1996: Chronic alcohol feeding in liquid diet or in drinking water has similar effects on electron microscopic appearance of the hepatic sinusoid in the rat. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 20(6): 973-979
Emeson, E.E.; Manaves, V.; Singer, T.; Tabesh, M. 1995: Chronic alcohol feeding inhibits atherogenesis in C57BL/6 hyperlipidemic mice. American Journal of Pathology 147(6): 1749-1758
Baek, J.K.; Heaton, M.B.; Walker, D.W. 1994: Chronic alcohol ingestion: Nerve growth factor gene expression and neurotrophic activity in rat hippocampus. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 18(6): 1368-1376
Grönroos, J.M.; Laine, J.; Kaila, T.; Nevalainen, T.J. 1994: Chronic alcohol intake and carbachol-induced acute pancreatitis in the rat. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft für Toxikologische Pathologie 46(2): 163-167
Wang, X.D.; Liu, C.; Chung, J.; Stickel, F.; Seitz, H.K.; Russell, R.M. 1998: Chronic alcohol intake reduces retinoic acid concentration and enhances AP-1 (c-Jun and c-Fos) expression in rat liver. Hepatology 28(3): 744-750
Bautista, A.P. 1995: Chronic alcohol intoxication enhances the expression of CD18 adhesion molecules on rat neutrophils and release of a chemotactic factor by Kupffer cells. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 19(2): 285-290
Bautista, A.P. 1997: Chronic alcohol intoxication induces hepatic injury through enhanced macrophage inflammatory protein-2 production and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 expression in the liver. Hepatology 25(2): 335-342
Gruol, D.L.; Parsons, K.L. 1996: Chronic alcohol reduces calcium signaling elicited by glutamate receptor stimulation in developing cerebellar neurons. Brain Research 728(2): 166-174
Figueredo, V.M.; Chang, K.C.; Baker, A.J.; Camacho, S.A. 1998: Chronic alcohol-induced changes in cardiac contractility are not due to changes in the cytosolic Ca2+ transient. American Journal of Physiology 275(1): H122-H130
Sacanella, E.; Fernández-Solà, J.; Cofan, M.; Nicolás, J.M.; Estruch, R.; Antúnez, E.; Urbano-Márquez, A. 1995: Chronic alcoholic myopathy: diagnostic clues and relationship with other ethanol-related diseases. Qjm: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians 88(11): 811-817
Preedy, V.R.; Peters, T.J.; Patel, V.B.; Miell, J.P. 1994: Chronic alcoholic myopathy: transcription and translational alterations. FASEB Journal 8(14): 1146-1151
Baker, K.G.; Halliday, G.M.; Kril, J.J.; Harper, C.G. 1996: Chronic alcoholics without Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome or cirrhosis do not lose serotonergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 20(1): 61-66
Ibáñez, J.; Herrero, M.T.; Insausti, R.; Belzunegui, T.; Tuñón, T.; García-Bragado, F.; Gonzalo, L.M. 1995: Chronic alcoholism decreases neuronal nuclear size in the human entorhinal cortex. Neuroscience Letters 183(1-2): 71-74
Baker, K.G.; Halliday, G.M.; Kril, J.J.; Harper, C.G. 1996: Chronic alcoholism in the absence of Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome and cirrhosis does not result in the loss of serotonergic neurons from the median raphe nucleus. Metabolic Brain Disease 11(3): 217-227
Fassoulaki, A.; Farinotti, R.; Servin, F.; Desmonts, J.M. 1993: Chronic alcoholism increases the induction dose of propofol in humans. Anesthesia and Analgesia 77(3): 553-556
Nevo, I.; Langlois, X.; Laporte, A.M.; Kleven, M.; Koek, W.; Lima, L.; Maudhuit, C.; Martres, M.P.; Hamon, M. 1995: Chronic alcoholization alters the expression of 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptor subtypes in rat brain. European Journal of Pharmacology 281(3): 229-239
Gil-Martín, E.; Calvo, P.; Fernández-Briera, A. 1998: Chronic alcoholization in rats by free-choice ingestion of a hydroalcoholic solution. Food and Chemical Toxicology: An International Journal Published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 36(11): 941-946
Kageyama, N.; Igarashi, A.; Ichinose, M.; Miura, M.; Yamauchi, H.; Tomaki, M.; Ishikawa, J.; Sasaki, Y.; Shirato, K. 1995: Chronic allergen exposure enhances cholinergic neurotransmission in sensitized guinea-pigs. European Respiratory Journal 8(5): 752-754
Nagano, H.; Tilney, N.L. 1997: Chronic allograft failure: the clinical problem. American Journal of the Medical Sciences 313(5): 305-309
Amuchastegui, S.C.; Azzollini, N.; Mister, M.; Pezzotta, A.; Perico, N.; Remuzzi, G. 1998: Chronic allograft nephropathy in the rat is improved by angiotensin II receptor blockade but not by calcium channel antagonism. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 9(10): 1948-1955
Jacobs, M.C.; Lenders, J.W.; Willemsen, J.J.; Thien, T. 1995: Chronic alpha-1-adrenergic blockade increases sympathoneural but not adrenomedullary activity in patients with essential hypertension. Journal of Hypertension 13(12 Pt 2): 1837-1841
Suarez Ortega, S.; Salazar Dominguez, M.C.; Rezola Saez, F.; Vargas Garcia, R.; Alfonso Martin, J.L.; Bermejo Amat, E.; Betancor Leon, P. 1998: Chronic alpha-methyldopa-induced hepatopathy. Presentation of one case. Farmacia Clinica 15(1): 50-53
Sandhu, S.K.; Heckman, J.L.; Balsara, R.; Russo, P.A.; Dunn, J.M. 1994: Chronic alterations in cardiac mechanics after fetal closed heart operation. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 57(6): 1409-1415
Doucet, J.P.; Nakabeppu, Y.; Bedard, P.J.; Hope, B.T.; Nestler, E.J.; Jasmin, B.J.; Chen, J.S.; Iadarola, M.J.; St-Jean, M.; Wigle, N.; Blanchet, P.; Grondin, R.; Robertson, G.S. 1996: Chronic alterations in dopaminergic neurotransmission produce a persistent elevation of deltaFosB-like protein(s) in both the rodent and primate striatum. European Journal of Neuroscience 8(2): 365-381
Varner, J.A.; Horvath, W.J.; Huie, C.W.; Naslund, H.R.; Isaacson, R.L. 1994: Chronic aluminum fluoride administration. I. Behavioral observations. Behavioral and Neural Biology 61(3): 233-241
Carvalho, C.R.; Kairalla, R.A.; Capelozzi, V.L.; Amato, M.B.; Saldiva, P.H. 1996: Chronic amiodarone ingestion induces pulmonary toxicity in rats. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 29(6): 779-791
Sicouri, S.; Moro, S.; Litovsky, S.; Elizari, M.V.; Antzelevitch, C. 1997: Chronic amiodarone reduces transmural dispersion of repolarization in the canine heart. Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology 8(11): 1269-1279
Shimizu, M.; Nishida, A.; Zensho, H.; Yamawaki, S. 1996: Chronic amitriptyline exposure reduces 5-HT3 receptor-mediated cyclic GMP formation in NG 108-15 cells. Brain Research 741(1-2): 89-94
Spinale, F.G.; Mukherjee, R.; Krombach, R.S.; Clair, M.J.; Hendrick, J.W.; Houck, W.V.; Hebbar, L.; Kribbs, S.B.; Zellner, J.L.; Dodd, M.G. 1998: Chronic amlodipine treatment during the development of heart failure. Circulation 98(16): 1666-1674
Heyman, S.N.; Stillman, I.E.; Brezis, M.; Epstein, F.H.; Spokes, K.; Rosen, S. 1993: Chronic amphotericin nephropathy: morphometric, electron microscopic, and functional studies. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 4(1): 69-80
Bitran, D.; Hilvers, R.J.; Frye, C.A.; Erskine, M.S. 1996: Chronic anabolic-androgenic steroid treatment affects brain GABA(A) receptor-gated chloride ion transport. Life Sciences 58(7): 573-583
Gramatica, L.; Degani, D.; Beyrne, C.D.; Gramatica, L. 1997: Chronic anal fissure-ambulatory lateral internal sphincterotomy under local anesthesia. Prensa Medica Argentina 84(2): 154-158
Perkins, K.A.; Grobe, J.E.; Fonte, C.; Goettler, J.; Caggiula, A.R.; Reynolds, W.A.; Stiller, R.L.; Scierka, A.; Jacob, R.G. 1994: Chronic and acute tolerance to subjective, behavioral and cardiovascular effects of nicotine in humans. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 270(2): 628-638
Gutiérrez-Ruiz, M.C.; Gómez, J.L.; Souza, V.; Bucio, L. 1995: Chronic and acute ethanol treatment modifies fluidity and composition in plasma membranes of a human hepatic cell line (WRL-68). Cell Biology and Toxicology 11(2): 69-78
Gimenez, C.; Fouad, K.; Choudat, D.; Laureillard, J.; Bouscaillou, P.; Leib, E. 1995: Chronic and acute respiratory effects among grain mill workers. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 67(5): 311-315
Perkins, K.A.; Grobe, J.E.; Epstein, L.H.; Caggiula, A.; Stiller, R.L.; Jacob, R.G. 1993: Chronic and acute tolerance to subjective effects of nicotine. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 45(2): 375-381
Bythell, J.C.; Gladfelter, E.H.; Bythell, M. 1993: Chronic and catastrophic natural mortality of three common Caribbean reef corals. Coral Reefs 12(3-4): 143-152
van Rijzingen, I.M.; Gispen, W.H.; Dam, R.; Spruijt, B.M. 1996: Chronic and intra-amygdala administrations of the ACTH(4-9) analog ORG 2766 modulate behavioral changes after manipulation of NMDA-receptor activity. Brain Research 717(1-2): 200-203
Okada, H.; Suzuki, H.; Kanno, Y.; Yamamura, Y.; Saruta, T. 1994: Chronic and selective vasopressin blockade in spontaneously hypertensive rats. American Journal of Physiology 267(6 Pt 2): R1467-R1471
Rocha, L.; Ackermann, R.F.; Engel, J. 1996: Chronic and single administration of pentylenetetrazol modifies benzodiazepine receptor-binding: an autoradiographic study. Epilepsy Research 24(2): 65-72
Mathias, R.S. 1997: Chronic anemia as a complication of parvovirus B19 infection in a pediatric kidney transplant patient. Pediatric Nephrology 11(3): 355-357
Cohen, B.J.; Beard, S.; Knowles, W.A.; Ellis, J.S.; Joske, D.; Goldman, J.M.; Hewitt, P.; Ward, K.N. 1997: Chronic anemia due to parvovirus B19 infection in a bone marrow transplant patient after platelet transfusion. Transfusion 37(9): 947-952
Bellone, P.; Domenicucci, S.; Chiarella, F.; Bellotti, P.; Lupi, G.; Vecchio, C. 1996: Chronic aneurysmatic dilatation: A possible source of lethal embolization in patients with acute myocardial infarction undergoing thrombolysis. International Journal of Cardiology 56(2): 201-204
Peltz, S.; Barchuk, W.; Oppenheimer, J.; Druce, H.; Bielory, L. 1995: Chronic angio-oedema of the tongue associated with pernicious anaemia and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 20(4): 351-352
Garcia, R.; Bonhomme, M.C.; Diebold, S. 1996: Chronic angiotensin II antagonism with losartan in one-kidney, one clip hypertensive rats: effect on cardiac hypertrophy, urinary sodium and water excretion and the natriuretic system. Journal of Hypertension 14(1): 81-89
Oddie, C.J.; Dilley, R.J.; Kanellakis, P.; Bobik, A. 1993: Chronic angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonism in genetic hypertension: effects on vascular structure and reactivity. Journal of Hypertension 11(7): 717-724
Takemoto, M.; Egashira, K.; Tomita, H.; Usui, M.; Okamoto, H.; Kitabatake, A.; Shimokawa, H.; Sueishi, K.; Takeshita, A. 1997: Chronic angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition and angiotensin Ii type 1 receptor blockade: effects on cardiovascular remodeling in rats induced by the long-term blockade of nitric oxide synthesis. Hypertension 30(6): 1621-1627
Berkenboom, G.; Brékine, D.; Unger, P.; Grosfils, K.; Staroukine, M.; Fontaine, J. 1995: Chronic angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition and endothelial function of rat aorta. Hypertension 26(5): 738-743
Schwietzer, G.K.; Hartmann, A.; Kober, G.; Jungmann, E.; Stratmann, D.; Kaltenbach, M.; Schoeppe, W. 1995: Chronic angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition may improve sodium excretion in cardiac transplant hypertension. Transplantation 59(7): 999-1004
Brands, M.W.; Alonso-Galicia, M.; Mizelle, H.L.; Montani, J.P.; Hildebrandt, D.A.; Hall, J.E. 1993: Chronic angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibition improves cardiac output and fluid balance during heart failure. American Journal of Physiology 264(2 Part 2): R414-R422
Yamada, T.; Nishimura, K.; Park, C.H.; Kono, S.; Yuasa, S.; Tsukiya, T.; Akamatsu, T.; Matsuda, K.; Ban, T. 1997: Chronic animal experiment with magnetically suspended centrifugal pump. Artificial Organs 21(7): 635-638
Sasaki, E.; Myers, T.J.; Jarvik, R.; Frazier, O.H. 1996: Chronic animal experiments of newly developed implantable axial flow pump (Jarvik 2000). Japanese Journal of Artificial Organs 25(4): 806-810
Nishimura, K.; Kono, S.; Nishina, K.; Matsuda, K.; Akamatsu, T.; Tsukiya, T.; Nojiri, C.; Kijima, T. 1998: Chronic animal study with magnetically suspended centrifugal pump (MSCP): From extracorporeal to implantable type. Japanese Journal of Artificial Organs 27(2): 313-318
Chandnani, V.P.; Harper, M.T.; Ficke, J.R.; Gagliardi, J.A.; Rolling, L.; Christensen, K.P.; Hansen, M.F. 1994: Chronic ankle instability: evaluation with MR arthrography, MR imaging, and stress radiography. Radiology 192(1): 189-194
Rosen, T.; Krikun, G.; Ma, Y.; Wang, E.Y.; Lockwood, C.J.; Guller, S. 1998: Chronic antagonism of nuclear factor-kappaB activity in cytotrophoblasts by dexamethasone: a potential mechanism for antiinflammatory action of glucocorticoids in human placenta. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 83(10): 3647-3652
Iacono, R.P.; Lonser, R.R.; Maeda, G.; Kuniyoshi, S.; Warner, D.; Mandybur, G.; Yamada, S. 1995: Chronic anterior pallidal stimulation for Parkinson's disease. Acta Neurochirurgica 137(1-2): 106-112
Kinoshita, K.; Fukushima, T.; Kodama, Y.; Sugihara, J.; Yamamura, M.; Matsuoka, Y. 1997: Chronic anti-ataxic actions of the novel thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) analog, TA-0910, during and after repeated administration in Rolling mouse Nagoya: behavioral and pharmacokinetic studies. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 20(1): 36-39
Nibuya, M.; Nestler, E.J.; Duman, R.S. 1996: Chronic antidepressant administration increases the expression of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) in rat hippocampus. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 16(7): 2365-2372
Carlson, J.N.; Visker, K.E.; Nielsen, D.M.; Keller, R.W.; Glick, S.D. 1996: Chronic antidepressant drug treatment reduces turning behavior and increases dopamine levels in the medial prefrontal cortex. Brain Research 707(1): 122-126
Shimizu, M.; Nishida, A.; Zensho, H.; Yamawaki, S. 1996: Chronic antidepressant exposure enhances 5-hydroxytryptamine7 receptor-mediated cyclic adenosine monophosphate accumulation in rat frontocortical astrocytes. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 279(3): 1551-1558
Chen, J.; Rasenick, M.M. 1995: Chronic antidepressant treatment facilitates G protein activation of adenylyl cyclase without altering G protein content. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 275(1): 509-517
Huang, N.Y.; Strakhova, M.; Layer, R.T.; Skolnick, P. 1997: Chronic antidepressant treatments increase cytochrome b mRNA levels in mouse cerebral cortex. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: Mn 9(3): 167-176
Chillon, J.M.; Capdeville-Atkinson, C.; Lartaud, I.; Guillou, J.; Mertès, P.M.; Atkinson, J. 1992: Chronic antihypertensive treatment with captopril plus hydrochlorothiazide improves aortic distensibility in the spontaneously hypertensive rat. British Journal of Pharmacology 107(3): 710-714
Socci, D.J.; Crandall, B.M.; Arendash, G.W. 1995: Chronic antioxidant treatment improves the cognitive performance of aged rats. Brain Research 693(1-2): 88-94
Grow, D.R.; Reece, M.T.; Hsiu, J.G.; Adams, L.; Newcomb, P.M.; Williams, R.F.; Hodgen, G.D. 1998: Chronic antiprogestin therapy produces a stable atrophic endometrium with decreased fibroblast growth factor: A 1-year primate study on contraception and amenorrhea. Fertility and Sterility 69(5): 936-943
Mccoy, L.; Richfield, E.K. 1996: Chronic antipsychotic treatment alters glycine-stimulated NMDA receptor binding in rat brain. Neuroscience Letters 213(2): 137-141
Dessi, P.; Triglia, J.M.; Tomasi, M.; Zanaret, M.; Cannoni, M. 1992: Chronic antral sinusitis: Treatment. Acta Oto Rhino Laryngologica Belgica 46(3): 279-285
Geppert, A.G.; Mahvi, A.; Hainaut, P.; Lambert, M. 1998: Chronic aortic dissection masquerading as systemic disease. Acta Clinica Belgica 53(1): 19-21
Schattner, A.; Klepfish, A.; Caspi, A. 1996: Chronic aortic dissection presenting as a prolonged febrile disease and arterial embolization. Chest 110(4): 1111-1114
Deutsch, H.J.; Sechtem, U.; Meyer, H.; Theissen, P.; Schicha, H.; Erdmann, E. 1994: Chronic aortic dissection: comparison of MR Imaging and transesophageal echocardiography. Radiology 192(3): 645-650
Stanton, A.W.; Levick, J.R.; Mortimer, P.S. 1997: Chronic arm edema following breast cancer treatment. Kidney International. Supplement 59: S76-S81
Cooper, A.M.; Naughton, M.N.; Williams, B.D. 1994: Chronic arterial occlusion associated with Behçet's disease. British Journal of Rheumatology 33(2): 170-172
Hoffmann, R.; Mintz, G.S.; Popma, J.J.; Satler, L.F.; Pichard, A.D.; Kent, K.M.; Walsh, C.; Mackell, P.; Leon, M.B. 1996: Chronic arterial responses to stent implantation: a serial intravascular ultrasound analysis of Palmaz-Schatz stents in native coronary arteries. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 28(5): 1134-1139
Husby, G.; Blichfeldt, P.; Brinch, L.; Brandtzaeg, P.; Mellbye, O.J.; Sletten, K.; Stenstad, T. 1998: Chronic arthritis and gamma heavy chain disease: coincidence or pathogenic link?. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology 27(4): 257-264
Arvio, M.A.; Rapola, J.M.; Pelkonen, P.M. 1998: Chronic arthritis in patients with aspartylglucosaminuria. Journal of Rheumatology 25(6): 1131-1134
Cho, H.J.; Lee, H.S.; Bae, M.A.; Joo, K. 1995: Chronic arthritis increases tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA levels in the pontine noradrenergic cell groups. Brain Research 695(1): 96-99
Weibel, R.E.; Benor, D.E. 1996: Chronic arthropathy and musculoskeletal symptoms associated with rubella vaccines. A review of 124 claims submitted to the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. Arthritis and Rheumatism 39(9): 1529-1534
Gerber, M.E.; Gaugler, M.D.; Myer, C.M.; Cotton, R.T. 1996: Chronic aspiration in children. When are bilateral submandibular gland excision and parotid duct ligation indicated?. Archives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery 122(12): 1368-1371
Kalkman, E.A.; van Suylen, R.J.; van Dijk, J.P.; Saxena, P.R.; Schoemaker, R.G. 1995: Chronic aspirin treatment affects collagen deposition in non-infarcted myocardium during remodeling after coronary artery ligation in the rat. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 27(11): 2483-2494
Nielsen, N.H.; Bronfort, G.; Bendix, T.; Madsen, F.; Weeke, B. 1995: Chronic asthma and chiropractic spinal manipulation: A randomized clinical trial. Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 25(1): 80-88
Kuba, H.; Yamaguchi, K.; Shimizu, S.; Yokohata, K.; Sugitani, A.; Chijiiwa, K.; Tanaka, M. 1998: Chronic asymptomatic pseudocyst with sludge aggregates masquerading as mucinous cystic neoplasm of the pancreas. Journal of Gastroenterology 33(5): 766-769
Sgarbossa, E.B.; Pinski, S.L.; Maloney, J.D.; Simmons, T.W.; Wilkoff, B.L.; Castle, L.W.; Trohman, R.G. 1993: Chronic atrial fibrillation and stroke in paced patients with sick sinus syndrome. Relevance of clinical characteristics and pacing modalities. Circulation 88(3): 1045-1053
Van Gelder, I.C.; Crijns, H.J.; Tieleman, R.G.; Brügemann, J.; De Kam, P.J.; Gosselink, A.T.; Verheugt, F.W.; Lie, K.I. 1996: Chronic atrial fibrillation. Success of serial cardioversion therapy and safety of oral anticoagulation. Archives of Internal Medicine 156(22): 2585-2592
Castellote, J.; Porta, F.; Badal, J.M.; Sant, F.; Valdes, V.; Libori, R. 1997: Chronic atrophic gastritis, hypergastinemia and gastric carcinoid tumor. Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 89(6): 485-487
Duru, F.; Gürgey, A.; Cetin, M.; Kanra, T.; Altay, C. 1994: Chronic autoimmune hemolytic anemia in children: a report of four patients. Journal of Medicine 25(3-4): 231-240
Simone, E.; Eisenbarth, G.S. 1996: Chronic autoimmunity of type i diabetes. Hormone and Metabolic Research 28(7): 332-336
Johannes, S.; Goerke, T.; Joebges, M.E.; Dillo, W.; Blauth, M.; Peest, D.; Muente, T.F.; Dengler, R. 1996: Chronic back pain: Osteoporosis versus non-secretory multiple myeloma. Aktuelle Neurologie 23(4): 176-178
Bauman, W.A.; Spungen, A.M.; Zhong, Y.G.; Tsitouras, P.D. 1994: Chronic baclofen therapy improves the blunted growth hormone response to intravenous arginine in subjects with spinal cord injury. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 78(5): 1135-1138
Lina, B.; Forey, F.; Tigaud, J.D.; Fleurette, J. 1995: Chronic bacteraemia due to Staphylococcus epidermidis after bone marrow transplantation. Journal of Medical Microbiology 42(3): 156-160
Kotler, D.P.; Giang, T.T.; Thiim, M.; Nataro, J.P.; Sordillo, E.M.; Orenstein, J.M. 1995: Chronic bacterial enteropathy in patients with AIDS. Journal of Infectious Diseases 171(3): 552-558
Gus'kov, A.R.; Gorlina, N.K.; Simonova, A.V. 1998: Chronic bacterial prostatitis as the manifestation of the state of secondary immunodeficiency. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii Epidemiologii i Immunobiologii 1998(3): 47-51
Yamamoto, M.; Hibi, H.; Satoshi, K.; Miyake, K. 1996: Chronic bacterial prostatitis treated with intraprostatic injection of antibiotics. Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology 30(3): 199-202
Papafragas, E.; Paulou-Telioussi, K.; Stathopoulou, P.; Goulandris, N.; Nikita-Tsoureli, D.; Becopoulos, T. 1994: Chronic bacterial prostatitis: Pathogens and their behaviour to antibiotics. Deltion Ellinikis Mikrobiologikis Etaireias 39(3): 302-310
España, A.; Sánchez-Yus, E.; Serna, M.J.; Redondo, P.; Robledo, A.; Quintanilla, E. 1994: Chronic balanitis with palisading granuloma: an atypical genital localization of necrobiosis lipoidica responsive to pentoxifylline. Dermatology 188(3): 222-225
Short, K.R.; Tabakoff, B. 1993: Chronic barbiturate treatment increases NMDA receptors but decreases kainate receptors in mouse cortex. European Journal of Pharmacology 230(1): 111-114
Byrnes, J.J.; Miller, L.G.; Greenblatt, D.J.; Shader, R.I. 1993: Chronic benzodiazepine administration. XII. Anticonvulsant cross-tolerance but distinct neurochemical effects of alprazolam and lorazepam. Psychopharmacology 111(1): 91-95
Hu, X.J.; Ticku, M.K. 1994: Chronic benzodiazepine agonist treatment produces functional uncoupling of the gamma-aminobutyric acid-benzodiazepine receptor ionophore complex in cortical neurons. Molecular Pharmacology 45(4): 618-625
Rossman, M.D. 1996: Chronic beryllium disease: diagnosis and management. Environmental Health Perspectives 104(Suppl): 945-947
Sanders, L.; Lynham, J.A.; Kaumann, A.J. 1996: Chronic beta 1-adrenoceptor blockade sensitises the H1 and H2 receptor systems in human atrium: rôle of cyclic nucleotides. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 353(6): 661-670
Derman, W.E.; Dunbar, F.; Haus, M.; Lambert, M.; Noakes, T.D. 1993: Chronic beta-blockade does not influence muscle power output during high-intensity exercise of short-duration. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology 67(5): 415-419
Murphy, R.J.; Gardiner, P.F.; Rousseau, G.; Bouvier, M.; Béliveau, L. 1997: Chronic beta-blockade increases skeletal muscle beta-adrenergic-receptor density and enhances contractile force. Journal of Applied Physiology 83(2): 459-465
Hughes, S.J.; Behrns, K.E.; Sarr, M.G. 1993: Chronic bile diversion does not alter canine interdigestive myoelectric activity. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 38(6): 1055-1061
Takahashi, M.; Sasaki, I.; Naito, H.; Funayama, Y.; Shibata, C.; Matsuno, S. 1996: Chronic bile diversion to the urinary bladder enhances cholecystokinin release and suppresses gastric inhibitory polypeptide release in dogs. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 178(2): 151-162
Chang, S.W.; Ohara, N. 1994: Chronic biliary obstruction induces pulmonary intravascular phagocytosis and endotoxin sensitivity in rats. Journal of Clinical Investigation 94(5): 2009-2019
Passino Reader, D.R.; Berlin, W.H.; Hickey, J.P. 1995: Chronic bioassays of rainbow trout fry with compounds representative of contaminants in Great Lakes fish. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21(3): 373-383
Djordjević, V.; Kostić, S.; Stefanović, V. 1993: Chronic biofiltration therapy. Artificial Organs 17(8): 687-690
Smith, R.E.; Flowers, C.W. 1995: Chronic blepharitis: a review. Clao Journal: Official Publication of the Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists Inc 21(3): 200-207
Luvarà, G.; Pueyo, M.E.; Philippe, M.; Mandet, C.; Savoie, F.; Henrion, D.; Michel, J.B. 1998: Chronic blockade of NO synthase activity induces a proinflammatory phenotype in the arterial wall: prevention by angiotensin II antagonism. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 18(9): 1408-1416
Iglarz, M.; Matrougui, K.; Lévy, B.I.; Henrion, D. 1998: Chronic blockade of endothelin ETA receptors improves flow dependent dilation in resistance arteries of hypertensive rats. Cardiovascular Research 39(3): 657-664
Baker, R.E.; Wolters, P.; Van Pelt, J. 1997: Chronic blockade of glutamate-mediated bioelectric activity in long-term organotypic neocortical explants differentially effects pyramidal/non-pyramidal dendritic morphology. Developmental Brain Research 104(1-2): 31-39,.
Mavridis, M.; Rogard, M.; Besson, M.J. 1995: Chronic blockade of muscarinic cholinergic receptors by systemic trihexyphenidyl (Artane) administration modulates but does not mediate the dopaminergic regulation of striatal prepropeptide messenger RNA expression. Neuroscience 66(1): 37-53
Kvetnanský, R.; Pacák, K.; Tokarev, D.; Jeloková, J.; Jezová, D.; Rusnák, M. 1997: Chronic blockade of nitric oxide synthesis elevates plasma levels of catecholamines and their metabolites at rest and during stress in rats. Neurochemical Research 22(8): 995-1001
Nakamura, T.; Ohyama, Y.; Masuda, H.; Kurashina, T.; Saito, Y.; Kato, T.; Sumino, H.; Sato, K.; Sakamaki, T.; Sasaki, A.; Nagai, R. 1997: Chronic blockade of nitric oxide synthesis increases urinary endothelin-1 excretion. Journal of Hypertension 15(4): 373-381
Pamnani, M.B.; Chen, S.; Yuan, C.M.; Haddy, F.J. 1994: Chronic blood pressure effects of bufalin, a sodium-potassium ATPase inhibitor, in rats. Hypertension 23(1 Suppl): I106-I109
Swanik, C.B.; Henry, T.J.; Lephart, S.M. 1996: Chronic brachial plexopathies and upper extremity proprioception and strength. Journal of Athletic Training 31(2): 119-124
Van Haarst, A.D.; Oitzl, M.S.; Workel, J.O.; de Kloet, E.R. 1996: Chronic brain glucocorticoid receptor blockade enhances the rise in circadian and stress-induced pituitary-adrenal activity. Endocrinology 137(11): 4935-4943
Bronson, M.E. 1995: Chronic bretazenil produces tolerance to chlordiazepoxide, midazolam, and abecarnil. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 51(2-3): 481-490
Oka, M.; Fukuda, M.; Takatani, H.; Nakano, R.; Kohno, S.; Soda, H. 1996: Chronic bronchial foreign body mimicking peripheral lung tumor. Internal Medicine 35(3): 219-221
Pai, P.; Rustom, R.; Bone, J.M.; Bell, G.M. 1998: Chronic bronchiectasis and anti-myeloperoxidase antibody related rapidly progressive necrotizing glomerulonephritis. Clinical Nephrology 49(4): 262-264
Sweeney, T.D.; Skornik, W.A.; Brain, J.D.; Hatch, V.; Godleski, J.J. 1995: Chronic bronchitis alters the pattern of aerosol deposition in the lung. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 151(2 Part 1): 482-488
Menezes, A.M.; Victora, C.G.; Rigatto, M. 1995: Chronic bronchitis and the type of cigarette smoked. International Journal of Epidemiology 24(1): 95-99
Melbostad, E.; Eduard, W.; Magnus, P. 1997: Chronic bronchitis in farmers. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health 23(4): 271-280
Aichinger, O. 1996: Chronic bronchitis in horses successfully treatment with the desensitization drug Gegensensibilisierung (Allergostop I). Tieraerztliche Umschau 51(9): 542-543
Pönkä, A.; Virtanen, M. 1994: Chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and low-level air pollution in Helsinki, 1987-1989. Environmental Research 65(2): 207-217
Bradshaw, L.M.; Fishwick, D.; Slater, T.; Pearce, N. 1998: Chronic bronchitis, work related respiratory symptoms, and pulmonary function in welders in New Zealand. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 55(3): 150-154
Nolte, D. 1994: Chronic bronchitis: A wide spread disease of multifactorial origin. Atemwegs- und Lungenkrankheiten 20(5): 260-267
Kaganov, S.Y.; Rozinova, N.N.; Nesterenko, V.N.; Mizernitskii, Y.L. 1998: Chronic broncho-pulmonal diseases in children as a problem of modern pediatry. Rossiiskii Vestnik Perinatologii i Pediatrii 43(1): 10-17
Su, R.C.W.; Chong, L.Y. 1996: Chronic bullous dermatosis in Hong Kong. Hong Kong Medical Journal 2(4): 366-372
Simon, J.C.; Dietrich, A.; Kapp, A.; Schoepf, E. 1995: Chronic bullous dermatosis of childhood. Association with gastrointestinal salmonella infection. Hautarzt 46(7): 485-489
Sillevis Smitt, J.H.; Leusen, J.H.; Stas, H.G.; Teeuw, A.H.; Weening, R.S. 1997: Chronic bullous disease of childhood and a paecilomyces lung infection in chronic granulomatous disease. Archives of Disease in Childhood 77(2): 150-152
Wojnarowska, F.; Bhogal, B.S.; Black, M.M. 1994: Chronic bullous disease of childhood and linear IgA disease of adults are IgA1-mediated diseases. British Journal of Dermatology 131(2): 201-204
Baldari, U.; Raccagni, A.A.; Celli, B.; Righini, M.G. 1996: Chronic bullous disease of childhood following Epstein-Barr virus seroconversion: A case report. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology 21(2): 123-126
Chen, H.; Zhang, L.; Rubinow, D.R.; Chuang, D.M. 1995: Chronic buspirone treatment differentially regulates 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptor mRNA and binding sites in various regions of the rat hippocampus. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 32(2): 348-353
Teixeira, N.A.; Pereira, D.G.; Hermini, A.H. 1995: Chronic but not acute Li+ treatment prevents behavioral depression in rats. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 28(9): 1003-1007
Gavaldà, A.; Benyassi, A.; Arancibia, S.; Armario, A. 1993: Chronic but not acute exposure to stress is associated with hypothalamic vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) release into median eminence. Journal of Neuroendocrinology 5(4): 421-425
Nation, J.R.; Livermore, C.L.; Bratton, G.R.; Schenk, S. 1996: Chronic cadmium exposure alters cocaine self-administration in adult male rats. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 4(3): 264-270
Burkey, R.T.; Nation, J.R.; Grover, C.A.; Bratton, G.D. 1993: Chronic cadmium exposure attenuates ethanol-induced hypoalgesia in the adult rat. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research 17(2): 423-427
Miller, D.K.; Nation, J.R. 1997: Chronic cadmium exposure attenuates the conditioned reinforcing properties of morphine and fentanyl. Brain Research 776(1-2): 162-169,. 21
Hiratsuka, H.; Katsuta, O.; Toyota, N.; Tsuchitani, M.; Umemura, T.; Marumo, F. 1996: Chronic cadmium exposure-induced renal anemia in ovariectomized rats. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 137(2): 228-236
White, R.N. 1997: Chronic caecal faecolithiasis in a dog. Journal of Small Animal Practice 38(10): 459-461
Shi, D.; Nikodijević, O.; Jacobson, K.A.; Daly, J.W. 1993: Chronic caffeine alters the density of adenosine, adrenergic, cholinergic, GABA, and serotonin receptors and calcium channels in mouse brain. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 13(3): 247-261
Gasior, M.; Borowicz, K.; Kleinrok, Z.; Czuczwar, S.J. 1996: Chronic caffeine and the anticonvulsant potency of antiepileptic drugs against maximal electroshock. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 54(4): 639-644
Choi, K.C.; Lee, J.; Moon, K.H.; Park, K.K.; Kim, S.W.; Kim, N.H. 1993: Chronic caffeine ingestion exacerbates 2-kidney, 1-clip hypertension and ameliorates deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt hypertension in rats. Nephron 65(4): 619-622
Sidhu, S.S.; Shah, P.; Prasanna, B.M.; Srikanta, S.S.; Tandon, R.K. 1995: Chronic calcific pancreatitis of the tropics (CCPT): Spectrum and correlates of exocrine and endocrine pancreatic dysfunction. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 27(2): 127-132
Antón Crespo, V.; Hinojosa del Val, J.; Aparisi Quereda, L.; Primo Vera, J.; Molés Marco, J.R.; Fernández Chinchilla, J.; Ferrer Gómez, C. 1994: Chronic calcifying pancreatitis and chronic renal failure. Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 85(2): 141-143
Lin, C.C.; Wang, H.P.; Chen, M.F.; Soon, M.S.; Mo, L.R.; Lin, X.Z.; Lin, S.H.; Yang, T.H.; Wang, T.H.; Lin, J.T. 1997: Chronic calcifying pancreatitis in Taiwan: a multicentric study and comparison with western countries. Hepato-Gastroenterology 44(15): 842-848
Pfister, J.; Gerber, H. 1997: Chronic calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder-therapy by percutaneous needle aspiration and lavage: A prospective open study of 62 shoulders. Clinical Rheumatology 16(3): 269-274
Carney, S.L.; Thompson, L. 1998: Chronic calcitonin administration and renal calcium transport in the rat. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 25(3-4): 236-239
Aly, K.B.; Pipkin, J.L.; Hinson, W.G.; Feuers, R.J.; Duffy, P.H.; Lyn-Cook, L.; Hart, R.W. 1994: Chronic caloric restriction induces stress proteins in the hypothalamus of rats. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 76(1): 11-23
Janssen, K.; Gerding, H.; Busse, H. 1993: Chronic canaliculitis and dacryocystitis caused by persisting infection with Chlamydia trachomatis?. Ophthalmologe 90(1): 17-20
Voice, R.A.; Bradley, S.F.; Sangeorzan, J.A.; Kauffman, C.A. 1994: Chronic candidal meningitis: an uncommon manifestation of candidiasis. Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 19(1): 60-66
Oviedo, A.; Glowa, J.; Herkenham, M. 1993: Chronic cannabinoid administration alters cannabinoid receptor binding in rat brain: A quantitative autoradiographic study. Brain Research 616(1-2): 293-302
Costa, B.; Parolaro, D.; Colleoni, M. 1996: Chronic cannabinoid, CP-55,940, administration alters biotransformation in the rat. European Journal of Pharmacology 313(1-2): 17-24
Lundqvist, T. 1995: Chronic cannabis use and the sense of coherence. Life Sciences 56(23-24): 2145-2150
Schears, G.; Clancy, J.; Hirshman, C.A.; Emala, C.W. 1997: Chronic carbachol pretreatment decreases adenylyl cyclase activity in airway smooth muscle. American Journal of Physiology 273(3 Pt 1): L640-L647
Spacek, A.; Neiger, F.X.; Spiss, C.K.; Kress, H.G. 1996: Chronic carbamazepine therapy does not influence mivacurium-induced neuromuscular block. British Journal of Anaesthesia 77(4): 500-502
Huang, C.C.; Chu, C.C.; Chen, R.S.; Lin, S.K.; Shih, T.S. 1996: Chronic carbon disulfide encephalopathy. European Neurology 36(6): 364-368
Penney, D.G.; Giraldo, A.A.; Van Egmond, E.M. 1993: Chronic carbon monoxide exposure in young rats alters coronary vessel growth. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 39(2): 207-222
Hinkamp, T.J.; Sullivan, H.J.; Montoya, A.; Park, S.; Bartlett, L.; Pifarre, R. 1994: Chronic cardiac rejection masking as constrictive pericarditis. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 57(6): 1579-1583
Pariante, C.M.; Carpiniello, B.; Orrù, M.G.; Sitzia, R.; Piras, A.; Farci, A.M.; Del Giacco, G.S.; Piludu, G.; Miller, A.H. 1997: Chronic caregiving stress alters peripheral blood immune parameters: the role of age and severity of stress. PsychoTherapy and Psychosomatics 66(4): 199-207
Barone, F.C.; Nelson, A.H.; Ohlstein, E.H.; Willette, R.N.; Sealey, J.E.; Laragh, J.H.; Campbell, W.G.; Feuerstein, G.Z. 1996: Chronic carvedilol reduces mortality and renal damage in hypertensive stroke-prone rats. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 279(2): 948-955
Madsen, J.B.; Jensen, F.M.; Faber, T.; Bille-Hansen, V. 1993: Chronic catheterization of the epidural space in rabbits: a model for behavioural and histopathological studies. Examination of meptazinol neurotoxicity. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 37(3): 307-313
Smith, D.M.; Lieberman, R.P.; Stribley, J.A.; Sharp, J.G. 1992: Chronic catheterization of the inferior vena cava in Yucatan miniature swine. Laboratory Animal Science 42(6): 602-606
Ohira, Y. 1993: Chronic cavernous sinusitis. Jibi Inkoka Tokeibu Geka 65(10): 849-854
Cusin, I.; Zakrzewska, K.E.; Boss, O.; Muzzin, P.; Giacobino, J.P.; Ricquier, D.; Jeanrenaud, B.; Rohner-Jeanrenaud, F. 1998: Chronic central leptin infusion enhances insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism and favors the expression of uncoupling proteins. Diabetes 47(7): 1014-1019
Sainsbury, A.; Rohner-Jeanrenaud, F.; Cusin, I.; Zakrzewska, K.E.; Halban, P.A.; Gaillard, R.C.; Jeanrenaud, B. 1997: Chronic central neuropeptide y infusion in normal rats: status of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, and vagal mediation of hyperinsulinaemia. Diabetologia 40(11): 1269-1277
Klarr, S.A.; Keep, R.F.; Betz, A.L. 1995: Chronic central potassium infusion prevents deoxycorticosterone-salt hypertension in rats. American Journal of Physiology 268(2 Pt 2): H646-H652
Sekhon, L.H.; Morgan, M.K.; Spence, I.; Weber, N.C. 1994: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion and impaired neuronal function in rats. Stroke 25(5): 1022-1027
Ohta, H.; Nishikawa, H.; Kimura, H.; Anayama, H.; Miyamoto, M. 1997: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion by permanent internal carotid ligation produces learning impairment without brain damage in rats. Neuroscience 79(4): 1039-1050
Bennett, S.A.; Tenniswood, M.; Chen, J.H.; Davidson, C.M.; Keyes, M.T.; Fortin, T.; Pappas, B.A. 1998: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion elicits neuronal apoptosis and behavioral impairment. Neuroreport 9(1): 161-166
Sekhon, L.H.; Spence, I.; Morgan, M.K.; Weber, N.C. 1995: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in the rat: Temporal delineation of effects and the in vitro ischemic threshold. Brain Research 704(1): 107-111
Sekhon, L.H.; Spence, I.; Morgan, M.K.; Weber, N.C. 1997: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion inhibits calcium-induced long-term potentiation in rats. Stroke 28(5): 1043-7; Discussion 1047-8
Sekhon, L.H.; Morgan, M.K.; Spence, I.; Weber, N.C. 1997: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion: pathological and behavioral consequences. Neurosurgery 40(3): 548-556
Keunen, R.W.; Eikelboom, B.C.; Stegeman, D.F.; Ackerstaff, R.G. 1994: Chronic cerebral hypotension induces a downward shift of the cerebral autoregulation: a hypothesis based on TCD and OPG-GEE studies in ambulatory patients with occlusive cerebrovascular disease. Neurological Research 16(6): 413-416
Smith, B.K.; York, D.A.; Bray, G.A. 1994: Chronic cerebroventricular galanin does not induce sustained hyperphagia or obesity. Peptides 15(7): 1267-1272
Cambria, R.A.; Lowell, R.C.; Gloviczki, P.; Miller, V.M. 1994: Chronic changes in blood flow alter endothelium-dependent responses in autogenous vein grafts in dogs. Journal of Vascular Surgery 20(5): 765-773
Regensteiner, J.G.; Wolfel, E.E.; Brass, E.P.; Carry, M.R.; Ringel, S.P.; Hargarten, M.E.; Stamm, E.R.; Hiatt, W.R. 1993: Chronic changes in skeletal muscle histology and function in peripheral arterial disease. Circulation 87(2): 413-421
Stein, M.B.; Clark, M.; Delaney, S.M. 1993: Chronic changes in thyroid hormones do not affect brain adenosine receptors. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 17(6): 1037-1047
Alarifi, A.; Del Bigio, M.R. 1997: Chronic childhood hydrocephalus associated with cavernous angioma compressing the superior sagittal sinus. Pediatric Neurosurgery 27(2): 105-107
Tamary, H.; Kaplinsky, C.; Levy, I.; Cohen, I.J.; Yaniv, I.; Stark, B.; Goshen, Y.; Zaizov, R. 1994: Chronic childhood idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura: long-term follow-up. Acta Paediatrica 83(9): 931-934
Corsi, A.; Bosman, C. 1995: Chronic cholecystitis with features of diffuse inflammatory pseudotumour: a clinico-pathological case study and review of the literature. Italian Journal of Gastroenterology 27(5): 252-255
Gruttadauria, G.; Gruttadauria, S.; Calzona, A.; Grosso, R. 1995: Chronic cholecystopathy incidence surgical treatment: Personal experience. Annali Italiani di Chirurgia 66(6): 859-863
Bertheau, P.; Hadengue, A.; Cazals-Hatem, D.; Devergie, A.; Schenmetzler, C.; Degos, F.; Erlinger, S.; Gluckman, E.; Degott, C. 1995: Chronic cholestasis in patients after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation: several diseases are often associated. Bone Marrow Transplantation 16(2): 261-265
Swain, M.G.; Le, T. 1998: Chronic cholestasis in rats induces anhedonia and a loss of social interest. Hepatology 28(1): 6-10
Van-Jaarsveld, H.; Kuyl, J.M.; Strydom, M.S.; Alberts, D.W. 1994: Chronic cigarette smoke exposure of rats result in significant changes in antioxidants in organs and plasma: Effect of myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion. Research Communications in Alcohol and Substances of Abuse 15(3-4): 171-185
Brillet, G.; Deray, G.; Dubois, M.; Beaufils, H.; Maksud, P.; Bourbouze, R.; Jouanneau, C.; Jacobs, C. 1993: Chronic cisplatin nephropathy in rats. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 8(3): 206-212
Marmont, A.M.; Sessarego, M. 1995: Chronic clonal myeloproliferative disease associated with a t(5;21) translocation. Complete but transient hematologic and cytogenetic remission induced by interferon-alpha. Leukemia 9(6): 977-980
Yonezawa, A.; Kawamura, S.; Ando, R.; Tadano, T.; Kisara, K.; Kimura, Y. 1992: Chronic clonidine treatment and its termination: effects on penile erection and ejaculation in the dog. Life Sciences 51(25): 1999-2007
Hernandez, L.; Hoebel, B.G. 1995: Chronic clozapine selectively decreases prefrontal cortex dopamine as shown by simultaneous cortical, accumbens, and striatal microdialysis in freely moving rats. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 52(3): 581-589
Kuoppamäki, M.; Seppälä, T.; Syvälahti, E.; Hietala, J. 1993: Chronic clozapine treatment decreases 5-hydroxytryptamine1C receptor density in the rat choroid plexus: comparison with haloperidol. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 264(3): 1262-1267
Feasey-Truger, K.J.; Alzheimer, C.; ten Bruggencate, G. 1996: Chronic clozapine versus chronic haloperidol treatment: Differential effects on electrically evoked dopamine efflux in the rat caudate putamen, but not in the nucleus accumbens. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 354(6): 725-730
Hannerz, J.; Jogestrand, T. 1996: Chronic cluster headache: Provocation with carbon dioxide breathing and nitroglycerin. Headache 36(3): 174-177
Zavecz, J.H.; Anderson, W.M. 1992: Chronic cocaine administration decreases norepinephrine-induced phosphoinositide hydrolysis in rat aorta. Life Sciences 51(21): 1675-1681
Bernards, C.M.; Kern, C.; Cullen, B.F. 1997: Chronic cocaine administration does not modify haemodynamic responses to isoflurane anaesthesia in sheep. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 44(2): 202-207
Vrana, S.L.; Vrana, K.E.; Koves, T.R.; Smith, J.E.; Dworkin, S.I. 1993: Chronic cocaine administration increases CNS tyrosine hydroxylase enzyme activity and mRNA levels and tryptophan hydroxylase enzyme activity levels. Journal of Neurochemistry 61(6): 2262-2268
Masserano, J.M.; Baker, I.; Natsukari, N.; Wyatt, R.J. 1996: Chronic cocaine administration increases tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the ventral tegmental area through glutaminergic- and dopaminergic D2-receptor mechanisms. Neuroscience Letters 217(2-3): 73-76
Koff, J.M.; Shuster, L.; Miller, L.G. 1994: Chronic cocaine administration is associated with behavioral sensitization and time-dependent changes in striatal dopamine transporter binding. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 268(1): 277-282
Bernards, C.M.; Kern, C.; Cullen, B.F. 1996: Chronic cocaine administration reversibly increases isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration in sheep. Anesthesiology 85(1): 91-95
King, T.S.; Canez, M.S.; Gaskill, S.; Javors, M.A.; Schenken, R.S. 1993: Chronic cocaine disruption of estrous cyclicity in the rat: dose-dependent effects. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 264(1): 29-34
Shoji, S.; Simms, D.; McDaniel, W.C.; Gallagher, J.P. 1997: Chronic cocaine enhances gamma-aminobutyric acid and glutamate release by altering presynaptic and not postsynaptic gamma-aminobutyric acidB receptors within the rat dorsolateral septal nucleus. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 280(1): 129-137
Coppola, D.M.; Millar, L.C.; Chen, C.J.; Vandenbergh, J.G. 1997: Chronic cocaine exposure affects stimulus-induced but not spontaneous behavior of the near-term mouse fetus. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 58(3): 793-799
Ronnekleiv, O.K.; Naylor, B.R. 1995: Chronic cocaine exposure in the fetal rhesus monkey: consequences for early development of dopamine neurons. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 15(11): 7330-7343
Baumann, M.H.; Rothman, R.B. 1996: Chronic cocaine exposure potentiates prolactin and head shake responses to 5-HT2 receptor stimulation in rats. Neuropharmacology 35(3): 295-301
Betancur, C.; Rostène, W.; Bérod, A. 1997: Chronic cocaine increases neurotensin gene expression in the shell of the nucleus accumbens and in discrete regions of the striatum. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 44(2): 334-340
Zhai, J.; Wieland, S.J.; Sessler, F.M. 1997: Chronic cocaine intoxication alters hippocampal sodium channel function. Neuroscience Letters 229(2): 121-124
Bhat, R.V.; Cole, A.J.; Baraban, J.M. 1992: Chronic cocaine treatment suppresses basal expression of zif268 in rat forebrain: in situ hybridization studies. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 263(1): 343-349
Cadet, J.L.; Bolla, K.I. 1996: Chronic cocaine use as a neuropsychiatric syndrome: A model for debate. Synapse 22(1): 28-34
Liberman, M.C.; Gao, W.Y. 1995: Chronic cochlear de-efferentation and susceptibility to permanent acoustic injury. Hearing Research 90(1-2): 158-168
Lin, L.; LeBlanc, C.J.; Deacon, T.W.; Isacson, O. 1998: Chronic cognitive deficits and amyloid precursor protein elevation after selective immunotoxin lesions of the basal forebrain cholinergic system. Neuroreport 9(3): 547-552
Burstein, R.; Seidman, D.S.; Zemer, D.; Shpilberg, O.; Arnon, R.; Epstein, Y.; Pras, M. 1997: Chronic colchicine treatment does not impair glucose tolerance in familial Mediterranean fever patients. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 52(1): 27-30
Berentsen, S. 1995: Chronic cold agglutinin disease. Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin Ny Raekke 115(4): 473-475
Berentsen, S.; Bø, K.; Shammas, F.V.; Myking, A.O.; Ulvestad, E. 1997: Chronic cold agglutinin disease of the "idiopathic" type is a premalignant or low-grade malignant lymphoproliferative disease. Apmis: Acta Pathologica Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica 105(5): 354-362
Akana, S.F.; Dallman, M.F. 1997: Chronic cold in adrenalectomized, corticosterone (B)-treated rats: facilitated corticotropin responses to acute restraint emerge as B increases. Endocrinology 138(8): 3249-3258
Mana, M.J.; Grace, A.A. 1997: Chronic cold stress alters the basal and evoked electrophysiological activity of rat locus coeruleus neurons. Neuroscience 81(4): 1055-1064
Mair, T.S.; Hillyer, M.H. 1997: Chronic colic in the mature horse: a retrospective review of 106 cases. Equine Veterinary Journal 29(6): 415-420
Carpenter, S.; Brown, K.A. 1994: Chronic complications after cholecystojejunostomy. American Journal of Gastroenterology 89(11): 2073-2075
Raina, P.; Dukeshire, S.; Lindsay, J.; Chambers, L.W. 1998: Chronic conditions and disabilities among seniors: An analysis of population-based health and activity limitation surveys. Annals of Epidemiology 8(6): 402-409
Ferguson, M.O.; Cook, R.D.; Hall, J.W.; Grose, J.H.; Pillsbury, H.C. 1998: Chronic conductive hearing loss in adults: effects on the auditory brainstem response and masking-level difference. Archives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery 124(6): 678-685
Ducloux, D.; Jamali, M.; Chalopin, J.M. 1997: Chronic congestive heart failure associated with bilateral renal artery stenosis. Clinical Nephrology 48(1): 54-55
Tikunov, B.; Levine, S.; Mancini, D. 1997: Chronic congestive heart failure elicits adaptations of endurance exercise in diaphragmatic muscle. Circulation 95(4): 910-916
Marijianowski, M.M.; van Laar, M.; Bras, J.; Becker, A.E. 1995: Chronic congestive heart failure is associated with a phenotypic shift of intramyocardial endothelial cells. Circulation 92(6): 1494-1498
Madsen, B.K.; Hansen, J.F.; Stokholm, K.H.; Brøns, J.; Husum, D.; Mortensen, L.S. 1994: Chronic congestive heart failure. Description and survival of 190 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of chronic congestive heart failure based on clinical signs and symptoms. European Heart Journal 15(3): 303-310
Passmore, A.P.; Wilson-Davies, K.; Stoker, C.; Scott, M.E. 1993: Chronic constipation in long stay elderly patients: a comparison of lactulose and a senna-fibre combination. BMJ 307(6907): 769-771
Sasaki, H.; Kihara, M.; Zollman, P.J.; Nickander, K.K.; Smithson, I.L.; Schmelzer, J.D.; Willner, C.L.; Benarroch, E.E.; Low, P.A. 1997: Chronic constriction model of rat sciatic nerve: nerve blood flow, morphologic and biochemical alterations. Acta Neuropathologica 93(1): 62-70
Mazaira, J.; Gonzalez, A.; Garcia, C.; Ferrer, E.; Simon, D.; Docasar, L.; Albarran, M.A.; Rodriguez, A. 1996: Chronic consumers of psychiatric emergencies: The Hospital General de Galicia Study. Psiquis 17(9): 33-39
Hoeger, P.H.; Helmke, K.; Winkler, K. 1995: Chronic consumption coagulopathy due to an occult splenic haemangioma: Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. European Journal of Pediatrics 154(5): 365-368
Fuxe, K.; Rosén, L.; Lippoldt, A.; Andbjer, B.; Hasselrot, U.; Finnman, U.B.; Agnati, L.F. 1994: Chronic continuous infusion of nicotine increases the disappearance of choline acetyltransferase immunoreactivity in the cholinergic cell bodies of the medial septal nucleus following a partial unilateral transection of the fimbria fornix. Clinical Investigator 72(4): 262-268
Iyer, S.N.; Lu, D.; Katovich, M.J.; Raizada, M.K. 1996: Chronic control of high blood pressure in the spontaneously hypertensive rat by delivery of angiotensin type 1 receptor antisense. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 93(18): 9960-9965
Da Silva, V.J.; da Silva, S.V.; Salgado, M.C.; Salgado, H.C. 1994: Chronic converting enzyme inhibition facilitates baroreceptor resetting to hypertensive levels. Hypertension 23(1 Suppl): I68-I72
Ribeiro, L.A.O.; Pires Neto, J.A.S.moes; Rodrigues, N.C.; Fallavena, L.C.B. 1995: Chronic copper poisoning in sheep grazed in an apple orchard. Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira 15(1): 15-17
Price, L.A.; Walker, N.I.; Clague, A.E.; Pullen, I.D.; Smits, S.J.; Ong, T.H.; Patrick, M. 1996: Chronic copper toxicosis presenting as liver failure in an Australian child. Pathology 28(4): 316-320
Rihal, C.S.; Yusuf, S. 1996: Chronic coronary artery disease: drugs, angioplasty, or surgery?. Bmj 312(7026): 265-266
Vallbracht, C.; Sittler, B.; Scheffler, E.; Kneissl, G.; Sievert, H.; Vogt, H.G.; Burger, W.; Schacherer, C.; Schraeder, R.; Kadel, C.; Kober, G.; Kaltenbach, M. 1992: Chronic coronary occlusions: Age, morphology and chance of reopening: An attempt to define indications. Zeitschrift fuer Kardiologie 81(12): 664-668
Pauly, J.R.; Robinson, S.F.; Collins, A.C. 1993: Chronic corticosterone administration enhances behavioral sensitization to amphetamine in mice. Brain Research 620(2): 195-202
Mclay, R.N.; Freeman, S.M.; Zadina, J.E. 1998: Chronic corticosterone impairs memory performance in the Barnes maze. Physiology and Behavior 63(5): 933-937
Stitzel, J.A.; Farnham, D.A.; Collins, A.C. 1996: Chronic corticosterone treatment elicits dose-dependent changes in mouse brain alpha-bungarotoxin binding. Neuroscience 72(3): 791-799
Bardgett, M.E.; Taylor, G.T.; Csernansky, J.G.; Newcomer, J.W.; Nock, B. 1994: Chronic corticosterone treatment impairs spontaneous alternation behavior in rats. Behavioral and Neural Biology 61(2): 186-190
Scheuer, D.A.; Mifflin, S.W. 1997: Chronic corticosterone treatment increases myocardial infarct size in rats with ischemia-reperfusion injury. American Journal of Physiology 272(6 Part 2): R2017-R2024
Weiland, N.G.; Orchinik, M.; Tanapat, P. 1997: Chronic corticosterone treatment induces parallel changes in N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit messenger RNA levels and antagonist binding sites in the hippocampus. Neuroscience 78(3): 653-662
Birnstiel, S.; List, T.J.; Beck, S.G. 1995: Chronic corticosterone treatment maintains synaptic activity of CA1 hippocampal pyramidal cells: acute high corticosterone administration increases action potential number. Synapse 20(2): 117-124
White-Gbadebo, D.; Hamm, R.J. 1993: Chronic corticosterone treatment potentiates deficits following traumatic brain injury in rats: implications for aging. Journal of Neurotrauma 10(3): 297-306
Fahim, M.A. 1995: Chronic corticosterone treatment-induced ultrastructural changes at rat neuromuscular junction. Anatomical Record 242(3): 424-431
Waring, J.P.; Lacayo, L.; Hunter, J.; Katz, E.; Suwak, B. 1995: Chronic cough and hoarseness in patients with severe gastroesophageal reflux disease. Diagnosis and response to therapy. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 40(5): 1093-1097
Seear, M.; Wensley, D. 1997: Chronic cough and wheeze in children: do they all have asthma?. European Respiratory Journal 10(2): 342-345
Wong, K.H.; Cooper, D.A.; Pigott, P.; Marriott, D.J. 1998: Chronic cough in patients with HIV infection. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 30(3): 227-229
Bernztein, R.; Grenoville, M. 1995: Chronic cough in pediatrics. Medicina 55(4): 324-328
Kimber, J.; Mitchell, D.; Mathias, C.J. 1998: Chronic cough in the Holmes-Adie syndrome: association in five cases with autonomic dysfunction. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 65(4): 583-586
Gibson, P.G.; Zlatic, K.; Scott, J.; Sewell, W.; Woolley, K.; Saltos, N. 1998: Chronic cough resembles asthma with IL-5 and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor gene expression in bronchoalveolar cells. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 101(3): 320-326
Smyrnios, N.A.; Irwin, R.S.; Curley, F.J. 1995: Chronic cough with a history of excessive sputum production. The spectrum and frequency of causes, key components of the diagnostic evaluation, and outcome of specific therapy. Chest 108(4): 991-997
Gibson, P.G.; Hargreave, F.E.; Girgis-Gabardo, A.; Morris, M.; Denburg, J.A.; Dolovich, J. 1995: Chronic cough with eosinophilic bronchitis: Examination for variable airflow obstruction and response to corticosteroid. Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology 25(2): 127-132
Lazzara, R.R.; Trumble, D.R.; Magovern, J.A. 1994: Chronic counterpulsation with descending thoracic aortomyoplasty improved cardiac function in animals with heart failure. Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation: the Official Publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 13(4): 652-660
Banz, M.; Stierli, P.; Aeberhard, P. 1995: Chronic critical ischemia of the lower limb: Is bypass grafting to pedal arteries worthwhile?. Vasa 24(3): 253-257
Mosimann, U.P.; Stirnemann, P. 1995: Chronic critical limb ischemia: The revascularization of the isolated popliteal segment compared to the femoro-distal bypass. Vasa 24(1): 49-55
Matsi, P.J.; Manninen, H.I.; Suhonen, M.T.; Pirinen, A.E.; Soimakallio, S. 1993: Chronic critical lower-limb ischemia: prospective trial of angioplasty with 1-36 months follow-up. Radiology 188(2): 381-387
Bugajski, J.; Wieczorek, E.; Gadek Michalska, A.; Borycz, J. 1993: Chronic crowding stress abolishes the pituitary-adrenocortical responsiveness to central cholinergic muscarinic receptor stimulation. Neuroendocrinology Letters 15(5-6): 383-388
Monno, L.; Angarano, G.; Montagna, M.T.; Coppola, S.; Carbonara, S.; Bellisario, A. 1994: Chronic cryptococcal meningitis in an intravenous drug addict without evidence of infection by HIV-1,2 in southern Italy. European Journal of Epidemiology 10(6): 773-774
Peter, R.U.; Braun-Falco, O.; Birioukov, A.; Hacker, N.; Kerscher, M.; Peterseim, U.; Ruzicka, T.; Konz, B.; Plewig, G. 1994: Chronic cutaneous damage after accidental exposure to ionizing radiation: the Chernobyl experience. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 30(5 Pt 1): 719-723
Pierard-Franchimont, C.; Deleixhe-Mauhin, F.; Pierard, G.E. 1996: Chronic cutaneous dermatophytosis, occult onychomycosis and linear epidermolytic naevus: A therapeutic failure. Journal de Mycologie Medicale 6(4): 190-194
Koblenzer, C.S.; Bostrom, P. 1994: Chronic cutaneous dysesthesia syndrome: a psychotic phenomenon or a depressive symptom?. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 30(2 Pt 2): 370-374
Zala, L.; Hunziker, T.; Braathen, L.R. 1993: Chronic cutaneous infection caused by Mycobacterium gordonae. Dermatology 187(4): 301-302
Montero, A.; Jorfen, M.; Arpini, R. 1992: Chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus and subsequent infection with HIV1. Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy 24(1): 21-23
Friss, A.B.; Cohen, P.R.; Bruce, S.; Duvic, M. 1995: Chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus mimicking mycosis fungoides. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 33(5 Pt 2): 891-895
Phillips, T.J. 1994: Chronic cutaneous ulcers: etiology and epidemiology. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 102(6): 38s-41s
Van Heijst, A.N.; Maes, R.A.; Mtanda, A.T.; Chuwa, L.M.; Rwiza, H.T.; Moshi, N.H. 1994: Chronic cyanide poisoning in relation to blindness and tropical neuropathy. Journal of Toxicology. Clinical Toxicology 32(5): 549-556
Wiersbitzky, M.; Mills, I.; Sumpio, B.E.; Gewirtz, H. 1994: Chronic cyclic strain reduces adenylate cyclase activity and stimulatory G protein subunit levels in coronary smooth muscle cells. Experimental Cell Research 210(1): 52-55
Rhein, F.; Del Gaudio, N.; Audic, B.; Nicolle, M.H. 1995: Chronic cyclical pain in spinal cord injury patients. Annales de Readaptation et de Medecine Physique 38(2): 65-69
Shaikh, M.G.; Heys, S.D.; Brown, P.A.; Whiting, P.H. 1993: Chronic cyclosporin A (CsA) nephrotoxicity in the rat: the effect of calcium blockade with verapamil. International Journal of Experimental Pathology 74(4): 389-396
Del Moral, R.G.; Andujar, M.; Ramírez, C.; Gómez-Morales, M.; Masseroli, M.; Aguilar, M.; Olmo, A.; Arrebola, F.; Guillén, M.; García-Chicano, M.J.; Nogales, F.F.; O'Valle, F. 1997: Chronic cyclosporin a nephrotoxicity, P-glycoprotein overexpression, and relationships with intrarenal angiotensin Ii deposits. American Journal of Pathology 151(6): 1705-1714
Duttaroy, A.; Billings, B.; Candido, J.; Yoburn, B.C. 1992: Chronic d-amphetamine inhibits opioid receptor antagonist-induced supersensitivity. European Journal of Pharmacology 221(2-3): 211-215
Peltier, R.L.; Li, D.H.; Lytle, D.; Taylor, C.M.; Emmett-Oglesby, M.W. 1996: Chronic d-amphetamine or methamphetamine produces cross-tolerance to the discriminative and reinforcing stimulus effects of cocaine. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 277(1): 212-218
Artenstein, A.W.; Eiseman, A.S.; Campbell, G.C. 1993: Chronic dacryocystitis caused by Mycobacterium fortuitum. Ophthalmology 100(5): 666-668
Cartier, L.; Castillo, J.L.; Cea, J.G.; Villagra, R. 1995: Chronic dacryosialadenitis in HTLV i associated myelopathy. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 58(2): 244-246
Mauskop, A.; Altura, B.T.; Cracco, R.Q.; Altura, B.M. 1994: Chronic daily headache--one disease or two? Diagnostic role of serum ionized magnesium. Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 14(1): 24-28
Holden, E.W.; Gladstein, J.; Trulsen, M.; Wall, B. 1994: Chronic daily headache in children and adolescents. Headache 34(9): 508-514
Gladstein, J.; Holden, E.W. 1996: Chronic daily headache in children and adolescents: A 2-year prospective study. Headache 36(6): 349-351
Huff, A.L.; Hupp, S.L.; Rothrock, J.F. 1996: Chronic daily headache with migrainous features due to papilledema-negative idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache 16(6): 451-452
Mongini, F.; Defilippi, N.; Negro, C. 1997: Chronic daily headache. A clinical and psychological profile before and after treatment. Headache 37(2): 83-87
Silberstein, S.D.; Silberstein, J.R. 1992: Chronic daily headache: Long-term prognosis following inpatient treatment with repetitive IV DHE. Headache 32(9): 439-445
Buti, M.; Jardi, R.; Allende, H.; Cotrina, M.; Rodriguez, F.; Viladomiu, L.; Esteban, R.; Guardia, J. 1996: Chronic delta hepatitis: is the prognosis worse when associated with hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus infections?. Journal of Medical Virology 49(1): 66-69
Osinski, M.A.; Bass, P. 1993: Chronic denervation of rat jejunum results in cholinergic supersensitivity due to reduction of cholinesterase activity. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 266(3): 1684-1690
Beck, T.; Goller, H.J.; Wree, A. 1995: Chronic depression of glucose metabolism in postischemic rat brains. Stroke 26(6): 1107-1113
Nakanishi, T.; Isobe, F.; Ogawa, Y. 1993: Chronic depression of monopolar, endogenous type: with special reference to the premorbid personality, "Typus melancholicus". Japanese Journal of Psychiatry and Neurology 47(3): 495-504
Benazzi, F. 1998: Chronic depression: a case series of 203 outpatients treated at a private practice. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience: Jpn 23(1): 51-55
Stewart, J.W.; McGrath, P.J.; Quitkin, F.M.; Rabkin, J.G.; Harrison, W.; Wager, S.; Nunes, E.; Ocepek-Welikson, K.; Tricamo, E. 1993: Chronic depression: response to placebo, imipramine, and phenelzine. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 13(6): 391-396
Schrader, G. 1994: Chronic depression: state or trait?. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 182(10): 552-555
Broddle, W.D.; Dennis, M.W.; Kitchen, D.N.; Vernot, E.H. 1996: Chronic dermal studies of petroleum streams in mice. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 30(1): 47-54
Cremer, G.; Roujeau, J.C.; Houin, R.; Revuz, J. 1995: Chronic dermatophyte infections: Physio-pathology, treatment. Journal de Mycologie Medicale 5(Suppl 1): 2-7
Tseng, C.C.; Boylan, M.O.; Jarboe, L.A.; Usdin, T.B.; Wolfe, M.M. 1996: Chronic desensitization of the glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide receptor in diabetic rats. American Journal of Physiology 270(4 Pt 1): E661-E666
Beck, C.H.; Fibiger, H.C. 1995: Chronic desipramine alters stress-induced behaviors and regional expression of the immediate early gene, c-fos. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 51(2-3): 331-338
Tanda, G.; Frau, R.; Di Chiara, G. 1996: Chronic desipramine and fluoxetine differentially affect extracellular dopamine in the rat prefrontal cortex. Psychopharmacology 127(2): 83-87
Guo, T.Z.; Reid, K.; Davies, M.F.; Nacif-Coelho, C.; Rabin, B.C.; Gonzalez, F.; Maze, M. 1998: Chronic desipramine treatment desensitizes the rat to anesthetic and antinociceptive effects of the alpha2-adrenergic agonist dexmedetomidine. Anesthesiology 88(6): 1634-1642
Okada, F.; Horikawa, T.; Tokumitsu, Y.; Nomura, Y. 1994: Chronic desipramine treatment influences D1 stimulation and D2 inhibition (dual control) of adenylate cyclase by dopamine in rat striatum. Neurochemistry International 24(1): 23-27
Emler, S.; Rochat, T.; Rohner, P.; Perrot, C.; Auckenthaler, R.; Perrin, L.; Hirschel, B. 1994: Chronic destructive lung disease associated with a novel mycobacterium. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 150(1): 261-265
Gilbert, M.E.; Mack, C.M.; Lasley, S.M. 1996: Chronic developmental lead exposure increases the threshold for long-term potentiation in rat dentate gyrus in vivo. Brain Research 736(1-2): 118-124
Takahashi, M.; Morinobu, S.; Totsuka, S.; Endoh, M. 1996: Chronic dexamethasone administration decreases noradrenaline-stimulated, but not serotonin-stimulated, phosphoinositide metabolism in the rat brain. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 353(6): 616-620
Ferrari, A.M.; Byers, M.R. 1996: Chronic dexamethasone treatment and its effects on sensory neuropeptides, pulpal injury reactions and reparative dentin. Brain Research 723(1-2): 125-134
Djavidani, B.; Sander, M.; Kreutz, R.; Zeh, K.; Bader, M.; Mellon, S.H.; Vecsei, P.; Peters, J.; Ganten, D. 1995: Chronic dexamethasone treatment suppresses hypertension development in the transgenic rat TGR(mREN2)27. Journal of Hypertension 13(6): 637-645
El-Banna, H.M.; Kira, L.H.; Hashish, A., H.; Hamouda, M.F.B.; Khedr, M., M.; Rashad, N.A. 1991: Chronic diabetes mellitus: Osteotic and mineral changes in human beings and rats. Journal of the Medical Research Institute 12(4 Suppl): 241-259
Isomaa, B.; Henricsson, M.; Lehto, M.; Forsblom, C.; Karanko, S.; Sarelin, L.; Häggblom, M.; Groop, L. 1998: Chronic diabetic complications in patients with MODY3 diabetes. Diabetologia 41(4): 467-473
Igarashi, K.; Abe, T.; Eguchi, H.; Tominaga, M.; Sasaki, H. 1998: Chronic diabetic complications in patients with diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose tolerance found in a population-based Funagata Diabetes Study. Journal of the Japan Diabetes Society 41(3): 159-163
Latos, D.L. 1996: Chronic dialysis in patients over age 65. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: Jasn 7(5): 637-646
Bunchman, T.E. 1995: Chronic dialysis in the infant less than 1 year of age. Pediatric Nephrology 9(Suppl): S18-S22
Clerinx, J.; Bogaerts, J.; Taelman, H.; Habyarimana, J.B.; Nyirabareja, A.; Ngendahayo, P.; Van de Perre, P. 1995: Chronic diarrhea among adults in Kigali, Rwanda: association with bacterial enteropathogens, rectocolonic inflammation, and human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 21(5): 1282-1284
Verne, G.N.; Amann, S.T.; Cosgrove, C.; Cerda, J.J. 1997: Chronic diarrhea associated with thymoma and hypogammaglobulinemia (Good's syndrome). Southern Medical Journal 90(4): 444-446
Rautelin, H.; Hänninen, M.L.; Sivonen, A.; Turunen, U.; Valtonen, V. 1995: Chronic diarrhea due to a single strain of Aeromonas caviae. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases: Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology 14(1): 51-53
Kacere, R.D.; Srivatsa, S.S.; Tremaine, W.J.; Ebnet, L.E.; Batts, K.P. 1993: Chronic diarrhea due to surreptitious use of bisacodyl: Case reports and methods for detection. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 68(4): 355-357
Clavaguera, M.T.; Juanola, X.; Narvaez, F.J.; Baliellas, C.; Martin, F. 1997: Chronic diarrhea produced by celiac disease in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis. Revista Espanola de Reumatologia 24(4): 119-121
Prignet, J.M.; Duval, J.L.; Chauveau, E.; Carrere, C.; Gilles, B. 1998: Chronic diarrhea with lymphocytic colitis probably induced by ticlopidine therapy. Semaine des Hopitaux 74(5-6): 163-164, Feb 19-26
Mehta, D.I.; Lebenthal, E.; Blecker, U. 1996: Chronic diarrhea: causes, presentation, and management. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 63(4): 459-471
van Heijst, A.F.; Wevers, R.A.; Tangerman, A.; Cruysberg, J.R.; Renier, W.O.; Tolboom, J.J. 1996: Chronic diarrhoea as a dominating symptom in two children with cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis. Acta Paediatrica 85(8): 932-936
Holt, R.A.; Martin, I.L.; Bateson, A.N. 1997: Chronic diazepam exposure decreases transcription of the rat GABA(A) receptor gamma2-subunit gene. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 48(1): 164-166
Hutchison, S.J.; Reitz, M.S.; Sudhir, K.; Sievers, R.E.; Zhu, B.Q.; Sun, Y.P.; Chou, T.M.; Deedwania, P.C.; Chatterjee, K.; Glantz, S.A.; Parmley, W.W. 1997: Chronic dietary L-arginine prevents endothelial dysfunction secondary to environmental tobacco smoke in normocholesterolemic rabbits. Hypertension 29(5): 1186-1191
Delion, S.; Chalon, S.; Hérault, J.; Guilloteau, D.; Besnard, J.C.; Durand, G. 1994: Chronic dietary alpha-linolenic acid deficiency alters dopaminergic and serotoninergic neurotransmission in rats. Journal of Nutrition 124(12): 2466-2476
van der Staay, F.J.; Raaijmakers, W.; Collijn, D.; Kerbusch, S. 1992: Chronic dietary choline enrichment affects DRL responding of old, but not of adult CPBB rats. Physiology and Behavior 52(6): 1201-1206
Kofman, O.; Agam, G.; Shapiro, J.; Spencer, A. 1998: Chronic dietary inositol enhances locomotor activity and brain inositol levels in rats. Psychopharmacology 139(3): 239-242
Mathé, A.A.; Miller, J.C.; Stenfors, C. 1995: Chronic dietary lithium inhibits basal c-fos mRNA expression in rat brain. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 19(7): 1177-1187
Charles, J.M.; Bond, D.M.; Jeffries, T.K.; Yano, B.L.; Stott, W.T.; Johnson, K.A.; Cunny, H.C.; Wilson, R.D.; Bus, J.S. 1996: Chronic dietary toxicity/oncogenicity studies on 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in rodents. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 33(2): 166-172
Masmoudi, S. 1996: Chronic digestive tract ischemia: A review of five cases. Semaine des Hopitaux 72(25-26): 792-796
Sato, K.; Kubota, T.; Kawano, H. 1994: Chronic diploic hematoma of the parietal bone. Case report. Journal of Neurosurgery 80(6): 1112-1115
Manton, K.G.; Corder, L.; Stallard, E. 1997: Chronic disability trends in elderly United States populations: 1982-1994. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94(6): 2593-2598
Lee, C.K.; Vessa, P.; Lee, J.K. 1995: Chronic disabling low back pain syndrome caused by internal disc derangements. The results of disc excision and posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Spine 20(3): 356-361
Kulthanan, K.; Roongphiboolsopit, P.; Chanjanakijskul, S.; Kullavanijaya, P. 1996: Chronic discoid lupus erythematosus in Thailand: Direct immunofluorescence study. International Journal of Dermatology 35(10): 711-714
Shahidullah, M.; Lee, Y.S.; Khor, C.J.; Ratnam, K.V. 1995: Chronic discoid lupus erythematosus: an immunopathological and electron microscopic study. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore 24(6): 789-792
Kiefe, C.I.; Funkhouser, E.; Fouad, M.N.; May, D.S. 1998: Chronic disease as a barrier to breast and cervical cancer screening. Journal of General Internal Medicine 13(6): 357-365
Jault, F.; Nataf, P.; Rama, A.; Fontanel, M.; Vaissier, E.; Pavie, A.; Bors, V.; Cabrol, C.; Gandjbakhch, I. 1994: Chronic disease of the ascending aorta. Surgical treatment and long-term results. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 108(4): 747-754
Nachega, J.B.; Vandercam, B.; d'Udekem, Y.; Verhelst, R.; Jacquet, L.; Dion, R.; Goenen, M. 1998: Chronic dissection of the thoracic aorta in a patient with tuberculous pleuro-pericarditis. Acta Clinica Belgica 53(1): 53-54
Escalante Aguilar, R.M.; Marchante Cepillo, I.; De La Maya Retamar, M.D.; Torre Sabariego, M.A.; Lopez Martin, J.C.; Gonzalez Aza, C. 1997: Chronic disseminated candidiasis and treatment with liposomal amphotericin B in children. Farmacia Clinica 14(10): 679-682
McCance-Katz, E.F.; Kosten, T.R.; Jatlow, P. 1998: Chronic disulfiram treatment effects on intranasal cocaine administration: initial results. Biological Psychiatry 43(7): 540-543
Wang, X.H.; Zhu, W.J.; Corsi, L.; Ikonomovic, S.; Paljug, W.R.; Vicini, S.; Grayson, D.R. 1998: Chronic dizocilpine (MK-801) reversibly delays GABA(A) receptor maturation in cerebellar granule neurons in vitro. Journal of Neurochemistry 71(2): 693-704
Hajji, M.D.; Salin, P.; Kerkerian-Le Goff, L. 1996: Chronic dizocilpine maleate (MK-801) treatment suppresses the effects of nigrostriatal dopamine deafferentation on enkephalin but not on substance P expression in the rat striatum. European Journal of Neuroscience 8(5): 917-926
Van Muiswinkel, F.L.; Drukarch, B.; Steinbusch, H.W.; Stoof, J.C. 1993: Chronic dopamine D2 receptor activation does not affect survival and differentiation of cultured dopaminergic neurons: morphological and neurochemical observations. Journal of Neurochemistry 60(1): 83-92
Vaccarino, F.J.; Mogil, J.S.; Stinus, L. 1995: Chronic dopamine antagonism facilitates opiate-induced feeding. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience: Jpn 20(3): 210-214
Boje, K.M.; Lakhman, S.S. 1998: Chronic dosing with 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid, a glycine partial agonist, modulates NMDA inhibition of muscarinic-coupled PI hydrolysis in rat cortical slices. Neurochemical Research 23(9): 1167-1174
Kochakian, M.; Manjula, B.N.; Egan, J.J. 1996: Chronic dosing with aminoguanidine and novel advanced glycosylation end product-formation inhibitors ameliorates cross-linking of tail tendon collagen in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes 45(12): 1694-1700
Tomita, T.; Murakami, T.; Iwase, T.; Nagai, K.; Fujita, J.; Sasayama, S. 1994: Chronic dynamic exercise improves a functional abnormality of the G stimulatory protein in cardiomyopathic BIO 53.58 Syrian hamsters. Circulation 89(2): 836-845
Maisonobe, T.; Chassande, B.; Vérin, M.; Jouni, M.; Léger, J.M.; Bouche, P. 1996: Chronic dysimmune demyelinating polyneuropathy: a clinical and electrophysiological study of 93 patients. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 61(1): 36-42
Eavey, R.D.; Camacho, A.; Northrop, C.C. 1992: Chronic ear pathology in a model of neonatal amniotic fluid ear inoculation. Archives of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery 118(11): 1198-1203
Kraak, Michiel H.S.; Wink, Yvonne A.; Stuijfzand, Suzanne C.; Buckert De Jong, Marion C.; De Groot, Chris J.; Admiraal, Wim 1994: Chronic ecotoxicity of Zn and Pb to the zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha. Aquatic Toxicology (amsterdam). 30(1): 77-89
Fidler, H.; Dhillon, A.; Gertner, D.; Burroughs, A. 1996: Chronic ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymetamphetamine) abuse: A recurrent and unpredictable cause of severe acute hepatitis. Journal of Hepatology 25(4): 563-566
Dunn, R.C.; Taskin, O. 1995: Chronic ectopic pregnancy after clinically successful methotrexate treatment of ectopic pregnancy. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 51(3): 247-249
Konishi, Y.; Yagyu, K.; Kinebuchi, H.; Saito, N.; Yamaguchi, T.; Ohtsuki, Y. 1996: Chronic effect of aluminium ingestion on bone in calcium-deficient rats. Pharmacology and Toxicology 78(6): 429-434
Juzyszyn, Z. 1991: Chronic effect of ammonium fluoride on selected parameters of microsomal fraction of the rat's liver with special reference to cytochrome P-450 system. Roczniki Pomorskiej Akademii Medycznej w Szczecinie 37: 49-64
Hansen, D., J.; Mahony, J., D.; Berry, W., J.; Benyi, S., J.; Corbin, J., M.; Pratt, S., D.; Di-Toro, D., M.; Abel, M.-Beth 1996: Chronic effect of cadmium in sediments on colonization by benthic marine organisms: An evaluation of the role of interstitial cadmium and acid-volatile sulphide in biological availability. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 15(12): 2126-2137
Matsuda, M.; Mori, T.; Sassa, S.; Sakamoto, S.; Park, M.K.; Kawashima, S. 1996: Chronic effect of hyperprolactinemia on blood glucose and lipid levels in mice. Life Sciences 58(14): 1171-1177
Radojićić, R.; Cvijić, G.; Djordjević, J.; Djurasević, S.; Davidović, V. 1997: Chronic effect of insulin on monoamine oxidase and antioxidant enzyme activities in the rat brainstem. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part C Pharmacology Toxicology and Endocrinology 117(2): 187-192
Kanda, T.; Araki, M.; Nakano, M.; Imai, S.; Suzuki, T.; Murata, K.; Kobayashi, I. 1995: Chronic effect of losartan in a murine model of dilated cardiomyopathy: comparison with captopril. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 273(2): 955-958
Morita, H.; Hirabayashi, K.; Nozaki, S.; Ohmori, K.; Yoshikawa, K.; Matsuo, H. 1995: Chronic effect of oral mexiletine administration on left ventricular contractility in patients with congestive heart failure: a study based on mitral regurgitant flow velocity measured by continuous-wave Doppler echocardiography. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 35(5): 478-483
Gudkov, D.I.; Kipnis, L.S. 1995: Chronic effect of tritium water on Daphnia magna Straus biological indices. Gidrobiologicheskii Zhurnal 31(4): 96-103
Khillare, Y.K.; Davane, P.M. 1998: Chronic effect of water variables on development of gill and supporting cells in early life stage of fish, Puntius stigma. Journal of Environmental Biology 19(2): 125-129
Wondergem, J.; Strebel, F.R.; Stephens, L.C.; Siddik, Z.H.; Bull, J.M. 1995: Chronic effect of whole-body hyperthermia combined simultaneously with cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) on normal tissue in rat. International Journal of Hyperthermia: the Official Journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology North American Hyperthermia Group 11(1): 37-47
Maeda, Y.; Wada, A.; Tsutamoto, T.; Fukai, D.; Kinoshita, M. 1997: Chronic effects of ANG II antagonist in heart failure: improvement of cGMP generation from ANP. American Journal of Physiology 272(5 Pt 2): H2139-H2145
Kohzuki, M.; Kamimoto, M.; Wu, X.M.; Yoshida, K.; Saito, T.; Sato, T. 1998: Chronic effects of FR139317 and enalapril on renal failure rats with moderate exercise. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 31(Suppl): S486-S488
Kishi, K.; Ikeda, M. 1993: Chronic effects of SQ29,852, a new angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor with a phosphonic acid group, in experimental hypertensive rats. General Pharmacology 24(4): 863-866
Nakamura, T.; Hayashi, K.; Seki, J.; Fukuda, S.; Noda, H.; Nakatani, T.; Takano, H.; Akutsu, T. 1993: Chronic effects of a cardiac assist device on the bulk and regional mechanics of the failed left ventricle in goats. Artificial Organs 17(5): 350-361
Bornstein, S.R.; Webster, E.L.; Torpy, D.J.; Richman, S.J.; Mitsiades, N.; Igel, M.; Lewis, D.B.; Rice, K.C.; Joost, H.G.; Tsokos, M.; Chrousos, G.P. 1998: Chronic effects of a nonpeptide corticotropin-releasing hormone type i receptor antagonist on pituitary-adrenal function, body weight, and metabolic regulation. Endocrinology 139(4): 1546-1555
Ohnishi, M.; Wada, A.; Tsutamoto, T.; Fukai, D.; Sawaki, M.; Maeda, Y.; Kinoshita, M. 1998: Chronic effects of a novel, orally active endothelin receptor antagonist, T-0201, in dogs with congestive heart failure. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 31(Suppl): S236-S238
Mamede, J.A.; Simões, M.de.J.; Novo, N.F.; Juliano, Y.; Oliveira-Filho, R.M.; Kulay Júnior, L. 1995: Chronic effects of azidothymidine and acyclovir on pregnant rats. General Pharmacology 26(3): 523-526
Kogire, M.; Inoue, K.; Gu, Y.; Uchida, K.; Imamura, M. 1993: Chronic effects of camostate on growth and endocrine function of the pancreas in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 204(2): 201-205
Kawano, Y.; Yoshida, K.; Matsuoka, H.; Omae, T. 1994: Chronic effects of central and systemic administration of losartan on blood pressure and baroreceptor reflex in spontaneously hypertensive rats. American Journal of Hypertension 7(6): 536-542
Zwicker, G.M.; Eyster, R.C. 1993: Chronic effects of corticosteroid oral treatment in rats on blood glucose and serum insulin levels, pancreatic islet morphology, and immunostaining characteristics. Toxicologic Pathology 21(5): 502-508
Van Rijn, C.M.; Jongsma, M.L.A. 1995: Chronic effects of diazepam on the spectral content of the rat EEG. Neuroscience Research Communications 17(2): 65-69
Casteel, S.W.; Turk, J.R.; Rottinghaus, G.E. 1994: Chronic effects of dietary fumonisin on the heart and pulmonary vasculature of swine. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology: Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology 23(4): 518-524
Hu, K.; Gaudron, P.; Anders, H.J.; Weidemann, F.; Turschner, O.; Nahrendorf, M.; Ertl, G. 1998: Chronic effects of early started angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition and angiotensin AT1-receptor subtype blockade in rats with myocardial infarction: role of bradykinin. Cardiovascular Research 39(2): 401-412
Watanabe, M.; Kawaguchi, H.; Onozuka, H.; Mikami, T.; Urasawa, K.; Okamoto, H.; Watanabe, S.; Abe, K.; Kitabatake, A. 1998: Chronic effects of enalapril and amlodipine on cardiac remodeling in cardiomyopathic hamster hearts. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 32(2): 248-259
Martinez, F.; Deray, G.; Dubois, M.; Jacquiaud, C.; Schmitt, F.; Jacobs, C. 1996: Chronic effects of endothelin-3 on blood pressure and renal haemodynamics in rats. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 11(2): 270-274
Daly, J.W.; Shi, D.; Wong, V.; Nikodijevic, O. 1994: Chronic effects of ethanol on central adenosine function of mice. Brain Research 650(1): 153-156
Cooper, D.R.; Khalakdina, A.; Watson, J.E. 1993: Chronic effects of glucose on insulin signaling in A-10 vascular smooth muscle cells. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 302(2): 490-498
Legutko, B.; Frankiewicz, T.; Czyrak, A.; Pilc, A. 1993: Chronic effects of imipramine and nifedipine on the beta-adrenergic function in neuronal and glial primary cultures. Polish Journal of Pharmacology 45(2): 213-218
Hofer, R.; Jeney, Z.; Bucher, F. 1995: Chronic effects of linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) and ammonia on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fry at water criteria limits. Water Research 29(12): 2725-2729
Higuchi, T.; Kuno, T.; Takahashi, S.; Kanmatsuse, K. 1997: Chronic effects of long-term acetate-free biofiltration on the production of interleukin-1beta and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist by peripheral blood mononuclear cells. American Journal of Nephrology 17(5): 428-434
Yasutake, A.; Nakano, A.; Miyamoto, K.; Eto, K. 1997: Chronic effects of methylmercury in rats. I. Biochemical aspects. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 182(3): 185-196
Eto, K.; Yasutake, A.; Miyamoto, K.; Tokunaga, H.; Otsuka, Y. 1997: Chronic effects of methylmercury in rats. II. Pathological aspects. Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine 182(3): 197-205
Rainsford, K.D.; Perkins, W.E.; Stetsko, P.I. 1995: Chronic effects of misoprostol in combination with the NSAID, diclofenac, on gastrointestinal tract of pigs. Relation to diarrheagenic activity, leukocyte infiltration, and mucosal leukotrienes. Digestive Diseases and Sciences 40(7): 1435-1444
Nihei, T.; Nakazawa, Y.; Toda, H.; Ishibashi, Y.; Matsuno, Y.; Morioka, S.; Moriyama, K. 1992: Chronic effects of nifedipine in patients with refractory heart failure. Current Therapeutic Research 52(6): 780-790
García-Estan, J.; Navarro, J.; Atucha, N.M.; Quesada, T.; Romero, J.C.; Cachofeiro, V.; Lahera, V. 1996: Chronic effects of nitric oxide and prostaglandin inhibition on pressure diuresis and natriuresis in rats. Kidney International. Supplement 55: S141-S143
Jaworska, J.S.; Hallam, T.B.; Schultz, T.W. 1996: Chronic effects of nonpolar narcotics on a model microbial community. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 15(7): 1049-1056
Ichida, F.; Uese, K.; Hamamichi, Y.; Hashimoto, I.; Tsubata, S.; Fukahara, K.; Murakami, A.; Miyawaki, T. 1998: Chronic effects of oral prostacyclin analogue on thromboxane A2 and prostacyclin metabolites in pulmonary hypertension. Acta Paediatrica Japonica: Overseas Edition 40(1): 14-19
Espino, A.; Cutillas, B.; Tortosa, A.; Ferrer, I.; Bartrons, R.; Ambrosio, S. 1995: Chronic effects of single intrastriatal injections of 6-hydroxydopamine or 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium studied by microdialysis in freely moving rats. Brain Research 695(2): 151-157
Bagchi, M.; Bagchi, D.; Adickes, E.; Stohs, S.J. 1995: Chronic effects of smokeless tobacco extract on rat liver histopathology and production of HSP-90. Journal of Environmental Pathology Toxicology and Oncology: Official Organ of the International Society for Environmental Toxicology and Cancer 14(2): 61-68
Viviani, S.; Salvini, P.M.; Bidoli, P.; Camerini, E.; Spinazzé, S.; Arienti, F.; Rivoltini, L.; Motta, V. 1993: Chronic effects of subcutaneous interleukin-2 therapy on soluble interleukin-2 receptors in advanced small cell lung cancer. International Journal of Biological Markers 8(1): 21-24
Duffy, L.K.; Bowyer, R.T.; Testa, J.W.; Faro, J.B. 1994: Chronic effects of the Exxon valdez oil spill on blood and enzyme chemistry of river otters. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 13(4): 643-647
Chung, J.M.; Paik, K.S.; Kim, J.S.; Nam, S.C.; Kim, K.J.; Oh, U.T.; Hasegawa, T.; Chung, K.; Willis, W.D. 1993: Chronic effects of topical application of capsaicin to the sciatic nerve on responses of primate spinothalamic neurons. Pain 53(3): 311-321
Nishiba, Y.S.; Asanuma, M.; Kondo, Y.; Iwata, E.; Matsuura, K.; Ogura, T.; Ogawa, N. 1995: Chronic effects of transient forebrain ischemia on monoamines in the spontaneously hypertensive rat brain. Biogenic Amines 11(2): 187-194
Ciallella, J.R.; Yan, H.Q.; Ma, X.; Wolfson, B.M.; Marion, D.W.; DeKosky, S.T.; Dixon, C.E. 1998: Chronic effects of traumatic brain injury on hippocampal vesicular acetylcholine transporter and M2 muscarinic receptor protein in rats. Experimental Neurology 152(1): 11-19
Massicotte, G.; Bernard, J.; Ohayon, M. 1993: Chronic effects of trimipramine, an antidepressant, on hippocampal synaptic plasticity. Behavioral and Neural Biology 59(2): 100-106
Behrenfeld, M., J.; Hardy, J., T.; Lee, H.-Ii 1992: Chronic effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on growth and cell volume of Phaeodactylum tricornutum (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 28(6): 757-760
Suzuki, K.; Machida, K.; Kariya, M.; Arikura, K.; Ina, Y.; Tsukamoto, K. 1993: Chronic effects of voluntary exercise on SRBC-induced host defense reactions in rats. Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine 42(2): 145-154
Ozdemir, O.; Numanoğlu, N.; Gönüllü, U.; Savaş, I.; Alper, D.; Gürses, H. 1995: Chronic effects of welding exposure on pulmonary function tests and respiratory symptoms. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 52(12): 800-803
McCullagh, K.J.; Poole, R.C.; Halestrap, A.P.; Tipton, K.F.; O'Brien, M.; Bonen, A. 1997: Chronic electrical stimulation increases MCT1 and lactate uptake in red and white skeletal muscle. American Journal of Physiology 273(2 Part 1): E239-E246
Xu, J.; Shepherd, R.K.; Millard, R.E.; Clark, G.M. 1997: Chronic electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve at high stimulus rates: a physiological and histopathological study. Hearing Research 105(1-2): 1-29
Saito, S.; Møller, A.R. 1993: Chronic electrical stimulation of the facial nerve causes signs of facial nucleus hyperactivity. Neurological Research 15(4): 225-231
Taub, E.; Munz, M.; Tasker, R.R. 1997: Chronic electrical stimulation of the gasserian ganglion for the relief of pain in a series of 34 patients. Journal of Neurosurgery 86(2): 197-202
Benabid, A.L.; Pollak, P.; Gao, D.; Hoffmann, D.; Limousin, P.; Gay, E.; Payen, I.; Benazzouz, A. 1996: Chronic electrical stimulation of the ventralis intermedius nucleus of the thalamus as a treatment of movement disorders. Journal of Neurosurgery 84(2): 203-214
Schwartz, D.R.; Schacht, J.; Miller, J.M.; Frey, K.; Altschuler, R.A. 1993: Chronic electrical stimulation reverses deafness-related depression of electrically evoked 2-deoxyglucose activity in the guinea pig inferior colliculus. Hearing Research 70(2): 243-249
Hope, B.T.; Kelz, M.B.; Duman, R.S.; Nestler, E.J. 1994: Chronic electroconvulsive seizure (ECS) treatment results in expression of a long-lasting AP-1 complex in brain with altered composition and characteristics. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 14(7): 4318-4328
Butler, M.O.; Morinobu, S.; Duman, R.S. 1993: Chronic electroconvulsive seizures increase the expression of serotonin2 receptor mRNA in rat frontal cortex. Journal of Neurochemistry 61(4): 1270-1276
Gur, E.; Lerer, B.; Newman, M.E. 1997: Chronic electroconvulsive shock and 5-HT autoreceptor activity in rat brain: An in vivo microdialysis study. Journal of Neural Transmission 104(8-9): 795-804
Moorman, J.M.; Grahame-Smith, D.G.; Smith, S.E.; Leslie, R.A. 1996: Chronic electroconvulsive shock enhances 5-HT2 receptor-mediated head shakes but not brain C-fos induction. Neuropharmacology 35(3): 303-313
Moringlane, J.R.; Alesch, F.; Gharehbaghi, H.; Haass, A.; Dillmann, M.; Grundmann, M.; Ohlmann, M.; Schimrigk, K.; Thuemler, R. 1995: Chronic electrostimulation of the nucleus ventralis intermedius of the thalamus for treatment of tremor. Aktuelle Neurologie 22(5): 176-180
Yang, Y.J.; Huang, C.C.; Shih, T.S.; Yang, S.S. 1994: Chronic elemental mercury intoxication: clinical and field studies in lampsocket manufacturers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 51(4): 267-270
Hua, M.S.; Huang, C.C.; Yang, Y.J. 1996: Chronic elemental mercury intoxication: neuropsychological follow-up case study. Brain Injury 10(5): 377-384
Garvy, B.A.; King, L.E.; Telford, W.G.; Morford, L.A.; Fraker, P.J. 1993: Chronic elevation of plasma corticosterone causes reductions in the number of cycling cells of the B lineage in murine bone marrow and induces apoptosis. Immunology 80(4): 587-592
Wallace, W.C.; Lieberburg, I.; Schenk, D.; Vigo-Pelfrey, C.; Davis, K.L.; Haroutunian, V. 1995: Chronic elevation of secreted amyloid precursor protein in subcortically lesioned rats, and its exacerbation in aged rats. Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience 15(7 Pt 1): 4896-4905
Joseph, S.; Dalgleish, T.; Thrasher, S.; Yule, W.; Williams, R.; Hodgkinson, P. 1996: Chronic emotional processing in survivors of the Herald of Free Enterprise disaster: The relationship of intrusion and avoidance at 3 years to distress at 5 years. Behaviour Research and Therapy 34(4): 357-360
Greiner-Perth, R.; Neubauer, U.; Schenke, H. 1996: Chronic encapsulated intracerebral haematoma. Acta Neurochirurgica 138(11): 1364-1365
Greiner-Perth, R.; Neubauer, U.; Schenke, H. 1997: Chronic encapsulated intracerebral hematoma--a well-defined disease. Report on two cases and review of the literature. Neurosurgical Review 20(4): 231-238
Harvey, A.S.; Andermann, F.; Hopkins, I.J.; Kirkham, T.H.; Berkovic, S.F. 1992: Chronic encephalitis (Rasmussen's syndrome) and ipsilateral uveitis. Annals of Neurology 32(6): 826-829
Weber, F.; Conrad, B. 1993: Chronic encephalitis and Eales disease. Journal of Neurology 240(5): 299-301
Jay, V.; Becker, L.E.; Otsubo, H.; Cortez, M.; Hwang, P.; Hoffman, H.J.; Zielenska, M. 1995: Chronic encephalitis and epilepsy (Rasmussen's encephalitis): detection of cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus 1 by the polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization. Neurology 45(1): 108-117
Hart, Y.M.; Andermann, F.; Fish, D.R.; Dubeau, F.; Robitaille, Y.; Rasmussen, T.; Berkovic, S.; Marino, R.; Yakoubian, E.M.; Spillane, K.; Scaravilli, F. 1997: Chronic encephalitis and epilepsy in adults and adolescents: a variant of Rasmussen's syndrome?. Neurology 48(2): 418-424
Farrell, M.A.; Droogan, O.; Secor, D.L.; Poukens, V.; Quinn, B.; Vinters, H.V. 1995: Chronic encephalitis associated with epilepsy: Immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies. Acta Neuropathologica 89(4): 313-321
Chu, M.; Rehfeld, J.F.; Borch, K. 1997: Chronic endogenous hypercholecystokininemia promotes pancreatic carcinogenesis in the hamster. Carcinogenesis 18(2): 315-320
Sobhani, I.; Lehy, T.; Laurent-Puig, P.; Cadiot, G.; Ruszniewski, P.; Mignon, M. 1993: Chronic endogenous hypergastrinemia in humans: evidence for a mitogenic effect on the colonic mucosa. Gastroenterology 105(1): 22-30
Li, J.S.; Schiffrin, E.L. 1995: Chronic endothelin receptor antagonist treatment of young spontaneously hypertensive rats. Journal of Hypertension 13(6): 647-652
Fraccarollo, D.; Hu, K.; Galuppo, P.; Gaudron, P.; Ertl, G. 1997: Chronic endothelin receptor blockade attenuates progressive ventricular dilation and improves cardiac function in rats with myocardial infarction: possible involvement of myocardial endothelin system in ventricular remodeling. Circulation 96(11): 3963-3973
Pandey, A.S.; Stewart, D.J.; Cernacek, P.; Dawood, F.; Wen, W.H.; Liu, P. 1998: Chronic endothelin-1 blockade preserves myocardial contractility in dilated cardiomyopathy. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 31(Suppl): S306-S308
Wilkins, F.C.; Kassab, S.; Kato, T.; Mizelle, H.L.; Opgenorth, T.J.; Granger, J.P. 1995: Chronic endothelin-induced pressor and renal actions in conscious dogs do not require altered ANG II formation. American Journal of Physiology 268(2 Pt 2): R395-R402
Etheredge, E.E.; Spitzer, J.A. 1993: Chronic endotoxemia reversibly alters respiratory burst activity of circulating neutrophils. Journal of Surgical Research 55(3): 261-268
Ahmed, S.M.; Adams, A.; Chowdhury, A.M.; Bhuiya, A. 1998: Chronic energy deficiency in women from rural Bangladesh: some socioeconomic determinants. Journal of Biosocial Science 30(3): 349-358
Sveistrup, H.; Chan, R.Y.; Jasmin, B.J. 1995: Chronic enhancement of neuromuscular activity increases acetylcholinesterase gene expression in skeletal muscle. American Journal of Physiology 269(4 Part 1): C856-C862
Weide, R.; Rieder, H.; Mehraein, Y.; Wolf, M.; Kaiser, U.; Seifart, U.; Görg, C.; Havemann, K. 1997: Chronic eosinophilic leukaemia (CEL): A distinct myeloproliferative disease. British Journal of Haematology 96(1): 117-123
Olopade, C.O.; Crotty, T.B.; Douglas, W.W.; Colby, T.V.; Sur, S. 1995: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia and idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: Comparison of eosinophil number and degranulation by immunofluorescence staining for eosinophil-derived major basic protein. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 70(2): 137-142
Hueto-Perez-de-Heredia, J.J.; Dominguez-del-Valle, F.J.; Garcia, E.; Gomez, M.L.; Gallego, J. 1994: Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia as a presenting feature of Churg-Strauss syndrome. European Respiratory Journal 7(5): 1006-1008
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