Comparative antagonistic properties of Gliocladium virens and Trichoderma harzianum on Sclerotium rolfsii and Rhizoctonia solani: Its relevance to understanding the mechanisms of biocontrol
Mukherjee, P.K.; Mukhopadhyay, A.N.; Sarmah, D.K.; Shrestha, S.M.
Journal of Phytopathology (Berlin) 143(5): 275-279
An isolate of Trichoderma harzianurn which is less effective than G. virens in suppressing S. rolfsii and R. solani was compared with G. virens for various mechanisms of antagonism in vitro, viz., antagonism in dual culture/hyphal parasitism, parasitism of sclerotia, and antibiosis. G. virens and T. harzianum were equally effective in parasitizing the hyphae of R. solani. Only T. harzianum parasitized the hyphae of S. rolfsii, and the two antagonists were comparable with respect to antibiosis on the test pathogens. However, G. virens readily parasitized the scterotia of the test pathogens and was found to be more effective than T. harzianum in destroying the sclerotia. Under SEM, G. virens was found to colonize, penetrate, and sporulate inside the sclerotia of the test pathogens. Parasitism of sclerotia is suggested as the principal mechanism of biological control of S. rolfsii and R. solani by G. virens.