Comparison of N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic peptide and atrial natriuretic peptide in human plasma as measured with commercially available radioimmunoassay kits
Boomsma, F.; Bhaggoe, U.M.; Man in 't Veld, A.J.; Schalekamp, M.A.
Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry 252(1): 41-49
ISSN/ISBN: 0009-8981 PMID: 8814360 DOI: 10.1016/0009-8981(96)06311-5
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has become an important parameter for assessing the condition of patients with cardiac disease. Recently, attention has also focused on N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (NtproANP) in this context. NtproANP circulates in plasma in higher concentration, is more stable ex vivo, and may be a better parameter for cardiac function over time. We have evaluated a new commercially available radiommunoassay kit for NtproANP and compared results and method with those of ANP measurements. The NtproANP kit was found to be reliable and easy to use (no plasma extraction step is necessary), with good reproducibility (coefficients of variation 7-15%). Normal values in 15 healthy laboratory workers, 25 healthy elderly subjects and 25 patients with heart failure were 207 +/- 70, 368 +/- 134 and 1206 +/- 860 pmol/l, respectively, 8.3, 11.8 and 13.0 times higher, respectively, than corresponding ANP concentrations. NtproANP correlated well with ANP (r 0.64-0.78). We conclude that plasma NtproANP measurement may be a good alternative to plasma ANP measurement: technically, it is easier to perform, and NtproANP is more stable in plasma. Whether NtproANP is a better diagnostic and prognostic parameter than ANP remains to be further established.