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Comparison of bone ingrowth into cobalt chrome sphere and titanium fiber mesh porous coated cementless canine acetabular components

Comparison of bone ingrowth into cobalt chrome sphere and titanium fiber mesh porous coated cementless canine acetabular components

Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 27(5): 639-644

Bone ingrowth into uncemented hemispherical canine acetabular components porous-coated with cobalt chrome spheres was compared to those porous-coated with titanium fiber mesh. While good bone ingrowth was noted in both types of porous coatings at 6 weeks after surgery with no difference in the histologic quality of the ingrown bone, quantitation of bone ingrowth showed that significantly more bone grew into titanium fiber mesh porous-coated components. The mean amount of bone ingrowth measured 10.5% of the area of the porous coating with fiber mesh coatings and only 5.5% of the area of the porous coating with spherical coatings (significant difference at P < .0005). The mean area density of the ingrown bone inside the pores measured 21.5% of the pore area with fiber mesh coatings, also significantly greater than 13.4% of the pore area with sphere coatings (P < .025). The ingrown bone penetrated a mean 66% of the depth of the porous layer with fiber mesh coatings compared to 32% of the depth of the porous layer with spherical coating (significant difference at P < .0005). The mean extent of the periphery of the porous layer with bone ingrowth was 88% for the mesh coatings and 55% for the spherical coatings (also a significant difference at P < .01).

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Accession: 008356147

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8314816

DOI: 10.1002/jbm.820270511

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