Comparison of the effects of halothane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane on atrioventricular conduction times in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs

Nakaigawa, Y.; Akazawa, S.; Shimizu, R.; Ishii, R.; Yamato, R.

Anesthesia and Analgesia 81(2): 249-253


ISSN/ISBN: 0003-2999
PMID: 7618710
DOI: 10.1097/00000539-199508000-00007
Accession: 008362367

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It is not known how sevoflurane affects the cardiac conduction system. We compared the effects of halothane, isoflurance, and sevoflurane on specialized atrioventricular (AV) conduction times in eight pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs. AV conduction times with three inhaled anesthetics at end-tidal concentrations of 1 and 2 minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration (MAC), were measured by His-bundle electrocardiography during both sinus rhythm and right atrial pacing at a slightly higher rate than sinus one. Heart rate and arterial pressure were simultaneously recorded. Halothane prolonged AV nodal conduction time during sinus rhythm (A-H interval) at 2 MAC compared with the control value, whereas isoflurane and sevoflurane did not alter the A-H interval, His-Purkinje conduction time (H-V interval), and ventricular conduction time (H-S interval) during sinus rhythm at 1 and 2 MAC. All three inhaled anesthetics did not change AV conduction times during right atrial pacing. No significant difference in AV conduction times was observed between isoflurane and sevoflurane. Heart rate during sinus rhythm remained unchanged despite a decrease in arterial pressure with three inhaled anesthetics. The property of sevoflurane and isoflurane which does not affect the cardiac conduction system may be important in the stability of the cardiac rhythm during anesthesia with these drugs.